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Aint Charles.

1. A sapling.

1. The act or practice of planting. A man haunts the forest, that abuses our 2. The place planted. young plants with carving Rosalind on their

As swine are to gardens and orderly plan!ations, barks.

Shakspeare. so are tumuits tv pariiaments.
Take a p'ant of stubborn oak,

Some peasants
And labour him with many a sturdy stroke. Of the same soil their nursery prepare,

Dryden. With that of their plantation; lest the tree 3. (planta, Latin.] The sole of the foot. Translated should not with the soil agree. Drid.

Ainsworth. Whose rising forests, not for pride or show, To PLANT. v.a. [planto, Lat. planter, Fr.]

But future buildings, future navies grow:

Let luis plantation stretch from down to down, 1. To put into the ground in order to

First shade a country, and then raise a town. grow; to set ; to cultivate.

Pupe. Plant not thee a grove of any trees near unto Virgil, with great modesty in his looks, was the altar of the Lord.

Deuteronomy. seated by Calliope in the midst of a plantation 2. To procreate; to generate.

of laurel.

Addison. The honour'd gods the chairs of justice 3. A colony. Supply with worthy men, plant love amongst Planting of countries is like planting of words: you.

Sbakspeare. the principal thing, that hath been the destruc. It engenders choler, plantetb anger;

tion of most plantations, hath been the base and And better 'were, that both of us did fast,

hasty drawing of profit in the tirst years; speedy Than feed it with such overroasted flesh. Shaks.

profit is not to be neglected, as far as may stand 3. To place; to fix.

with the good of the plantation. Bacon. The fool hath planted in his memory

Towns here are few either of the old, or new An army of good words. Sbakspeare. plantations.

Heylin. In this hour,

4. Introduction ; establishment. I will advise you where to plant yourselves.


Episcopacy must be cast out of this church, The mind through all her powers

after possession here from the first plantation of Irradiate, there piant eyes.


christianity in this island. King Charles. When Turnus had assembled all his pow'rs, PLA'NTED. participle. [from plant.) This His standard planted on Laurentum's tow'rs; word seems in Shakspeare to signify, Tren bling with rage, the Latian youth prepare settled; well grounded. To join th' allies.


Our court is haunted 4. To settle ; to establish : as, to plant a With a refined traveller of Spain; colony.

A man in all the world's new fashion planted, Create, and therein plant a generation. Milt. That hath a mint of phrases in his brain. Shaks.

To the planting of it in a nation, the soil PLA'NTER. n. s. (planteur, French; from may be mellowed with the blood of the inhabit

plant.] ants; nay, the old extirpated, and the new colonies planted.

culDecay of Piety.

1. One who sows, sets, or cultivates; 5. To fill or adorn with something plant


There stood Sabinus, planter of the vines, ed: as, he planted the garden or the

And studiously surveys his gen'rous wines. country.

Dryden. 6. To direct properly : as, to plant a can

What do thy vines avail,

Or olives, when the cruel battle mows TO PLANT, V. n.

To perform the act of The planters, with their harvest immature ? planting

Pbilips. To build, to plant, whatever you intend,

That product only which our passions bear, In all let nature never be forgot. Pope.

Eludes the planter's miserable care.

Prior. you plant where savages are, do not only 2. One who cultivates ground in the West entertain them with trifles and jingles, but use Indian colonies. them justly.


A planter in the West Indies might muster up, PLA'NTAGE. n. s. (plantago, Latin.] An and lead all his family out against the Indians, herb, or herbs in general.

without the absolute dominion of a monarch, Truth, tir'd with iteration,

descending to him from Adam.

Locke. As true as steel, as plantage to the moon. Shaks. He to Jamaica seems transported, PLAČNTAIN. n. s. (plaintam, Fr. plantago,

Alone, and by no planter courted. Swift. Latin.)

3. One who disseminates or introduces. 1. An herb.

The Holy Apostles, the first planters of The toad, being overcharged with the poison

christianity, followed the moral equity of the of the spider, as is believed, has recourse to the

fourth commandment.

Nelson. plantain leaf.


Had these writings differed from the sermons The most common simples are mugwort, plane

of the first planters of christianity in history or tain, and horsetail.


doctrine, they would have been rejected by 2. A tree in the West Indies, which bears

those churches which they had formed. Addis. an esculent fruit.

PLASH. n. s. (plasche, L'ut. platz, Dan.] I long my careless limbs to lay

1. A small lake of water; a puddle.

He leaves Under the plantain's shade,

Waller. PLA'NTAL. adj. (from plant.] Pertaining

A shallow plash to plunge him in the deep,

And with satiety seeks to quench his thirst. to plants. Not used.

Shakspeare. There's but little similitude betwixt a terreous Two frogs consulted in the time of drought, humidity and plantal germinations. Glanville. PLANTA’TION.

when many plaskes that they had repaired to nh, so (plantatio, from

were dry, what was to be done? Bacon. planto, Latin.]

I understand the aquatile or water frog, where


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of in ditches and standing plashes we behold mil. 1. One whose trade is to overlay walis

With filih the miscreant lies bewray'd,

with plaster.
Fall'n in the plasb his wickedness had laid. Pope.

Thy father was a plasterer,

And thou thyself a shearman. Sbakspeert. 2. (from the verb 10 plash.] Branch partly cut off and bound to other branches.

2. One who forms figures in plaster. In the plashing your quick, avoid 'aying of it

The plasterer makes his figures by addition, too low and too ihick, which makes tie sap run

and the carver by subtraction. all into the shoots, and leaves the plasier without PLA'STICK. adj. [757651x05] Having the nourishment.


power to give form. To PLASH. 1. a. (plesser, Fr.] To inter

Benign Creator! let thy plastick hand weave branches.

Dispose its own effect.

Prier, Plant and plash quicksets.

There is not any thing strange in the producEvelyn.

tion of the said fornied metals, nor other plastick PLASHY. adj. (from piash.] Watery; virtue concerned in shaping them into those ifilled with puddles.

gures, than merely the configuration of the parNear stood a mill in low and plashy ground.


Wiadward. Betterton. PLASTRON.n. s. (Fr.) A piece of leather PLASM. n. s. [2uoua.] A mould ; a stuffed, which fencers use, when they

marrix, in which any thing is cast or teach their scholars, in order to receive formeu.

the pushes made at them. Trevour. The shells served as plasms or moulds to this

Against the post their wicker shields they sand, which, when consolidated, and freed from

crush, its investient shell, is of the same shape with the Flourish the sword, and at the plastron push. cavity of the shell. Woodward.

Dryden. PLASTER, n. s. (plastre, French; from To PLAT. v. a. [from plait.] To weave; πλαζω.]

to make by texture. J. Substance made of water and some ab

I have seen nests of an Indian bird curiously sorbent matter, such as chalk or lime

interwoven and platted together. Ray.

I never found so much benefit from any expe: well pulverised, with which walls are

dient, as from a ring, in which my mistress's overlaid or figures cast.

hair is platted in a kind of true lover's knot. In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's

Spectator. band, and wrote upon the plaster of the wall. Plat. n. s. (more properly plot; plot,

In the worst inn's worst room, with mats half-

Saxon.] A small piece of ground.

Such pleasure took the serpent to behold
The floors of plaster, and the walls of dung.

This flow'ry plat, the sweet recess of Eve.

Miliar. Maps are hung up so high, to cover the naked

On a plat of rising ground, plaster or wainscot.


I hear the far-off curfeu sound,

Over some wide-water'd shore, 2. [emplastrum, Lat. in English, formerly

Swinging slow with sullen roar. Milies. emplaster.] A glutinous or adhesive

le passes through banks of violets and plats of salve.

willow of its own producing.

Spectater. Seeing the sore is whole, why retain we the Pla'tane. n.s. (platane, Fr. platanus, plaster?

You rub the sore,

Latin.] The plane tree.
When you should bring the plaster. Shakspeare.

The platane round, It not only moves the needle in powder, but The carver holm, the mapple seldom inward likewise, if incorporated with plaster's, as we have


Spenser. made trial.

Brown. I espy'd thee, fair and tall,
Plasters, that had any effect, must be by dis-

Under a platane.

Miltes. persing or repelling the humours.

Temple. Plate. n.s. (plate, Dutch ; plaque, Fr.) TO PLA'STER. v. a. (plastrer, Fr. from the 1. A piece of inetal heat out into breadth. noun.]

In his livery 1. To overlay as with plaster.

Walk'd crowns and coronets; realms and islands Boils and plagues Plaster you o'er, that one infect another

As platos dropt from his pocket. Sbakspeare Against the wind a mile.


Make a plate, and burnish it as they do iron. The harlot's cheek beautied with plast'ring art.

Bacon. Sbakspeare.

The censers of rebellious Corah, &c. were by. A heart settled upon a thought of understand

God's mandate made plates for the covering of ing, is as a fair plastering on the wall. Ecclus.

the holy altar

W bits. With cement of flour, whites of eggs and stone

A leaden bullet shot from one of these guns, powdered, piscina mirabilis is said to have walls the space of twenty paces, will be beaten into a plastered. Bacon,

Wilkins. Plaster the chinky hives with clay. Dryden.

The censers of these wretches, who could deThe brain is grown more dry in its consistence,

rive no sanctity to them; vet in that they had and receives not much more impression, than if

been consecrated by the offering incense, were you wrote with your finger on a plaster'd wall. appointed to be beaten into broad plates, and fas

tened upon the altar,

South, 2. To cover with a viscous salve or me

Eternal deities! dicated plaster.

Who rule the world with absolute decrees,

And write whatever time shall bring to pass PLA'STERER.n.s. (plastrier, French; from With pens of adamant on glutes of brass. Dryde plaster.)

2. Armour of plates.


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With their force they pierc'd both plate and They who take in the entire platform, and see mail,

the chain, which runs through the whole, and And made wide furrows in their fleshes frail. can bear in mind the observations and proofs,

Spenser. will discern how these propositions flow from 3. (plata, Spanish.) Wronght silver. them.

Woodward. They eat on beds of silk and gold,

PLAʼrick aspect. In astrology, is a ray And leaving plate,

east from one planet to another, not Do drink in stone of higher rate.

Ben Jonson.

exactly, but within the orbit of its own The Turks entered into the trencies so far, light.

Bailey. that they carried away the plate. Knulles. A table stood,

PLATO'On. n. s. (a corruption of pelotoh, Yet well wrought plate strove to conceal the Fr.) A small square body of musketeers, wood.


drawn out of a battalion of foot, when They that but now for honour and for plate they form the hollow square, to strengthMade: he sea blush with blood, resign their hate. en the angles : the grenadiers are gene

Waller. At your desert bright pewter comes too late,

rally thus posted ; yet a party from any When your first course was all serv'd up in plate.

other division is called a platoon, when King.

intending too far from the main body. What nature wants has an intrinsick weight,

Military Dictionary. All more, is but the fashion of the plate. Young. In comely wounds shall bleeding worthies 4. (plat, Fr. piatta, Ital.) A small shallow

stand, vessel of metal on which meat is eaten. Webb’s firm platoon, and Lumley's faithful band. Ascanius this observ'd, and, smiling, said,

Ticke, See, we devour the plates on which we fed.

Pla’tter. n. s. [from plate.] A large

Dryden. dish, generally of earth. TO PLATE. v. a. (from the noun.]

The servants wash the platter, scour the plate, 1. To cover with plates.

Then blow the fire.

Dryden. The doors are curiously cut through and

Satira is an adjective, to which lanx, a charger, plated

or large platter is understood.

Dryden, M. Lepidus's house had a marble door-case; Plau'dir. n. s. [A word derived from with gold.


demand of applause made by the player, 2. To arm with plates.

when he left the stage.] Applause. Plate sin with gold,

True wisdom must our actions so direct, And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks.

Not only the last plaudit to expect.

Denban. Sbukspeare. She would so shamefully fail in the last act, Marshal, ask yonder knight in arms,

that instead of a plaudite, she would deserve to Why plated in habiliments of war? Sbakspeare. be hissed off the stage.

More. The bold Ascalonite

Some men find more melody in discord than Fled from his lion ramp, old warriours turn'd

in the angelick quires; yet even these can dise Their plated backs under his heel. Milton.

Corn musick in a concert of plaudites, eulogies 3. To beat into laminæ or plates.

given themselves.

Decay of Piety. If to fame alone thou dost pretend, The miser will his empty palace lend,

PLAUSIBI’LITY. n. so (plausibilité, Fr. Set wide his doors, adorn’d with plated brass.

from plausible.) Speciousness; superfi

Dryden. cial appearance of right. If a thinned or plated body, of an uneven thick- Two pamphlets, called the management of the ness, which appears all over of one uniform co- war, are written with some plausibility, much lour, should be slit into threads of the same

artifice, and direct falshoods.

Swift. thickness with the plate; I see no reason why

The last excuse for the slow steps made in every thread should not keep its colour. Newton. disarming the adversaries of the crown, was alPLATEN. K. s. Among printers, the flat lowed indeed to have more plausibility, but less part of the press whereby the impression

truth, than any of the former.

Swift. is made.

PLAU'SIBLE. adj. (plausible, Fr. plausiPLA'TTOR M. n. s. [plat, flat, Fr. and form.]

bilis, from plaudo, Lat.] Such as gains 1. The sketch of any thing horizontally

approbation ; superficially pleasing or delineated; the ichnography.

taking ; specious; popular ; right in When the workmen began to lay the platform

appearance. at Chalcedon, eagles conveyed their lines tú the Go you to Angelo, answer his requiring with other side of the streight.

Sandy's, a plausible obedience, agree with his demands to 2. A place laid out after any model.

the point.

Sbakspeare. No artful wildness to perplex the scene;

Judges ought to be more reverend than ploua Grove nods at grove, each alley has a brother,

sible, and more advised than contident. Bacon, And half the platform just reflects the other. They found out that plausible and popular pre

text of raising an army to fetch in delinquents.

King Charles. 3. A level place before a fortification. Where was this?

These were all plausible and popular argu- Upon the platform where we watch. Sboksp.. ments, in which they, who most desired peace, 4. A scheme ; a plan.

would insist upon many condescensions.

Clarendon. Their minds and affections were universally bent even against all the ciders and laws wherein

No treachery so plausible, as that which is

covered with the robe of a guide. L'Estrange; this church is founded, conformable to the plit

The case is doubtful, and may be disputed form of Geneva.

Hooker. i have made a platform of a princely garden by

with plausible arguments on either side. Souths. precept, partly by drawing nor a model, but PLAU'SIBLENESS. n. s. [from plausible.) some teneral lines of it.

Bacen. Speciousness; show of right.


Old Song.

The plausibleness of Arminianism, and the 10. To touch a musical instrument, congruity it hath with the principles of corrupt Ev'ry thing that hear'd him play, Biature.

Sanderson. Ev'n the billows of the sea,
The notion of man's free will, and the nature Hung their heads, and then lay by;
of sin, bears with it a commendable plainness In sweet musick is such art,
and plausibleness.

More. Killing care, and grief of heart,
PlauʼSIBLY. adv. [from plausible.]

Fall asleep, or hearing die. Sbakspearle 1. With fair show; speciously:

Thou art as a very lovely song of one that They could talk plausibly about that they did hath a pleasant voice, and can play well on an not understand, but their learning lay chiefly in


Ezeéie! flourish.


Wherein doth our practice of singing and playThou can'st plausibly dispute,

ing with instruments in our cathedral churches Supreme of seers, of angel, man, and brute. differ from the practice of David! Pearbes,

Prior. Clad like a country swain, he pip'd, he sung, 2. With applause. Not in use.

And playing drove his jolly troop along. Dryda, I hope they will plausibly receive our attempts,

Take thy harp and melt thy maid; or candidly correct our misconjectures. Brown.

Play, my friend! and charm the charmer.

Granulli. PLAU'SIVE. adj. [from plaudo, Latin.]

He applied the pipe to his lips, and began to 1. Applauding:

play upon it: the sound of it was exceeding sweet. 2. Plausible. A word not in use,

Spectator His plausive words

11. To operate ; to act : used of any thing He scatter'd not in ears; but grafted them in motion. To grow there and to bear. Sbakspeare.

John hath seized Arthur, and it cannot be, TO PLAY. v. n. (plegan, Saxon.]

That whilst warm life plays in that infant's reins, 1. To sport; to frolick; to do something The misplac'd John should entertain not as a task, but for a pleasure.

One quiet breath of rest. Sbakspeare The people sat down to eat, and to drink, and

My wife cried out fire, and you brought out rose up to play.

Exodus. your buckets, and called for engines to play On smooth the seal and bended dolphins play.

against it.

Drydez. Milton. By constant laws, the food is concocted, the Boys and girls come out to play,

heart beats, the blood circulates, the lungs play, Moon shines as bright as day.

Clepas 2. To toy ; to act with levity.

12. To wanton ; to move irregularly. Thou with eternal wisdom didst converse,

Citherea all in sedges hid, Wisdom thy sister and with her didst play. Milt.

Which seem to move and wanton with her Enormous monsters rolling o'er the deep,

breath, Gambol around him in the watry way,

Ev'n as the waving sedges play with wind. And heavy whales in awkward measures play.

Sbaispeare. Pope.

This with exhilarating, vapour bland 3. To be dismissed from work.

About their spirits play'd, and in most powers
Made err.

Miltes. l'll bring my young man to school; look where his master comes; ?tis a playing day I see.

In the streams that from the fountain play,

She wash'd her face.


The setting sun 4. To trifle ; to act wantonly and thoughtlessly.

Plays on their shining arms and burnish'd helMen are apt to play with their healths and

And covers all the field with gleams of fire. their lives as they do with their cloaths. Temple.

Addisor. 5. To do something fancitul.

Had some brave chief the martial scene beheld How every tool can play upon the word! By Pallas guarded, in the dreadful field,

Shakspeare. Might darts be bad to turn their points away, 6. To practise sarcastic merriment.

And swords around him innocently play,
I would make use of it rather to play, upon

The war's whole art with wonder had he seen, those I despised, than to trifle with those I loved. And counted heroes where he counted men. Pope.

Paper 7. To mock; to practise illusion. 13. To personate a drama. I saw him dead; art thou alive,

A lord will hear you play to-night; Or is it fancy plays upon our eye-sight? Shaks.

But I am doubtful of your modesties, 8. To game ; to contend at some game.

Lest, over-eying of his odd behaviour, Charles, I will play no more to-night;

For yet his honour never heard a play, My mind's not oui't, you are too hard for me.

You break into some merry passion. Shakspear:. -Sir, I did never win of you before. Shaksp.

Ev'n kings but play; and when their part is When lenity and cruelty play for kingdoms,

done, The gentler gamester is the soonest winner.

Some other, worse or better, mount the throne. Sbakspeare.

Dryden, O perdurable shame!

14. To represent a standing character. Are these the wretches that we play'd at dice Courts are theatres, where some men play; for.


Princes, some slaves, and all end in one day. The clergyman played at whist and swobbers.

Donne. Swift. 15. To act in any certain character. 9. To do any thing trickish or deceitful. Thus we play the fool with the time, and the His mother played false with a smith. Shaksp. spirits of the wise sit in the clouds and mock us. Cawdor, Giamis, all

Sbakspeare The wizzard women promised; and, I fear,

I did not think to shed a tear Thou play d'st most foully for't. Sbakspeere.

In all my miseries; but thou hast forc'd me, Life is not long enough for a coquette to play Out of thy honest truth to play the woman. all her tricks in. Spectator.



She lrath wrought folly to play the whore. ner, not to be far from the place where we ap


pointed to meet, to prevent any foul play that Be of good courage, and let us play the men might be offered unto me.

Sidney. for our people.

2 Samuel. 8. Act of touching an instrument. Alphonse, duke of Ferrara, delighted himself 9. Irregular and wanton motion. only in turning and playing the joiner. Peacbom.

10. A state of agitation or ventilation. Tis possible these Turks may play the villains.

Many have been sav’d, and many may,

Who never heard this question brought in play. A man has no pleasure in proving that he has

Dryden. played the fool.


II. Room for motion. TO PLAY. V. a.

The joints are let exactly into one another, 1. To put in action or motion : as, he

that they have no play between them, lest they played his cannon : the engines are played shake upwards or downwards.

Moxon, at a fire.

12. Liberty of acting; swing. 2. To use an instrument of musick.

Should a writer give the full play to his mirth, He plays a tickling straw within his nose. Gay.

without regard to decency, he might please rea. 3. To act a mirtotul character.

ders; but must be a very ill man, if he could Nature here please himself.

Addison. Wanton'd as in her prime, and play'd at will

Pia'YBOOK. n. s. [play and book.] Book Her virgin fancies.

Milton, of dramatick composition. 4. To exhibit dramatically.

Your's was a match of common 'good liking, Your honour's players, hearing your amend

without any mixture of that ridiculous passion,

which has no being but in playbooks and romances. ment, Are come to play a pleasant comedy. Sbaksp. PLA'YDAY. n. s. [play and day.] Day ex

Swift. 5. To act; to perform.

Doubt would tain have played his part in her empt from tasks or work. mind, and called in question, how she should be I thought the life of every lady

assured that Zelmane was not Pyrocles. Sidney. Should be one continual playday; PLAY. n. s.

Balls and masquerades and shows. Swift. 1. Action not imposed ; not work; dis- PLA'YDEBT. n. s. [play and debt.] Debt mission from work.

contracted by gaming. 2. Amusement ; sport.

There are multitudes of leases upon single My darling and my joy;

lives, and play-debts upon joint lives. Arbuthnote For love of me leave off this dreadful play.

She has several playdebts on her hand, which Spenser.

must be discharged very suddenly. Spectator, Two gentle fawns at play.


PLA'YER. n. s. [from play.] 3. A drama; a comedy for tragedy, or any

1. One who plays. thing in which characters are represent

2. An idler ; a lazy person. ed by dialogue and action.

You're pictures out of doors,
Only they,

Saints in your injuries, devils being offended, That come to hear a merry play,

Players in your housewiłery.

Sbalspeare Will be deceiv'd.

Sbakspeare. 3. Actor of dramatick scenes. A play ought to be a just image of human na

Like players plac'd to fill a filthy stage, ture, representing its humours and the changes

Where change of thoughts one rool to other of tortune to which it is subject, for the delight

shews, and instruction of mankind.


And all but jests, serve only sorrow's rage. Visits, plays, and powder'd beaux. Swift.

Sidney 4. Game ; practice of gaming; contest at

Certain pantomimi will represent the voices of

players of interludes so to life, as you would a game.

think they were those players themselves. Bacon. I will play no more, my mind's not on't ;

A player, if left of his auditory and their apI did never win of you,

plause, would strait be out of heart. Bacon. Nor shall not when my fancy's on my play.

Thine be the laurel then; support the stage,

Sbakspeare. Which so declines, that shortly we may see s. Practice in any contest, as sword play. Players and plays reduc'd to second infancy. When they can make nothing else on't, they

Drydenis find it the best of their play to put it off with a

His muse had starv'd, had not a piece unread, jest.

L'Estrange. And by a player bought, supply'd her bread. He was resolved not to speak distinctly, know

Dryden. ing his best play to be in the dark, and that all his 4. A mimick. satety lay in the confusion of his talk. Tillotson. Thus said the player god; and adding art

In arguing, the opponent uses comprehensive Of voice and gesture, so perform'd his part, and equivocal terms, to involve his adversary in She thought, so like her love the shade appears, the doubtfulness of his expression, and therefore That Ceyx spake the words.

Dryden. the answer on his side makes it his play to dis- 5. One who touches a musical instru. Linguish as much as he can.

Locke. Bull's friends advised to gentler methods with

Command thy servants to seek out a man, who the young lord; but John naturally lov'd rough play.


is a cunning player on the harp. 1 Samuel

6. A gamester. 6. Action ; employment; office.

7. One who acts in play in a certain manThe senseless plea of right by providence Can last no longer than the present sway; But justifies the next who comes in play. Dryden.

Thé snake bit him fast by the tongue, which

therewith began so to rankle and swell, that, by 7. Practice ; action ; manner of acting : the time he had knocked this foul player on the as, fair and foul play:

head, his mouth was scarce able to contain it. Determining, as alter I knew, in secret mag




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