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- OR, THE Haven. /S04.
THE ENQUIRY AFTER TRUTH,
A VARIETY OF RULES TO GUARD AGAINST ERROR
IN THE AFFAIRS OF RELIGION AND
IN THE SCIENCES.
BY ISAAC WATTS, D. D.
NEW EDITION, CORRECTED.
Moss. Mathaniel C. Haven gi
of Portsmouth m. H.
Printed by Lochhead & Gracie, 2
Wool-Market, BERWICK. S
TT is fit the public fhould receive through your I hands what was written originally for the assistance of your younger studies, and was then presented to you,
It was by the repeated importunities of our learned friend Mr John Eames, that I was persuaded to revise these Rudiinents of Logic; and when I had once suffered myself to begin the work, I was drawn still onward far beyond my first deign, even to the neglect, or too long delay of other presImg and important de. mands that were upon me.
! It has been my endeavour to form every part of this treatise both for the instruction of students, to open their way into the sciences, and for the more extensive and general service of mankind, that the Gentleman and the Christian might find their account in the perusal as well as the Scholar. I have therefore collected and proposed the chief principles and rules of right judgment in matters of common and sacred importance, and pointed out our most frequent mistakes and prejus dices in the concerns of life and religion, that we might better guard against the springs of error, guilt and fortow, which surround us in every state of mortality.
You know, Sır, the great design of this noble science is to rescue our reasoning powers from their unhappy Havery and darkness; and thus with all due submillion and deference it offers a humble aslistance to divine sevelation. Its chief business is to relieve the natural: weaknesses of the mind by fome better efforts of na
ture; it is to diffuse a light over the underftanding in our inquiries after truth, and not to furnish the tongue with debate and controversy. True Logic is not that noisy thing that deals all in difpute and wrangling, to which former ages had debased and confined it, yet its disciples must acknowledge also, that they are taught to vindicate and defend the truth, as well as to search it out. True Logic doth not require a long detail of hard words to amuse mankind, and to puff up the mind with empty sounds, and a pride of false learning ; yet some distinctions and terms of art are necesary to range every idea in its proper elass, and to keep our thoughts from confusion. The world is now grown so wife as not to suffer this valuable art to be engrossed by the Schools. In so polite and knowng an age, every Man of Reason will covet fome acquaintance with Logic, since it renders its daily service to wife dom and virtue, and to the affairs of common life as well as to the sciences.
I will not presume, Sir, that this little book is im. proved since its first composure, in proportion to the improvements of your manly age. But when you shall pleafe to review it in your retired hours, perhaps you may refresh your own memory in some of the early parts of Learning : and if you find all the additional remarks and rules made fo familiar to you already by your own observation, that there is nothing new among them, it will be no unpleasing reflection that you have so far anticipated the prefent zeal and labour of,
1. IV ATTS. LONDON, Aug. 241h 1724. .. . '
$ 4. The farther divifions of Mode,
CHAP. III. Of the several forts of perceptions or
1. Of fenfible, spiritual, and abstracted ideas, ib.