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plea or apology at the last day; for it is not for Poo'RJOHN. n. s. [callarius.] A sort of rapine, that men are formally impeached and fish.
Ainsworth, finally condemned; but I was an hungry, and ye Pooʻrly. adv. [from poor.] gave me no meat.
1. Without wealth. 3. Paltry ; mean ; contemptible.
Those thieves spared his life, letting him go A poor number it was to conquer Ireland to to learn to live poorly.
Sidney. the pope's use.
Bacon. And if that wisdom still wise ends propound,
2. Not prosperously; with little success.
If Why made he man, of other creatures, king ;
you sow one ground with the same kind of
grain, it will prosper but poorly. Bacon When, if he perish here, there is not found In all the world so poor and vile a thing? Duries.
3. Meanly ; without spirit.
Your constancy The marquis, making haste to Scarborough, embarked in a poor vessel.
Hath left you unattended : be not lost We have seen how poor and contemptible a
So poorly in your thoughis.
Nor is their courage or their wealth so low, force has been raised by those who appeared openly.
That from his wars they poorly would retire. Matilda is so intent upon all the arts of im
Dryden. proving their dress, that she has some new fancy 4. Without dignity. almost every day; and leaves no ornament un
You meaner beauties of the night, try'd, from the richest jewel to the poorest
That poorly satisfy our eyes, flower.
More by your number than your light, 4. Unimportant.
You common people of the skies; To be without power or distinction, is not, in
What are you when the sun shall rise? Wottonta
Poo'RNESS. n. s. [from poor.] my poor opinion, a very amiable situation to a person of title.
Swift. 1. Poverty; indigence; want. s. Unhappy; uneasy ; pitiable.
No lesse I hate him than the gates of hell, Vext sailors curse the rain,
That pooreness can force an untruth to tell. For which poor shepherds pray'd in vain. I'aller.
Chapmans Vain privilege, poor woman have a tongue;
If a prince should complain of the poorness of Men can stand silent, and resolve on wrong.
his exchequer, would he be angry with his merDryden.
chants, if they brought him a cargo of good bul6. Mean; depressed ; low; dejected.
Burnet. A soothsayer made Antonius believe, that his 2. Meanness; lowness; want of dignity. genius, which otherwise was brave, was, in the The Italian opera seldom sinks into a poorness presence of Octavianus, poor and cowardly. of language, but, amidst all the meanness of the
Bacon, thoughts, has something beautiful and sonorous 7. (A word of tenderness.] Dear.
in the expression.
Addison. Poor, little, pretty, flutt'ring thing,
There is a kind of sluggish resignation, as Must we no longer' live together?
well as poorness and degeneracy of spirit, in a And dost thou prune thy trembling wing, state of slavery.
Addison. To take thy flight thou know'st not whither? 3, Sterility ; barrenness.
Prir. The pocrness of the herbs shews the poorness 8. [A word of slight contempt.] Wretch- of the earth, especially if in colour more dark. ed.
Bacon. The poor monk never saw many of the de
Enquire the differences of metals which concrees and councils he had occasion to use. Baker.
tain other metals, and how that agrees with the g. Not good ; not fit for any purpose.
poorness or richness of the metals in themselves,
Bacona I have very poor and unhappy brains for PoorSPI'RITED. adj. [poor and spirit.] drinking; I could wish courtesy would provide some other entertainment.
Mean ; cowardly. 10. The Poor. [collectively.) Those Mirvan! poorspirited wretch! thou hast de
ceiv'd me. who are in the lowest rank of the com
Meanness; munity; those who cannot subsist but POORSPI'RITEDNESS. n. s.
cowardice. by the charity of others; but it is
A cause of men's taking pleasure in the sins sometimes used with laxity for any not of others, is, from that meanness and poorspiritrich.
edness that accompanies guilt.
Soutb. From a confin'd well-manag'd store; You both employ and feed the poor.
Pop. n. s. (poppysma, Latin.) A small
smart quick sound. It is formed from shew so many poor amongst the widows and
the sound. orphans of churchmen, as this particular time. I have several ladies, who could not give a pop
Spratt. loud enough to be heard at the farther end of The poor dare nothing tell but Batt’ring news. the room, who can now discharge a fan, that it
shall make a report like a pocket-pistol. Specta Has God east thy lot amongst the poor of this To Pop. v. n. (from the noun.] To move world, by denying thee the plenties of this life, or by taking them away; this may be prevent
or enter with a quick, sudden, and uning mercy; for much mischief riches do to expected motion the sons of men.
He that kill'd my king, 11. Barren ; dry: as, a poor soil.
Popt in between th' election and my hopes. 12. Lean; starved; eniaciated : as, a poor
A boat was sunk and all the folk drowned, horse.
saving one only woman, that in her first popping Where juice wantetli, the language is thin, up again, which most living things accustom, fagging, poor, starved, and scarce covering the espied the boat risen likewise, and floating by bone.
Ben Jonsen. her, got hold of the boat, and sat astride upon 13. Without spirit; flaccid, ti one of its sides,
'startled at his popping upon me unexpected- jay, in token of that victory, which the muset ly.
aiddison. got of the daughters of Pierius, who were turgAs he scratch'd to fetch up thought,
ed into popinjays or woodpeckers. Peacban. Forth popp'd the sprite so thin. Sevift. 3. A triting top.
Others have a trick of popping up and down 1, all smarting with my wounds, being gallid every moment, from their paper to the audience, To be so pester'd by a popinjay, like an idle school-boy.
. Yo Pop. v.a.
Po'pish. adj. [troin pope.] Taught by 3. To put out or in suddenly, slily, or the pope ; relating to popery ; peculiar unexpectedly.
to popery That is my brother's plea,
In this sense as they affirm, so we deny, that The which if he can prove, he pops me out
whatsoever is popish we ought to abrogate.
Hoeker. At least from fair tive hundred pound a year.
I know thou art religious,
. A fellow, finding somewhat prick him, poft
Sbakspearh his finger upon the place. L'Estrany. PoʻPISHLY. adv. (from popisb.). With
The commonwealth popped up its head for the tendency to popery; in a popish manthird time under Brutus and Cassius, and then sunk for ever.
, Did'st thou never pop
and entirely broke the whole force of that party Thy head into a tinman's shop?
among her subjects, which was popisbly affected. 2. To shift.
Adhises. If their curiosity leads them to ask what they A friend in Ireland, popisbly speaking, I boshould not know, it is better to tell them plainly, lieve constantly well disposed towards me. that it is a thing that belongs not to them to
Pope to Sanj know, than to pop them off with a falsehood. PO'PLAR. n. s. (peuplier, Fr. populus, Lai.)
A tree. POPE. n. s. (papa, Latin ; TATTUS.] The leaves of the poplar are broad, and for the 3. The bishop of Rome.
most part angular: the male trees produce amerI refuse you for my judge; and
taceous flowers, which have many little leatzs Appeal unto the pope to be judg'd by him. and apices, but are barren: the female trees
produce membraneous pods, which open inte He was organist in the pope's chapeiat Romé. two parts, containing many seeds, which have ?
Peaebum. Jarge quantity of down adhering to them, and Christianity has been more oppressed by those
are collected into spikes.
Miller that thus fought for it, than those that were in
Po is drawn with the face of an ox, with a arms against it; use this score, the fepe has done garland of paplar upon his head. her more harm than the Turk. Decay of Piety.
All he describ'd was present to their eyes, 2. A small fish.
And as he rais'd his verse, the poplars seem? A pope, by some called a ruff, is much like a
Rercamses. pearch for shape, but will not grow bigger than
So falls a poplar, that in watry ground gudgeon: an excellent fish, of a pleasant Poʻppy. n. s. (popis, Sax. papaver, Lai.)
Rais'd high the head.
Pepe taste, and spawns in April.
Waiton, PoʻPEDOM. n. s. [rope and dom.] Papacy;
A power. papal dignity.
Of these are eighteen species: some sort is
cultivated for medicinal use; and some suppose That world of wealth I have drawn together For mine own ends; indeed to gain the pope
it to be the plant wlience opium is produced.
Sbekspeare. POʻPERY. n. s. (from pope.] The religion
His temples last with poppies were o'ersprezt,
That nodding seem'd to consecrate his head. of the church of Rome.
Popery, for corruptions in doctrine and disa Dr. Lister has been guilty of mistake, in the cipline, I look upon to be the most absurd reflections he makes on what he calls the sleep system of Christianity. Savijt. ing Cupid with poppy in his hands.
AL..sen. PO'PESEYE. 1. s. [1ope and eye.) The
And pale Nymphza with her clay-cold breate; gland surrounded with fat in the mid.
And poppies, which suborn the sleep of death dle of the thigh : why so called I know PO'PULACE. n.s. (populace, French; from
not. Po'pGUN. 8. s. (pop and gun.] A gun
populus, Latin.] Tbe vulgar ; the mul
titude. with which children play, that only Now swarms the populace, a countless throne, makes a noise.
Youth and hour age tumultuous pour along. Life is not weak enough to be destroyed by
PER this popgun artillery of tea and coffee. Cbeyni.
The tribunes and people having subdued al PoʻPINJAY. n. s. (papegay, Dutch; papa
competitors, began the last game of a prevalen
populace, to chuse themselves a master. Seit sayo, Spanish.]
PO'PULACY, n. s. (populace, Fr.] The 1. A parrut.
common people ; the multitude. Young popinjays learn quickly to speak. Ascb. Under colours of piety ambitious policies
The great red and blue parrot; there are of these greater, the middlemost called popinjays,
march, not only with security, but applause as and the lesser called perroquets.
to the populacy:
Grew. When he thinks one monarch's lust too mild 2. A woodpecker. So it seems to be used a regimen, he can let in the whole populacy of here.
sin upon the soul.
Ducay of Picts. Terpsichore would be expressed, apon her head POʻPULAR. adj. [ropulaire, Fr. fopularina a coronet of those green feathers of the popino
1. Vulgar; plebeian. '
POPULA'TION. n. s. [from populate.] The I was sorry to hear with what partiality and state of a country with respect to num. popular heat elections were carried in many bers of people. places.
The population of a kingdom does not exceed The emmet join'd in her popular tribes the stock of the kingdom, which should mainOf commonalty.
tain them; neither is the population to be reckonSo the popular vote inclines. Milton.
ed only by numher; for a smaller number, that B. Suitable to the common people ; fin spend more and earn less, do wear out an estate miliar; not critical.
sooner than a greater number, that live lower Homilies are plain and popular instructions. and gather more.
POPULOʻSITY n. s. (from populous.] Po3. Beloved by the people; plessing to the
pulousness; multitude of people. people.
How it now conducerh uno populosity, we It might have been more popular and plausible shall make but little doubt; there are causes of to vulgar cars, if this first discourse had been
numerosity in any species.
Brorum, spent in extolling the force of law's.
POʻPULOUS. adi. (populosus, Lat.) Full And well-deserving, were advanc'd by grace. of people; numerously inhabited.
Daniel. Awilderness is populous enough, The old general mas set aside, and prince So Suffolk had thy heav'nly company. Sbaksp. Rupert put into the command, which was no Far the greater part have kept Fpular change.
Clarendon. Their scarien; heav'n, yet populous, retains 4: Studious of the favour of the people. Number suficient to possess her realms. Milt.
A popular man is, in truth, no better than a PO'PULOUSLY. adv. [from populous.} prostitute to common fame and to the people. With nuch people.
Dryden. PoʻPULOUSNess. n. s. [from populous. ] His virtues have undone his country; Such popular humanity is treason. Addison.
The state of a'rounding with people. 5. Prevailing or raging among the popu
This will be allowed by any that considers the lace : as, a popular distemper.
vastauss, the opulence, the populousness of this POPULA'RITY. n. s. (populorilas, Latin ;
region, with the case and facility wherewith ’tis governed.
Temple. popularité, French ; from popular.] s. Graciousness among the people ; state
POʻRCELAIN. n. s. (porcelaine, Fr. said to of being favoured by the people.
be derived from pour cent années; be
cause it was believed by Europeans, The best temper of minds desireth good name and true honour; the lighter, popularity and
that the materials of porcelain were maapplause; the more depraved, subjection and tured under ground one lundred years.] tyranny.
Bacon. 1. China; china ware ; fine dishes of a Your mind has been above the wretched at
middle nature between earth and glass, fectation of popularity.
Dryden. and therefore semipellucid.
We have burials in several earths, where we
put divers cements, as the Chinese do their Pope. porcelain.
Bacon. He could be at the head of no factions and
We are not thoroughly resolved concerning cabals, nor attended by a hired rabble, which his
porcelain or china dishes; that according to comflatterers might represent as popularity. Stvift.
mon belief, they are made of earth, which lieth 2. Representation suited to vnigar con
in preparation about a hundred years under ground.
Brown. ception ; what affects the vulgar.
The tine materials made it weak; The persuader's labour is to make things ap- Porcelain, by being pure, is apt break. Dryder.. pear good or evil, which as it inay he periormed These look like the workmanship of heav'n: by solid reasons, so it may be represented also This is the porcelain clay of human kind, by colours, popularities, and circumstances, And therefore cast into these noble moulds. which sway the ordinary judgment. Bacon.
Dryden. PO'PULARLY. adv. (trom pojulor.)
2. (fortulaca, Lat.) An herb. Ainsworth, 1. In a popular manner ; so as to please PORCH. 1. s. (porche, Fr. porticus, Lat.) the crowd.
1. A roof supported by pillars before a The victor knight,
door ; an entrance. Bareheaded, popularly low had bow'd,
Thud went forth through the porch, and shut And paid the salutations of the crowd. Dryden.
the doors of the parlour. Influenc'd by the rabble's bloody will,
Not intines in the porch of life were free, With thumbs bent back, they popularly kill. The sick, the old, that could but hope a day
Dryden. Longer by nature's bounty, not let stay. 2. According to vulgar conception.
Bch Jonsor. Nor can we excuse the duty of our know- A portico; a covered walk. ledge, it we only bestow those commendatory
All chis done, conceits, which popularly set forth the eminency Repair to Pompey's porch, where you shall find thereof. Brown.
Sbakspeara. TO POʻPULATE. v. n. [from populus, POʻRCUPINE. n. s. (porc espi, or epic, Fr. Latin.) To breed people.
porcospino, Italian.] When there be great shoals of people, which The porcupine, when full grown, is as farge go on to populate, without foreseeing means of as a moderate pig: there is no other difference life and sustentation, it is of necessity; that once between the porcupine of Malacca and that of in an age they discharge a portiva of their peo- Europe, but that the former grows to a larger ple upon other xations, Bucon.
This stubborn Cade
I took off the dressings, and set the trepan Fought so long, till that his thighs with darts above the fractured bone, considering the pro Were almost like a sharp-quillid porcupine. riness of the bone below,
Wiseman Shakspeare. Pori'stick method. n. s. [zroqısızos)In Long bearded comets stick,
mathematicks, is that which determines Like flaming porcupines, to their left sides, As they would shoot their quills into their
when, by what means, and how many hearts.
Dryden. different ways a problem may be solved. By the black prince of Monomotapa's side
Dict. were the glaring cat-a-mountain and the quill- PORK. n. s. (porc, French; porcas, Lat.) darting porcupine.
Arbuthnot and Pope: Swine's flesh unsalted. PORE. n.si (pore, Fr: Top@.]
You are no good member of the commons 1. S; 'racle of the skin
per- wealth; for, in converting jews to christians, spiration.
you raise the price of pork. Sbakspeare. Witches, carrying in the air, and transform- All flesh full of nourishment, as beef and ing themselves into other bodies, by ointments, pork, increase the matter of phlegm.
Floger. and anointing themselves all over, may justly POʻRKER. n. s. (from pork.) A hog; a pig. move a man to think, that these fables are the effects of imagination ; for it is certain, that
Strait to the lodgmenis of his herd he run, pintments do all, if laid on any thing thick, by
Where the fat porkers slept beneath the sun.
Pope stopping of the pores, skut in the vapours, and send them to the head extremely. Bacon.
PO'R KEATER. n. s. (pork and eater.] One Whv was the sight
who feeds on pork. To such a tender ball as th' eye confind,
This making of christians will raise the price So obvious and so easy to be quencid;
of hogs; if we grow all to be porkeaters, we shall And not, as feeling, through all parts diffus'd, not shortly have a rasher on the coals for money. That she might look at will through every pore?
. Milton. POʻRKET. 7.5, [from pork.} A young hos. R. Any narrow spiracle or passage.
A priest appears, Pores are small interstices between the par- And off'rings to the flaming altars bears; ticles of matter which constitute every body, or A porket, and a lamb that never suffer'd shears
. between certain aggregates or combinations of
Quincy, POʻRKLING. n. s. [from pork.) A young Fron veins of vallies milk and nectar broke,
pig. And honey sweating through the pores of oak.
Will serve thee in winter, moreover than that, To Pore. v.n. (706@ is the op!ick nerve; To shut up thy porklings thou meanest to fat. but I imagine pore to come by corrup
Tuisir. tion from some English word.] To Poroʻsity. n. s. [from porcus.] Quality look with great intenseness and care ; of having pores. to examine with great attention.
This is a good experiment for the disclosure All delights are vain; but that most vain, of the nature of colours; which of them reWhich with pain purchas'd, doth inherit pain; quire a finer porosity, and which a grosser, As painfully to pore upon a book,
Bacon To seek the light of truth, while truth the while Po'rous. adj. (poreux, Fr. fram pori.] Deth falsely blind the eyesight. Shakspeare. A book was writ, called 'Tetrachordon,
Having small spiracles or passages. The subject new : it walk'd the town a while
Vultures and dogges have torne from every
lim, Numb’ring good intellects; now seldom por'd
Cbupras. The eye grows weary, with poring perpetually on the same thing.
The rapid current, which through veins
of porous earth with kindly thirst updrawn, Pore out his life amongst the lazy gownmen,
Rose a fresh fountain, and with many a rill
Water'd the garde:). Grow old and vainly proud in fancy'd krowe ledge.
Of light the greater part he took, and, plac'd With sharpen'd sight pale antiquaries pore,
In the sun's orb, made porous to receive Th'inscription value, but the rust adore. Pope.
And drink the liquid light; firm to retain He hath been poring so long upon Fox's mar
Her gather'd beams; great palace now of light. tyis, that he imagines himself living in the reign of queen Mary
Swift. PoʻROUSNESS. n. s. [from porous.] The The design is to avoid the imputation of
pe- quality of having pores ; the porous dantry, to show that they understand men and
parts. manners, and have not been poring upon cld un- They will forcibly get into the pereusness o fashionable books.
it, and pass between part and part, and separate POʻREBLIND. adj. [commonly spoken and the parts of that thing one from another; as a
written purblind.] Nearsighted ; short- knife doth a solid substance, by having its thirsighted.
nest parts pressed into it.
Digby on Bodies. Poreblind men see best in the dimmer light, PoʻRPHYRE. n. s. [from 7ozpoca; for and likewise have their sight stronger near at PO'RPHYRY. S phyrites, Lat. porfbyre, hand, than those that are not poreblind, and can
Fr.) Marble of a particular kind. Yead and write smaller letters; for that the spirits visual in those that are poreblind are thin
I like best the porpbyry, white or green marner and rarer than in others, and therefore the
ble, with a mullar or upper stone of the same.
Peacban. greater light disperseth them.
Bacon. POʻRINES8, 1. s. [from pory.]
Consider the red and white colours in perpbyry; Fulness
hinder light but from striking on it, its colours vanish; and produce no such ideas in us; but
upon the return of light, it produces these ap
He I accuse, pearances again,
Locke. The city ports by this hath enter'd. Shalspears PORPOISE. 1n.s. (porc poisson, Fr.] The
O polish'd perturbation! goldun care !
That keep’st the ports of slumber open wide
To many a watchful night; sleep with it now! food.
Yet not so sound, and half so deeply sweet, Amphibious animals link the terrestrial and
As he, whose brow with homely biggen bound,
Snores out the watch of night. Sbakspeare, aquatick together; seals live at land and at sea,
The mind of man hath two ports; the one and porpoises have the warm blood and entrails of a hog.
always frequented by the entrance of manitold Parch'd with unextinguish'd thirst,
vanities; the other desolate and overgrown with Small beer I guzzle till i burst;
grass, by which enter our charitable thoughts
and divine contemplations. And then I drag a bloated corpus
Raleigh, Swellid with a dropsy like a porp:s.
From their ivory port the cherubim
Milton, PORRA'CEOUS. adj. (porraceus, Lat. porrace, Fr.] Greenish.
3. The aperture in a ship, at which the If the lesser intestines be wounded, he will
gun is put out. be troubled with porraceous vomiting. Wiseman.
At Portsmouth the Mary Rose, by a little PORRE'CTION. n. s. (porrectio, Lat.] The
svay of the ship in casting about, her ports being
within sixteen inches of the water, was overset act of reaching forth.
Raleigh. POʻRRET. n. s. (porrum, Lat. )- A scallion. The linstocks touch, the pond'rous ball exIt is not an easy problem to resolve why gar
pires, liek, molys and porrets have white roots, deep The vig'rous seaman every port hole plies, green leaves, and black seeds.
Brown. And adds his heart to every gun he fires. POʻRRIDGE. n. s. [more properly porrage;
Dry.len. porrata, low Latin, from porrum, a leck.) 4. (portée, Fr.]. Carriage; air; mien;
a ] Food made by boiling meat in water ;
manner; bearing ; external appearance; broth.
demeanour. I had as lief you should tell me of a mess of
In that proud port, which her sogoodly graceth, porridge.
Whiles her fair face she rears up to the sky, PO'RRIDGEPOT. n. s. (porridge and pot.)
And to the ground her eyelids low embraceth, - The pot in which meat is boiled for a
Most goodly temperature ye may descry.
Think you much to pay two thousand crowns, POʻRRINGER. n. s. [from porridge.] And bear the name and port of gentleman? 1. A vessel in which broth is eaten.
Sbakspeare. A small wax candle put in a socket of brass,
See Godfrey there in purple clad and gold, then set upright in a porringer full of spirit of His stately port and princely look behold. wine, then set both the candle and spirit of wine
Fairfax. on fire, and you shall see the fame of the can- Their port was more than human, as they dle become tour times bigger than otherwise, and
stood; appear globular.
Bacon. I took it for a fairy vision A physician undertakes a woman with sore Or some gay creatures of the element eyes, who d.wbs 'em quite up with vintment,
That in the colours of the rainbow live. Milt. and, while she was in that pickle, caries off
Now lay the line, and measure all thy court, a porringer.
By inward virtue, not external port ;
And find whom justly to prefer above
The man on whom my judgment plac'd my love. Were now but leathern Luckets rangl. Swift.
Dryden. 2. It seems in Shakspeare's time to have
A proud man is so far from making himself
great by his haughty and contemptuo:is port, that been a word of contempt for a head
he is usually punished with neglect for it. Collier. dress; of which perhaps the first of
Thy plumy crest these passages may show the reason. Nods horrible, with more terrific port
Here is the cap your worship did bespeak.--- Thou walk'st, and seem'st already in the fight. - Why this was mouldid on a porringer.
Philips, Timing of tive Shrew. TÖ Port. v. a. (porto, Lat. porter, Fr.} A haberdasher's wife of small wit rail'd upon
To carry in form. me, till her pink'd porringer fell off her head.
Th' angelick squadron bright
Henry VIII. Turn'd fiery red, sharp'ning in mooned horns PORT. 8. s. (port, Fr. portus, Lat.)
Their phalanx, und began to hem hiin round 1. A harbour; a safe station for ships. With puried spears.
Milton, Her small gondelay her port did make, PO'RTABLE. adj. (portabilis, Latin.] And that gay pair, issuing on the shore, Disburden'd her.
1. Manageable by the hand. I should be still
2. Such as inay be born along with one. Peering in maps for ports, and ways and roads. The pleasure of the religious mau is an easy.
and portable pleasure, such an one as he carries The earl of Newcastle seiz'd upon that town;
abcut in his bosom, without alarming the eve or when there was not one port town in England,
envy of the world.
South. that avowed their obedience to the king. Clarend. 3. Such as is transported or carried from A weither-beaten vessel hoids
one place to another. Cladly the port.
Most other portable commodities decay quick2. (porta, Lat. porte, Sax. porte, French.]
Jy in their use; but money is by slower degrees A gate.
removed from, or brought into the free comShew all thy praises within the ports of the merce of any country, than the greatest part of daughter of Sion, Palms, orber merchandize.