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Tliese things so in my song, I naturally may
We're not ourselves, show;
When nature, being opprest, cominands the mud Now as the mountain liigh; then as the valley To surier with the body.
4. Disposition of omd; temper. Here fruitful as the mead; there, as the heathi
Norlung could have subdu'd nature be bare;
To such a lowness but his unkind daughters. Then, as the gloomy wood, I may be rough, tho'
Sbakspeare Draytın. Acredulous father, and a brother noble,
Whose nature is so iar trom doing harms, Was aptly fitted, and naturally performed.
That he suspects uone; on whose foolish ho
nesty This answers fitly and naturall, to the place
My practices ride easy. of the abyss before the deluge, inclos'a ithin
5. The regular course of things. the carth.
My end The thoughts are to be measured only by their propriety; that is, as they for more or less na
Was wrought by nature, not by vile offence. terally from the persons and occasions. Dryden. 6. The compase of natural existence.
Sbakspeare. 3. Spontaneously; without art; without
If :hcir dam may be judgc, the young are: cultivation : as, there is no place where
are the mos; beautiful things in nature. Glaar. wheat naturally grows. NA'TURALNESS. n. s. [from natural.]
9. The constitution and appearances of 1. The state of being given or produced
things. by nature.
The works, whether of poets, painters, ma
ralists, or historians, which are built upon geneThe naturalness of a desire, is the cause that
a the satisfaction of it is pleasure, and measure
ral nature, live for ever; while eb:ose which deimportunes the will; and that which importunes
pend for iheir existence on particular customs the will, puts a difñculty on the will refusing or
and habits, a partial view of nature, or the riucforbearing ito
tuation of fashion, can only be coeval with this
which first raised them froni obscurity. Reynolds. 2. Conformity to truth and reality; not
8. Natural affection, or reverence; native aitectation.
sensations. He must understand what is contained in the
Have we not seen temperament of the eyes, in the naturalness of
The murd'ring son ascend his parent's bed, the eyebrows.
Thro' violated nature force his way, Horace speaks of these parts in an ode tiat
And stain the sacred womb where once he lay? may be reckoned among the finest for the natu
Popes ralness of the thought, and the beauty of the expression.
9. The state or operation of the material NA’TURE. n. 5. (natura, Lat. naiure,
He binding nature fast in fato,
Pepe 1. An imaginary being supposed to pre
10. Sort ; species. side over the material and animal
A dispute of this nature cause mischiet in world.
abundance betwixt a king and an archbishop. 'Thou, nature, art my goddess; to tlıy law
Dryden. My services are bound.
Sbalsp. 11. Sentiments or images adapted to 112When it was said to Anasagoras, the 'A:he
ture, or conformable to truth and rea. nians have condemned you to dic, he said, and nature them.
lity. Let the postilion nature mount, and let
Only nature cap please those tastes u hich are The coachman art be set.
Nature and Homer were, he found, the same. At home all riches that wise nature needs.
12. Physicks; the science which teaches Simple nature to his hope has giv'n,
the qualities of things. Beyond the cloud-topt hill an humbler heav'n.
Nilure and nature's laws lay hid in night,
Pope. God said, letNewton be, and all was light. Pepe. 2. The native state or properties of any 13. Of this word which occurs so frething, by which it is discriminated
quently, with significations so various, from others.
and so difficultly defined, Boyle has Why leap'd the hills, why did the mountains
given an explication, which deserves to 'shake,
be epitomised. What ail'd them their fix'd natures to forsake?
Nature sometimes means the Author of Na.
ture, or natura naturans; as, nature hath made some animals have a dark reseinblance of the
man partly corporcal and partly immaterial. For
nature in this sense maybe used the word creator, influxes of reason: so between the corporeal
Nurture sometimes means that on whose acand intellectual world, there is man participac
count a thing is what it is, and is called, as when
we detine the nature of an angle. For nature in to them with plants, doth consist in having such
this sense may be used essence or quality.
Nature sometimes means what belongs to a faculties, whereby they are capable of apprehending external objects, and of receiving pain
living creature, at its nativity, or accrues to it by or pleasure from them.
its birth, as when we say, a man is noble by rcio
ture, or a child is naturally forward. This may 3. The constitution of an animated body. be expressed by saying, tbe man was born se; or, Nature, as it grows again tow'rd earth,
the thing was generated such. Is fashion'd for the journey, dul and heavy. Natüre sometimes means an internal principle
of kcal motion, as we say, the stone calls, or the Aame rises hy nature; for this we may say, that There i: a superintending Providence, that ibe motion per doen is spontaneous, or produced some animals will hunt for the tear before they ty its proper cau.
are quite gotten out of the securdines and Naiur: sometimes means the established parted from the navel string.. Derbam. course of things corporeali is, nature makes the 2. The middle; the interiour part. nighe succeed the dav. This may be termed
Being frest to the war, esimelisted order, or sotiin! (12834.
Even when the rarei of the state was touch'd, Nature means sometimes the aggregate of the Ther would not thread the gates. Sbatspo powers belonging to a body, especially a living Within the navel of us is hideous wood, one; as when physicians say, that nuture is Iminur'd in cypress shaurs, a sorcerer dwells. strong, or nature left to herseli will do the cure.
Alilton. For this may be used, constitution, temperament, NA'VELGALL. 1. s. or structure ofiée body.
Nur-all is a bruise on the top of the chine Natur: is put likeivise for the system of the
of the back, behind the saddle, aight against the corporcal works of God; as there is no phanix
nuvel, occasioned either by the saddle being or chimera in natrr2. For natire thus applied, split behind, or the stuffing being wanting, or by We may use the world, or ibe universe.
the crupper buckle sitting don in that place, or Nature is sontétines indied commonly taken
some hard weighit or knobs l;ing directly behind for a kind of seinideity. In this sense it is best the saddle
not to use it at all. Bayle's iree Enquiry. NA'VELWORT. n. 5. (cotyleilon.] A plant. NATURITY. n. S. [from nature.] The
It hath the appearance of houseleek. state of being produced by nature. Not
NAVE!V.n.s. (napus, Lat. neirt, nOTA, This cannot be allowed, except we impote that unto the first cause which we impose not
French.) A plant. on the second; or what we deny unto nature
It agrees in most respects with the turner; ne inpure unto naturity.
but has a lesser root, and somewhat warmer in Ni'val. adj. (naval, Fr. navalis, Lät.)
taste. In the isle of Fly the species, which is
wild, is very much cultivated, it being the cole 1. Consisting of ships.
seed from which they draw the oil. Miller. Encamping on the main,
NAUGHT. Cul: (naht, naphiht, Saxon ; Our n.woal armiy hrad besieged Spain; They that the whole world's monarchy de
that is, ne aught, not any thing.) Bad; sigud,
corrupt; worthless : it is now hardly Are to their ports by our bold fleet confin'd. used but in ludicrous language.
Waller. With them that are able to put a difference As our high vesseis pass their watry way, between things naught and things indifferent in Let all the naval world due homage pay. Prior. the church of Rome, we are yet at controversy 2. Belonging to ships.
about the manner of removing that which is Masters of such numbers of strong and va- naught,
Hooker. liant mun, as well as of all the navul stores that 'i hy sister 's naugbt: Oh Regan! she hath tied furnish the world.
Temple. Sharp-tooth'd uukindness like a vulture here. NAVE. n. s. (naf, Saxon.)
Sbakspeare. 1. The middle part of the wheel in which
NAUGHT. n. s. Nothing. This is conthe axle moves.
monly, though improperiy, written O.:., out, thou strumpet fortune! all you gods
nought. See AUGHT and OUGHT. In general synod fake away her pow'r;
Be you contented Break all the spokes and rellies from her whecl, To have a son set your decrees at naught, And bowl thround nave down the hill of To pluck down justice from your awtül bench. heav'n,
Shakspeure. As los as to the fiends.
Shaksp. NA'UGHTILY. adv. [from naughty.] In the waeels of waggons the hollows of the Wickedly; corruptly. n.1001, by their sitt rotations 0:1 the ends of the
NA'UGHTINESS. n. s. [from naughty. ] axle-trees, produce a heat sometimes so intense is to set them on fire.
Wickedness; badness. Slight wicked2. (from navis, nave, old French.] The ness or perverseness, as of children.
No remembrance of naurbriness delights but middle part of the church distinct from
mine own; and methinks the accusing his traps the aisles or wings.
might in some manner excuse my taule, which I: comprehends the nave or body of the church,
certainly I loch to do.
Sidney, togesher with the chancel. dylife's Parergon. Na’ughty. adj. The same with naughí. NA'VEL. n. 5. (nafela, navela, Saxon.) 1. Baud; wicked ; corrupt. 3. The point in the niddle of the belly, A prince of great courage and beauty, but
by which embryos communicate with fostered up in blood by his naughty father. Sidr. the parent.
These naughty times
Puc bars between the owners and their rights. His javeline at hin, and so ripe his nevill, that
Shahspeare. the wound,
How far that little candle throws his beams; As endlessly it shut his eyes, so opend on the So shines a good deed in a naughty world. Shak. ground,
2. It is now seldom used but in ludicrous It powi'd his entrailes.
But naughty man, thou dost not mean to sleep,
Davies. betake thee to thy bed. The use of the navel is to continue the ine
Navi'CULAR. adj. (navicularis, Lat. na. fant into the mother, and by the vessels thereof
viculaire, Fr.) to convey its aliments.
In anatomy, the third Me from the womb the midwife muse did take,
bone in each foot that lies between the She eut my navel.
Cowley. astragalus and ossa cuneiforinia. Dict.
NAVIGABLE. adj. (navigable, Fr. na- Old age, with silent pace, comes creeping on, vigabilis, Lat.) Capable of being passed
Nauseates the praise, which in her youth she by ships or boats.
won, The first-peopled cities were all founded upon
And hates the muse by which she was undone. these navigable rivers or their branches, by which
Dryden. the one might give succour to the other. Ral.
The patient nauseates and loaths wholesome foods.
Blackmore. Many have motioned to the council of Spain, the cutting of a navigable channel through this
Those heads, as stomachs, are not sure the best, small isthmus, so tc sliorten their common voy
Which nauseate all, and nothing can digest. Pope. ages to China, and the Moluccoes. Heylyn.
2. To strike with disgust,
his hold and turned from her, as if Earth, air, and shores, and navigable seas. Dryd.
he were nauseated, then gave her a lash with his NA'VIGableness. n.s. [from navigable.] NAU'Seous. adj. [from nausea, Lat. nau.
Steift. Capacity to be passed in vessels. To NA'VIGATE. V.n. (navigo, Lat. navi
sée, Fr.] Loathsome ; disgustful; ree ger, Fr.) To sail; to pass by water.
garded with abhorrence.
Those trifles wherein children take delight, The Phænicians navigated to the extremities of the western ocean.
Arbuthnot on Coins.
Grox nauseous to the young man's appetite. T. NA'VIGATE. v.a.
And from those gaieties our youth requires To pass by ships To exercise their minds, our age retires. Denb. or boats.
Food of a wholesome juice is pleasant to the Drusus, the father of the emperor Claudius, taste and agreeable to the stomach, 'till hunger was the first who navigated the northern ocean. and thirst be well appeased, and then it begins
Arbuthnot. to be less pleasant, and at last even nauseous and NAVIGA’TION, 1. s. (navigation, Fr. from loathsome.
Old thread-bare phrases will often make you 1. The act or practice of passing by water. go out of your way to find and apply them, and Our shipping for number, strength, mariners,
are nauseous to rational hearers. Swift. and all things that appertain to navigation, is as
NaU'SEOUSLY. adv. [from nauseous.) great as ever.
Bacon. Loathsomely; disgustfully. The loadstone is that great help to navigation. This, though cunningly concealed, as well
knowing how nauseously that drug would go down Rude as their ships, was navigation then, in a lawful monarchy, which was prescribed for No useful compass or meridian known;
a rebellious commonwealth, yet they always Coasting, they kept the land within their ken,
kept in reserve.
Dryden. And knew no north but when the polestar
Their satire's praise ; shone.
So nauseously and so unlike they paint. Gartb. When Pliny names the Pæni as inventors of navigation, it must be understood of the Phæni. NAU'SEOUSNESS. n. s. [from nauseous.] cians, from whom the Carthaginians are de- Loathsomeness ; quality of raising disscended.
Arbuthnot on Coins. 2. Vessels of navigation.
The nauseousness of such company disgusts 2 Tha' you untie the winds, and let them fight reasonable man, when lie sees he can liardly apo Against the churches, tho' the yesty waves proach greatness but as a moated castle; he must
Confound and swallow navigation up. Shaksp. first pass through the mud and filth wi.. which NAVIGA'TOR. n. s. (navigateur, Fr. from it is encompassed. Dryden's surengzebe. navigate.] Sailor ; seaman; traveller by
NAU'TICAL. adj. [nauticus, Lat.) Perwater.
taining to sailors. By the sounding of navigators, that sea is not
He elegantly shewed by whom he was drawn, three hundred and sixty foot deep. Brerewood.
which depainted the nautical compass with qut The rules of navigators must often fail. magnes, aut magad.
Camden Brorun. NAU’TILUS. 11, s. (Lat. nantile, Fr.) A The contrivance may scem difficult, because shellfish furnished with something anathe submarine navigators will want winds, tides, and the sight of the heavens.
lagous to oars and a sail. This terrestrial globe, which before was only
Learn of the little nautilus to sail, a globe in speculation, has since been surrounded
Spread the thin oar and catch the driving gale. by the boldness of many navigators. Tempi.
Naʼvy. 1. s. [from navis, Lat.) An as. NAU'LAGE. n. s. (naulum, Latin.] The freight of passengers in a ship.
semblage of ships, commonly ships of
war ; a Heet. NAU'MACHY. n. s. (naumachie, Fr. nail.
On the western coast rideth a puissant nagy. machia, Lat.) A mock seafight. TO NAU'SEATE. V. n. (from nausea,
Sliakspeare's Rickard inl.
Levy money, and return the same to the treaLat.] To grow squeamislı; to turn away
surer of the navy for his majesty's use. Clærer. with disgust.
The narrow seas can scarce their navy bear, Don't over-fatigue the spirits, lest the mind
Or crowded vessels can their soldiers hold. Drya be seized with a lassitude, and nauseate, and
Nay. adv. [na, Saxon, or ne aye.] grow tired of a particular subject before you 1. No ; an adverb of negation. have tinished it.
Watts on the Mind,
Disputes in wrangling spend the day, TO NAU'SEATE. V. a.
Whilst one says only yea, and t’other nay, 1. To loarbe ; to reject with disgust.
Dirbam. While we single out several dishes, and reject
2. Not only so, but more. A word of others, the selection seems arbitrary; for many
amplification. are cry'd up in one age, which are decryed and A good man always profits by his endeavour, 112yseated in another.
yca, when he is absent; nay, when dead, by his
example and memory; so good authors in their the tide, and therefore sometimes used stile.
Ben Jonson's Discovery. substantively. He catechised the children in his chamber, The mother of waters, the great deep, hath giving liberty nay, invitation to as many, as lost nothing of her ancient bounds. Her motion would, to come and hear.
of ebbing and flowing, of high springs and dead This is then the allay of Ovid's writings,
neaps, are as constant as the changes of the which is sufficiently recompensed by his other
Hakewill on Providence, excellencies; nay, this very fault is not without
How doth the sea constantly observe its ebbs its beauties; for the most severe censor cannot
and flows, its springs and neap-tides, and still retain but be pleased.
Dryden. its saltness, so convenient for the maintenance If a son should strike his father, not only the of its inhabitants.
Ray. criminal but his whole family would be rooted
NEAR. prep: (ner, Saxon; naer, Dutch out, way, the inhabitants of the place where he Lived, would be put to the sword, nay, the place
and Scottish.) At no great distance itself would be razed.
from ; close to; nigh; not far from. 3. Word of refusal.
It is used both of place and time. They have beaten us openly uncondemned,
I have heard thee say: being Romans, and have cast us into prison; and
No grief did ever come so near thy heart, now do they thrust us out privily; nay verily ;
Aswhen thy lady and thy true love died. Shakso, but let them come themselves and fetch us out. Thou thought'st to help me, and such thanks
I give, The fox made several excuses, but the stork
As one near death to those that wish him live. would not be said nny; so that at last he pro
Sbakspeare. mised him to come.
With blood the dear alliance shall be bought, He that will not when he may,
And both the people near destruction brought. When he would be shall have nay. Proverb.
To the warlike steed thy studies bend, NA'YWORD. n. s. (nay and word.]
Near Pisa's tlood the rapid wheels to guide. 3. The side of denial; the saying nay.
Dryden. Not in use.
This child was very near being excluded out You would believe my sayir.g,
of the species of man, barely by his shape. Locke Howe'er you lean to the nayu ord. Shakspears. Near. adv. 3. A proverbial reproach: a by-word. I. Almost.
If I do not gull him into a nayword, and make Whose fame by every tongue is for her minehim a common recreation, do not think I have
rals hurlid, wit enough to lie straight in my bed. Skaksp. Near from the mid-day's point thro'out the 3. A watchword. Not in use.
Dragtori. I have spoke with her; and we have a naye 2. At hand ; not far off. Unless it be arord how to know one another. I come to her in rather in this sense an adjective. white, and cry mum; she cries budget; and by
Thou art near in their mouth, and far from that we know one another. Sbakspeare. their reins.
Jeremiab, Ne. adv. (Saxon. This particle was
He serv'd great Hector, and was ever near, formerly of very frequent use, both
Not with his trumpet only, but his spear. Dryd. singly and by contraction in compound 3. Within a little.
Self-pleasing and humorous minds are so senwords : as, nill from ne will or will not;
sible of every restraint, as they will go near to nas for ne has or has not ; nis for ne is or
think their girdles and garters to be bonds and is no!.] Neither ; and not.
Bacon. His warlike shield all cover'd closely was,
This eagle shall go near, one time or other, to Ne might of mortal eye be ever seen,
L'Estrange. Nor made of steel, nor of enduring brass. Spens.
Hé that paid a bushel of wheat per acre,
would pay now about twenty-five pounds per NEAF.1. s. (nesi, Islandick.) A fist. It
annum; which would be near about the yearly is retained in Scotland; and in the plu. value of the land.
Locke. ral neaves.
The Castilian would rather have died in slaGive me thy neaf, monsieur Mustardseed. very than paid such a sum as he found would go Shakspeare. near to ruin him.
Addison TO NEAL. v. a. (onclan, Sax. to kindle.) NEAR. adj.
To temper by a gradual and regulated 1. Not distant in place, or time. (Some. beat.
times it is doubiful whether near be an The workmen let it cool by degrees in such
adjective or adverb.) relentings of fire, as they call their nealing heats; This city is near to flee unto. Genesir. lest it should shiver by a violent succeeding of Accidents, which however dreadful at a disair in the room of fire.
Diyby. tance, at a nearer view lost much of their terrour. This did happen for want of the glasses being
Fell. gradually cooled or nealed.
Boyli. The will free from the determination of such If you file, engrave, or punch upon your steel, desires, is left to the pursuit of nearer satisface neal it first, because it will make it softer, and tions.
Locke, consequently work easier. The common way is After he has continued his doubling in his to give it a blood red heat in the fire, then let it thoughts, and enlarged his idea as much as he cool of itself.
Moxon. pleases, he is not one jos nearer the end of such T. NEAL. V. n. To be tempered in fire.
addition than at first setting out. Locke. Reduction is chiefly effected by fire, wherein,
Whether they rearer liv'd to the blest times,
When man's Redeemer bled for human crimes if they stand and neal, the imperfect metals va
Whether the hermits of the desart fraught Four away.
With living practice, by example taught. Harte. NEAP. adj. [nepflod, Saxon; naftig, 2. Advanced toward the end of an enter
poor.] Low; decrescent, Used only of prise or disquisition,
Unless they add somewhat else to define more 3. Tendency to avarice; caution of excertainly what ceremonies shall stand for best, in such sort that all churches in the world should
pence. know them to be the best, and so know them
It shews in the king a nearness, but yet with : that there may not remain any question about
kind of justness. So these little grains of gold and this point; we are not a whit the nearer for that
silver, helped not a little ro make up the great they have hitherto said.
Bacon's Henry vli. 3. Direct; straight; not winding.
NEAT. 1. s. (neat, nyren, Saxon ; naut, Taught to live the nearest way:
Milton. Islandick and Scottish.} To measure lifç, learn then betimes, and know 1. Black cattle; oxen. It is commonly Tow'rd solid good what leads the nearest way: used collectively.
The stcer, the heifer, and the calf, 4. Close ; not rambling; observant of style Are all called neat.
. or manner of the thing copied.
Smoak preserveth flesh; as we see in bacon, Hannibal Caro's, in the Italian, is the nearest, ncats tongues, and martleinas beef.
Bacon. the most poetical, and the most sonorous of any
His droves of asses, camels, herds of neat, translation of the Æneid. Yet though he takes And Hocks of sheep, grew shortly twice as greu. the advantages of blank verse, he commonly al
Sanays. lows two lines for one in Virgil, and does not What care of neat, or sheep is to be had, always hit his sense. Dryden. I sing, Mecænas.
May's Virgil. 5. Closely related.
Sunie kick'd until they can feel, whether If one shall approach to any that is near of kin
A shoe be Spanish or neats leather. Hudilrau. to him.
As great a drover, and as great 6. Intimate; familiar ; admitted to conti
A critick too, in hug or neat. Hudibras. dence.
Set it in rich mould, with neats uung and lime.
Mortimer. If I had a suit to master Shallow, I would humour his men with the imputatiou of being near
2. A single cow or ox. their master.
Who both by his calf and his lamb will be
known, 7. Touching ; pressing; affecting; dear.
May well kill a neat and a sheep of his own. Tuss.
Go and get me some repast. -
say you to a neat's foot? deceived than not, in a matter of so great and
'Tis passing good; I prythee, let me have it.
Shakspeare. Locked 8. Parsimonious, inclining to covetous
Neat. adj. [net, French ; nitidus, Latin.]
1. Elegant, but without dignity. ness : as, a near nian.
The thoughts are plain, yet admit a little NEAR hand. Closely; without acting or
quickness and passion; the expression bumble, waiting at a distance.
vet as pure as the language will afford; neat, but The entring near band into the manner of not fiorid; easy, and yet lively.
Pope. performance of that which is under deliberation, 2. Cleanly. hath overturned the opinion of the possibility or Herbs and other country messes, impossibility.
Bacon's Holy War. Which the neat-handed Phyllis dresses. Milton. NEA'RLY. adv. [from near.]
If you were to see her, you would wonder J. At no great distance; not remotely.
wiat poor body it was, that was so surprisingly Many are the enemies of the priesthood; they
nrat and clean.
Lare. are diligent to observe whatever may nearly or
3. Pure; unadulterated; unmingled: now remotely blemish it.
Atterbury. used only in the cant of trade, but for. 2. Closely; pressingly.
merly more extensive. Nearly it now' concerns us, to be sure
Tuns of sweet old wines, along the wall; Of our omnipotence.
Milton. Neat and divine drink. Chapman's Odyssey It concerneth them nearly, to preserve that go- When the best of Greece besides, mixe ever, vernment which they had trusted with their mo
at our cheere, ney.
Swift. My good old ardent wine, with small; and our 3. In a niggardly manner.
inferiour mates NEA'RNESS. n. s. [from near.)
Drinke even that mixt wine measured too; thou I. Closeness; not remoteness; approach.
drinkst without those crates God, by reason of nearness, forbad them to be
Our old wine, neate.
Chapman. like the Canaanites or Egyptians. Hooker. NE'ATHERD. n. s. (neadynd, Saxon.) A
Delicate sculptures be helped with nearness, cowkeeper; one who has the care of and gross with distance; which was well sech in black.cattle. Bexohos, buculus. the controversy between Phidias and Alcmenes
There neatberd with cur and his horn, about the statue of Venus.
Be a fence to the meadow and corn. Tusser, Those blessed spirits that are in such a near- The swains and tardy neatheris came, and last ness to God, may well be all fire and love, but you at such a distance cannot find the effects of NE'STLY. adv. [from neat. )
Menalcas, wet with beating winter mast. Dryd.
Duppa: The best rule is to be guided by the nearness,
1. Elegantly, but without dignity; sprucely. or distance at which the repetitions are placed in
I will never trust a man again for keeping his the original.
sword clean; nor believe he can have every 2. Alliance of blood or affection,
thing in him, by wearing his apparel neatly. Whether there be any secret passages of sym
To love an altar built, pathy between persons of near blood; as, pa
Of twelve vast French romances nicatly gilt. Pope. rents, children, brothers and sisters. There be many reports in history, that upon the death of
2. Cleanlily. persons of such nearness, men have had an in
NEA'TNESS. n. s. (from neat. ) Ward feeling of it,
Baçoil. 1. Spruceness ; elegance without dignity.