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At the lower end of the hall is a large otter's Thou otber gold-bound brow, is like the first; skin stuffed with hay.
Spectator. A third is like the former. Sbakspeare. Wouk ye preserve a num'rous finny race? 7. The third past.
Let your fierce dogs the rav'nous otter chase; Bind my hair up : as 'twas yesterday:
'Th'amphibious monster ranges all the shores, No, nor the t'other day. Ben Jonson.
Darts thro'the waves, and ev'ry haunt explores. 3: It is sometimee put elliptically for other
O'VAL. adj. [ovale, Fr. ovum, Latin; an thing ; something different.
I can expect no other from those that judge egg:) Oblong; resembling the longiby single sights and rash measures, than to be
tudinal section of an egg. thought fond or insolent.
Glanville. The mouth is low and narrow, but, after hav
ing entered pretty far in the grotto, opens itself OʻTHERGATES. adv. (other and gate, for
on both sides in an oval figure of an hundred way. In another manner.
Addison on Italy. If sir Toby bad not been in drink, he would Mercurius, nearest to the central sun, have tickled you ofbergates than he did. Sbaksp. Does in an oval orbit, circling run;
But rarely is the object of our sight, O'THERGUISE. adv. (other and guise. This
In solar glory sunk.
Blackmore. is often pronounced and sometimes O’VAL. n. s. written otherguess.] Of another kind.
A triangle is that which has three angles, or OʻTHERWHERE. adv. (other and where.] an oval is that which has the shape of an erg. In ot ber places.
Watts. As Jews they had access to the temple and OVA'Rious. adj. (from ovum, Latin.) Synagogues, but as Christians they were of ne
Consisting of eggs. cessity forced otberwbere to assemble thein
He to the rocks selves.
Dire clinging gathers his ovarious food. Thom. His godlike acts, and his temptations fierce,
O'VARY. n. s. [ovaire, Fr. ovarium, Lat.) And former sufferings, otherwbere are found.
The part of the body in which imprego O'THER WHILE. adv. [orber and while.]
ination is performed. At other times.
The ovary or part where the white involveth
it, is in the second region of the matrix, which OʻTHERWISE. adv. (other and wise.]
is somewhat long and inverted. Brown, 1 In a different manner.
OVA'TION. n. s. [ovation, Fr. ovatio, Lat.) They only plead, that whatsoever God re
A lesser triumph among the Romans vealeth, as necessary for all christian men to do
allowed to those commanders who had and believe, the same we ought to embrace, whether we have received it by writing or otbere won a victory without much blood. wise, which no man denieth.
Hooker. shed, or defeated some less formidable The whole church hath not tied the parts
Dict. unto one and the same thing, they being there
OʻUBAT. Yn. s. Ceruca pilosa, Lat.) A in left each to their own choice, may either do
OʻUBUST. S sort of caterpillar ; an ines others do, or else otherwise, without any breach of duty at all.
sect. The evidences for such things are not so in- OUCH. 1.5. An ornament of gold or jewfallible, but that there is a possibility that the els. things may be otherwise.
Wilkins. Ourbes or spangs, as they are of no great cost, In these good things, what all others should
so they are of most glory:
Bacon practise, we should scarce know to practise Ouch of a boar. The blow given by a otherwise.
Ainsworth, Thy father was a worthy prince,
O'ven. 1. s. (ofen, Sax.) An arched ca. And merited, al:is! a better fate ; But heaven thought otherwise,
Addison. vity heated with fire to bake bread.
He loudly bray'd, that like was never heard, 2. By other causes.
And from his wide devouring oven sent Sir John Norris failed in the attempts of Lis
A fake of fire, that flashing in his beard, born, and returned with the loss, by sickness and
Him all amaz'd. etherwise, of eight thousand men. Raleigh.
Here's yet in the world hereafter, the knead3. In other respects.
ing, the making of the cake, the heat of the It is said truly, that the best men otherwise,
oven, and the baking.
Slukspeare. are not always the best in regard of society.
Bats have been found in ovens and other hole Hooker.
low close places, matted one upon another; and Men seldom consider God any otherwise than therefore it is likely that they sleep in the in relation to themselves, and therefore want
winter, and eat nothing.
Bacon. some extraordinary benefits to excite their ate tention, and engage their love. Rogers.
Oʻvero hath a double signification in the
names of places, according to the diffeOʻTTER. n. s. [oten, Sax. Iutra, Lat.) An
rent situations of them. If the place be amphibious animal that preys upon fish. The toes of the otter's hinder feet, for the
upon or near a river, it comes from the better swimming, are joined together with a
Saxon ofre, a brink or bank: but if membrane, as in the bevir; from which he dif- there is in the neighbourhood another fers principally in his teeth, which are canin; of the same name, distinguished by the and in his tail, which is felin, or a long taper ; addition of nether, then over is from the so that he may not be unfitly called putoreus aquasicus, or the water polecat. He makes himself Oʻver. prep. (ufar, Gothick ; ofre, Sax.]
Gothick ufar, above. Gibson's Camden. burrows on the water-side, as a bevir; is sometimes tamed, and taught by nimbly surrounding 1. Above, with respect to excellence or the tishes, to drive them into the net. Growie dignity
How happy some, o'er other some can be! and twenty-four a hand's breadth: a emall mate
The fan of an Indian king, made of the feaa Gilded his arms, embroider'd was his vest. thers of a peacock's tail, composed into a round
Drydere. form, bound altogether with a circular rim, High, over all, was your great conduct shown, above a foot over.
Gret. You sought our safety, but forgot your own. 4. From one to an :her.
This golden cluster the herald delivere:h to The commentary wluch attends this poem,
the Iirsan, who delivereth it over to that son will have one advantage over most commenta
that he had chosen.
Bacona ries, that it is not made upon cunrctures. Pope. It will afford tield enour for e divine to en
5. From a country beyond the sea. large on, by shewing he advantages which the
It hath a white berry, but is not brought opet Christian world has ovor the Heathen. Swift.
with the coral,
Bacox. 2. Above, with regard to rule or autho
They brought new customs and new vic so'er;
Taught us more arts than honest men require. rity: opposed to under. The church has over her bishops, able to si
6. On the surface. lence the factious, no less by their preaching
The first came out red all over, like an airy than hy their authority.
Genesis. Captain, yourself are the fittest to live and reign not over, but next and immediately under 7. Past. This is rather the sense of an the people.
adjective. 3. Above in place : opposed to below.
Soliman pausing upon the matter, the heat of He was more than over shoes in love. Shaksp. his fury being something over, suffered himself The street should see as she walks over head. to be intreated.
Kaelles, Sbakspeare. Meditate upon the effects of anger; and the Thrice happy is that humble pair,
best time to do this, is to look back upon anger Beneath the level of all care,
when the fit is over.
Bacer. Over whose heads those arrows fly,
What the garden choicest bears Of sad distrust and jealousy:
Waller. To sit and taste, till his meridian heat 4. Across; from side to side: as, he leaped Be over, and the sun more cool decline. Milt. over the brook.
The act of stealing was soon over, and cannot Come o'er the brook Bessy to me,
be undone, and for it the sinner is only answerShe dares not come over to thee. Shaksp.
able to God or his vicegerent.
Tayler. Certain lakes and pits, such as that of Avennes,
He will, as soon as his first surprize is corr, poison birds which fly over them. Bacon. begin to wonder how such a favour came to be The geese fiy o'er the barn, the bees in arms bestowed on him.
Atterbury Drive headlong from their waxen cells in There youths and nymphs in consort gay,
Shall hail the rising, close the parting day; s. Through ; diffusively,
With me, alas! with me those joys are o'er, All the world over, those that received not the
For me the vernal garlands bloom no more. commands of Christ and his doctrines of purity
8. Throughout ; completely. and perseverance, were signally destroyed.
Well, 6. Upon.
Have you read o'er the letters I sent you ? Wise governors have as great a watch over
Sbaksemates fames, as they have of the actions and designs.
Let them argue over all the topicks of divine Bacon.
goodness and human weakness, yet how trilling Angelic quires must be their plea!
Soutb Sung heav'nly anthems of his victory
9. With repetition ; another time. Over temptation and the tempter proud. Milt.
He o'er and o'er divides him, This is only used in over 'Twixt his unkindness and his kindness. Sbaks. night.
Sitting or standing still confin'd to roar, On their intended journey to proceed,
In the same verse, the same rules o'er and e'er, And over night whatso thereto did need.
Dryder. Hubberd's Tale. Longing they look, and gaping at the sight, 3. It is in all senses written by contrac
Devour her o'er and o'er with vast delight. Dry.
Thou, my Hector, art thyself alone, tion o'er.
My parents, brothers, and my lord in one: O'ver. adv.
o kill not all my kindred o'er again, J. Above the top.
Nor tempt the dangers of the dusty plain; Give, and it shall be given unto you; good But in this tow's, for our defence, remain. measure, pressed down and shaken together and
Drrdea. running over, shall men give.
Luke. When children forget, or do an action auk2. More than a quantity assigned.
wardly, make them do it over and over again, Even here likewise the laws of nature and till they are perfect.
Locée. reason be of necessary use; yet somewhat over If this miracle of Christ's rising from the and besides them is necessary, namely human dead, be not sufficient to convince a resolved and positive law.
Hooker. libertine, neither would the rising of one non When they had mete it, he that gathered
from the dead be sufficient for that purposes much had nothing over, and he that gathered lit
since it would only be doing that ever again tle had to lack. Exodus. which hath been done already.
Atterbis ry. The ordinary soldiers having all their pay,
The most learned will never find occasion to and a month's pay over, were sent into their act over again what is fabled of Alexander the countries.
Hayward. Great, that when he had conquered the eastern The eastern people determined their digit by world, he wept for want of more worlds to con. the breadth of barley-corns, six making a digits ques.
He cramm'd his pockets with the precious This part of grammar has been much neglect. store,
ed, as some others over-diligently cultivated, Ic And e; ’ry night review'd ito'er and o'er. Flerte. is easy for men to write one after another of 10. Extraordinary ; in a great degree. cases and genders.
Locke. The word symbol should not seem to be cost It is an ill way of establishing this truth, and difficult.
Baker. silencing atheists, to take some men's having
that idea of God in their minds, for the only 11. OVER and above. Besides ; beyond proof of a deity; and out of an over-fondness what was first supposed, or inmediately of that dariing invention, cashier all other argila
Leikes intended. Moses took the redemption money of them
A grown person surfeiting with honey, no that were coer and above.
sooner hears the name of it, but his faucy ima He gathered a great mass of treasure, and
mediately carries sickness and qualms to his gained coer and above the good-will and estcem
stomach: had this happened to him by an overot all people wherever he came.
dos: of honey, when a child, all the same effects
would have followed, but the cause would have 13. Over against. Opposite ; regarding beco mistaken, and the antipathy counted na. in front.
Locke. In Ticinum is a church with windows ouly Take care you over-burn not the turf; it is from above. It reporteth the voice thirteen only to be burnt so as may make it break. times, if you stand by the close end of the wall,
Mortimera wwr against the door.
Bacon. Don't over-fatigue the spirits, lest the inind I visit his picture, and place myself over be seized with a lassitude, and thereby nauscate against it whole hours together. Spectator. and grow tired of a particular subjec:. Waits.
Over against this church stands a large hospi- The memory of the learner should not be too tal, erected by a shoemaker. Addison on Ituly. much crowded with a tulnulcuous heap of ideas;
oue idea efraces another. An over-greedy grasp 13. To give over. To cease from. These, when they praise, the world believes
does not retain the largest handful. Wetts. no more,
To O'VERABOUND.v.n. (over and abound.] Than when they promise to give scribbling o'er. To abound more than enough,
Both imbibe 14. To give over. To attempt to help no
Fitting congenial juice, so rich the soil,
So much does fructuous moisture n'er-abound, longer: as, bis physicians bave given bir over ; his friends who advised him, bave The learned, never ever-abounding in trangiven bim over.
sitory coin, should not be discontented. - Pope. 15. In composition it has a great variety To O’VERACT. v. a. (over and act.] To of significations ; it is arbitrarily pre. act more than enough. fixed to nouns, adjectives, or other
You over-act when you should underdo:
A little call yourself again, and think. B. Jonson. parts of speech in a sense equivalent to
Princes courts may over-act their reverence, more than enough ; too much.
and make themselves laughed at for their fool Devilish Macbech
ishness and extravagant relative worship. By many of these trains hath sought to win me
fedt. Into his pow'r : and modest wisdom plucks me Good men often blemish the reputation of From ever-creduloas haste. Sbakspeare. their piety, by, ever-acting some things in relia
St. Hierom reporteth, that he saw a satyr ; gion ; by an indiscreet zeal about things ivhersbut the truth hereof I will not rastly impugn, in religion is not concerned. Tillots09. or over-boldly affirm.
Peacban. He cocr-acted his part; his passions, when These over-busy spirits, whose labour is their once let loose, were too impetuous to be maonly reward, huní a shadow and chase the wird.
To cover as with an arch.
Where high Ithaca o'erlooks the floods,
Brown yvith o’er-arching shades and pendant the unseasonable application of over-cold medi
Wiseman. To OVERA'we. v. a. (over and awe.) Poets, like lovers, should be bold and dare,
To keep in awe by superiour influence. They spoil their business with an over-care : And he who servilely creeps after sense,
The king was present in person to overlook Is sate, but ne'er will reach an excellence.
the magistrates, and to over-swe these subjects
Her graceful innocence, her every air
Of gesture, or least action, over-an'd
Dryden. I could be content to be your chief tomontor, Bending o'er the cup, the tears she shed,
ever paying you mock reverence, a 150.nding Seem'd by the posture to discharge her head,
in your ears the empty title which inspired you O'er.fi!!'d before.
Dryden. As they are likely to over-flourish their own
with presumption, and over-arved my daughter to comply.
Addison's Ciwidiana case, their fattery is hardest to be discovered :
A thousand fears for who would imagine himself guilty of putting Still ever-aw: when she appears. Cluxville. tricks upon himself?
Collier. He has afforded us only the twilight of pro
To OVEPBA'LANCE. v. a. bability ; suitable to that state of mediocrity he down; to preponderate. has placed us in here; wherein to check our Not doubting but by the weight of reason I spreconfidence and presumption, we miglit, by should counterpoise the over-balancings or any every day's experiense, be made sensible of our factions.
King Glaris. skortsightedness.
bronne The hundred tevusand pounds per aunuill,
wherein we over-balance them in trade, mise be To OVERBI'D. v. a. (over and bid.] To paid us in money.
Locke. offer more than equivalent. When these important considerations are set You have o'er-bid all my past sufferings, before a rational being, acknowledging the truth And all my future too. Dryden's Spar. Frgar. of every article, should a bare single possibility To Overblo'w. v. n. [over and blow.] be of weight enough to over-balance them.
To be past its violence. OVERBAʼLANCE. n. s. [over and balance.]
Led with delight, they thus beguile the way, Until the blust'ring storm is over-blorun. Spins
. Something more than equivalent.
All those tempests being over-blown, there Our exported commodities would, by the re
long after arose a new stor!n which over-run all turn, encrease the treasure of this kingdom
Spenser above what it can ever be by other means, than
*This ague fit of fear is over-blown, a mighty over-balance of our exported to our An easy task it is to win our own. Sbakspeare. imported commodities.
Seiz'd with secret joy, The mind should be kept in a perfect indif- When storms are over-blown. Dryden. ference, not inclining to either side, any further To OVERBLO'w. v. a. (over and blow.] than the over-balance of probability gives it the turn of assent and belief.
To drive away as clouds before the
wind. OVERBA'TTLE. adj. [Of this word I
Some angel that beholds her there, know not the derivation ; batten is to Instruct us to record what she was here; grow fat, and to battle, is at Oxford to And when this cloud of sorrow's over-blown, feed on trust.] Too fruitful; exu.
Thro' the wide world we'll make her graces berant.
Waller, In the church of God sometimes it cometh OVERBOʻARD. adv. [over and board. See to pass, as in over-battle grounds; the fertile BOARD.] Off the ship; out of the ship. disposition whereof is good, yet because it ex. The great assembly met again; and now he ceedeth due proportion, it bringeth abundantly, that was the cause of the tenipese being thrown through too much rankness, things less profit. over-board, there were hopes a calm should able, whereby that which principally it should
Herve yield, either prevented in place or defrauded of A merchant having a vessel richly fraught at nourishment, faileth.
Hooker. sea in a storm, there is but one certain way to To OVERBE’AR. v. a. (over and bear.)
save it, which is, by throwing its rich lading oder-board.
Souté. To repress; to subdue ; to whelm; to
The trembling dotard to the deck he drew, bear down.
And hoisted up and over-board he threw; What more savage than man, if he see him- This done, he seiz'd the helm. Dryder. self able by fraud, to over-reach, or by power He obtained liberty to give them only one to over-bear the laws ?
Hooker. song before he leaped over-board, which he did, My desire and then plunged into the sea.
L'Estrange All continent impediments would o'er-bear, Though great ships were commonly bad sezo That did oppose my will.
boats, they had a superiour force in a sea en: The ocean o'er-peering of his list,
gagement: the shock of them being sometimes Fats not the flats with more impetuous haste so violent, that it would throw the crew on the Than young Laertes, in a riotous head,
upper deck of lesser ships over-board. Arbutbeat. O'er-bears your officers. Sbakspeare. To OVERBUʼLK. v. a. (over and bulk.]
Our counsel, it pleas'd your highness To over-bear.
To oppress by bulk. Glo'ster, thou shalt well perceive,
The feeding pride, That nor in birth or for authority,
In rank Achilles, must or now be crost, The bishop will be over-borne by thee. Sbaksp.
Or shedding, breed a nursery of like evils, The Turkish commanders, with all their
To over-bulk us all.
Statspears forces, assailed the city, thrusting their men in- To OVER BUʻRDEN. v. a. (over and bure to the breaches by heaps, as if they would, with den.] To load with too great weight. very multitude, have discouraged or over-born If she were not cloyed with his the christians.
Knolles. that she thought not the earth over-burtberad The point of reputation, 'when news first with him, she would cool his fiery grief. Sineey. came of the battle lost, did over-bear the reason
To OVERBU’Y. W. a. (over and buy.] To of war.
Bacon. Yet fortune, valour, all liis over-born
buy too dear. By numbers; as the long resisting bank
He, when want requires, is only wise, By the impetuous torrent.
Denbam. Who slights not foreign aids, nor over-buys; A body may as well be over-born by the vice But on our native strength in time of need, lence of a shallow, rapid stream, as swallowed
relies. up in the gulph of smooth water. L'Estrangè: T. OVERCA'RRY. V. a. Cover and carry.]
Dryden. Crowding on the last the first impel; Till over-born with weight the Cyprians fell. To hurry too far; to be urged to any
Dryden. thing violent or dangerous. The judgment, if swayed by the over-bearing
He was the king's uncle, but yet of no capao of passion, and stored with lubricous opinions
city to succeed; by reason whereof his natural instead of clearly conceived truths, will be er
affection and duty was less easy to be overtarrich
by ambition. Take care that the memory of the learner be not too much crowded with a tumultuous heap,
To OVERCA'st. v. a. part. overcast. (over or over-bearing inultitude of documents at one
and cast.] time.
Watts. 1. To cloud; to darken ; to cover witha The horror or loathsomeness of an object may gloom. over-bear the pleasure which results from its
As they past, greatness, novelty, or beauty. Addison.
The day with clouds was sudien ovet-cast. S***.
Hurtard. Hie, Robin, over-cast the night;
The silver empress of the night, The starry welkin cover thou anon,
O'er-clouded, glimmers in a fainter light. Tickol. With drooping fogs as black as Acheron. Shaks. 70 OVERCLO'Y. v.a. Cover and cloy.]
Our days of age are sad and over-cast, in To fill beyond satiety. which we find that of all our vain passions and affections past, the sorrow only abideth. Raleigh.
A scum of Britons and base lackey peasants, I of fumes and humid vapours made,
Whom their o'er-cloy'd country vomits forth No cloud in so serene a mansion find,
To desperate adventures and destruction.
Sbakspeare. To orir-cast her ever-shining mind. Waller. Those clouds that over-cast our morn shall fly,
TO OVERCOME. v. a. pret. I overcame ; Dispellid to farthest corners of the sky. Dryd. part. pass. overcome ; anciently over
The dawn is overrast, the morning lours, comen, as in Spenser. (overcomen, Dut.] And heavily in clouds brings on the day. Addis.
1. To subdue; to conquer; to vanquish. 2. To cover. This sense is hardly retained
They overcomen, were deprived but by needle-women, who cail that Of their proud beauty, and the one moiety which is encircled with a thread, over. Transformi'd to fish, for their bold surquedry. cast.
Spenset. When malice would work that which is evil,
This wretched woman, overcome and in working avoid the suspicion of an evil
Of anguish rather than of crime hath been. inient, the colour wherewith it overcasietb itself
Spenser. is always a fair and plausible pretence of scek
Of whom a man is overcome, of the same is ing to further that which is good.
2 Peter. Hooker.
he brought in bondage. Their arms abroad with gray moss over-cast,
Fire by thicker air o'ercome, And their green leaves trembling with every
And do.vnward forc'd in earth's capacious womb, blast. Spenser.
Alers its particles; is fire no more. 3. To rate too high in computation.
2. To surmount. The king, in his accompt of peace and calms,
Miranda is a constant relief to poor people in did much overcast his fortunes, which proved
their misfortunes and accidents; there are full of broken seas, tides, and tempests. Bacon.
sometimes little misfortunes that happen to TO OVERCHA'RGE. v. a. Cover and
them, which of themselves they could never be able to overcome.
3. To overflow; to surcharge. 1. To oppress; to cloy; to surcharge.
Th' unfallow'd glebe On air we feed in every instant, and on meats Yearly o'ercomes the granaries with stores. but at times; and yet the heavy load of abund
Pbilips. ance, wherewith we oppress and over-charge nature, maketh her to sink unawares in the 4. To come over or upon; to invade sudmid-way.
Raleigb. denly. Not in use. A man may as well expect to grow stronger
Can't such things be, by always eating, as wiser by always reading.
And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Too much over-charges nature, and turns more Without our special wonder? Sbakspears
into disease than nourishment. Collier. To OvercoʻME. v. n. To gain the supe2. To load"; to crowd too much.
riority. Our language is bver-charged with consonants.
That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, Popc.
and mightest overcome when thou art judged. 3. To burden.
Romans. He whispers to his pillow
OVERCOʻmer. n. s. [from the verb.] He The secrets of his over-sburged soul. Sbaksp.
who overcomes. 4. To rate too high. Here's Glo'ster, a foe to citizens,
To Overcou'nt. v.a. (over and count.]
To rate above the true value. O’or-charging your free purses with large fines.
Thou know'st how much s. To fill too full.
We do o'er-count thee.
Sbakspeare, Her heart is buto'er-cbarg’d; she will recover.
TO OVERCOʻVER. v.a. Cover and cover.] Shakspears.
To cover completely. The fumes of passion do as really intoxicate, Shut me nightly in a charnel house, and confound the judging and discerning faculty, O'er-cover'd quite with dead men's rattling as the fumes of drink discompose and stupity
bones, the brain of a man over-charged with it. Sonth. With reeky shanks and yellow chapless skulls. If they would make distinct abstract ideas of
Sbakspeare. all the varieties in human actions, the number must be infinite, and the memory over-charged To OVERCROʻw. v. a. (over and crow.) to little purpose.
Locke. To crow as in triumph. The action of the Iliad and Æneid, in them
base varlet, that being but of late grown selves exceeding short, are so beautifully ex- out of the dunghill, beginneth now to overtended by the invention of episodes, that they croru so high mountains, and make himself the make up an agreeable story sufficient to employ
great protector of all out-laws. Spenser. the meincry without over-cbarging it. Addison. To OVERDO'. v.h. [over and do.] To 6. To load with too great a charge.
do more than enough. They were
Any thing so over-done is from the purpose of As cannons over-charg'd with double cracks.
playing ; whose end is to hold the mirrour up Şbakspeare.
Sbakspeare. Who in deep mines, for hidden knowledge
Nature so intent upon finishing her work, toils,
much oitener over-does than under-docs. You Like guns o'er-cbarg'd, breaks, misses, or re
shall hear of twenty animals with two heads, for coils.
Grete, TO OVERCLOUD. v. a. (over and cloud.] Win the meat is over-done, lay the fault To cover with clouds.
upon your lady who hurried you. Swift. VOL. III.