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whom the whole nation so rings of, are not in- They cannot boil, nor wash, nor rinse, they deed, what they vote themselves, the wisest men

say, in the world.

Soutb. With water sometimes ink, and sometimes RING-BONE. n. s.

whey, Ring-bore is a hard callous substance growing According as you meet with mud or clay. in the hollow circle of the little pastern of a

King horse, Just above the coronet : it sometimes goes Ri'nsER. 17. s. [from rinse.] One that quite round like a ring, and thence it is called washes or rinses; a washer. the ringbone.

Farrier's Dictionary. RI'OT. n. s. (riotte, old French; ristts, Ri'NGDOVE. n. s. (rbingelduyve, German.) Italian. ]

Pigeons are of several sorts, wild and tame; 1. Wild and loose festivity. as wood pigeons, dovecote pigeons, and ringdoves. When his headstrong riot hath no curb,

Mortimer. When rage and hot blood are his counsellors, Ri’NGER. 1. s. [from ring.) He who When means and lavish manners meet together,

Oh! with what wings shall his affection fy

Tow'rd fronting peril and oppos'd decay. Sbats. RINGLEA'der. 7. s. (ring and leader.]

So senseless of expence, The head of a riotous body.

That he will neither know how to maintain it, He caused to be executed some of the ringe Nor cease his fios of riot. Sbakspeers. keaders of the Cornish men, in sacrifice to the All row was turn'd to jollity and game, citizens.

Bacon, To luxury and riet, feast and dance. The nobility escaped; the poor people, who 2. A sodition; an uproar. had been deluded by these ringleaders, were er

Transform'd to serpents all, as accessaries ecuted.

Addison. To his bold riot. RINGLET. n. s. (ring, with a diminutive 3. To run Riot. To move or act without termination.)

control or restraint. 1. A small ring:

One man's head runs ried upon tasks and Silver the lintals, deep projecting o'er;.


L'E. And gold the ringlets chat "command the door.

You never can defend his breeding,

Who, in his satyre's running rist, 2. A circle.

Could never leave the world in quiet. Seit You demy puppets, that

To Ri'or. V. n. [riotter, old French.) By the moon-shine do the green vinglets make, 1. To revel ; to be dissipated in luxurious Whereof the ewe not bites. Shakspeare. enjoyments. Never met we,

Let us walk honestly as in the day; Do in Upon the beached margent of the sea,

rioting and drunkenness. To dance our ringlets to the whistling wind, Now he exacts of all, wrastes in delight, But with thy brawls thou hast disturbid our Riots in pleasure, and neglects the law. Dar sport.

Sbakspears. 2. To luxuriate ; to be tumultuous.

Thy life a long dead calm of fix 'd repose; With ringlets quaint, and wanton windings No pulse that riots, and no blood that glors

Her golden tresses in wanton ringlets wavid, 3. To banquet luxuriously.
As the vine curls her tendrils. Milton. 4. To raise a sedition or uproar.
These in two sable ringlets taught to break,

ROTER. 1.'s. [from riot.]
Once gave new beauties to the snowy neck.


1. One who is dissipated in luxury.

2. One who raises an uproar or sedition. RI'NGSTREAKED. adj. [ring and streaked.]

Ri'otise. n. s. [from risr.) Dissolute. Circularly streaked. He removed the he goats that were ring

ness; luxury. Obsolete.

From every work he challenged essin streaked and spotted, and at the she goats that were speckled.


For contemplation sake; yet otherwise

His lite he led in lawless rietise. Sper. RI'NGTAIL. 11. s. (ring and tail.] A kind Riotous. adj. [ristteux, Fr. from rict.]

of kite with a whitish tail. Bailey. s. Luxurious; wanton ; licentiously fesRI'NGWORM. 1. s. (ring and worm.] A tive. circular tetter.

What needs me tell their feast and goods It began with a serpigo, making many round

guise, spots, such as is generally called risgezerns.

In which was nothing rietous nor vain. Spesso. K'isemen.

When all our offices have been oppress

With rict as feeders, To RINSE. v. a. [from rein, German,

I have retir'd me to a wasteful cock, pure, clear.)

And set mine eyes at flow. 1. To wash ; to cleanse by washing.

John came neither eating nor drinking, that This last costly treatv

is, far from the diet of Jerusalem, and other road Swallow'd so much treasure, and like a glass ous places, but fared coarsely. Did break i'ch' rinsing,

Sbaespeare With them no rictons pomp nor Asian train, Whomsoever he toucheth, and hath not rinsed T'infect a navy with their gaudy fears; his hands in water, he shall be unclean. Levit. But war severely like itself appears. Drydia.

This must move us humbly to sue urto God, and earnestly to entreat him, so wash us through- RIOTOUSLY. adv. (from rietsas.]

2. Seditious; turbulent, ly from our wickedness, and cleanse us from our sins : yea, to purge and risse the fountain there. 1. Luxuriously; with licentious luxury. of, our unclean and polluted hearts. Perkins He that gathereth by defrauding his own soul,

gathereth for orbers hat shall spead to go 2. To wash the soap out of clethes ristowséy.

3. A curl.

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2. Seditiously; turbulently.

Beasts are in sensible capacity as ripe even as Ri'oTOUSNESS. 1. s. [from riotous.] The

men themselves, perhaps more ripe. Hooker.

He was a scholar, and a ripe and good one. state of being riotous. TO RIP. v. a. [hrypan, Saxon.]


6. Brought to the point of taking effect; 1. To tear; to lacerate ; to cut asunder by

fully matured. a continued act of the knife, or of other

He thence shall come, force.

When this world's dissolution shall be ripe. You bloody Neros, ripping up the womb

Milton. Of your dear mother England, blush for shame. While things were just ride for a war, tha

Sbakspeare. cantons, their protectors, interposed as umpires Thou wilt dash their children, and rip up their in the quarrel.

Aduison. women with child.

2 Kings. 7. Fully qualified by gradual improveThe beast prevents the blow,

ment. And upward rips the groin of his audacious foe.

At thirteen years old he was ripe for the uniDryden. versity.

Fell. 2, To take away hy laceration or cutting. Ripe for heav'n, when fate Æneas calls, Macduff was from his mother's womb

Then shalt thou bear him up, sublime, to me. Untimely rippid. Sb.ksp.

Dryden. Esculapius, because ripped from his mother's

To Ripe. v.n. (from the adjective.] To womb, was feigned to be the son of Apollo.


ripen; to grow ripe; to be matured. Rip this heart of mine

Ripen is not used.
Out of my breast, and shew it for a coward's. From hour to hour we ripe and ripe,


And then from hour to hour we rot and rot. The conscious husband, whom like symptoms

Sbakspeare. seize,

Slubber not business for my sake, Bossanio; Charges on her the guilt of their disease;

But stay the very riping of the time. Sbaksp. Affecting fury acts a madman's part,

Though no stone tell thee what I was, yet He'll rip the fatal secret from her heart. Granv.

thou, 3. To disclose; to search out; to tear

In my grave's inside, see what thou art now;

Yet thou'rt not yet so good, till us death lay up; to bring to'view. Let it be lawful for me to rip up to the very

To ripe and mellow there, w'are stubborn clay.

Donne. bottom, how and by whom your discipline was

To Ripe. v. a. planted, at such time as this age we live in began

To mature ; to make to make first trial thereof.

You rip up the original of Scotland. Spenser,

He is retir’d, to ripe his growing fortunes,
This ripping up of ancestors is very pleasing

To Scotland.

Sbakspeare. unto me, and indeed savoureth of some reading. Ri'pely. adv. (from ripe.] Maturely; at


the fit time. They ripped up all that had been done from the beginning of the rebellion. Clarendon,

It fits us therefore ripely;

Our chariots and our horsemen be in readiness. The relations considering that a trial would

Sbakspears. rip up old sores, and discover things not so much to the reputation of the deceased, they dropt To Ri'pen. v. n. [from ripe.] To grow their design.

Arbutbnot. ripe ; to be matured. RIPE. adj. (ripe, Saxon ; rijp, Dutch.]

This is the state of man; to-day he puts forth 1. Brought to perfection in growth; ma

The tender leaves of hope, to-morrow blossoms,

And bears his blushing honours thick upon him; ture.

The third day comes a frost, a killing frost;

And when he thinks, good easy man, full surely
Is ripe for shaking, and the pow'rs above
Put on their instruments.


His greatness is a ripening, nips his root;
And then he falls as I do.

Sbakspeare. Their fruit is improfitable, not ripe to eat, Afore the sour grape is ripening in the flower. Wisdom.

Isaiab, So may'st thou live, till, like ripe fruit, thou The prickling of a fruit, before it ripenetb,

drop Into thy mother's lap, or be with ease

ripens the fruit more suddenly. Bacon.

Trees, that ripen latest, blossom soonest; as Gather'd, not harshly pluck’d, for death mature.

peaches and cornelians; and it is a work of proMilton.

vidence that they blossom so soon; for otherwise 2. Resembling the ripeness of fruit.

they could not have the sun long enough to Those happiest smiles, ripen.

Bacon. That play'd on her ripe lip, seem'd not to know ‘Melons on beds of ice are taught to bear, What guests were in her eyes, which parted

And strangers to the sun yet ripen here. Grano. thence,

To Ri'PEN. v. a. To mature ; to make As pearls from diamonds dropt. Shaksp. 3. Complete; proper for use.


My father was no traitor;
I by letters shall direct your course,
When time is ripe.

And that I'll prove on better men than Somereet,

Sbakspeare. 4. Advanced to the perfection of any

Were growing time once ripen'd to my will.

Słakspeare. quality.

When to ripen'd manhood he shall grow, There was a pretty redness in his lips,

The greedy sailor shall the seas forego. Dryd. A little riper and more lusty red

That I settled
Than that mix'd in his cheeks, Sbaksp. Your father in his throne, was for your sake,
O early ripe! to thy abundant store,

Ileft th' acknowledgement for time to ripen.
What could 'advancing age have added more?

Dryden. Dryden.

The genial sun s. Finished ; consummate.

Has daily, since his course begun, VOL. III.


لحة , و انشا در مورد مهم

L'It, metalo reése,

6. Tore! Airporate Perriars,

Addres. Ibrazbo sa say is be place. 4. bei 11€ care of tre iran mort a. rae,

in the turn25 The rest succedag .ne slal ,

LEA into be.


To ascend; to move upward.

Tse sap sore sir's acro Here elerents have og h ir uses; A'r rigens nich, co callprod..ces. Swift.

2015. RIPESESS. 1. (fro.n ripé

1932-4 !!"'ma care 3. The state of being nipe; maturity. inses belaireier, s? titosis be Tiey 42re compared it to tie neness ofruits. paralel, and x 1 1255 srail $2.ce free

IT'isemman. ancher, and then ter ner esses the doci Lit:le matter is deprered in the abscess, be- iuto rater, the szer sui rise up ücreer 2. fore it arrives erwards its ripeness.

Slurp. 2. Fall growth.

8. To break out from below the horizon, Tire, which made them their fate out-'ie, as the sun. To comie7 scarce ddrif 2011 give. Dinban. He maketh the sun to rise on the es l 22 3. Perfection ; coinp.etion.

gad. Torbisserpose were those harmonious tunes He affirmeth, that tunny is fat upon tbe riis of pealms devised for us, that they, which are of the Pleiades, and departs upon Arcturus. either in years but young, or touching perfec tion of virtue as yet r it proun to ripeness, might,

Whether the sun wien they thinkites sírg, learn. Hooker. Rise on the earth, or earth rise on the sua.

This rozliale promises l'pon this land a thousand thousand blessings, 9. To take beginning; to come into es. Which time shall bring to ripeness. Sbaksp. istence or notice. I to mani.ood am and so near,

Only he spoke, and every thing that is, And inward ripeness doth much less appear, Out of the fruitui womb of nothing ris. That some more timely happy spirits indu'th.

Code Milton.

10. To begin to act. 4. Fitness ; qualification.

High winds began to rise.
Men must endure

With Vulcan's rage the risinvinds conspire, Their going hence, ev’n as their coming hither:

And near our palace roiis the food of fire. Ripeness is all. Sbakspeare.

Dres, RIPPER. n. s. [from rip ] One who iips; 11. To appear in view.

one who tears; one who lacerates. The post must lay out all his strength, that To RIPPLE. V. n. To fret on the sur- his words may be glowing, and that even that face, as water swiftly running.

he describes may immediately present itseli, and


rise up to the reader's view. Ri'ptowEL. n. s. A gratuity, or reward given to tenants, after they had reaped

12. To change a station ; to quit a siege. their lord's corn.


He, rising with small honour froin Gunza, and

fearing the power of the christians, was gene. TO RISE. v. n. pret. rose; part. risen.

Cowley has ris fur rose; so has Jonson. 13. To be excited ; to be produced. (nisan, Saxon ; reisen, Dutch.)

Indeed vou thank'd me; but a nobler gratio 3. To change a jacent or recumbent, to

tude an erect posture.

Rose in her soul; for from that hour she lord I have seen her rise from her bed, and throw her night-gown upon her.


A thought rose in me, which often perpless The archbishop received him sitting, for, said men of contemplative natures. Speitaiu. he, I am too old to rise. Earl of Orrery: 14. To break into military commotions i 2. To get up from rest.

to make insurrections.
Never a wife leads a better life than she does; At our heels all heil should risa,
do what she will; go to bed when she list; rise With blackest insurrection.
when she list.

Slukspeare. Numidit's spacious kingdom lies
As wild asses in the desert, go they forth to

Ready to rise at its young prince's call. Auf their work, rising betimes for a prey. Fob. No more shall pation against nation rise, That is to live,

Nor ardeat warriors incet with hatetul Eyes
To rest secure, and not rise up to grieve. Dar.
Thy mansion wants thee, Adam, risa. Mili.

15. To be roused ; to be excited to action. 3. To get up from a fall.

Who will rise up for me against evil-doers? True in our fall,

or who will stand up for me against the workers False in our promis'd rising. Milton. of iniquity?

Pest 4. To spring; to grow up.

Gather together, come against, and rise up !! Thev imagine the battle,

Ferri. For one forbidden tree a multitude,

16. To make hostile attack. Now ris'n to work them farther woe. Miltor.

If any mau hate his neighbour, lie in srait, and 5. To gain elevation of rank or fortune.

rise up against hiin, and smite him mortalis, au? Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall. fleeth into one of ihese cities, the elders of his

Sbaksfrare. city shall fetch him thence. Dextromes.
If they rise not with their service, they will
make their service fall with them. Bacon. 17. To grow more or greater in any re-
To rise i'th'world,

No wise man that's honest should expect. Otw. A hideous gabole rises loud
Those, that have been raised by some great

Among the builders.
minister, trample upon the steps by which they The great duke rises on them in his derunt,
rise, to rival him,


and will not be satistied with less than a bundred




crowns, and a solemn embassy to heg Upon a breach with Spain, must be considered pardon.

Addison. the present state of the king's treasure, the rise 18. To increase in price.

or fall that may happen in his constant revenue Eullion is risen to six shillings and five pence

by a Spanish war.

Temple. the ounce; i. c. that an ounce of uncoined silver The bishops have had share in the gradual rise will exchange for an ounce and a quarter of

of lands.

Swift. coined silver.

Locke. 9. Beginning; original. 19. To be improved.

It has its rise from the lazy admonitions of From such an untainted couple, we can hope

those who give rules, and propose examples, to have our family rise to its ancient splendour

without joining practice with their instructions. of face, air, countenance, and shape. Tailer.

Locke. 30. To elevate the style.

All wickedness taketh its rise from the heart, Your author always will the best advise,

and the design and intention with which a thing Fall when he falls, and when he rises, rise.

is done, frequently discriminates the goodness or Roscommon. evil of the action.

Nelson. 21. To be revived from death.

His reputation quickly peopled it, and gave After I am risen again, I will go before you.

rise to the republick, which calls itself after his

The stars of morn shall see him rise

10. Elevation ; increase of sound. Out of his grave.


In the ordinary rises and falls of the voice,

there fall out to be two beemolls between the 22. To come by chance.

unison and the diapason.

Bacon. As they 'gan his library to view,

Ri'SEN. And antique registers 1or to avise,

The part. of To rise. 'There chanced to the prince's hand to rise

Ri'ser. 11. s. [from rise.] One that rises. An ancient book.


The isle Æxa, where the palace stands 23. To be elevated in situation.

Of th' early riser, with the rosy hands,
He bar'd an ancient oak of all her boughs;

Active Aurora; where she loves to dance.
Then on a rising ground the trunk he plac'd,

Chapman. Which with the spoils of his dead toe he gracid. Risibi’LITY. n. s: [from risible.] The

Driden. quality of laughing:
A house he saw upon a rising.

Addison. How comes lowness of stile to be so much the Ash, on banks or rising grounds near rivers, propriety of satyr, that without it a poet can be will thrivc exceedingly.

Mortimer. no more a satyrist, than without risibility he can Rise. n. s. [from the verb.]

be a man.

Dryden. 1. The act of rising, locally or figura

Whatever the philosophers may talk of their tively.

risibility, neighing is a more noble expression than laughing.

Arbuthnot. 2. The act of mounting from the ground. RISIBLE. adj. [risible, Fr. risibilis, Lat.)

In leaping with weights, the arms are first cast backwards and then forwards, with so much the

1. Having the faculty or power of laughgreater force; for the hands go backward before

ing. they take their rise.


We are in a merry world, laughing is our bu3. Eruption ; ascent.

siness; as if, because it has been made the defi

nition of man that he is risible, his manhood Upon the candle's going out, there is a sudden rise of water; for the fiarne tilling no more place,

consisted in nothing else. Gov.of tbe Tongue. the air and water succeed.


2. Ridiculous; exciting laughter. The hill submits itself

Risk. n. s. (risque, Fr. riesg, Spanish.] In small descents, which do its height beguile; Hazard ; danger ; chance of harm. And sometimes mounts, but so as billows play, Some run the risk of an absolute ruin for the Whose rise not hinders, but makes short our gaining of a present supply:

L'Estrange. Dryden. When an insolent despiser of discipline, uur. 4. Place that favours the act of mounting tured into contempt of all order by a long risk of aloft.

licence shall appear before a church governor, Rais'd so high, from that convenient rise severity and resolution are that governor's vira She took her tight, and quickly reach'd the skies.

South. Creech.

By allowing himself in what is innocent, he Since the arguments against them rise from would run the risk of being betrayed into what common received opinions, it happens, in con

is not so.

Atterbury. troversial discourses, as it does in the assaulting

An innocent man ought not to run an equal of towns, where, if the ground be but firm,

risk with a guilty one:

Clarissa. whereon the batteries are erected, there is no To Risk. v.a. (risquer, Fr.) To hazard; farther inquiry of whom it is borrowed, so it af- to put to chance; to endanger. fords but a fit rise for the present purpose,

Who would hope new fame to raise,

Loke. Or risk his well-established praise, 5. Elevated place.

That, his high genius to approve, Such a rise, as doth at once invite

Had drawn a George or carv’d a Jove? Addis. A pleasure, and a reverence from the sight. Ri'SKER. n. s. (from risk.] He who risks.

Denham, He thither came, t'observe and smoak 6. Appearance as of the sun in the east. What courses other riskses took. Burler.

Riss. The obsolete preterit of rise. The world to which you fly so fast,

Riss not the consular men and left their places, From us to them can pay your haste

So soon as thuu sat'st down; and tied thy side? With no such object, and salute your rise

Ben Jonson. With no such wonder, as De Mornay's eves. RITE. n. s. (rit, Fr. ritus, Lat.] Sciemn

Waller. 7. Increase in any respect,

act of religion ; external observance. 3. Increase of price.

The ceremonies, we have taken from such as were before us, are not things that belong to this



Phobus! stay;



or that sect, but they are the ancient rites and O thou, too great to rival or to praise, customs of the church.

Hooker. Forgive, lamented shade, these duteous lays It is by God consecrated into a sacrament, a Lee had thy fire, and Congreve had thy wit; holy rite, a means of conveying to the worthy And copyists, here and there, some likeness hit; receiver the benefits of the body and blood of But none possess'd thy graces, and thy ease; Christ.

Hammond, In thee alone 'twas natural to please! Harte. When the prince her fun'ral rites had paid, To Ri'val. V. n. To be competitors. He plow'd the Tyrrhene seas. Dryden. Out of use. RITUAL. adj. [rituel, Fr.) Solemnly ce

Burgundy, remonious; done according to some We first address'd tow'rd you, who with this

king religious institution. Instant I bade the priests prepare

Have rivaľd for our daughter. Sbels The ritual sacrifice, and solemn pray'r. Prior. Riva'lity. n. s. (rivalitas, Lat, froin

If to tradition were added, certain constant RIVALRY. rival.] Competition ; ritual and emblematical observances, as the em

emulation. biems were expressive, the memory of the thing

It is the privilege of posterity to set matters recorded would remain.


right between those antagonists, who, by their Rí'LU.AL. n. s. [from the adjective.) A rivalry for greatness, divided a whole age. book in which the rites and observances

Addissa. of religion are set down.

Ri'VALSHIP. n. s. (from rival.] The An heathen ritual could not instruct a man

state or character of a rival. better than these several pieces of antiquity in To RIVE. v.a. pret. rived; part. river. the particular ceremonies, that attended different sacrifices.


(nýft, broken, Saxon ; rijven, Dutch ; RITUALIST. n. s. [from ritual.] One

river, French, to drive.] To split; to skilled in the ritual.

cleave ; to divide by a blunt instrument; RIVAGE. n. s. (Fr.) A bank; a coast.

to force in disruption. Not in use.

At his haughty helmet

So hugely struck, that it the steel did rice
And cleft his head.

Spensets You stand upon the rivage, and behold

The varlet at his plaint was grieved sore, A city on th'inconstant billows dancing;

That his deep wounded heart in two did riz. For so appears this fieet. Sbakspeare.

Spænser. RI'VAL. ». s. [rivalis, Latin.]

Through riven clouds and molten firmament, 1. One who is in pursuit of the same thing

The tierce three-forked engine making way, which another man pursues ; a compe

Both lofty towers and highest trees hath rent. titor.


O Cicero! Oh love! thou sternly dost thy pow'r main

I have seen tempests, when the scolding winds tain,

Have riv'd the knotty oaks; but ne'er till nor And wilt not bear a rival in thy reign;

Did I go through a tempest dropping fire. Tyrants and thou all fellowship disdain.

Sbakspeart. Dryden. As one he stood escap'd from cruel fighi, 2. A competitor in love.

Sore coil'd, his riven arins to havock hewn. She saw her father was grown her adverse

Milies. party, and yet her fortune such as she must fa

The neighbouring forests, formerly shaken vour her rival.

Sidney. and riven with the thunder-bolts of war, did envy France and Burgundy,

the sweet peace of Druina.

Heud. Great rivals in our younger daughter's love. Had I not been blind, I might have seen

Sbakspeare. You riven oak, the fairest of the green. Dryder, Your rival's inzage in your worth I view;

Let it come; And what I lov'd in him, e: teem in you. Let the fierce light'ning blast, the thunder risu Granville.

Rome. Ri'val. adj. Standing in competition ; To Rive: v.n. To be split; to be divided making the same claim; emulous. by violence. Had I but the means

Freestone rives, splits, and breaks in any die To hold a rival place with one of them,


Woodcard I should be fortunate.

Sbakspeare. To Rive, for derive or direct. Not used. Equal in vears, and rival in renown

Ten thousand French have ta'en the sacrae With Epaphus, the youthful Phaeton

ment, Like honour claims.

Dryden. To rive their dangerous artillery,
You bark to be employ'd

Upon no christian soul but English Talbot. While Venus is by rival dogs enjoyed. Dryden.

Sbakspeare. To RIVAL. v. a. (from the noun.]

To RiveL. v. a. (gerifles, Sax. corru. 1. To stand in competition with another;

gated, rumpled.) To contract into

wrinkles and corrugations. to oppose. Those, that have been raised by the interest

Then droop'd the fading flow'rs, their beauof some great minister, trample upon the steps by v:hich tliey rise, to rival him in his greatness,

And clos'd their sickly eyes and hung the

head, and at length step into his place. South.

And riveld up with heat, lay dying in their 2. To emulate; to endeavour to equal or


Drydes. excel.

And since that plenteous autumn now is past, Ambitious fool! with horny hoofs to pass Whose grapes and peaches have indulg'd your O'er hollow arches of resounding brass;

taste, To rival thunder in its rapid course,

Take in good part, from our poor poet's board, Aud imitate inimitable force.

Dryden. Such riveľa fruits as winter can afford. Dryins.


ty fled,

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