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CHRISTIAN MOTIVES.

exhibits the appearance it presented in all the periods Mount Moriah, towards the bridge over the Kedron, of its history. From its elevated summit, almost all across which, Christ is said to have passed in his visit the principal features of the city may be discerned ; to the Garden of Gethsemane, we caine to the sepul. and the changes that eighteen centuries have wronght chres of the patriarchs, facing that part of Jerusalem in its topography may perhaps be ascertained. The where Solomon's temple formerly stood. The antifeatures of nature continue the same, though works of quities which particularly bear this name are four in art have been done away; the beautiful gate of the number. According to the order in which they occur temple is no more; but Siloa's fountains haply flow, from north to south, they are severally called, the and Kedron sometimes niuriurs in the valley of Jelio- sepulchres of Jehoshaphat, of Absalom, the cave of shaphat.

St. James, and the sepulchre of Zechariah.”

is Other interesting particulars concerning the Holy

part being excluded by the wall of the present city, which which the reader is referred. passes over the top of the mount. If this be indeed Mount Sion, the prophecy concerning it (Mic. iii, 12), that the plough should pass over it, has been fulfilled to the letter; for such labours were actually going on

DETACHED THOUGHTS. when we arrived. Here the Turks have a mosque over what they call the tomb of David. “Leaving the mountain, where all the sepulchres of

How grandly has the Apostle described the hopes of a the kings of Judah are hewn, and regaining the road Christian to be “full of immortality !They are re. which conducts towards the east, into the valley of dolent of the glories and reflective of the purity of Jehoshaphat, we passed the fountain of Siloa ; from

another world, forming principles for action as far hence we ascended to the summit of the Mount of

above the mere dictates of human philosophy, as that Olives, passing in our way a number of Hebrew tombs.

philosophy, even divine as by its votaries it has been Here indeed we stood upon holy ground; and it is a called, is above the untutored instincts of uneducated question, which might reasonably be proposed to Jew,

ignorance. The love of Christ constraining man, is to Christian, or Mahometan, whether, in reference to

the most exalted and influential motive for virtue in the history of their respective nations, it be possible to

its highest developement; and the grand principle of attain a more interesting place of observation. So

love's reaction to its first Author, “who died that we comipanding is the view of Jerusalem afforded in this

might live," "suffering the just for the unjust, that he situation, that the eye roams over all the streets and around the walls, as if in survey of a plan, or model of

might bring us unto God,” is at once a source of the

most exquisite feeling generated in our own bosoms, "of the city. The most conspicuous object is the mosque, peace that passes understanding,” and a cause as suberected upon the site and foundation of the temple of lime as it is simple in its form, that “ we should love him Solomon.

who so loved us.” A spectator, standing upon the Mount of Olives, To have the love of God as the motive, and the glory and looking down upon the space enclosed by the walls

of God always in view as the end of our actions, should of Jerusalem, in the present state, as they have re- be the great object of our lives. It is not less our mained since their restoration in the sixteenth century

happiness than our duty; and by that wonderful and must be convinced, that instead of covering two con- retributive action which seems to pervade the moral spicuous hills, Jerusalem now occupies only one emi. government of the Great Creator, the effect is not more nence, namely, that of Mount Moriah, where of old

certain, that in thus honouring God, and having our the temple stood, and where, like a phænix that hath hearts ever fixed upon him and his glory, we are ful. arisen from the ashes of its parent, the famous mosque of Omar, is now situated. It is probable that the whole

filling our most reasonable service, than that we shall

find its return in the prosperity of our souls, and in of Mount Sion has been excluded, and that the moun- those inexpressible consolations, which he who knoweth tain covered by ruined edifices, whose base is perfo. what is in man will bestow upon us. rated by ancient sepulchres, and separated from Mount

P. N. Moriah' by a deep trench, which Josephus calls Tyropæon, extending as far as the fountain of Siloa towards the eastern valley, is, in fact, that eminence which was once surrounded by the 'bulwarks, towers, and regal ARCHBISHOP LEIGHTON AND THE ROBBERS. buildings of the house of David.'

“As we descended from the mountain, we visited an One day happened a tremendous storm of lightning olive ground, always mentioned as the Hortus Oliveti, and thunder as he was going from Glasgow to Dunblane. or garden of Gethsemane. This place is, not without He was descried, when at a considerable distance, by reason, shown as the scene of our Saviour's agony the two men of bad character. They had not courage night before bis crucifixion, both from the circum- to rob him; but, wishing to fall on some method of stance of the name it still retains, and its situation extorting money from him, one said, “I will lie down with regard to the city. We found a grove of aged by the way-side as if I were dead, and you shall inform olive trees, of most inmense size, covered with fruit the Archbishop that I was killed by the lightning, and alınost ripe. It is a curious and interesting fact, that, beg money of him to bury me." When the Archduring a period of little more thau two thousand years, bishop arrived at the spoi, the wicked wretch told Hebrews, Assyrians, Romans, Mahometans, and Chris him the fabricated story: he sympathized with the tiaus, have successively been in possession of the rocky survivor, gave him money, and proceeded on his mountains of Palestine ; yet the olive still vindicates its journey. But when the inan returned to his compaternal soil, and is found at this day upon the same panion, he found him really lifeless ! Immediately spot, which was called by the Hebrew writers 'Mount he began to exclaim aloud, “Oh! Sir, he is dead! Olivet,' and the Mouui .of Olives,' eleven hundred Oh ! Sir, he is dead!” On this the Archbishop, years before the Christian.era.

discovering the fraud, left the man with this impor“ Proceeding towards the south, along the eastern tant reflection : “It is a dangerous thing to trifle will side of the valley, between the Mount of Olives and the judgments of God!”

THE BEAUTIES OF CHRISTIANITY.

that our afflictions shall have an end, she comforts us

with the promise of another life. (Continued from p. 291.)

“ 'Tis religion that can give

Peaceful pleasures while we live;

"Tis religion will supply Christianity compared with Atheism.

Solid comforts when we die.” The groundwork of Christianity are the doctrines of the existence of God, and the immortality of the soul.

The Future Happiness of the Righteous. The plants of the valley and the cedars of the moun- It has been asked, what is that plenitude of celestial tain, proclaim a God; the lightning announces his happiness promised by Christianity? The purest of power, and the ocean declares his immensity. Man our sentiments in this world, is admiration, though this alone has said, “There is no God.” Has he then, when is always mingled with weakness. Imagine then a perin adversity, never raised his eyes towards heaven; has fect Being, the source of all beings, in whom is clearly he in prosperity never cast them on the earth? “The manifest all that was, and is, and is to come. Suppose, earth is filled with the glory of God, and the firmament at the same time, a soul exempt from wants, incorrupshoweth his handy-work." If there were no other tible, indefatigable; imagine this soul contemplating proofs of the existence of God than the wonders of the Omnipotent, incessantly discovering new perfecnature, these evidences are sufficient to convince every tions of Deity, and proceeding from admiration to man whose only object is truth. But there is another admiration. Consider also the Deity as supreme as powerful an argument: by renouncing the Supreme beauty, as the universal principle of love, so that the Being, they are obliged to renounce a future state; the happy spirit is wholly absorbed by the love of God. soul, nevertheless, disturbs thein; she appears every Lastly, persuade yourself, that the blessed are thoroughly moment before them, and compels them, in spite of convinced of the endless duration of their happiness, their sophistry, to acknowledge her existence and im- you will then have an idea, though very imperfect, of Imortality. The only being which is not all in all to the felicity of the righteous : we shall then compreitself, is man: the soul is eternally craving, and if it be hend why the choir of the redeemed can only repeat impossible to deny that man cherishes hopes to the the song of “Holy! Holy! Holy !” which is incessantly very tomb, if it be certain that all earthly possessions, dying away and reviving in the eternal extacies of far from crowning our wishes, only serve to increase heaven. the void in the soul, we cannot but conclude there is

(To be continued.) a state beyond the regions of time. It would insult the understanding of our readers, were we to attempt to show how the existence of God and the impınortality

REFLECTIONS OF A TRAVELLER. of the soul are proved by conscience. “There is in

There are periods and seasons in our life.time, in man,” says Cicero, “a power which impels him to that which is good, and deters him froin evil: a power as

which we feel a happy complacency of temper, and an

inward cheerfulness and joy, for which we cannot very ancient as that God, by whom heaven and earth sub

well account, but which constrain us to be at peace sist.”

with our neighbours, and in love with all the works of If every thing should be esteemed in proportion to

God. In this truly enviable frame of mind I awoke its utility, then is atheisin utterly contemptible, for it is not of use to any one.

this morning to proceed onwards on horseback; it was Let us survey huinan life, and begin with the poor and the wretched, since they

a morning which was fairly entitled to the epithet of constitute the major part of our species. Say, count.

“incense-hreathing,” for the variety of sweet-smelling

perfume which exhaled after the rain from the forest less families, is it to you that atheism is serviceable ?

Howers and shrubs, was delicious and almost overWhat! not one voice raised in its behalf? What do I hear? a hymn of praise and thanksgiving ? -- these are

powering. The scenery of to-day has been more believers !

interesting and lovely than any we have heretofore

beheld. The path circled round a magnificent cultiWith what despair would the rich man quit this world, if he conceived he was parting from happiness

vated valley, hemmed in alınost on every side with for ever! Religion enhances his pleasures, and pre

mountains of granite, of the most grotesque and vents his being satiated with enjoyment, the natural

irregular shapes, the summits of which are covered

with stunted trees, and the hollows in their slopes result of a long series of prosperity.

occupied by clusters of huts. A number of strange The greatest generals of antiquity made profes

birds resort to this valley, many of whose notes were sions of piety. No character is more amiable than

rich, full, and melodious, and their plumage, splendid that of a Christian hero; with the courage of the

and beautiful. The modest partridge appeared in warrior he combines the charity of the gospel : he is, as

company with the magnificent Balearic crane with his it were, an angel sent by God to mitigate the horrors of war.

regal crest, and delicate humming birds hopped from But it is in sight of the tomb, the awful approach to

twig to twig, some of them of a dark shining green,

some had red silky wings and purple bodies, some were another world, that Christianity displays all its sub

variegated with stripes of criinson and gold, chirping limity. When the atheist, at the end of his career,

and warbling amid the thick foliage of trees. It is the discovers the delusion of his system, he would fain

contemplation of such beautiful objects as these, all return to God, but it is too late; the inind, hardened

so playful and happy, or the more sublime ones of by incredulity, rejects all conviction. But the faith of

dark. waving forests, plains of vast extent, or stupenthe Christian is strengthened by his happiness, and his

dous mountains, that gives the mind the most sensible happiness by his faith : he dies, yet his last sigh was

emotions of delight and grandeur, leading it inaudible; he expires, and, long after his departure, his friends keep silence around him, in the impression that

“ To look from nature up to nature's God.” he is only slumbering ; so gentle, so easy, is the depar

LANDER ture of the Christian.

Religion speaks only of the grandeur and beauty of existence. Atheism is continually setting plague and

God doth not take it well to be limited by us in any famine before our eyes. Finally, religion assures us, thing, least of all in his grace. - Oven.

Sunday School Lectures.

a partaker of the Spirit; and, if all are invited, it must

be clear, that the Spirit has been obtained for all. LECTURE VIII.

What is this water, of which all may drink? — The

influences of the Holy Spirit. GIVE US THIS DAY OUR DAILY BREAD."

Where are we told that this refers to the Holy Teacher. Last Sunday I endeavoured to make you Spirit ? -John vii, 38, 39, “He that believeth on me, understand the meaning of redemption; who was the as the Scripture saith, out of his belly shall flow rivers Redeemer; who were the redeemed; from whom we of living water; but this spake he of the Spirit.” were redeemed. I also pointed you to the price, with What is the last thing that I have to show ?- That which we were redeemed; and lastly, I tried to show though the punishment of a person's sins may be borne you from Scripture, that the price of redemption has for him, and though the Holy Spirit may be within his been paid for all men; consequently, if they will, they may

reach, he cannot be saved if he will not receive these return to their Father, their Redeemer, their Sanctifier,

blessings. and be made heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; Why are not these three things alone able to save a kings and priests unto God; escape everlasting ruin man; redemption, bis punishment having been borue, and dainnation, and enjoy everlasting salvation in and the Spirit having been put within his reach? heaven,

Because the sinner has not fled from Satan to Christ; What word did I explain to you last Sunday?--Re.

because he is not fit for heaven; because he has not demption.

got the Spirit for his own; because his sin has not What did I show you was the meaning of it?-A been washed away; because he has not got Christ's buying back.

righteousness; because he is not justified; and because Who is our Redeemer? - Jesus Christ.

he is not justified, therefore he cannot be glorified. Who are the redeemed ? – Mankind.

Teacher. I have now given you iny reasons for sayFrom whom are we redeemed ? — Satan.

ing, Ist. That all men have been redeemned. 2dly. That What is the price with which we are redeemed ?- the punishment of all men's sins has been borne. Christ's blood.

3dly. That the Spirit has been obtained for all; and, Teucher. I am now going to show you two things, lastly, I have shown you, why thus much could not which Christ has accomplished.

save him, and how much more was wanting, and 1. Christ has borne the punishment of the sins of the how he may obstain what was wanting, viz. by prayer. world.

And what more now, in conclusion, can I do but 2. He has obtained the Holy Spirit for all.

entreat you to pray, - pray that God's Spirit wash What is the first of these two things ? - Christ has you from your sins with Christ's blood; pray that borne the punishment.

Christ would give you his righteousness, and that thus What is the second thing I am to show you?- Christ being justified, God would finally glorify you. has obtained the Holy Spirit for all.

C. R. A. Teucher. Now, lastly, I will show you that much more is needful to salvation ; and give you reasons why redemption, and having had the punishment of

ON THE STUDY OF GEOLOGY. our sins borne for us, and the Holy Spirit being within our reach, will not, cannot, alone save a sinner. No account is given us in Scripture of the geological

What is the last thing I am to show you? -- That re- formation of the different strata, rocks and minerals, demption, and Christ's having borne the punishment which constitute the interior and the crust of the of our sins, and having purchased the Holy Spirit, globe. The knowledge of these is left to be explored cannot by themselves save a sinner.

and ascertained by the researches and reasonings of Teacher. The wicked are turned into hell, not so scientific inquirers. The intelligent curiosity of many much on account of their many sins, as on account of in every country of Europe, has been for some time the neglect of that precept, "Ask.” Ask for God's directed to a minute examination of the mineralogical Spirit, to make them clean, by washing away their sins contents and geological structure of our globe, and in Christ's blood : ask for Christ's righteousness, the with the most encouraging success. Surprising diswedding garment.

coveries have been made within the last fifty years ; Why are the wicked turned into hell ? Because and on no topic has the human mind shown its penethey are not fit for heaven.

trating powers of research and inferential reasoning What have they neglected to ask for i --God's Spirit, more creditably than on this. It has already disand Christ's righteousness.

closed many of the animals and vegetables of the Teacher. I said that the wicked were not turned into antediluvian world, and has explored several imporhell, so inuch as a punishment for their sins, as because tant facts of the ancient state, both of our surface, they were not fit for heaven. This must be truth, be- and the rocks and substances immediately below it. cause Christ bore the punishment of the sins of all The silence of the Mosaic records on this branch of while hanging on the tree, as inay be seen from history, allows every latitude to speculation; yet that John i, 29, « Behold the Lamb of God, that taketh theory will no doubt be found the truest, the most away the sin of the world!”

scientific and satisfactory, which is most coincident What is the second thing that I have to show ?- with the Hebrew document. The Newtonian genius That the Holy Spirit has been obtained by Christ for has, however, yet to arise in this department of our all.

studies, whose capacious and penetrating mind can Teacher. One passage compared with another, will unite the facts and science of nature with the ancient be quite sufficient to prove this : Rev. xxii, 17, “Who- sacred record. His reward, like that of our greatest soever will, let him take of the water of life freely :" mathematician, will be an intellectual immortality. now compare this with John vii, 38, 39, and we shall see what this water of life is, of which every one here is invited so freely to drink : “He that believeth on A little armour would serve if a man miglut choose me, as the Scripture saith, out of his belly shall flow where his enemy should strike at him: but we are told rivers of living water; but this spake he of the Spirit.” to take the whole armour of God, implying, that we All are invited; whosoever will, let him come, and be shall be assaulted at every point. - Owen.

MRS. HANNAH MORE ANTICIPATING HEAVEN. adapt itself with equal success to the instruction of the

highest and of the humblest classes, and the numerous Tuis “ Mother in Israel” having " departed this life,” editions through which her various publications have many, on hearing her character and talents cominended, passed, attest the high sense entertained by the public will naturally be led to look at her writings, and if they of their varied utility and excellence. have ever read them to reperuse them, to learn more “Her practical conduct beautifully exemplified the particularly the springs of her actions, and the ground moral energy of her Christian principles. She was the of her immortal prospects. This has been our case ; delight of a widely-extended sphere of friends, whom and we have referred with delight to her “ Reflections she charmed by her mental powers, edified by her exon Prayer,” published in 1819, to renew her“ Antici- ample, and knit closely to her in affection by the warmth pations of Heaven,” as described in that excellent work : and constancy of her friendship. we give them for the edification of our readers.

“She lived and walked in an atmosphere of love, and When we consider the conflicts and the trials of it was her delight to do good. The poor for many miles the conscientious, watchful, praying Christian, we shall around her felt the influence of her unceasing benevoestimate aright the value of the consoling promise of lence, and her nuinerous schools attested her zeal for that eternal rest from his labours, which supports him the improvement and edification of the rising generaunder them. And though rest is one of the lowest de- tion. In these works of faith and charity she was aided scriptions of the promised bliss of heaven, yet it holds for a long course of years by the concurring efforts of out a cheering prospect of relief and satisfaction to a four sisters, who lived with her, who regarded her with feeling being, who is conscious of the fallen condition mingled feelings of admiration and affection, and toof his mortal nature in all its weakness and imperfec- wards whom her conduct was ever marked by the tion. Rest, therefore, is of itself a promise sufficiently kindest and most endearing cousideration. It was truly inviting to make him desire to depart and to be with a sisterhood animated by all the social and hospitablo Christ, even independently of his higher hope. The virtues. joy unspeakable, the crown of glory, and all those other “Mrs. Hannah More's last illness was accompanied splendid images of the blessedness of heaven, exalt by feverish deliriuin ; but the blessed influence of Chrisand delight his mind. But it is, though with a higher, tian habits was strikingly exemplified even under the yet with a more indefinite delight. He adores, without decay of extreme old age and its attendant consequences. fully comprehending the mighty blessing. But the Not seldoin she broke forth into earnest prayer and depromise of rest is more intelligible to the heavy-laden vout ejaculation, and invariably met the affectionate Christian; he better understands it, because it is so attentions of the friends who sedulously watched over exactly applicable to his present wants and feelings : her sick bed, by unceasing and most expressive returns this is not our rest. It offers the relief longed for by a of grateful love. The writer of this tribute to her weary, frail, feverish being. He who best knew what memory saw her only the day before her last seizure, man wanted, promised to his disciples peace and rest, when she expressed to him in a most impressive manner and the Divine Spirit has represented the state of heaven the sentiinents of a humble and penitent believer in under this image more frequently than under any other, Jesus Christ, assuring him that she reposed her hopes as being in more direct contrast to his present state of salvation on his merits alone, and expressing at the a state of care, anxiety, and trouble, and a state of sin, same time a firm and joyful affiance in his unchangeable the cause of all other troubles. Perhaps this less ele- promises. In her excellent writings she will long live, vated view of heaven may occur more rarely to persons not only as one of the brightest ornaments of her sex, of high-wrought feelings in religion; yet to the Chris- but as the benefactress of her species.” tian of a contrary character, it is a never-failing consolation, a home-felt solace, the object of his fervent prayer. What a support, to be persuaded that the work of righteousness is peace, and the effect of righ

DIRECTIONS FOR STUDYING THE SCRIPTURES, teousness is quietuess and assurance for ever!'In studying the Scriptures, it is peculiarly desirable

We have pleasure in giving some particulars of the that we should on no occasion depart any more from death and character of Mrs. Hannah More, from the the usual and natural ineaning of the words and phrases pen of a friend.

therein, than we do in reading any other author. They DEATH AND CHARACTER OF THE LATE Mrs. H. More.

have been greatly disfigured by the forced constructions

which men sometimes seek to put upon them, and much “ Died on the 7th of September, at her residence in dissatisfaction has on this account been excited in the Windsor Terrace, Clifton, in the 88th year of her age, intelligent mind. The true construction of every part after a painful and protracted illness, Mrs. Hannah inust be, not the possibilities of meaning which ingeMore.

nuity may draw from the expression, but that sense and “Few persons have enjoyed a higher degree of public purport which the author himself, in penning them, inesteem and veneration than this excellent and distin- tended that they should express. His personal meaning guished lady. Early in life she attracted general notice at the time, and not the import which our criticism can by a brilliant display of literary talent, and was ho. now extract, should be the great object of our attention. noured with the intimate acquaintance of Johnson and Burke, of Reynolds and Garrick, and of many other highly eminent individuals, who equally appreciated her

AFRICAN REVERENCE FOR ELDERS. amiable qualities and her superior intellect. But under a deep conviction, that to live to the glory of God and Richard and John Lander, in their late Travels through to the good of our fellow-creatures is the great object Africa, speaking of the manners of a large town (Baof human existence, and the only one which can bring dagry), say, peace at the last, she quitted in the prime of her days « We have observed one virtue in the younger the bright circles of fashion and literature, and, retir- branches of the community: it is the profound respect ing into the neighbourhood of Bristol, devoted herself and reverence which they entertain for their elders, and to a life of active Christian benevolence, and to the which perhaps has never been surpassed in any age or composition of various works, having for their object country, not even amongst the ancient Spartans themthe religious improvement of mankiud. Her pen could

selves.

SCRIPTURE GAZETTEER.

eininency, or hill, on the greater Mount Moriah. It

was anciently appropriated to the execution of inalefac(Continued from p. 238.)

tors, and therefore shut out of the walls of the city, as Brook is distinguished from a river by its flowing at

an execrable and polluted place. But since it was

made the altar on which was offered up the precious particular tiines; for example, after great rains or the

and all-sufficient sacrifice for the sins of the whole melting of the snow; whereas a river flows constantly

world, it has recovered itself from that infamy, and has at all times. However, this distinctness is not always

been always reverenced and resorted to with such observed in Scripture, and one is often taken for the

devotion by all Christians, that it has attracted the city other, hy giving great rivers, such as the Euphrates, the

round about it, and stands now in the midst of Jeru. Nile, the Jordan, and other rivers, the name of brook.

saleın ; a great part of the hill of Sion being shut out Thus the Euphrates (Isa. xv, 7) is called the brook of

of the walls, to make room for the admission of Cal. willows. It is observed that the Hebrew word nachal, which signifies a brook, is also the term for a valley,

vary! This mount is likewise honoured with a stately

church, erected by Helena, mother to Constantine the whence the one is often placed for the other in dif- Great, called the Church of the Sepulchre, as being ferent translations of the Scriptures ; thus, that which

built over the place where our Saviour's sepulchre the Septuagint translates the brook of cords (Joel iii, 18)

stood. This church is enriched with abundance of and the authors of the Vulgate the brook of thorns, our translators of the Bible have rendered the valley of

magnificent ornaments; and Mount Calvary is more

honoured by Christians, than Old Jerusalem ever was Shittim ; and it is thought to be the brook of Cedron,

by the children of the synagogue. Maundrel gives a which running between the city of Jerusalem and the

very minute and entertaining description of the inany Mount of Olives, discharges itself into the Dead-Sea.

superstitious ceremonies observed here by pilgrims and

devotees, who visit the holy scpulchre, as may be seen C.

in his Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem, p. 70, &c. Cabul (displeasing or dirly), the name which Hiram, Cana (zenl), of Galilee, a little town where Jesus king of Tyre, gave to the twenty cities in the land of

performed his first miracle (John ii, 1). Nathaniel was Galilee, of which Solomon made him a present, in ac- of Cana in Galilee, where our Lord was invited three knowledgment for the great services he had done him

days after he had received Nathaniel as a disciple. in building the temple. (1 Kings ix, 15.) These cities

This is called Cana of Galilee, to distinguish it from not being agreeable to Hiram when he came to see Cana, or Shana, mentioned in Joshua xix, 28, belongthem, he called them the land of Cabul, which in the

ing to the tribe of Asher, and lying not far from Hebrew tongue denotes displeasing or dirty. As to the Sidon, and so situated much farther north than Cana of situation of these cities, it is reasonable to suppose Galilee, which lay in the tribe of Zebulon, and not far that they lay towards Tyre, whereof Hiram was king. from Nazareth.

CESAREA (a bush of hair), a city built by Herod the Capernaum (field of repentance), a city celebrated Great, and thus called in honour of Augustus, being

in the Gospels, being the place where Jesus usually formerly called the Tower of Strato. This city stood resided during the time of his ministry. This city is on the sea side, on the coast of Phænicia, and was very

nowhere mentioned in the Old Testament, under this convenient for trade, but that it had a bad harbour.

or any other name like it, and therefore it is pot imTo remedy this, he ordered a mole to be made, in the

probable that it was one of those towns which the Jews form of a half-inoon, and large enough for a royal built after their return from the Babylonish captivity. navy to ride in. The buildings of this town were all

It stood on the sea coast, i.e, on the coast of the sea of of marble, as well the private houses as the palaces; but Galilee, in the borders of Zebulun and Naphtalim, and, the master-piece of all was the port, whereof we

consequently, towards the upper part thereof. li took meet with a description in Josephus, Ant. lib. xv, c. 15. its name, no doubt, from an adjacent spring of great This city, which was six hundred furlongs from Jeru

repute for its clear and limpid waters, and which, acsalem, is often spoken of in the New Testament. Here

cording to Josephus, was by the natives called Caperit was that King Agrippa waz smitten by the Lord, for

nam. As this spring might be some inducement to the neglecting to give God the glory, when the people building the town in the place where it stood, so its were so liberal to him of praises. Cornelius the Cen

being a convenient wafting place from Galilee to any turion, who was baptized by St. Peter, lived at Cesarea.

part of the other side of the sea, might be some motive There, Philip the Deacon, with his four maiden daugh

to our Lord for his moving from Nazareth, and making ters, had their habitation. At Cesarea, the prophet

this the place of his constant residence. Upon this Agabus foretold to Paul, that he would be bound and

account, Capernaum was highly honoured, and said by confined by his enemies at Jerusalem, &c.

our Lord himself to be exalted unto heaven; and bethe same Apostle continued two years a prisoner at

cause it made no right use of his signal favour, it drew Cesarea, till he was conducted to Rome, where he had

from him the severe denunciation, that it should be appealed to Nero's tribunal.

brought down to hell, which has certainly been verified: Calneh, a city in the land of Shinar, built by for, so far is it from being the metropolis of all Galilee Nimrod, and the last city mentioned (Gen. x, 10) as (as it once was), that it consisted long since of no more belonging to his kingdom. It is believed to be the than six poor fishermen's cottages, and may perhaps same with Calno, mentioned in Isaiah (x, 9), and with be now totally desolate. Canneh in Ezekiel (xxvii, 23) with still greater varia

a ) tion. It is observed, that it must have been situated in Mesopotamia, since the prophet joins it with

came the Caphtorims, otherwise called the Cheritins Haran, Eden, Assyria, and Chilmad, which carried on

or Cherithites, and the Philistines. The generality of

interpreters believe, that by Caphtor was signified Capa trade with Tyre. It is said by the Chaldee inter

padocia ; and by the Caphtorims the Cappadocians. preter, as also by Eusebius and Jerome, to be the same

But F. Calmet is of opinion, that by Caphtor is meant with Ctesiphon, standing upon the Tigris, about three the isle of Crete, and this opinion he supports by many miles distant from Velencia, and that it was once the capital city of the Parthians.

learned arguinents in a particular dissertation pre

fixed to the first book of Samuel, which well deserves CALVARY (the pluce of a skull), Mount, is a sinall the inquisitive reader's attentive perusal.

Lastly,

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