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Her charms have made me man, her ravish'd RA'NKLY. adv. [from rank.) Coarsely ; love

grossly. In renk shall place me with the bless'd above.

'T is given out, that, sleeping in my garden,

These all are virtues of a meaner rank,

A serpent stung me: so the whole ear of Deo

mark Perfections that are plac'd in bones and nerves.

Is, by a forged process of my death,
Rankly abusid.

Sbakspeare. He found many of the chief rank and figure overwhelmed in publick and private vices. RA'N KNESS. n. s. [from rank.] Exuber


ance; superfluity of growth. Lepidus's house, which in his consulate was It bringeth forth abundantly, through too much the finest in Rome, within thirty-five years was rankness, things less profitable; whereby that not in the hundredth rank.


which principally it should yield, being either 6. Dignity; high place: as, he is a man of prevented in place, or defrauded of nourist rank.

ment, faileth.

Hocker. TO RANK, v. a. [ranger, French ; from Begin you to grow upon me; I will physick the noun.]

your rankness.


Among the crowd i' th' abbey, where a fingar 1. To place abreast.

Could not be wedg’d in more; I am stifted In view stood rank'd of seraphim another row. With the mere runkness of their joy. Sbaksp.

Milton. We'll, like a bated and retired flood, 2. To range in any particular class. Leaving our rankness and irregular course, If sour woe delights in fellowship,

Scoop low within those bomds we have c'er. And needly will be rankd with other griefs;


Sbakspeare. Why follow'd not, when she said Tybalt's dead, The crane's pride is in the rantress of her Thy father or thy mother? Sbakspeare. wing.

L'Estrange He was a man

He the stubborn soil manur'd, Of an unbounded stomach, ever ranking

With rules of husbandry the rankness cur'd; Himself with princes. Sbakspeare. Tam'd us to manners.

Dryde. Heresy is ranked with idolatry and witchcraft. Ra'nny. n. s. The shrewmouse.

Decay of Picty. I have ranked this diversion of christian prac

The mus araneus, the shrewmouse or rarss.

Brete. tice among the effects of our contentions.

Decay of Piety. To RA'NSACK. v. a. [ran, Saxon, and Poets were ranked in the class of philosophers, saka, Swedish, to search for or to seize.] and the ancients made use of them as preceptors 1. To plunder; to pillage. in musick and morality.


A covetous spirit, 3. To arrange methodically.

Warily awaited day and night, Much is said touching the ranking of dignities, From other covetous fiends it to defend, as well temporal as spiritual.

Selden. Who it to rob and ransack did intend. Spekser. Who now shall rear you to the sun, or rank

Their vow is made to ransack Troy. Sbatspo Your tribes?


Men, by his suggestion taught, Ranking all things under general and special Ransack'd the centre, and with impious hands heads, renders the nature or uses of a thing

Rifled the bowels of the earth.

Milten. more easy to be found out, when we seek in The rasack'd city, taken by our toils, what rank of beings it lies.

We left, and hither brought the golden spoils.

Dryder TORANK, V. n. To be ranged; to be

The spoils which they from ransack'd houses placed.

brought, Let that one article rank with the rest;

And golden bowls from burning altars caught. And thereupon give me your daughter.

Dryden. Sbakspeare. 2. To search narrowly. From straggling mountaineers, for publick

I ransack the several caverns, and search into good,

the store-houses of water, to find out where that Go rank in tribes, and quit the savage wood.

mighty mass of water, which overflowed the Tiite. earth, is bestowed.

Woodward To RA'NKLE. v. 12. (from rank.) To

3. To violate ; to defower. fester ; to breed corruption; to be in- With greedy force he 'gan che fort assail, flamed in body or mind.

Whereof he weened possessed soon to be, As when two boars with rankling malice met, And with rich spoil of ransack'd chastity. Spens. Their gory sides fresh bleeding fiercely fret.

RANSOME. n. s. (rançon, Fr.) Price

Spenser. I little smart did feel;

paid for redemption from captivity or And now it rankletb more and more,

punishment. And inwardly it festereth sore.


By his captivity in Austria, and the heavy rise That fresh bleeding wound

som that he paid for his liberty, Richard was hige Whilome doch rankle in my riven breast. Spens. dered to pursue the conquest of Ireland. Dasiese Beware of yonder dog;

Ere the third dawning light Look, when he fawns, he bites; and, when he Return, the stars of morn shall see him rise, bites,

The ransom paid, which man from death reHis venom tooth will rankle to the death.

His death for man.

Milton The storm of his own rage the fool confounds,

Has the prince lost his army or his liberty? And envy's renkling sting th’imprudent wounds. Tell me what province they demand for raasca. Sandys.

Derbim Thou shalt feel, enrag'd with inward pains,

This as a ransom Albemarle did pay, The hydra's venom renkling in thy veins.

For all the glories of so great a life. Dryden.

Addison. I have endur'd the rage of secret grief,

To adore that great mystery of divine love,

God's sending his only Son into this world to A malady that burns and rankles inward. Rowe. save sinners, and to give his life a reasons for



them, would be noble exercise for the pens of Ranunculuses excel all flowers in the richness the greatest wits.

Tillotson. of their colours: of them there is a great variety.
Th' avenging pow'r

Thus will persist, relentless in his ire, To RAP. V. n. (hræppan, Saxon.]
Till the fair slave be render'd to her sire, 1. To strike with a quick smart blow.
And ransom free restor'd to his abode. Dryden.

Knock me at this gate, TORA'NSOME. v. a. (rançonner, Fr.] To And rap me well, or I'll knock your knave's redeem from captivity or punishment.


Sbakspeare. How is 't with Titus Lartius?

With one great peal they rap the door, -Condemning some to death and some to exile, Like footmen on a visiting day. Prior, Rensoming him, or pitying, threarning the other.


2. To RAP out. To utter with hasty vio. I will ransom them from the grave, and redeem them from death.


He was provoked in the spirit of magistracy, He'll dying rise, and rising with him raise

upon discovering a judge, who rapped out a great His brethren, ransom'd with his own dear life.

oath at his footman.

Addison Milton. To RAP. v. a. (from rapio extra se, Lat.) RA'NSOMeless. adj. [from ransome.] Free 1. To affect with rapture ; to strike with from ransome.

ecstasy ; to hurry out of himself. Rensomeless here we set our prisoners free.


These are speeches of men, not comforted Deliver him

with the hope of that they desire, but rapped

with admiration at the view of enjoyed bliss. Up to his pleasure ransomeless and free.

Hooker. Sbakspeare. RA'NSOMER. N. s. (from ransome.] "One

Beholding the face of God, in admiration of that redeems. An

so great excellency, they all adore him; and

being rape with the love of his beauty, they TO RANT. V. n. [randen, Dutch, to rave.] cleave inseparably for ever unto him. Hooker, To rave in violent or high sounding

What thus raps you? are you well? Sbakspo language without proportionable dig

The government I cast upon my brother,

And to my state grew stranger, being trams nity of thought.

ported Look where my ranting host of the garter comes; there is either liquor in his pate, or

And rapt in secret studies.


You're rapt in some work, some dedication. money in his purse, when he looks so merrily.


Circled me
Nay, an thou 'lt mouth, I'll rant as well as

With all their welcomes, and as chearfully

They have attacked me; some with piteous

Disposde their rapt minds, as if there they saw
Their naturall countrie.

Cbapman. moans, others grinning and only shewing their

The rocks that did more high their foreheads teeth, others ranting and hectoring, others scold

raise ing and reviling.

To his rapi eye.

Chapman. Rant. n. s. (from the verb.) High sound. I'm rapt with joy to see my Marcia's tears. ing language unsupported by dignity of

Addison thought.

It is impossible duly to consider these things, Dryden himself, to please a frantick age,

without being rapt into admiration of the inWas forc'd to let his judgment stoop to rage;

finite wisdom of the divine architect. Cbegne. To a wild audience he conform’d his voice,

Rap: into future times, the bard begun, Comply'd to custom, but not err'd through

A virgin shall conceive, a virgin bear a son! Pope. choice :

Let heav'n seize it, all at once 't is fir'd; Deem then the people's, not the writer's sin,

Not touch'd, but rapt; not waken'd, but inAlmansor's rage, and rants of Maximin.


Pepe Granville.

2. To snatch away: This is a stoical rant, without foundation

He leaves the welkin way most beaten plain, in the nature of man or reason of things.

And rapt with whirling wheels, inflames the Atterbury.

skyen, RA'NTER. n. s. (from rant.] A ranting

With fire not made to burn, but fairly for to fellow.



Underneath a bright sea flow'd RA'NTIPOLE. adj. [Thisword is wantonly Of jasper, or of liquid pearl, whereon

formed from rant.] Wild ; roving ; Who after came from earth, sailing arriv'd rakish. A low word.

Wafted by angels, or flew o'er the lake What, at years of discretion, and comport

Rapt in a chariot drawn by fiery steeds. Milt. yourself at this rantipole rate! Congreve. Standing on earth, not rapt above the pole.

Milton, To RA'NTIPOLE, V. n. To run about

3. To seize by violence. wildly. A low word.

Adult'rous 'Jour, the king of Mambrant, The eldest was a termagant imperious wench; she used to ranti pole about the house, pinch the Fair Josian his dear love.

Drayton. children, kick the servants, and torture the cats and dogs.


4. To exchange; to truck. A low word. RANULA. n. s. [Latin.) A soft swelling, To RAP and rend. [more properly

rap and possessing the salivals under the tongue:

ran; ræpan, Saxon, to bind, and rana, it is made by congestion, and its pro

Islandick, to plunder.] To seize by vio

lence. gress filleth up the space between the

Their husbands robb'd, and made hard shifts jaws, and maketh a tumour externally

T'administer unto their gifts under the chin.


All they could rap and rend and pilfer, RANU'NCULUS. n. s. Crowfoot.

To scraps and ends of gold and silver. Hudibres.



King Charles.

RAP. 4. s. [from the verb.) A quick

Where the words are not monosyllables, we smart blow.

make them so by our rapidity of pronunciation How comest thou to go with thy arm tied up?

Spectator, has old Lewis given thee a rap over thy fingers RAPIDLY. adv. (from rapid.] Swiftly; ends?

Arbuthnot. with quick motion. RAPA'CIOUS. adj. (rapace, French; ra- RA'PIDNESS. n. s. [from rapid.] Celerity;

pax, Litin.] Given to plunder; seizing swiftness. by violence.

RA'PIER. n. s. [ropiere, French; so called Well may thy Lord, appeasid,

fro quickness of its motion.] -A Redeem thee quite from death's rajacious claim. small word used only in thrusting.

Shall this prize,

I will turn thy falsehood to thy heart,

Where it was forged, with my rapier's point. Soon heighten'd by the diarnond's circling rays,

Stadspear!. On that rapacious band for ever blaze?

Popes A soldier of far inferior strength may manage RAPA'CIOUSLY, adv. (from rapacious.] a rapier or fire-arms so experuy, as to be an By rapine ; by violent robbery.

overmatch for his adversary. Rapaciousness. n. s. [from rapacious.] RAPIER-FISH. . s. The swordfish. The quality of being rapacious.

The rapier-fisb, called xipnias, grows son

tiines to the length of five yards: the sword, Rapacity. 1. s. (rapacité, French; ra. wnich grows level from the snout of the fish, is

pacitas, from rapax, Latin.] Addicted- here about a yard long, at the basis four inches ness to plunder; exercise of plunder ; over, two-edged, and pointed exacly like a ravenousness.

rapier: he preys on fishes, having tirst stabbed them with this sword.

Great Any of these, without regarding the pains of churchmen, grudge them those small remains of RA'PINE, n. s. [rapina, Latin; rapins, ancient piety, which the rapacity of some ages French.]

has scarce left to the church. Spratt. 1. The act of plundering. RAPE. N. s. (rapt, French; raplus, Lat.] If the poverty of Scotland might, yet the 1. Violent defloration of chastity.

plenty of England cannot, excuse the envy and You are both decypher'd

rapine of the church's rights. For villains mark'd with rape. Shakspeere. The logick of a conquering sword may silence, Rope call you it, to seize my own,

but convince it cannot; its efficacy rather breeds My true betrothed love?


aversion and abhorrence of that religion, whose The parliament conceived, that the obtaining

first address is in blood and rapine. of women hy force into possession, howsoever

Decay of Pics afterwards assent might foliow by allurements, 2. Violence; force. was but a raje drawn forth in length, because

Her least action overay'd the first force drew on all the rest. Bacon, His malice, and with rapine sweet bereav'd Witness that night

His fierceness of its fierce intent. In Gibeah, when the hospitable door

RxPPER. 11. s.

(from rap.] One who Expos'd a ir atron, to avoid worse rupe. Milton. strikes.

The haughty fair,
Who not the rape cr’r of a god could bear. Dryd.

RA'PPORT. 1. š. (rappat, French.] Rela: Tell the Thracian tyrant's alter'd shape,

tion; reference; proportion. A word And dire revenge of Philomela's rape.

introduced by the innovator, Temple, but

Roscommon. not copied by others. 2. Privation ; act of taking away.

"Tis obvious what rapport there is between Pear grew after pear,

the conceptions and languages in every country, Fig after fig came; time mide never rate and how great a difference this must maker Ot any dainty there.


the excellence of books. 3. Something snatched away.

TO RAPT. v. n. (This word is used by Sad widows, by thee rihed, vicep in vain; Chapman for rap improperly, as appears And ruin'd orphans of thy rapes complain. from the participle, which from rept

Sandys. Where now are all my hopes? oh never more

would be not rapt, but rapted.] To Shall they revive! nor death her rapes restore!

ravish; to put in ecstasy.

You may safe approve,

How strong, in instigation to their love 4. Fruit plucked from the cluster. The juice of grapes is drawn as well from the Raps. n. s: [from rap.] A trance; an

Their rapting tunes are.

Саржилая. rape, or whole grapes plucked from the cluster, and wine poured upon them in a vessel, as from

ecstasy. a vat, where they are bruised.

Ray. RAPTURE. n. s. 3. A division of the county of Sussex an. 1. Violent izure.

swering to a hundred in other counties. And thicke into our ship, he threw his fiosd : 6. A plant, from the seed of which oil is

That 'gainst a rocke, or fiat, her keele did dasa expressed.

With headlong rapture.


. RAPID. adj. [rapide, French ; rapidus,

2. Ecstasy; transport ; violence of ans Latin.] Quick ; swift.

pleasing passion; enthusiasm ; uncom. Part shun the goal with rapid wheels. Milton.

mon heat of imagination. While you so smoothly turn and rowl our

Could virtue be seen, it would beget love, and sphere,

advance it not only into admiration, but raptur'. That rapid motion does but rest appear. Dryd.

Holyday. RAPIDITY. n. s. (rapidité, French; rapi

Musick, when thus applied, raises in the ditas, from rapides, Latin.] Celerity;

mind of the hearer great conceptions; it strengthvelocity; swiftness,

ens devotion, and advances praise into raptori,

Spectatet Popie.

You grow correct, that once with raptare writ. rareeshouve we have the curiosity to peep at them,

Pope. and nothing more. 3. Rapidity; haste.

Of rareesbows he sung, and Punch's feats. The wat'ry throng,

Gas Wave rowling after wave, where way they RAREFA'CTION. 1. s. (rarefaction, French; found,

from rarefy.) Extension of the parts of If steep, with torrent rapture; if through plain

a body, that makes it take up more Sofi-ebbing; nor withstood them rock or hill.

room than it did before ; contrary to

Milton. RA'PTURED. adj. [from rapture.] Ra.


The water within being rarefied, and by rarevished ; transported. A bad word.

faction resolved into wind, will force up the He drew smoak.

Wottoria Such inadning draughts of beauty to the soul, When exhalations, shut up in the caverns of As for a while cancell'd his rapiur'd thought the earth by rarcfaction or compression, come With luxury too daring.


to be straitened, they strive every way to set RA'PTUROUS. adj. (trom rapture. ] Ecsta- themselves at liberty.

Burnet tick ; transporting.

RA'KEFIABLE, adj. (from rarefy.] Ad. Nor will he be able to forbear a rapturous acknowledgment of the intinite wisdoin and con

mitting rarefaction. trivance of the divine artiticer. Blackmore. To RAREFY. v. a. [rarefier, French;

Are the pleasures of it so inviting and raptur- rarus and facio, Latin; rarify were more ous? is a man bound to look out sharp to plague proper.] To make thin; contrary to himself?


condense. RARE. adj. [rarus, Latin; rare, French; To the hot equator crowding fast, in all the senses but the last. ]

Where highly rarefied the yielding air

Admits their steam. 1. Scarce ; uncommon; not frequent.

Tbosesoma Live to be the shew and gaze o' th' time; To RAREFY. v. n. To become thin. We'll have you, as our rarer monsters are,

Earth rarefies to dew; expanded more, Painted upon a pole.

Sbakspeare. The subtil dew in air begins to soar. Dryder. 2. Excellent; incomparable ; valuable to RARELY. adv. (from rare.) a degree seldom found.

1. Seldon ; not often; not frequently. This jealousy

His temperance in sleep resembled that of his Is for a precious creature; as she's rare, meats; midnight being the usual time of his going Must it be great; and as his person's mighty, to rest, and four or five, and very rarely six, the Must it be violent. Sbakspeare. hour of his rising.

Fell, On which was wrought the gods and giants Rarely they r se by virtue's aid, who lie fight,

Plung d in the depth of helpless poverty, Rare work, all filled with terror and delight.


Vanessa in her bloom, Above the rest I judge one beauty rart.

Advanc'd like Atalanta's star,

Dryden. But rarely seen, and seen from far. Swift. 3. Thinly scattered.

2. Finely ; nicely; accurately. This is The cattle in the fields and meadows green,

now seldom used but ironically. Those rare and solitary, these in flocks Pasturing at once, and in broad herds upsprung.

How rarely does it meet with this time's Milton.


When man was will'd to love his enemies. 4. Thin; subtle; not dense.

Sbakspeare. They are of so tender and weak a nature, as RA'RENESS. n. s. [from rare.] they affect only such a rare and attenuate substance, as the spirit of living creatures. Bacon.

1. Uncommonness; state of happening So eagerly the fiend

seldom ; infrequency. O'er bog or steep, through strait, rough, dense, Tickling is most in the soles, arm-holes, and or rare,

sides: the cause is įhe thinness of the skin, With head, hands, wings, or feet, pursues his joined with the rareness of being touched there; way.

Milton. for tickling is a light motion of the spirits, which The dense and bright light of the circle will the thinness of the skin, the suddenness and obscure the rure and weak light of these dark rareness of touch, doth further.

Bacon. colours round about it, and render them almost For the rareness and rare effect of that peinsensible.


tition, I'll insert it as presented. Clarendon. Budies are much more rare and porous than Of my heart I now a present make; is commonly believed: water is nineteen times Accept it as when early fruit we send, lighter, and by consequence nineteen times rarer, And let the raroness the small gift commend. than gold; and gold is so rure, as very readily,

Dryden. and without the least opposition, to transmit the 2. Value arising from scarcity. magnetick effluvia, and easily to admit quicksil- Roses set in a pool, supported with some stay, ver into its pores, and to let water pass through is matter of rareness and pleasure, though of it.

small use.

Bacon. s. Raw; not fully subdued by the fire.

To worthiest things, This is often pronounced rear.

Virtue, art, beauty, fortune, now I see New-laid eggs, with Baucis' busy care, Rareness or use, not nature, value brings. Donne, Turn'd by a gentle fire, and roasted rare. Dryd. 3. Thinness; tenuity. RAREESHOW. n. s. (This word is formed 4. Distance from each other; thinness.

in imitation of the foreign way of pro- RA'RITY. 1. s. [rareté, French ; raritas, nouncing rare show.] A show carried Latin.) in a box.

1. Uncommonness: infrequency. The fashions of the town affect us just like a Far from being fond of any flower for its



rarity, if I meet with any in a held which Would'st thou not be glad to have the nigs pleases me, I give it a place in my garden. gardly rascally sheepbiter come by some notable Spectator. shame?

Sbakspeare. 2. A thing valued for its scarcity.

Our rascally porter is fallen fast asleep with Sorrow would be a rarity most belov'd,

the black cloth and sconces, or we migbi have If all could so become it.

Sbakspeere. been tacking up by this time. Swift. It would be a rarity worth the seeing, could To Rase. v. a. (This word is written rase any one shew us such a thing as a perfectly reconciled enemy.


or raze : I would write rase, when it I saw three rarities of different kinds, which signifies to strike slightly, perstringere; pleased me more than any other shows of the and raze, when it signifies to ruin, de place.

'Addison. lere; raser, Fr. rasus, Lat.) 3. Thinness ; subtilty: the contrary to 1. To skim; to strike on the surface. density.

He certifies your lordship, that this night Bodies, under the same outward bulk, have a

He dreamt the boar bad rased off his helm. greater thinness and expansion, or thickness and

Sbakspeari. solidity, which terms, in English, do not signify Was he not in the nearest neighbourhood to fully those differences of quantity; therefore I death? and might not the bullet, chat rased his will do it under the names of rarity and density. check, have gone into his head?

Seuis. This I do, not to draw any argument against

Digby. 2. To overthrow; to destroy; to root up. them from the universal rest or accurately

Her battering engines bent to rase some city,

Miltas. equal diffusion of matter, but only that I may better demonstrate the great rarity and tenuity 3. To blot out by rasure ; to erase. of their imaginary chaos.


Though of their names in heav'nly records RA'SCAL. n. s. (rascal, Saxon, a lean

Be no memorial, blotted out and rased. Milena beast.]

RASE, n. s. [from To rase.] 3. A mean fellow; a scoundrel ; a sorry

I. A cancel. wretch. For the rascal commons, lest he cared.

2. A slight wound.

Spenser. RASH. adj. (rasch, Dutch.] And when him list the rascal routs appal, 1. Hasty ; violent; precipitate; acting Men into stones chcrewith he could transmew. without caution or reflection.

Spenser. This is to be bold without shame, rasb without When Marcus Brutus grow's so covetous skill, full of words without wit. Asebas. To lock such rascal counters from his friends;

Blast her pride, O ye blest gods! so will you Be ready, gods, with all your thunder-bolts, wish on me, when thé rasb mood is on me. Dash bim to pieces. Shakspeare.

Sbakspeare The rascal people, thirsting after prey,

Be not rash with thy mouth, and let na Join with the traitor.

Sbakspeare. chine heart be hasty to utter any thing before But for our gentlemen,

God: for God is in heaven, and thou upon The mouse ne'er shun' the car, as they did

earth; therefore let thy words be few. budge

Ecclesiasticus, From rascals worse than they. Shakspeare.

Her rasb hand, in evil hour, I am accurst to rob in that thief's company ; Forth reaching to the fruit, she pluck’d, she eat. the rascal hath remov'd my horse. Sbakspeare.

Miltes, Scoundrels are insolent to their superiors; but

2. Hasty ; requiring haste. Not in use. it does not become a man of honour to contest

I have scarce leisure to salute you, with mean rascals.

My matter is so resb.

Did I not see you, rascal, did I not!
When you lay snug to snap. young Damon's

3. Quick ; sudden: as, rash gunpowder. Dryden.

Out of use.
I have sense, to serve my turn, in store, RASH. . s. (rascia, Italian.]
And he's a rascal who pretends to more. 1. Sattin.


2. [corrupted probably from rusb.] An The poor girl provoked told him he lyed like a rascal.


efflorescence on the body; a breaking 2. RASCAL deer, are still mentioned for

out. lean deer.

RA'SHER. n. s. (rasura lardi, Lat.) A thin RASCA'LION. n. s. [from rascal.] One of

slice of bacon. the lowest people.

If we grow all to be pork eaters, we shall not That proud dame

shortly have a rasber on the coals for money.

Sbakspeare Us'd him so like a base rascallion,

White and black was all her homely cheer, That old Pig—what d'ye call him--malion, That cut his mistress out of stone,

And rasbers of sing'd bacon on the coals.

Dryde. Had not so hard a hearted one. Hxdibras.

Quenches his thirst with ale in nut-browa RASCA'LITY, n. s. (from rascal.) The

bowls, low mean people.

And takes the hasty rasber from the coals. Pretended philosophers judge as ignorantly in

Xing their way, as the rascality in theirs. Glanville. RA'SHLY. adv. (from rasb.] Hastily ;

Jeroboam having procured his people gods, violently ; without due consideration. the next thing was to provide priests; hereupon, to the calves he adds a commission, for the apo

This expedition was by York and Talbot Too rasbly plotted.

Sbalspears. proving, trying, and admitting the rascality and

Men are not rasbly to take that for done, lowest of the people to minister in that service.

which is not done.

Bacus. Soutb. RA'SCALLY, adj. (from rascal.] Mean;

He that doch any thing rekly, must do it

willingly; for he was free to deliberate or not. worthless.




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