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TÖ LE’TTER. v. a. [from letter.) To Our navy is address'd, our power collected, stamp with letters.
And ev'ry thing lies level to our wish. Sbaksp. I observed one weight lettered on both sides;
New shaves with level wing the deep. Milt.
There is a knowledge which is very proper to and I found on one side, written in the dialect
man, and lies level to human understanding, the of men, and underneath it, calamities; on the other side was written, in the language of the
knowledge of our Creator, and of the duty we
Tillotson. gods, and underneath, blessings. Addison.
owe to him. LETTERED. adj. (from leiter.) Literate; 3. Having no gradations of superiority. educated to learning.
Be level in preferments, and you will soon be
Beatles: A martial man, not streetened by a lettered To Le'vel. v. a. [Irom the adjective.)
as level in your learning. education, is apt to have a tincture of sourdess.
1. To make even ; to free from inequaLeʼttuce. 1. s. [lactuca, Latin.]
: as, he levels the walks. The species are, common or garden lettuce ; To reduce to the same height wiih cabbage letluce; Silesia lettuce; white and black something else. cos; white cos; red capuchin lettuce. Miller.
Less bright the moon, Fat coleworts, and comforting purseline, But opposite in level'd west was set. Milton. Cold lettuce, and refreshing rosemarine. Spenser. He will thy foes with silent shame confound,
Lettuce is said to be poisonous, when it is so And their proud structures level with the old as to have milk. Bacon's Nat. Hist.
Sandys. The medicaments proper to diminish nilk, 3. To lay flat. are lettuce, purslane, endive. Wiseman.
We know by experience, that all downright LE'VANT. adj. [levant, Fr.) Eastern. rains do evermore dissever the violence of outThwart of those, as fierce
rageous winds, and beat down and level che Forth rush the levant, and the ponent winds,
swelling and mountainous billows of the sea. Eurus and Zephyr. Milton's Par. Lost.
Roleigt. LE'VANT. n. si The east, particulariy
With unresisted might the monarch reigns, those coasts of the Mediterranean east
He levels mountains, and he raises plains;
And not regarding diff'rence of degree, of Italy.
Abas'd your daughter, and exalted ine. Dryd. LEVATOR. n. s. [Latin.) A chirurgical 4. To bring to equality of condition.
instrument, whereby depressed parts of Reason can never assent to the admission ofa the skull are lifted up.
those brutish appetites which would over-ron Some surgcons bring out the bone in the bore; the soul, and level its superior with its inferios but it will be safer to raise it up with your leva
Delay of Pitt tor, when it is but lightly retained in some part. 5. To point in taking aim; to aim.
Each at the head LEUCOPHLEGMACY, n. s. [from leuco
Level'd his deadly aim.
One to the gunners on St. Jago's tower, phlegmatick.) Paleness with viscid juices
Bid’em for shame level their canron lower. and cold sweatings.
Drydetta Spirits produce debility, flatulency, fevers, Iron globes which on the victor host leucophlegmacy, and dropsies. Arbutbnot. Level'd with such impetuous fury smote. LEUCOPHLEGMA’TICK, adj. [asexès and
Miltoa. Qabyuce.] Having such a constitu:ion The construction I believe is not, of body where the blood is of a pale globes level*d on the host, but globus colour, viscid, and cold, whereby, it
leveld smote on the host. stuffs and bloats the habit, or raises 6. To direct to an end. white tumours in the feet, legs, or any
The whole body of puritans was draten en he other parts; and such are conimonly
abetrors of all villainy by a few men, whose des
signs from the first were leuciled to destroy both asthmatick and dropsical.
Spoi; Asthmatick persons have voracious appetites, and for want of a right sanguification are reuco. 7. To suit ; to proportion
Behold the lavo phlegmatick.
Arbuthnot. LEVEE. n. s. [French.)
And rule of beings in your Maker's mind :
And thence, like linibecks, rich ideas draw, 1. The time of rising:
To fit the levell'd use of humankind. Dryto 2. The concourse of those who crowd To Le'vel. v. n. round a man of power in a morning. 1. To aim at; to bring the gun or arrow Would'st thou be first minister of state;
to the same line with the mark. To have thy levers crouded with resort,
The glory of God, and the good of his church Of a depending, gaping, servile court? Dryd.
was the thing which the apostlus aimed at, an None of her Sylvan subjects made their court,
therefore ought to be the mark whereat we als Levees and couchees pass'd without resort.
Hocic Dryden. LEVEL. adj. [læfel, Saxon.]
2. To conjecture ; to attempt to guess.
I pray thee overname them; and, as the a. Even; not having one part higher than namest them I will describe them; and, accos another.
ing to my description, level at my affection. The doors Discover ample spaces o'er the smooth 3. To be in the same direction with And level pavement.
mark. The garden, seated on the level floor, She left behind.
He to his engine flew,
Plac'd near at hand in open view, 2. Even with any thing else ; in the same And rais'd it till it levell’d right, line or plane with any thing.
Againsi the glow-worm tail of kite. Hudd,
4. To make attempts; to aim,
endeavours to bring all to the same state Ambitious York did love at thy crown. of equality.
Sbakspeare. You are an everlasting leveller; you won't s. To efface distinction or superiority: as, allow encouragement to extraordinary merit.
Collier, infainy is always trying to level. Level. k. 4. (from the adjective.]
LE'VELNESS. n. s. [from level.] 1. A plane; a surface without protuber
1. Evenness; equality of surface. ances or inequalities.
Equality with something else. After draining of the level in Northampton
The river Tyber is expressed lying alone, for shire, innumerable mice did upon a sudden
so you must remember to draw rivers, to exHale.
press their livelness with the earth. Peacban, Those bred in a mountainous country over
LE VEN. n. s. [levain, French. Coinmoniy, size chose chac dwell on low levels. Sandys. though less properly, written leaven; 2. Rate; standard; customary height. see LEAVEN.)
Lore of her made is raise up our thoughts 1. Ferinent; that which being mixed with above the ordinary level of the world, so as great bread mikes it rise and ferment, cierks do not disain our conte.enice. Siiney. The praises of mire men inspired me with
2. Any thing capable of changing the nathoughts abuve my ordinary level. Drydex.
ture of a greater mass.
The inatter fermenteth upon the old lever, 3. Suitable or proportionate beight.
and becometh more acrid. Wiseman's Surgery. It might perhans advance their minds so far
Tlie pestilential levuins conveyed in goods. Abcre the level of subjection, as
Arbuthnot. To assume to them the glory of that war. LE'VER. *, s. [levier, French.]
The second mechanical power, is a balance 4. A state of equality.
supported by a hypomochlion; only the centre The time is not far off when we shall be upon is not in the middle as in the common balance, the Iraei; I am resolved to anticipate the time, but near one end; for which reason it is used and be upon the level with them now: for he is to elevate or raise a great weight; whence comes so thac peither seeks nor wants them.
the name lever.
Harris, Alterbury to Pope. Have you any leavers to lift me up again, Providence, for the most part, sets us upon being down?
Sbakspeare, a lood, and observes proportion in its dispensa- Some draw with cords, and some the monster tions towards us.
drive Isrose, by the stile of old friends, and the With rolls and lovers.
Denbam. like, it must be somebody there of his own level; In a lever, the motion can be continued only 200 g whom his party have, indeed, more for so short a space, as may be answerable to friends than I could wish.
Swift. that little distance betwixt the fulciment and the 3. An instrument whereby masons adjust
weight : which is always by so much lesser, as th-ir work.
the disproportion betwixt the weight and the
power is greater, and the motion itself more The lodd is from two to ten feet long, that it
Wilkin's Mathematical Magick, may reach oer a considerable length of the
Some hoisting leavers, some the wheels prework: if the plumb-line hang just upon the
Dryden. perperdicular, when the level is set Hat down up
LEVERET. n. s. [lic vret, Fr.) A young ca the work, the work is level; but if it hangs on
hare. esther side the perpendicular, the floor or work pust be raised on that side, till the plumb-line
Their travels o'er that silver field does show, hang exactly on the perpendicular. Moxon.
Like track of leverets in morning snow. 6. Rule; plan; scheme: borrowed from LE'ver. n. s. [from lever, Fr.] A blast
Waller. the mechanick level. Be the fair level of thy actions laid,
on the trumpet; prubably that by which As temp'rance wiils, and prudence may fer
the soldiers are called in the morning. suade,
He that led the cavalcade And try if life be worth the liver's care. Prior... Wore a sowgelder's flagellet,
On which he bleiv as strong a levet; 7. The line of direction in which any mis
As well-fee'd lawyer on his breviate. Hudibras, sive weapon is aimed.
LE'VEROOK. n. s. (gene, Sax.] This I stood i'ch' leed
word is retained in Scotland, and denotes Of a full charg'd confederacy, and gave thanks the lark. To you that chok'd it.
Shakspeurs, The smaller birds have their particular sege As if that name, Sot from the deadly level of a gun,
sons; as, the leverook.
Walton's Angler. Did rurther her.
LE'VIABLE. adj. [from levy.] That may Over whose heads those arrows fly,
be levied. Of sad distrust and jealousy.
Waller. The sums which any agreed to pay, and were s. The line in which the sight passes.
not brought in, were to be leviable by course of law.
Bacon's Henry VII, Fir'd at first sight with what the mouse imparts; LEVI'ATHAN. n. s. [.ins] A water In fearless youth we tempt the heighis ut arts; While from the bounded level of our mind animal mentioned in the book of Job, Short views we take, nor ste the lengths behind. By some imagined the crocodile, but in
Pope, Li'vELLER. 1. s. sírom level.]
poetry generally taken for the whale. 1. One who makes any thing even,
We may, as bootless, spend our yain come
mand 2. One who destroys superiority; one who Upon th' inraged soldiers in their spoil,
LEWD. adj. [læpede, Sambalp. Macbetb.
As send our precepts to the leviathan,
He resolved to finish the conquest of Ireland, To come ashore. Shakspeare's Henry v. and to that end levied a mighty army. Davies, Canst thou draw out leviathan with an hook? 2. To raise : applied to money:
Job. Levy a tribute unto the Lord of the men More to embroil the deep; leviathan,
Numbers, And his unwieldy train, in dreadful sport
Instead of a ship he should levy upon his Tempest the loosen'd brine. Thomson's Winter. county such a sum of money. Clarendon, TO LE'VIGATE. V. n. [lævigo, Latin.] 3. To raise : applied to war. This sense, 1. To rub or grind to an impalpable pow- though Milton's, seems inproper. der.
They live in hatred, enmity, and strife, 2. To mix till the liquor becomes smooth
Among themselves, and levy cruel wars.
Milten and uniform.
LE'vy. n. s. [from the verb.] The chyle is white, as consisting of salt, oil, and water, much levigated or smooth. Arbuth.
1. The act of raising money or men. LEVIGA'Tion. n. s. [from levigate.]
They have already contributed all their super. Levigation is the reducing of hard bodies, as
fluous hands, and every new levy they make coral, tutty, and precious stones, into a subtile
must be at the expence of their farms and com
Addison powder, by grinding upon marble with a muller; but unless the instruments are extremely hard,
2. War raised. they will so wear as to double the weight of the
Treason has done his worst : nor steel, nor medicine.
poison, LE'VITE. n. s. [levita, Lat. from Levi.]
Malice domestick, foreign levy, nothing
Can touch him further! 1. One of the tribe of Levi; one born to the office of priesthood among the Jews. In the Christian church, the office of deacons
1. Lay; not clerical : from leod, people. succeeded in the place of the levites among the
It is sometimes gross; ignorant. ObJews, who were as ministers and servants to the
Ayliffe's Parergon. For lewyd men this book I writ. Grostbead. 2. A priest: used in contempt.
So these great clerks their little wisdom shew LEVI'TICAL. adj. [from levite. ) Be
To mock the lewd, as learu'd in this as they.
Davies. longing to the Levites ; making part of
2. Wicked; bad; dissolute. the religion of the Jews.
If some be admitted into the ministry, either By the levitical law, both the man and the
void of learning, or lewd in lite, are all the rest woman were stoned to death; so heinous a crime
to be condemned?
Wbitgifte. was adultery.
Before they did oppress the people, only by LE'vity. n. s. [levitas, Latin.]
colour of a lewd custom, they did afterwards 3. Lightness; not heaviness; the quality use the same oppressions by warrant. Davies,
by which any body has less weight than 3. Lustful; libidinous. another.
He is not lolling on a lewd love-bed ;
But on his knees at meditation. Sbakspeare. He gave the form of levity to that which ascended to that which descended, the form of
Then lewd Anchemolus he laid in dust, gravity.
Who stain'd his step-dame's bed with impious Raleigh. lust.
Dryden. This bubble, by reason of its comparative levity to the huidity that encloses it, would LE'wdLY. adv. [from lewd.] ascend to the top.
"Bentley. 1. Wickedly; naughtily. 2. Inconstancy; changeableness.
A sort of nanghty persons lewdly bent, They every day broached some new thing;
Have practis'd dangerously against your state.
Sbakspeare. which restlesslevity they did interpret to be their growing in spiritual perfection. Hooker.
2. Libidinously; lustfully. Where wigs with wigs, with sword-knots
He lov'd fair lady Eltred, lewdly lov'd, sword-knots strive,
Whose wanton pleasures him too much did Beaus banish beaus, and coaches coaches drive,
please, This erring mortals levity may call
That quite his heart from Guendeline remov'd. 3. Unsteadiness ; laxity of mind.
Spenser. I unbosom'd all my secrets to thee;
So lewdly dull his idle works appear, Not out of levity, but over-power'd
The wretched texts deserve no comments here. By thy request. 'Milton's Agonistes.
Dreder. 4. Idle pleasure ; vanity.
Le'wdness, n, s. [from lewd.] Lustful He never employed his omnipotence out of
licentiousness. levity or ostentation, but as the necessities of Suffer no lewdness, nor indecent speech, men requised. Calamy. Th' apartment of the tender youth to reach.
Dryden. s. Trifling gayety; want of seriousness.
Damianus's letter to Nicholas is an authentick Our graver business frowns at this levity.
record of the lewdnesses committed under the
reign of celibacy. with which he saw too many corrupted.
(from lewd.] Clarendon.
lecher; one given to criminal pleasures. That spirit of religion and seriousness vanish
Against such lezedsters, and their lechery, ed, and a spirit of levityand libertinism, infidelity,
Those that betray them do no treachery. and profaneness, started up in the room of it.
Atterbury. LEWIS D’OR. n.s. (French.] A golden TO LE'VY. v. a. [lever, French.]
French coin, in value twelve livres. 1. To raise; to bring together : applied now settled at seventeen shillings. Dict to men.
LEXICOʻGRAPHER. 11. S. [λεξικό,
oppdpa; lexicograpbe, French.] A writer Li'BBARD. n. s. [liebard, German ; leoparof dictionaries; a harmless drudge, that
dus, Lat.) A leopard. busies himself in tracing the original,
Make the libbard stern,
Leave roaring, when in rage he for revenge did and detailing the signification of words.
yearn. Commentators and lexicographers acquainted
The libbard and the tiger, as the mole with the Syriac language, have given these hints
Rising, the crumbled earth above them threw. in their writings on scripture. Watts.
The torrid parts of Africk are by by Piso geidu.] The art or practice of writing resembled to a libbard's skin, the distance of dictares.
whose spots represent the disperseness of habitLEX, 9N. n. s. [astrzon.] A diction. ations, or towns of Africk. Brerewood.
ary; a book tea hing the signification LIBEL. n. s. (libellus, Lat. libelle, Fr.] of words.
A satire ; defamatory writing ; a lamThusha linguist should pride himself to poon. have all the tongues that Babel cleft the world
Are we reproached for the name of Christ? into, ve: if he had not studied the solid things
that ignominy serves but to advance our future is them as well as the words and lexicons, yet
glory; every such libel here becomes panegyrick he ere nothing so much to be esteemed a
Decay of Piety.
Good heav'n! that sots and knaves should be learned man as any yeoman competently wise in his mother dialect only.
so vain, LEY. 7. s. lee, lay, are all from the Saxon
To wish their vile resemblance may remain!
And stand recorded, at their own request, le 13, a field or pasture, by the usual
To future days, a libel or a jest. Dryden. melting of the letter g or g. Gibson.
2. (In the civil law.] A declaration or Li’ABLE. 1. s. (liable, from lier, old Fr.] charge in writing against a person exObnoxious; not exempt; subject;
hibited in court. with to.
To Libel. V. n. [from the noun.] TO But what is strength without a double share Of wisdom? vast, unwieldy, burthensome,
spread defamation, written or printed: Proudly secare, yet liable to fall
it is now commoniy used as an active By weakest subtleties. Milton's Agonistes.
verb, without the preposition against. "The English boast of Spenser and Milton, Sweet scrawls to fly about the streets of who neither of them wanted genius or learn
Rome : ing; and yet both of them are liable to many
What's this but libelling against the senate! Dryden.
Shekspeare. This, or any other scheme, coming from a He, like a priviledgid spy, whom nothing can private band, might be liable to many defects. Discredit, libels now 'gainst each great man. Swift.
Donne, Li'AB. 2. s. (from lie. This word would To Li'BEL. v. a. To satirise; to lam..
analogically be lier ; but this orthogra- poon. phy has prevailed, and the convenience Is the peerage of England dishonoured when of distinction from lier, he who lies
a peer suffers for his treason? if he be libelled, down, is sufficient to confirm it.] One
or any way defamed, he has his scandalum mag
natum to punish the offender. Dryden. who tells falsehood; one who wants But what so
which envious tongues will: veracity.
spare? She's like a liar, gone to burning hell? Some wicked wits have libell'd all the fair. 'Twas I that kill'd her. Sbaksp. Othello.
Pope. He approves the common liar, fame,
Li'BELLER. n. s. [from libel.] A defamer Who speaks him thus at Rome. Sbakspeare. I do not reject his observation as untrue, much
by writing ; a lampooner. less condemn the person himself as a liar,
Our common libellers are as free from the whersoever it seems to be contradicted. Boyle.
imputation of wit as of morality. Thy better soul abhors a liar's part,
Dryden's Juvenal. Wise is thy voice, and noble is thy heart. Pope.
The squibs are those who, in the common LARD. adj.
phrase, are called libellers and lampooners.
Tatler. 1. Mingled roan.
The common libellers, in their invectives, tax 2. Liard in Scotland denotes grey-haired : the church with an insatiable desire of as, he's a liard old man.
and wealth, equally common to all bodies of LIBA'TION. 1. s. [libatio, Latin.)
Swift. 1. The act of pouring wine on the ground Li'bellous. adj. (from libel.] Defamain bonour of some deity.
tory. In digging new earth pour in some wine, that
It was the most malicious surmise that had the vapour of the earth and wine may comfort ever been brewed, howsoever countenanced by the spirits, provided it be not taken for a heathen a libellous pamphlet.
Wotton. sacritice, or libation to the earth. Bacon. LIBERAL. adj. (liberalis, Latin ; liberal, 2. The wine so poured.
French.] They had no other crime to object against the 1. Not mean; not low in birth ; not low Christians, but that they did not offer up liba
in mind. iions, and the smoke of sacrifices, to dead men.
2. Becoming a gentleman.
Stilling fleet. The goblet then she took, with nectar 3. Munificent; generous; bountiful ; not
parsimonious. Sprinkling the first libations on the grounds Her name was Mercy, well-known over all,
Dryden. To be both gracious, and eke liberal. Spenser.
Sparing would shew a worse sin than ill doc- That spirit of religion and seriousness vanishtrine.
ed all at once, and a spirit of liberty and libero Men of his way should be most liberal,
tinism, of intidelity and profaneness, started up They ’re set here tor examples. Sbakspeare.
in the room of it. Aiterbury's Sermonsa Needs must the pow'r
Liberty: n. s. (liberté, French; libertas, That made us, and for us this ample world, Latin.) Be intitely good, and of his good
1. Freedom, as opposed to slavery. As liberal and free, as infinite. Milton. The liberal are secure alone,
My master knows of your being here, and
hath threatened to put me luto everlasting liberty For what we frankly give, for ever is our own.
if I tell you of it; for he swears, he'l turn me away.
Sbakspeare. 4. It has of before the thing, and to be
O liberty! thou goddess, heav'nly bright! fore the person.
Protuse or bliss, and pregnant with delight, There is no art better than to be liberal of Eternal pleasures in thy presence reign, praise and conimendation to others, in that
Addison wherein a man's self hath any perfection.
2. Exemption from tyranny or inordinate Several clergymen, other vise little fond of
government, obscure terms, are, in their sermons, very
Justly thou abhorr'st liberal of all those which they find in ecclesiasti
The son, who, on the quiet state of man
Such trouble brought, aftecting to subdue cal writers, as if it were our duty to understand them.
Rational liberty; yet know withal, LIBER A’LITY, n. s. (liberalitas, Lat. ii.
Since thy original lapse, true liberty
Is lost, which always with right reason dwells. beralité, Fr.) Munificence; bounty ;
Milton. generosity, generous profusion. 3. Freedom, as opposed to necessity.
Why should he despair, that know's to court Liberty is the power in any agent co do, or With words, fair looks, and liberaliig ! Sbaksp. forbear, any particular action, according to the
Such moderation with thy bounty join, determination, or thought of the mind, whereby That thou may'st nothing give that is not thine; either of them is preferred to the other. Locke. That liberality is but cast away,
As it is in the motions of the body, so it is in Which makes us borrow what we cannot pay. the thoughts of our minds: where any one is
such, that we have power to take it up, or lay L'BERALLY. adv. (from liberal.]
by, according to the preference of the mind, • Bounteously ; bountifully ; largely:
there we are at liberty..
Locke. If any of you lack wisdom, let hin ask of .4. Privilege; exemption; immunity. God, that giveth to all mea liberally, and up- His majesty gave not an intire country to any, braideth not.
James. niuch less did he grant jura regalia, or any ex2. Not meanly's magnanimously.
Davies. LIBERTINE. 11. s. [libertin, French.]
5. Relaxation of restraint : as, lie sees j. One unconfined; one at liberty.
himself at liberty to choose his condiWhen he speaks,
tion. The air, a charter'd libertine, is still;
Licence they mean when they cry liberty. And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears,
Miltex. To steal his swcet and honied sentences. 6. Leave ; permission,
I shall take the liberty to consider a third 2. One who lives without restraint or law. ground, which, with some men, has the same Man, the lawless libertine, may reve,
Locke. Free and unquestion'd. Rome's J. Shore. Libidinous. n. s. (libidlinosus, Latin.]
W:: of power is the only bound that a liber- Lewd; lustrul. tine puts to his views upon any of the sex.
None revolt from the faith; because they Clarissa.
must not look upon a woman to lust after ber, 3. One who pays no regard to the pre- but because they are much more restrained cepts of religion.
from the perpetration of their lusts. If wanton They say this town is full of couzenage,
glances and lividinous thought's had been perDisguised cheaters, prating mountebanks, mitted by the gospel, they would have apostaAnd many such like libertines of sin. Sbakspeare.
Bentley. That word may be applied to some few liber- LIBIDINOUSLY. adv. [from libidinoks.] tines in the audience. Collier's View of the Stage. 4. [In law; libertinus, Lat.) A freedman;' LIBRAL. adj. [libralis, Latin.] of a
Lewdly; lustfully. or rather, the son of a freedman. Some persons are forbidden to be accusers on
Dict. the score of their sex, as women; others on the
LIBRARIAN. n. s. [librarius, Latin.) score of their age, as pupils and infants; others 1. One who has the care of a library. on the score of their condition, asubertines 2. One who transcribes or copies books. against their patrouis. Ayliffe's Parergon.
Charybdis thrice swallows, and thrice refunds Li’BERTINE. adj. (libertin, French.] Li- the waves: this must be understood of regular centious; irreligious.
tides. There are, indeed but two tides in a day, There are men that marry not, but chuse
but this is the error of the librarians. Broome. rather a libertine and impure single life, than to Li'BRARY. n. s. (librarie, French.) A be yoked in marriage.
Bacon. Might not the queen make diligent enquiry,
large collection of books, publick or if any person about her should happen to be of
private. libertine principles or morals?
Then as they 'gan his library to view, LIBERTINISM. n. s. [from liberline. )
And antique registers for to avise, irreligion; licentiousness of opinions and
There chanced to the prince's hand to rise
An ancient book, hight Briton's monuments. practice.