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OPT 1. Cruel; inhuman; unjustly exactious OʻPTABLE, adj. [optabilis, Lat.] Desiré. or severe.
able ; to be wished. 2. Heavy ; overwhelming.
OʻPTATIVE. adj. [optativus, Lat.) ExAlicia, reach thy friendly arm,
pressive of desire. [In gramınar.] And help me to support that feeble frame,
The verb undergoes in Greek a different for-
the science of opticks.
Pope. OPPRESSOR. n. s. Coppresseur, Fr. from
It seems not agreeable to what anatomists and
optical writers deliver, touching the relation of oppress.] One who harasses others with
the two eyes to each other.
Boyle. unreasonable or unjust severity. Optician. 1. so (from optick.] One I from oppressors did the poor defend,
skilled in opticks.
The cries of orphans, and th' oppressor's rage,
1. Visual; producing vision ; subservient Power when employed to relieve the oppress
to vision. ed, and to punish the oppressor, becomes a great May not the harmony and discord of colours blessing.
Swift. arise from the proportions of the vibrations proOPPROBRIOUS. adj. [from opprobrium, pagated through the fibres of the optiek nerves Latin.)
into the brain, as the harmony and discord of 1. Reproachful ; disgraceful; causing in
sounds arise from the proportions of the vibrations of the air?
Newton. famy; scurrilous.
2. Relating to the science of vision. Himself pronounceth them blessed, that
Where our master handleth the contractions should for his name sake be subject to all kinds
of pillars, we have an optick rule, that the highet of ignominy and opprobrious malediction. Hoek. They see themselves unjustly aspersed, and
they are, the less should be always their dimi
nution aloft, because the eye itself doth contract vindicate themselves in terms no less opprebricus
all objects, according to the distance. W'otten. than those by which they are attacked. Addis. 2. Blasted with infamy.
O'ptick. n. s. An instrument of sight; I will not here defile
an organ of sight. My unstain'd verse with his opprobrious name.
Can any thing escape the perspicacity of eyes
which were before light, and in whose opticks
there is no opacity ?
Brows. His temple right against the temple of God,
Our corporeal eyes we find, On the opprobrious hill.
Dazze the opticks of our mind. Denbar. OPPRO'BRIOUSLY. adv. [from opprobri
You may neglect, or quench, or hate the flame,
Whose smoke too long obscur'd your rising ous.] Reproachfully; scurrilously. Think
And quickly cold indiff'rence will ensue,
When you love's joys thro' honour's optick view. To taunt and scorn you thus opprobriously?
Prior. Sbakspeare. Why has not man a microscopic eye? OpprO'BRIOUSNESS. n. s. [from oppro- For this plain reason, man is not a fly.
brious.) Reproachfulness; scurrility. Say what the use, were finer opticks giv'n, TO OPPŮ'GN. v. a. (oppugno, Lat.] To
T' inspect a mite, not comprehend the heav'n? oppose; to attack; to resist.
Pape. For the ecclesiastical laws of this land we are
O'PTICKS. n. s. [OFTIX9.) The science of led by a great reason to observe, and ye be by
the nature and laws of vision. no necessity, bound to oppugn them. Hooker. No spherical body of what bigness soever illuThey said the manner of their impeachment
minates the whole sphere of another, although they could not but conceive did oppugn the rights
it illuminate something more than half of of parliament.
Clarendon. lesser, according unto the doctrine of opricks. If nothing can oppugn his love,
Brour. And virtue envious ways can prove,
Those who desire satisfaction must go to the What cannot he confide to do
admirable treatise of opticks by sir Isaac Newton. That brings both love and virtue too? Hudib.
Cbrynen The ingredients reclude oppilations, mundify O'PTIMACY, n. s. [optimates, Lat.] Nobithe blood,
and oppugn putrefaction. Harvey. lity ; body of nobles. Oppu'GNER. n. s. [from oppugn.] Op
In this high court of parliament there is 2
rare co-ordination of power, a wholesome miiposition. Take but degree away, untune that string,
ture betwixt monarchy, notimacy, and democraсу.
Hotuel. And hark what discord follows, each thing meets In meer oppugnancy.
OPTIMITY. n. s. [from optimus.] The OPPU'GNANCY. n. s. [from oppugn.] One state of being best. who opposes or attacks.
O'PTION. n. s. [optio, Lat.) Choice; elecThe modern and degenerate Jews be, upon tion ; power of choosing. the score of being the great patrons of man's He decrees' to punists the contumacy finally free will, not causelessly esteemed the great ap- by assigning them their own options. Hanno pugners of God's free grace.
Bogle. Transplantation must proceed from the optica OPSI’MATHY. n. s. [foncha.] Late
of the people, else it sounds like an exile; so education ; late erudition.
the colonies must be raised by the leave of the
king, and not by his command. OPSONA’TION. n. s. [opsonatio, Lat.) Ca. Which of these two rewards we will receive, tering; a buying provisions,
OʻPULENCE,}". Si [opulemel, Fru opulen: O'RACH more of atriplex.is. A plane.
. tia, Latin.] Wealth ; There thirteen species; garden orach was riches; affluence.
cultivated as a culinary herb, and used as spinach, It must be a discovery of the infinite flatteries
though it is not generally
liked by the English, that follow youth and opulency.
but still esteemed by the French. After eight years spent in outward opulency, OʻRACLE. n. s. [oracle, Fr. oraculum, and inward murmur, that it was not greater; Latin.] after vast sums of money and great wealth got- 1. Sonrething delivered by supernatural ten, he died unlamented.
Clarendon. wisdom. He had been a person not only of great opu
Atterbury. kncy, but authority.
The main principle whereupon our belief of
all things therein contained dependeth, is, thať There in full opulence a banker dwelt,
the scriptures are the oracles of God himself. Who all the joys and pangs of riches felt;
Hooker. His side-board glitter'd with imagin'd plate, And his proud fancy held a vast estate. Swift.
2. The place where, or person of whom
the determinations of heaven are inOʻPULENT. adj. [opulent, Fr. opulentus,
quired. Lat.) Rich ; wealthy; affluent. He made him his ally, and provoked a mighty
Why, by the verities on thee made good, and epulent king by an offensive war in his quarrel.
May they not be my oracles as well,
Sbakspeare. To begin with the supposed policy of gratify
God hath now sent his living oracle
Into the world to teach his final will, ing only the rich and opulent -does our wise
And sends his spirit of truth henceforth to dwell, man think that the grandee whom he courts does
In pious hearts, an inward oracle, not see through all the little plots of his courtship?
To all truth requisite for men to know. Milton. O'PULENTLY. adv. [from opulent.] Rich. 3. Any person or place where certain de
cisions are obtained. ly; with splendour. OR. conjunct. (oder. Saxon.)
There mighty nations shall enquire their
doom, 1. A disjunctive particle, marking distri. The world's great oracle in times to come. Pope. bution, and sometimes opposition. Inquire what the antients thought concerning 4. One famed for wisdom; one whose de
terminations are not to be disputed. this world, whether it was to perish or no; whether to be destroyed or to stand eternally?
To OʻRACLE. V. n. (from the noun.] To
Burnet. utter oracles. A word not received. He my muse's homage should receive,
No more shalt thou by oracling abuse If I could write, or Holles could forgive. Gartb. The gentiles.
Milton, By intense study, or application to business ORA'CULAR. that requires little action, the digestion of foods ORA'CULOUS.
allj. (from oracle.] will soon proceed more slowly, and with more uneasiness.
1. Uttering oracles; resembling oracles. Every thing that can be divided by the mind
Thy counsel would be as the oracle of
Urim and thummim, those oraculous gems into two or more ideas, is called complex. Watts.
On Aaron's breast, or tongue of scers old 2. It corresponds to either: he inust either
Milton's Paradise Regainot. fall or fly:
Here Charles contrives the ord'ring of his At Venice you may go to any house eilber by
states, Land or water.
Addison. Here he resolves his neighboring princes fates; 3. It sometimes, but rather inelegantly, What nation shall have peace, where war be stands for eitber.
made, For thy vast bounties are so numberless, Determin'd is in this orac'lous shade. Waller. That them or to conceal, or else to tell,
They have something venerable and oraculi:r, Is equally impossible.
in that unadorned gravity and shortness in the 4. Or is sometiines redundant, but is then
Th’orac'lous seer frequents the Pharian coast, more properly omitted.
Proteus a name tremendous o'er the main. Pope. How great soever the sins of any unreformed person are, Christ died for him because he died
2. Positive; authoritative; magisterial; for all; only he must reform and forsake his dogmatical. sins, or else he shall never receive benefit of his Though their general acknowledgments of the death.
Hanmond. weakness of human understanding look like cold 5. (or, or ære, Sax.] Before : or ever, is
and sceptical discouragements; yet the particubetore ever. Obsolete.
lar expressions of their sentiments are as or stro
lous as if they were omniscient. Glanville. Or we go to the declaration of this psalm, it shall be convenient to shew who did write this
3. Obscure; ambiguous; like the answers Psalm.
of ancient oracles. The dead man's knell
He spoke oraculous and sly, Is there scarce ask'd for whom, and good men's He'd neither grant the question, nor deny. King: lives
ORA'CULOUSLY, aitv. (from oraculous. ] Expire before the flowers in their caps,
In manner of an oracle. Dying or ere they sicken.
The testimonies of antiquity, and such as Learn betore thou speak, and use physick or pass oraculously amongst us, were not always so ever thou be sick.
exact as to examine the doctrine they delivered. OR. n. s. (French.] Gold. A term of
Hence rise the branching beech and vocal oak, heraldry.
Where Jove of old craculously spoke. Dryden. The show'ry arch With listed colours gay, or, azure, gules,
ORA'CULOUSNESS. n.s. (from oraculous.] Delights and puzzles the beholders eyes, Philips. The state of being orucular.
O'RAISON. 1. s. [oraison, Fr. oratio, Lat.} ORAʼtion.n. s[oration, Fr. oratio, Lat.)
Prayer; verbal supplication ; or oral A speech made according to the laws of worship : more frequently written ori. rhetorick; a harangue; a declamation.
'There shall i son. This word is pronounced short
In my oration, how the people take both by Shakspeare and Dryden : orison is
The cruel issue of these bloody men. Skakspeare. sometimes long and sometir.es short.
This gives life and spirit to every thing that is Stay, let's hear the oraisons he makes. Shaksp. spoken, awakens the dullest spirits, and adds a
Business might shorten, not disturb her pray'r; singular grace and excellency both to che person
Dryden. 1. A publick speaker; a man of eloquence.
For Warwick is a subtle orator. livered by mouth ; not written.
As when of old soie orator renown'd,
In Athens or free Rome, where eloquence with the sound that gives them life, and so not
Flourish'd since mute! to some great cause adsubject to a strict review, more easily escapes ob
Stood in himself collected; while each part, St. John was appealed to as the living oracle
Motion, each act, won audience. Milten, of the church; and as his oral testimony lasted
It would be altogether vain and improper in the first century, many have observed, that by a
matters belonging to an orator to pretend to strict particular providence several of our Saviour's
Wilkins. disciples, and of the early converts, lived to a
The constant design of both these crators in very great age, that they might personally con
all their speeches, was to drive some one partivey the truth of the gospel to those times which
cular point. were very ramote.
I have listened to an orats of this species, OʻRALLY. adv. [from oral.] By mouth;
without being able to understand one single senwithout writing.
Swift. Oral traditions were incompetent without
Both orators so much renown'd, written monuments to derive to us the original In their own depths of eloquence were drown'd. laws of a kingdom, because they are complex,
Dryder. not orally traducible to so great a distance of ages.
petitioner. This sense is used in
addresses to chancery. O'RANGE. n.s. (orange, Fr. aurantia, Lat.)
The leaves have two lobes or appendages ORATOʻRICAL. adj. [from orator.] Rheat their base like ears, and cut in form
torical; befitting an orator.
Where he speaks in an oratorical, affecting, or of a heart; the fruit is round and de
persuasive way, let this be explained by other pressed, and of a yellow colour when
places where he treats of the same theme in a ripe, in which it differs from the citron
Watts. and lemon. The species are eight. OʻRATORY. 11. 5. (oratoria ars, Lat.)
1. Eloquence ; rhetorical expression. I will discharge it in your straw-coloured
Each pasture stored with sheep feeding with beard, your orange tawny beard.
sober security, while the pretty lambs with bleatThe notary came aboard, holding in his hand a
inz oratory, craved the dams comfort. Sidner, fruit like an orange, but of colour between orange
When a world of men tawny and scarlet, which cast a most excellent
Could not prevail with all their oratory, odour, and is used for a preservative against in- Yet hath a woman's kindness over-rul'd. Sbalsta fection.
When my oratory grew tow'rd end, The ideas of orange colour and azure, produc- I bid them that did love their country's good, ed in the mind by the same infusion of lignum
Cry, God save Richard!
Sbakspeare. nephriticum, are no less distinct ideas than those
Sighs now breath'd of the same colours taken from two different bo
Unutterable, which the spirit of pray'r dies.
Inspir’d, and wing'd for heav'n with speedier Fine oranges, sauce for your veal,
flight Are charming when squeez’d in a pot of brown
Than londest oratory.
By this kind of oratory, and professing to deThe punic granate op'd its rose-like flow'rs;
cline their own inclinations and wishes, purely The orange breath'd its aromatiopow'rs. Harie.
for peace and unity, they prevailed over those O'RANGERY. n.s. (orangerie, Fr.) Planta- who were stili surprised.
Clarendor. tion of oranges.
Hammond's subjects were such as had greatest A kitchen garden is a more pleasant sight than
influence on practice, which he prest with most the finest orangery, or artificial green house.
affectionate tenderness, making tears part of his Spectator. oratory.
Fell. OʻRANGEMUSK. n. 5. A species of pear.
The former, who had to deal with a people of
much more politeness, learning, and wit, laid the ORANGETAWNEY. n. s. (orange and taw
greatest weight of his oratory upon the strength ney.] Red, resembling an orange. of his arguments.
Swifi. Baronets, or knights of Nova Scotia, are com- Come harmless characters, that no one hit, monly distinguished from others by a ribbon of Come Henley's oratory, Osborn's wit. Pope orangetawney.
Hylin. 2. Exercise of eloquence.
Antiates, among which there were six armed with You wear out a good wholesome forenoon in rostra, with which the consul Menenius adorned hearing a cause between an orangewife and a
the public place of oratory. Arbuibnet fosset seller.
Sbakspeare. 3. (oratoire, French.)
Oratory signifies a private place, which is de- 3. Rounded. puted and allotted for prayer alone, and not for
A golden axle did the work uphold, the general celebration of divine service. Ayliffe. Gold was the beam, the wheels were orb'd with They began to erect to themselves oratories
Adulison. not in any sumptuous or stately manner, which ORBICULAR. adj. [orbiculaire, Fr. orbica neither was possible by reason of the poor estate of the church, and had been perilous in regard
latus, Latin.] of the world's envy towards them. Hooker.
1. Spherical. Do not omit thy prayers for want of a good
He shall monarchy with thee divide eratery or place to pray in; nor thy duty for Of all things, parted by th' empyreal bounds, want of temporal encouragements.
Taylor. His quadrature froni thy orbicular world. Milt. ORB. n. s. [orbe, Fr, orbis, Lat.]
2. Circular; approaching to circularity. s. Sphere; orbicular body.
The form of their bottom is not the same;
for whereas before it was of an mbicular make, A mighty collection of water inclosed in the bowels of the earth, constitutes an huge orb in
they now look as if they were pressed. Addison. the interior or central parts: upon the surface
By a circle I understand not here a perfect of which erb of water the terrestrial strata are
geometrical circle, but an orbiculur figure, whose espanded.
length is equal to its breadth, and which as to 2. Circular body.
sense may seem circular.
Nowton. They with a storm of darts to distance drive
ORBI'CULARLY. adv. [from orbicular.] The Trojan chief; who held at bay from far,
Spherically ; circularly.
ORBICULATED. adj. [orbiculatus, Latin.]
Moulded into an orb.
1. The line described by the revolution Still quiring to the young-ey'd cherubims.
of a planet. Sbakspeare.
Suppose more suns in proper orbits rollid, 4. Wheel; any rolling body.
Dissolv'd the snows and chac'd the polar cold.
Blackmore. of his fierce chariot rolld as with the sound
Suppose the earth placed nearer to die sun, Of corrent floods.
and revolve for instance in the orbit of MercuMilton.
ry; there the whole ocean would even boil with s. Circle ; line drawn round.
extremity of heat, and be all exhaled into vaDoes the son learn action from the father? Yet all his activity is but in the epicycle of a fa
pours; all plants and animals would be scorched.
Bentley mily: whereas a subject's motion is in a larger 2. A small orb. Not proper. orb.
Holiday. 6. Circle described by any of the mundane
Atrend, and you discern it in the fair
Conduct and finger, or reclaim a hair; spheres.
Or roll the lucid orbit of an cye;
Dryder. It smote Atrides orbis targe; but runne not 7. Period ; revolution of time.
through the brasse.
When now arraid
Had gone the round againe, through herbs and
Chapman. 8. Sphere of action.
Orc. n. s. [orca, Lat. oguya.]
A sort of
Ainsworth, This churlish knot of all abhorred war,
An island salt and bare, And move in that obedient ob again,
The haunt of seals and oros, and sea-maws clang. Where you did give a tair and nat'ral light?
Milton. Sbakspeare. 9. It is applied by Milton to the eye, as
O'RCHAL. n. s. A stone from which a being luminous and spherical.
blue colour is made. Ainsiuorth. A drop serene hath quench'd their orbs, OʻRCHANET. n. s. An herb. Ainsworth. Or din suffusion veil'd.
Milton. OʻRCHARD, n s. (either bortyard or wortORBA ́TION. n. s. [orbatus, Lat.) Priva- yard, says Skinner ; ontzeano, Saxon. tion of parents or children.
Junius.] A garden of fruit trees. OʻRBED. odj. [from orb.)
Planting of orchards is very profitable, as well 1. Round ; circular; orbicular.
They overcome their riches, not hy making
Baths, orchards, fishpools.
Bo Jonsoft. As doth that orbed continent the fire,
His parsonage-house from an incommodious That severs day from night. Sbakspeare.
ruin he had rendered a fair and pleasant diello
ing, with the conveniencies of gordeas and era 2. Formed into a circie.
Feil, Truth and justice then
Her private orchards wall’d on ev'ry side, Wil down return to men,
To lawless sylvans and access deny d. Orbd in a rainbow, and like glories wearing.
Popes Milton, OʻRCHESTRE, n. s. [Fr. 05x7982.] The VOL. III.
place where the musicians are set at a gospel; go it lay all clear and in order, open to publick shew.
Locks. ORD. n. s. An edge or sharpness; as in
2. Established process.
The moderator, when either of the disputants ordhelm, ordbright, &c. and in the Islan
breaks the rules, may interpose to keep them to dish tongue, ord signifies a spear or dart.
3. Proper stater Ord, in old English, signified begin. Any of the faculties wanting, or out of erming; whence probably the proverbial der, produce suitable defects in meu's underphrase odds [ords) and ends, for scraps or
Locke, Temnants, and perhaps orts for waste 4. Regularity; settled mode.
This order with her sorrow she accords, provision.
Which orderless all form of order brake. Daniel, To'ORDA'In. V. a. [ordino, Lat, ordonner,
Kings are the fathers of their country, but French.)
unless they keep their own estates, they are such 1. To appoint; to decree.
fathers as the sons maintain, which is against the Know the cause why musick was ordain'd; order of nature.
Davenant. Was it not to refresh the mind of man After his studies, or his t:sual pain? Sbakspeare
. 5. Mandate ; precept ; command. Jeroboam ordained a feast.
Give order to my servants, that they take As many as were ordained to eternal life, be
No note of our being absent. Sbakspeare. lieved.
If the lords of the council issued out any order He commanded us to testify that it is he which
against them, or if the king sent a proclamation was ordained of God to be the judge of quick and
for their repair to their houses, presently some dead.
noblemen published a protestation against those To souls oppress'd and dumb with grief,
orders and proclamations.
Clarendon. The gods ordain this kind relief,
Upon this new fright, an order was made by That musick should in sounds convey
both houses for disarming all the papists in Eng. What dying lovers dare not say. Waller.
land; upon which, and the like orders, though The fatal teni,
seldom any thing was after done, yet it served The scene of death, and place ordain'd for punish
to keep up the apprehensions in the people, of Dryden.
dangers and designs, and to disincline them from My reason bends to what thy eyes ordain;
any reverence or affection to the queen. Claren. For I was born to love, and thou to reign. Prior.
When christians became a distinct body, courts 2. To establish; to settle ; to institute.
were set up by the order of the apostles them. Mulmutius
selves, to minister judicial process. Kettleworth. Ordain'd our laws, whose use the sword of Cæsar
I have received an order under your hand for Hath too much mangled.
a thousand pounds in words at length. Teller,
The church hath authority to establish that for In thunder, lightning, and loud trumpets sound,
an order at one time, which at another time it Ordain them laws.
Milton. may abolish, and in both do well. Hoekar. Some laws ordain, and some attend the choice 7. Regular government. Of holy senates, and elect by voice. Dryden.
The night, their number, and the sudden j. To set in an office.
All signified unto you by a man, who is ore Would dash all order, and protect their fact. dained over the affairs, shall be utterly destroyed.
Danid. Estber. As there is no church, where there is no er. 4. To invest with ministerial function, or der, no ministry ; so where the same order and sacerdotal power.
ministry is, there is the same church. Pearson. Melecius was ordained by Arian bishops, and 8. A society of dignified persons distinyet his ordination was never questioned.
Elves, ORDA'INER. 7. s. [from ordain.] He who The several chairs of order look you scour, ordains.
With juice of balm and ev'ry precious flow'r. O'RDEAL. K. s. [ordal, Sax. ordalium, low
Sbakspeare. Lat. ordalie, Fr.] A trial by fire or wa
Princes many times make themselves désires, ter, by which the person accused ap
and set their hearts upon toys; sometimes upon
a building; sometimes upon erecting of an er der. pealed to heaven, by walking blindfold
Васея. over hot bars of iron; or being thrown, She left immortal trophies of her fame, I suppose, into the water; whence the And to the noblest order gave the name.' Dryd. vulgar trial of witches.
By shining marks, distinguish'd they appear, Their ordeal laws they used in doubtful cases,
And various orders various ensigns bear. Grass. when clear proofs were wanted. Halewill
. 9. A rank, or class. In the time of king John, the purgation per ige The king commanded the high priest and the nem et aquam, or the trial by or deal, continu- priests of the second order, to bring forth out of ed; but it ended with this king. Hale. the teniple all the vessels.
9 Kings OʻRDER. 1. s. [ordo, Lat. ordre, Fr.]
Th’ Almighty seeing,
From his transcendent seat the saints among, 1. Method ; regular disposition.
To those bright orders utter'd thus his voice. To know the true state of Solomon's house,
Miitea. I will keep this tider; I will set forth the end of Like use you make of the equivocal word digour foundation, the instruments for our works, nity, which is of order, or oifice, or dominion, or the several employments assigned, and the ordi- nature; and you artificially blend and confound mances we observe. Bacon. all together.
Waterland st. Paul was full of the doctrine of the 30. A religious fraternity: