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They that are to love inclin'd,

15. To lay before a court of judicalure, Sway'd by chance, not choice or art, To the first that's fair or kind,

as an object of inquiry, Make a present of their heart. Waller.

The grand juries were practised effectuelly

with to present the said pamphlet, with all somewhat is sure design'd by fraud or force;

gravating epithets.

Savijt. Trust not their presents, nor admit the horse.


11. To point a missile weapon before it is 2. A letter or mandate exhibited per PRESE'NTABLE.adj. [from present.] What

Be it known to all men by these presents.

may be presented.

Incumbents of churches presentable cannot, by their sole act, grant their incumbencies to others

; TO PRESE'NT. v. a. [præsento, low Latin; but may make leases of the profits thereof. presenter, French : in all the senses.]


. r. To place in the presence of a superiour. PRESENT A'NEOUS. adj. (presentaneus

, On to the sacred hill

Latin.) Ready ; quick ; immediate. They led him high applauded, and present

Some plagues partake of such malignity, that, Before the seat supreme.


like a presentaneous poison, they enecate in two 2. To exhibit to view or notice.


Haray. He knows not what he says; and vain is it, PRESENTAʼtion, n. s. [ presentation, Fr. That we present us to him.

Sbakspeare, from present.] 3. To offer; to exhibit.

1. The act of presenting. Thou therefore now advise, Or hear what to my mind first thoughts present,

Prayers are sometimes a presentation of mere

desires, as a mean of procuring desired effects at Milion. the hand of God.

Hooker, Now ev'ry leaf, and ev'ry moving breath Presents a foe, and ev'ry fóe a death. Denbam.

2. The act of offering any one to an eccleLectorides's memory is ever ready to offer to

siastical benefice. his mind something out of other men's writings

He made effectual provision for recorery of or conversations, and is presenting him with the advowsons and presentations to churches. Hak. thoughts of other persons perpetually. Watts.

What, shall the curate controul me! have no I the presentation?

Gay. 4. To give formally and ceremoniously. Folks in mudwall tenement,

9. Exhibition.

These presentations of fighting on the stage, are Affording peppercorn for rent, Present a turkey or a hen

necessary to produce the effects of an heroick To those might better spare them ten. Prior.



4. This word is misprinted for presen:ion. s. To put into the hands of another in

Although int sundry animals we deny not a ceremony.

kind of natural meteorology, or innate presenta So ladies'in romance assist their knight,

tion both of wind and weather, yet that proPresent the spear, and arm him for the fight. ceeding from sense, they cannot retain that apa Popes prehension after death.

Brecur. 6. To favour with gifts. To present, in PRESENTATIVE, adj. [from present.] the sense of to give, has several struc

Such as that presentations may be made tures : we say absolutely, to present a

of it. man, to give something to him. This

Mrs. Gulston, possessed of the impropriate is hss in use. The common phrases are,

parsonage of Bardwell, did procure from the

king leave to annex the same to the vicarage, to present a gift to a man; or, to present and to make it presentative, and gave them both the man with a gift.

to St. John's College in Oxon. Thou spendest thy time in waiting upon such PRESENTE'E. n. s. [from presenté, Fr.] a great one, and thy estate in presenting him; and, after all, hast no other reward, but some

One presented to a benefice. times to be smiled upon, and always to be

Our laws make the ordinary a disturber, if he smiled at.


does not give institution upon the fitness of a He now presents, as ancient ladies do,

person presented to him, or at least give now That, courted long, at length are forc'd to woo.

tice to the patron of the disability of his parents Dryden.

dydina. Octavia presented the poet, for his admirable PRESENTER. n. s. [from present.] One elegy on her son Marcellus.


that presents. Should I present thee with rare figur'd plate, The thing was acceptable, but not the pres O how thy rising heart would throb and beat!

L'Estrange Dryden. PRESE'NTIAL. adj. (from present.] Sup7. To prefer to ecclesiastical benefices.

posing actual presence. That he put these bishops in the places of the By union, I do not understand that which is deceased by his own authority, is notoriously local or presential, because I consider God as false ; for the duke of Saxony always presented. omnipresent.

Norris. Atterbury. PRESENTIA’LITY. n. s. [from presential.] 8. To offer openly.

State of being present. He was appointed admiral, and presented bat. This eternal indivisible act of his existence tle to the French navy, which they refused. makes all futures actually present to hinı; and


it is the presentiality of the object, which founds %. To introduce by something exhibited the unerring certainty of his knowledge. Seutt. to the view or notice. Not in use.

TO PRESE'A TATE. v. a. (from present.} Tell on, quoth she, the woful tragedy,

To make present. The which these reliques sad present unto.

The fancy may be so strong, as to presen*iate. Spenser, upon one theatre, all that ever it took notice of




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In times past : the power of faucy, in presentiat- servation from stumbling, and a help from falling any one thing that is past, being no less won


Ecclus. derful, than having that power, it should also Ev'ry senseless thing, by nature's light,

acquire the perfection to presentiate them all. Doch preservation seek, destruction shun. Davies. PRESENTIFICK. adj. [præsens and facio,

Our allvrise Maker has put into men the un

easiness of hunger, thirst, and other natural deLat.] Making present. Not in use.

sires, to determine their wills for the presers PRESENTI'FICKLY. adv. (from presenti- tion of themselves, and the continuation of their fick.] In such a manner as to make species.

Locke. nt

PXE-EʻRVATIVF. n. s. (preservatif, Fr. The whole evolution of times and ages, from from preserve.] That which has the everlasting to everlasting, is collectedly and pre- power of preserving ; something prevent. sentifickly represented to God at once, as it all

ive ; something that confers security. things and actions were, at this very instant,

If we think that the church needech not those really present and existent before him. More.

ancient preservatives, which ages before us were PRESENTLY.adv. [from present.]

glad to use, we deceive ourselves. Hooker. 1. At present ; at this time; now. Ob- It hath been anciently in use to wear çablets solete.

of arsenick, as preservatives against the plague; The towns and forts you presently have, are

for that being poisons themselves, they draw the still left unto you to be kept either with or

venom from the spirits.


Were there truch herein, it were the best prewithout garrisons, so as you alter not the laws of the country.


servative for princes, and persons exalted unto

such fears. me, that a rare thing it is not

Brown. in the church of God, even for that very word

Bodies kept clean, which use preservativer, which is read to be presently their joy, and after

are likely to escape infection. Hurvey. wards their study that hear it. Hooker.

The most effectual preservative of our virtud,

is to avoid the conversation of wicked men. To speak of it as requireth, would require very long discourse; all I will presently say is

Rogers. this.


Molly is an Egyptian plant, and was really Covetous ambition, thinking all too jittle

made use of as a preservative against enchante which presently it hath, supposech itself to stand

Broome. in need of all which it hath not. Raleigh. PRESE'RVATIVE. adj. Having the power 2. Immediately; soon after.

of preserving. Tell him, that no history can match his poli- TO PRESERVE. v. a. (preservo, low cies, and presently the sot shall measure himself Latin; preserver, French.) by himself.


1. To save ; to defend from destruction PRESENTMENT. n. s. [from present.] or any evil; to keep. 1. The act of presenting:

The 'iord shall deliver me from every evil When comes your book forth?-- work, and preserve me unto his heavenly kingo - Upon the heels of my presentmeni. Shalsp. dom.

2 Timotty; 2. Any thing presented or exhibited; rc

God sent me to preserve you a posterity, and presentation.

save your lives.

Genesir. Thus I burl

She shall lead ine soberly in my doings, and My dazzling spells into the spungy air,

preserve me in her power.

Wisdon. Of

He did cow frequently gratify their unjustice power to cheat the eye with blear illusion, And give ic false presentments, lest the place

able designs; a guilt all men, who are obnoxious, And my quaint habits breed astonishment.

are liable to, and can hardly preseive themselves from.

Clarenden Milton.

We can preserve unhurt our minds. Miltua. 3. In law, presentment is a mere denuncia

To be indifferent, which of two opinions is tion of ihe jurors themselves, or some true, is the right temper of the mind, that other officer, as justice, constable,

, line searcher, surveyor, and without any in

its best to find the truth.

Locke. formation, of an offence inquirable in

Every petty prince in Germany must be inthe court to which it is presented.

treated to preserve the queen of Great Britain upon her throne.

Swift. Corvell. The grand juries were practised with, to pre

2. To season fruits and other vegetables sent the said pamphlet with all aggravating epi

with sugar, and in other proper pickles: thers, and their presentments published for seta- as, to preserve piums, wainuis, and (hta ral weeks in all the news-papers.

Svift. Cumbers. PRE'SENTNESS. n. s. [from present.] Pre. PRESERVE. n. s. [from the verb.) Fruit sence of mind ; quickness at emergen.

preserved whole in sugar. cies.

Allthis is easily discerned in those fruits, which Goring had a much better understanding, a

are brought in preserves unto us. Brown.

The fruit with the husk, wheri tender and much keener courage, and preseniness of mind in danger,

Mortimer. Clarendon.

young, makes a good preserve.

PRESERTER. n. 5. (from preserve.) PRESERVA’TION, n. s. (from preserve.): 1. One who preserves; one who keeps

The act of preserving; care to preserve; from ruin or mischief. act of keeping from destruction, decay, Sit, my preserver, by thy patient's side. Shaks. or any ill

To be always thinking, perhaps, is the priviNature does require

lege of the infinite author and preserver of Her times of preservation, which, perforce, things, who never slumbers nor sleeps; but is I give my tendance to.

Shakspeare. not competent to any finite being. Lucks. eyes

of the Lord are upon them that Andrew Doria has a statue erected to him, love him, he is abeis mughty protection, a pre

with the glorious title of deliverer of the some VOL. III.




monwealth; and one of his family another, that He gapes; and straight calls him its preserver.

Addison, With hunger prest, devours the pleasing bait. 2. He who makes preserves of fruit.

Dryder. TO PRESI'DE. v. n. (from præsideo, Latin ; 4. To impose by constraint. presider, Fr.) To be set over; to have

He pressed a letter upon me, within this bour, to deliver to you.

Dryder. authority over. Some o'er the publick magazines preside,

5. To drive by violence.

Come with words as medical as true, And some are sent new forage to provide. Dryd. O'er the plans Honest as either, to purge himn of that humour

Sbakspeare. Of thriving peace, thy thoughtful sires preside.

That presses him from sleep.

Thomson. 6. To affect strongly. PRE'SIDENCY. n. s. (presidence, Fr. from

Paul was pressed in spirit, and testified to the

Jews that Jesus was Christ. president.] Superintendence.

Wickedness condemned by her own witness, What account can be given of the growth of

and pressed with conscience, forecasteth grie ous plants from mechanical principles, moved with

things. out the presidency and guidance of some supe

7. To enforce; to inculcate with arguriour agent?


ment or importuniv. PRE'SIDENT. n. s. [præsidens, Lat. presie

Be sure to press upon him every motive. ALE, dent, French.]

I am the more bold to press it upon you, be1. One placed with authority over others; cause these accomplishments sit more headone at the head of others.

somely on persons of quality than any other.

Feltet. As the president of my kingdom, will I Arnear there for a man.


Those who negotiated, took care to make de. The tutor sits in the chair as president or mo

mands impossible to be complied with; and deracor, to see that the rules of disputation be

therefore might securely press every artide, as observed.

if they were in earnest.

Sviji. 2. Governour; prefect.

8. To urge: to bear strongly on. How might those captive Israelites, under the

Chymists I might press with arguments, drası oversight and government of Assyrian presidents,

from some of the eminentest writers of their

Bank be able to leave the places they were to inhabit!


The cardinal, being pressed in dispute on this 3. A tutelary power,

head, could think of no better an answer.

Musikaz. This last complain: ch'irdulgent ears did rierce

His easy heart receiv'd the guilty fiame, Of just Apollo, president of verse. Waliur.

And from that time he prest her with his passica. PRESIDENTSHIP. n. s. f from president.]

Seit. The office and place of president. 9. To compress; to hug, as in embracing.

When things canie to trial of practice, their He press'd her matron lips pastors learning would be at all times of force to

With kisses pure. overpersuade simple men, who, knowing the She took her son, and press'd time of their own presidentship to be but short, Th’illustrious infant to her fragrant breast. Drz. would always stand in fear of their ministers

Leucothoe shook, perpetual authority.

Hooker. And press'd Palemon closer in her arms. Pets PREŞI'DIAL. adj. [præsidiun, Lat.] Relat

10. To act upon with weight. ing to a garrison.

The place thou pressest on thy mother earth, TO PRESS. v.a. ( presser, Fr. premo, preso

Is all thy empire now' : now it contains thee.

Dnder. sus, Latin.]

11. To make earnest. Prest or pressed is 1. To squeeze ; to crush.

here perhaps rather an adjective; prestas The grapes I pressed into Pharaoh's cup. Ger. Fr. or from pressè or empresse, Fr.

Good measure pressed down, shaken cogether, Let them be pressed, and ready to give en and running over, shall men give into your bo- cours to their confederates, as it ever was with


the Romans; for if the confederate had leagues From sweet kernels press’d,

defensive, the Romans would ever be the fire She'tempers dulcet creams.

Milton. pue pledgets of lint pressed out on the exco- Prest for their country's honour and their tiation.


king's, Their morning milk the peasants press at night, On their sharp beaks they whet their pointed Their evening milk before the rising light. Drs.


Drus. After pressing out of the coleseed for oil in

12. To force into military service. This Lincolnshire, they burn the cakes to heat their


is properly impress. 2. To distress; to crush with calamities.

Do but say to me what I should do,
Once or twice she beav'd the name of father

That in your knowledge may by me be done,
And I am prest into it.

Sbudsposte Pantingly forth, as if it grest her heart. Sbakip.

For every man that Bolingbroke hath pressid 3. To constrain; to compel; to urge by To life sharp steel against our golden crown, necessity.

Heav'n for his Richard hath in store The experience of his goodness in her own A glorious angel.

Sbakspears. deliverance, might cause her merciful disposition From London by the king I was prest forth. to take so much the more delight in saving

Sbatsport. others, whon the like necessity should press. They are enforced of very necessity to press

Honker. the best and greatest part of their men out of The posts that rode upon mules and camels the west countries, which is no small charge. went out, being hastened and pressed on by the

Raisigt. king's cominands.

Estber. The endeavour to raise new men for the re I was prest, by his majesty's commands to as- cruit of the army by pressing found opposition Temple. in many places





sist as the crewly.

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The peaceful peasant to the wars is prest, ' The press is fill, the fats overflow.

Foel The fields lie fallow in inglorious rest. Dryden. When one came to the press fats to draw our

You were pressed for the sea-service, and got fifty vessels out of the press, there were but off with much ado. Shift. twenty.

Hagai. TO PRESS. v. n.

The stomach and intestines are the press, and

the lacteal vessels the strainers, to separate the 1. To act with compulsive violence; to

pure emulsion from the fæces. Arbuthnut. urge ; to distress.

They kept their cloaths, when they were not If there be fair proofs on the one side, and none at all on the other, and if the most presse.

worn, constantly in a press, to give them a lustre.

Arbuthnot, ing difficulties be on that side on which there

2. The instrument by which books are are no proofs, this is sufficient to sender one opinion very credible, and the other incredible. printed.


These letters are of the second edition: he A great many uneasinesses always soliciting will print thein out of doubt, for he cares not the will, it is natural, that the greatest and most

what he pues into the press, when he would put

us two in. pressing should determine it to the next action.


His obligation to read not only classick au

thors, but the more recent abortions of the 2. To go forward with violence to any

press, wherein he proved frequently concerned. object.

I make bold to press

While Mist and Wilkins rise in weekly might,
With so little preparation.


Make presses groan, lead senators to fight. I press toward the mark for the prize.

1*oung Philippians. The Turks gave a great shout, and pressed in 3. Crowd ; tumult; throng.

Paul and Barnabas, when infidels, admiring on all sides, to have entered the breach.


their virtues, went about to sacrifice unto them, Th' insulting victor presses on the more,

rent their garments in token of horror, and, as

frighted, ran crying through the press of the And treads the steps the vanquish'd trod before.

Dr den.
people, O mnen, wherefore do ye these things?

She is always drawn in a posture of walking,
it being as natural for Hope to press forward to

She held a great gold chain ylinked well,

Whose upper end to highest heaven was knit, her proper objects, as for Fear to fly from.them.


And lower part did reach to lowest hell, Let us not therefore faint, or be weary in our

And all that press did round about her swell,

To catchen hold of that long chain. Spenser. journey, much less turn back or sit down in

Who is it in the press that calls on me? despair; but press chearfully forward to the high mark of our calling:


I hear a tongue, shriller than all the musick,
Cry, Cæsar.

Sbakspeare. 3. To make invasion ; to encroach.

Anbitious Turnus in che press appears,
On superior powers

And aggravating crimes augment their fears.
Were we to press, inferior might on ours. Pope.

Dryden. 4. To crowd; to throng

A new express all Agra does affright, For he had healed many, insomuch that they Darah and Aurengzebe are join'd in fight; pressed upon him for to touch him. Mark.

The press of people thickens to the court, Thronging crowds press on you as you pass, Th’impatient crowd devouring the repert. And with their eager joy make triumph slow.

Dryden. Through the press enrag'd Thalestris flies,
s. To come unseasonably or importu- And scatters deaths around from both her eyes.

Counsel she may; and I will give thy car 4. Violent tendency:
The knowledge first of what is tic to hear :

Death, having prey'd upon

the outward parts, What I transact with others or alone,

Leaves them insensible: his siege is now
Beware to learn; nor press too near the throne. Against the mind; the which he pricks and


wounds 6. To urge with vehemence and impor- With many legions of strange fantasies;

Which in their throng, and press to that last

He pressed upon them greatly; and they turn-
ed in.

Confound themselves.

Sbakspeare. The less blood he drew, the more he took of 5. A kind of wooden case or frame for treasure; and, as some construed it, he was the

clothes and other uses. more sparing in the one, that he might be the Creep into the kill hole.--Neither press, cof more pressing in the other.

Bacon. fer, chest, trunk; but he hath an abstract for So thick the shiv’ring army stands,

the remembrance of such places. Sbakspeare And press for passage with extended hands. 6. A commission to force men into mili


tary service. For impress. 7. To act upon or influence.

If I be not ashamed of my soldiers, I am a
When arguments press equally in matters in-
different, the safest meihod is to give up our-

sowe'd gurnet; I have misus'd the king's press

Sbakspeare. Addison, Concerning the musters and presses for sutli3. To Press upon. To invade ; to push cient mariners to serve in his majesty's ships,

either the care is very liecie, or the bribery very Patroclus Presses upon Hector too boldly, and, great.

Raleigh by obliging him to fight, discovers it was not the

Why has there heen now and then a kind of true Achilles.

Pope. a press issued out for ministers, so that as it were PRESS. n. so (pressoir, Fr. from the verb.)

int vagabends and loitercs were taken in ?

Davenant. 1. The instrument by which any thing is PRESSBED n. s. I press and be:l. Bed so crushed or squeezed; a wine press, 2 formed, as to be shut up in 2 case.

Ss 2


selves to neither.


cider press.


PRE'SSER. n. s. (from press.] One that be twenty years purchase, were it not for accio presses or works at a press.

dental pressures under which it labours. Child. Of the stuffs I give the profits to dyers and

To this consideration he retreats, in the midst pressers.

Swift. all his pressures, with confort; in this

thought, notwithstanding the sad afflictions with PRE'SSGANG. n. s. (press and gang.) A which he was overwhelmed, he mightily exu'ts crew that strolls about the streets to

Atterbury, force men into naval service.

Excellent was the advice of Elephas to Job, a PRE'SSINGLY.adv.(from pressing.] With

the midst of his great troubles and pressetti : force ; closely.

acquaint thyself now with God, and be at peace.

Atterbury. The one contracts his words, speaking presse 6. Impression ; stamp; character made ingly and short; the other delights in longbreathed accents.

Howel. by impression.

From my memory PRE'SSION. n. s. [from press.] The act I 'll wipe away all trivial fond records, of pressing,

All saws of books, all forms, all pressures past, If light consisted only in pression, propagated That youth and observation copy'd there. without actual motion, it would not be able to

Sbakidear.. agitate and heat the bodies which refract and Prest. adj. [ prest or prêt, Fr.] zenect it: if it consisted in motion, propagated i. Ready; not dilatory. This is said to to all distances in an instant, it would require

have been the original sense of the word an infinite force every moment, in every shining particle, to generate that motion : and if it prest men; men, not forced into the ser. consisted in pression or motion, propagated either vice, as now we understand it, but men, in an instant or in time, it would bend into the for a certain sum received, prest or ready shadow.

Newton. to march at command. PRESSITANT. adj. Gravitating ; heavy.

Each mind is prest, and open every ear, Not in use.

To hear new tidings, though they no way jors

Fairja. Neither the celestial matter of the vortices,

Grittus desired nothing more than to have nor the air, nor water, are pressitant in their

confirmed the opinion of his authority in the proper places.


minds of the vulgar people, by the prest and PRESSMAN. n. s. (press and man.] ready attendance of the Vayuod. Kwelkes 1. One who forces another into service ; 2. Neat ; tight. In both senses, the word one who forces away.

is obsolete.
One only path to ail; by which the pressmen More wealth any where, to be breefe,

Cbapman. More people, more handsome and prest 2. One who makes the impression of print Where tind ye?

Tusser. by the press : distinct from the compo- Prest. n. s. (prest, Fr.] A loan. sitor, who ranges the types.

He required of the city a prest of six thousand PRE'SSMONEY. n. s. (press and money.] marks; but he could obtain but two thousand Money given to a soldier when he is pounds.

Bases, taken or forced into the service.

PRESTIGA'Tiox, n. s. A deceiving; a Here, Peascod, take my pouch, 't is all I own, juggling ; a playing legerdemain. Dicts 'Tis my pressmoney:--Can this silver fail? Gay. PRESTIGES. n. so (præstigi.e, Lat.) IluPRESSURE, n. s. [from press.]

sions; impostures; juggling tricks. 1. The act of pressing or crushing.

Did. 2. The state of being pressed or crushed. Pre'sto, n. s. (presto, Italian ; preste, 3. Force acting against any thing; gravi. Lat.] Quick ; at once. A word used tation ; weight acting or resisting. by those that show legerdemain.

The inequality of the pressure of parts appeare Presto! begone! 't is here again; ath in this; that if you take a body of stone, There's ev'ry piece as big as ten. Swift and another of wood of the same magnitude and shape, and throw them with equal force, you

PRESU'MABLY. adv. [from presume.) cannot throw the wood so far as the stone.

Without examination).
Bacon. Authors

presumably writing by common places, Although the glasses were a little convex, yet wherein, for many years, promiscuously amassthis transparent spot was of a considerable ing all that make for their subject, break forth breadth, which breadth seemed principally to

at last into useless rhapsodies.

Brown proceed from the yielding inwards of the parts To PRESU'ME. v. n. (presumer, Freacb; of the glasses, by reason of their mutual preso


presumo, Latin.] The blood flows through the vessels by the 1. To suppose ; to believe previously exeess of the force of the heart above the in- without examination. cumbent pressure, which in fat people is exces- O much deceiv'd, much failing, hapless Eve! sive.

Arbuthnot. Of thy presum'd return! event perverse! Milt. 4. Violence inflicted ; oppression.

Experience supplants the use of conjecture in A wise father ingenuously confessed, that

the point; we do not only presume it may be se, those, which persuaded pressure of consciences, but actually find it is so. were commonly interested therein.


Government of the Tongue. His modesty might be secured from pressure 2. To suppose ; to affirm without immeby the concealing of him to be the author. Fell. diate proof. s. Afflic'ion ; grievance; distress.

Although in the relation of Moses there be Mine own and my people's pressure are griev- very few persons mentioned, yet are there many ous, and peace would be very pleasing.

more to be presumed.

Brexa King Cbarles.

I presume, The genuine price of lands in England would That as my hand has opea'd bounty to you,


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