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coa to any other quality that is painted in me by When the melting fire burneth, the fire causthe same apple. Digby of Bodies. eth the waters to boil.
Isaiah. The spring, like youth, fresh blossoms doth This price, which is given above the value of produce,
the silver in our coin, is given only to preserve But Autumn makes them ripe, and fit for use : our coin from being melted down. Locke. So age a mature mellowness doch set
The rock's high summit in the temple's shade, On the green promises of youthful heat. Denb. Nor heat could melt, nor beating storm invade. 2. Maturity; full age.
Pope. MELOCOʻTON. 1. s. (melocotone, Spanish;
If your butter when melted tastes of brass, it
is your master's fauli, who will not allow you a malum catentum, Lat.) A quince. Ob
Swift solete. In apricots, peaches, or melocotones, upon a
2. To dissolve ; to break in pieces.
To take in pieces this frame of nature, and wall, che greatest fruits are towards the bottom.
melt it down into its first principles; and then to
observe how the divine wisdom wrought all these MELO'Dious. adj. [from melody.] Mu- things into that beautiful composition; is a kind sical; harmonious.
of joy, which pierceth the mind. Burnet. Fount sins! and ye that warble, as ye flow, 3. To soften to love or tenderness., Melodious murmurs; warbling tune his praise. The mighty master smil'd to seo
Milton. That love was in the next degree: And oft with holy hymns he charm'd their •Twas but a kindred sound to move, cars;
For pity melts the mind to love. Drydene A musick more melodious than the spheres.
Alas! the story melts away my soul. Addisos.
Dryden. 4. To waste away. MELODIOUSLY. adv. [from melodious.] Thou would'st have plung'd thyself Musically ; barmoniously.
In general riot, melted down thy youth
In different beds of lust. MELO'DIOUSNESS.'n. s. [from melodious.]
Sbakspeare Harmoniousness ; musicalness.
TO MELT. V, n. MEʼLODY. n. s. [ushwdiz.] Musick; 1. To become liquid ; to dissolve ; to be harmony of sound.
made Auid. The prophet David having singular knowledge
Let them melt away as waters which run connot in poetry alone but in musick also, judging tinually.
Psalms. them both to be things most necessary for the
The rose is fragrant, but it fades in time; bouse of Güd, left benind him a number of die
The violet sweet, but quickly past the prime; sinely indited poems, and was farther the author
While lilies hang their heads and soon decay, of adding uatu poetry midoiy in publick prayer,
And whiter snow in minutes melts away, Drych relazig boch vocal and instrumental, for the rais
2. To be softened to pity, or any gentle ing up of men's hearts, and the sweetening of passion; to grow tender, mild, or gentie. sherifections towards Gud.
I welt, and am not Singing and making melody in your hearts to Of stronger earth than others. Sbakspeare. the Lord.
Dighton and Forrest; Why rather, sleep, liest shou in smoky cribs, Alheit, they were fesht villains, bloody dors, And husil with buzzing night dies to thy slum- Melting wirh tenderness and mild compassion, ber;
Wept like two children in their death's sad story. Than in the perfum'd chambers of the great,
Shakspears And lulld with sounds of sweetest melody?
This said; the mov'd assistants melt in téais. Sbakspeare.
Drydero Lend me your songs, ye nightingales: Oh pour Melting into tears, the pious man The mazy-running soul of melody
Deplor'd so sad a sight.
Drydea. Into my varied verse! Thomson's Spring. 3. To be dissolved ; to lose substance. ME’LON, 1. s. (melon, Fr. melo, Lat.]
Whither are they vanish'd? 1. A plant.
Into the air : and what seem'd corporal The flower of the melon consists of one leaf, Mited as breath into the wind. Suaks peara which is of the expanded bell shape, cut into se.
Beauty is a witch, verai segments, and exactlo like those of the cu- Against whose charnis faith weltetb into blood. cumbet: some of these flowers are barren, not
Slakspeare adnering to the embrio; cthers are fruitful, 4. To be subdued by affliction. growing upon the embrio, which is afterwards My soul meltetb for heaviness : strengthen changed into a fruit, for the mos: part of an osal thou me.
Psalms. slupe, smooth or wrinkled, and divided into Me'lter. n. s. [from melt.} One that three seminal apartments, which seem to be cut
melts metals. miło two parts, and contain many oblong seeds
Miso and Mopsa, like a couple of foreswat 2. The fruit.
melters, were getting the pure
silver of their bom
dies out of the ore of their garments. We remember the fish which we did eat in
This the author attributes to the remissness of Egypt fretly; the cucumbers and the melons.
the former melters, in not exhausting the ore. Numbers.
Derbamr. MELON-THI'STLE. n. s. (melococtus, Lat.) Me’LTINGLY. adv. (from melting.) Like
The whole plant of the melor-ibistle hath a something melting. singular appearance.
Miller. Zelmane lay upon a bank, that her tears falling TO MELT. v. a, (ineltan, Sax.)
into the water, one might have thought she be1. To dissolve; to make liquid; com
gan meltingly to be metamorphosed to the runmonly by heat,
Sidney. Hos they would melt me out of my fat drop Me’lwel. n. s. A kind of fish. by drop, and liquor fishermen's boats with me! ME'MBER. n. 5. (membre, Fr, membrum,
1. A limb; a part appendant to the body. Our master, for his learning and piety, is sot
It is profitable for thee that one of thy mem- only a precedent to his own subjects, but to to krs should perish, and not that thy whole body reign princes; yet he is but a man, and seasonable should be cast into hell. Mattbew. momento's may be useful.
Baien. The tongue is a little member, and boasteth Is not the frequent spectacle of other people's great things.
James. deaths a memento sofficient to make you think of If shape it might be call’d, that shape had
MEMO'IR. x. s. [memoire, Fr.] Distinguishable in member, joint, or limb. Milt. 1. An account of transactions familiarly 2. A part of a discourse or period; a written. head; a clause.
Be our great master's future charge Where the respondent limits or distinguishes To write his own memoirs, and leave his heirs any proposition, the opponent must prove his High schemes of government and plans of wars. own proposition according to chat inember of the
Prior, distinction in which the respondent denied it. 2. Hint; notice ; account uf any thing.
Watts. There is not in any author a computation of 3. Any part of an integral.
the revenues of the Roman empire, and hardly In poetry as in architecture, not only the whole any memoirs from whence it might be collected. but the principal members, should be great.
Arbutbaut. Addison. ME'MORABLE. adj. [memorable, Fr. mo4. One of a community:
morabilis, Lat.] Worthy of memory; My going to demand justice upon the five not to be forgotten. members, my enemies loaded with obloquies.
Nothing I so much delight to recount, as the King Churles.
men:orable friendship that grew betwixt the two Mean as I am, yet have the Muses made Me free, a member of the tuneful trade. Dryd.
From this desire, that main desire proceeds, Sienna is adorned with many towers of brick,
Which all men have surviving fame to gain, which, in the time of the commonwealth, were
By tombs, by books, by memorable deers, erected to such of the members as had done ser
For she that this desires doth still remain. Den vice to their country.
Dares Ulysses for the prize contend, ME‘MBRANE. n. s. (membrane, Fr. mem- In sight of what he durst not once defend; - brana, Lat.) A web of several sorts of But basely fied that memorable day, fibres, interwoven together for the co
When I from Hector's hands redeem'd the filame vering and wrapping up some parts :
ing prey ?
ME'MORABLÝ. adv. (from memorable.) the ñibres of the membranes give them
In a manner worthy of memory. an elasticity, whereby they can con
MEMORANDUM. n. s. (Lat.) A note tract, and closely grasp the parts they
to help the memory. contain, and their nervous fibres give
I resolved to new pave every street, and enthem an exquisite sense, which is the
tered a memorandum in my pocket-book xcause of their contraction; they can, cordingly.
Gwardiaz, tberefore, scarcely suffer the sharpness Nature's fair table-hook, our tender souls of medicines, and are difficultly united
We scrawl all o'er with old and empty rules,
Stale memorandums of the schools. when wounded. Quincy.
Ssif. The chorion, a thick membrane obscuring the MEMOʻRIAL. adj. [memorial, Fr. merna formacion, the dam doth after tcar asunder.
Brown. s. Preservative of memory.
Thy master now lies thinking in his bed
Milion. May 1, at the conclusion of a work, which is a The inner membrane that involved the several kind of monument of Pope's partiali:y to me, liquors of the egg remained unbroken. Boyle. place the following lines as an inscription renca
rial of it.
Bresse. MEMBRANA'CEOUS. 7 adj. (membraneux, MEMBRA'NIOUS. Fr. from mem
The tomb with manly arms and crophies raise;
There high in air memorial of my name ME'MBRANOUS. brana, Lasin.] Fix the smooth oar, and bid me live to fame. Consisting of membranes.
Papa Lute-strings, which are made of the membra- 2. Contained in inemory. neous parts of the guts strongly wreathed, swell The case is with the memorial possessions of so much as to break in wet weather. Boyle. the greatest part of mankind : & few useful
Great conceits are raised of the involution or things mixed with many trifles fill up their memembraneous covering called the silly-how.
Wetts. Brown. MEMO’RIAL. n. S. Such birds as are carnivorous have no gizzard, 1. A monument; something to preserve or musculous, but a membranous stomach; that kind of food being torn into small fakes by the
memory. heak, may be easily concocted by a membranous
Churches have names; some as memorials of stomach.
peace, some of wisdom, some in memory of the Anodyne substances, which take off contrac
Trinity itself, some of Christ under sundry tia. tions of the membranous parts, are diuretick.
tles; of the blessed Virgin not a few; many of Arbuthnot.
one apostle, saint, or martyr; many of all Birds of prey have membranaceous, not mus
Hocker cular stomachs.
A memorial unto Israel, that no stranger offer incense before the Lord.
Narabers. MEME'NTO. 18. s. [Lat.) A memorial All the laws of this kingdom have some mon
notice; a hint to awaken the memory, numents or memorials thereof in writing, yet al!
of them have not their original in writing; for Wits live obscurely, men know nat how? Of some of those laws have oblained their force by die obscurely, men mark not when. Aschart. immemorial usage.
Hsie For mer, there are to be considered the va. In other parts like deeds desery'd
lour and number: the old observation is not unMimorial, where the might of Gabriel fought. true, that the Spaniards valour lieth in the eye of
Milten. the looker-on; but the English valour lieth about Reflect upon a clear, unblotted, acquitting the soldier's heart.
Baces. conscience, and feed upon the ineffable comforts He though that the king's affairs should enof the memorial of a conquered temptation. tirely be conducted by the soldiers and men of South
Clarerdana Medals are so many monuments consigned MeN-PLEASER. 8. s. (men and pleaser.) wer to eternit;, that may last when all other One too careful to please others. Bersarial of the same age are worn out or lost. Servants, be obedient to them that are your
masters: not with eye-service, as men-pleasers; 3. Hint to assist the memory.
but as the servents of Christ, doing the will of He was a prince sad, serious, and full of God from the heart.
Epbusians thoughts and secret observations, and full of notes To Me'nACE. v. a. (menacer, Fr.] To and seerials of his own hand touching persons.
threaten; to threat.
Bacon. Memoria's written with king Edward's hand
Whoever knew the heavens menace so? Shaks. shall be the ground of this history. Hayward.
Your eyes do menace me: why look you pale!
Shakespeurt. 3. An address ; reminding of services and
My master knows not but I am gone hence, soliciting reward.
And fearfully did menece me with death, MENOʻRIALIST. n. s. [from memorial.] If I did stay to look on his intents. Sbakspeare. One who writes memorials.
From this league I must not omit a memorial setting forth, that
Peep'd harmıs that menac'd him.
Sbakspeare. the memorialist had, with great dispatch, carried
What shou'l he do? 'Twas death to go away, a letter from a certain lord to a cercain lord.
And the god menac'd if he dar'd to stay. Dryden.
Spectator. MENACE. n. s. (menace, Fr. from the To MEMORIZE. v. a. (from memory.)
verb.] Threat. 1. To record ; to commit to memory by He that would not believe the menace of God writing
at first, it may be doubted whether, before an They neglect to memorize their conquest of ocular example, he believed the curse at last. the Indians, especially in those times in which
Brown. thesame was supposed.
The Trojans view the dusty cloud from far, Let their names that were bravely lost be And the dark menace of the distant war. Dryden. rather memurized in the full table of time; for ME'NACER. 8.s. (menaceur, Fr. from memy part, I love no ambitious pains in an eloquent description of miseries.
nace.) A threatener; one that threats.
Hence menacer! nor tempt me into rage: 2. To cause to be remembered.
This roof protects thy rashness. But begone! They meant
Pbil. To memerise another Golgotha. Sbakspeare. MEN&GE. n. s. (Fr.) A collection of MEMORY. A. s. [memoire, F5. memoria,
I saw here the largest menage that I ever met t. The power of retaining or recollecting with.
Addison. things past; retention ; reminiscence; ME'NAGOGUE, r. s. [:enues and aww.) A recollection,
medicine that promotes the flux of the Memory is the power to revive again in our minds these ideas which after imprinting have To MEND. v. a. [emendo, Lat.) disappeared, or have been laid aside out of sight.
1. To repair from breach or decay. The memory is perpetually looking back, when
They gave the money to the workmen to rewe have nothing present to entertain us: it is
pair and mend the house.
2 Chronicles liko those repositories in animals that are filled 3. To correct ; to alter for the better. with stores of food, on which they may rumi
The best service they could do to the state, Date, when their present pasture fails. Addison. was to mend the lives of the persons who com2. Exemption from oblivion.
Temple. That ever-living man of memory,
You need not despair, by the assistance of his Henry the Fifth!
growing reason, to inend the weakness of his constitution.
Locke. -3. Time of knowlerige.
Name a new play and he's the poet's friend; Thy request think now fulfill’d, that ask'd How first this world, and face of things, began,
Nay, show'd his faults--but when would poets mend?
Popco And what, before thy memory, was done. Milton. 4. Memorial ; monumental record.
Their opinion of Wood, and his project, is not
mended. Be better suited;
Swift. These weeds are memories of those worser hours;
3. To help ; to advance.
Whatever is new is unlook'd for; and ever it 1 prgthee put them off. Sbakspeare. A swan in memory of Cycnus shines;
mends some, and impairs others: and he that is
holpen takes it for a fortune, and he that is hurt The mourning sisters weep in wat’ry signs.
for a wrong.
If, to avoid succession in eternal existence, 3. Reflection ; attention. Not in use.
they recur to the punctum stans of the schools, When Duncan is asleep, his two chamberlains they will thereby very little mend the matter, or Will I with wine and wassel so convince, help us to a more positive idea of infinite duraThat memory, the warder of the brain,
Loche. Shall be a fume.
Stakspeare. Though in some lane's the grass is but short, Min. The plural of man.
get it mends garden herbs and fruit. Mortimer.
4. To improve ; to increase.
clesian; the menology saith they were twerte Death comes not at call; justice divine
Stilling fleeto Mends not her slowest pace, for pray'r, or cries. ME'Now. n. s. commonly minnow, (pboxi.
nus.] A fish. When upon the sands the traveller
ME'NSAL. adj. (mensalis, Lat.] Belonging Sees the high sea come rolling from afat, The land grow short, he mends his weary pace,
to the table; transacted at table. A While death behind him covers all the place.
word yer scarcely naturalized.
Dryden. Conversation either mental or mensal. Clar: He saw the monster mend his pace; he springs, ME'NSTRUAL. adj. (menstrual, Fr. menAs terror had increas'd his feet with wings.
Dryder. TO MEND. V. n. To grow better; to ad
1. Monthly; happening once a month; vance in any good; to be changed for
lasting a month. the better.
She turns all her globe to the surr, hy moving
in her menstrual orb, and enjoys night and day ME'NDABLE. adj. [from mend.) Capable alternately, one day of her's being equal to fourof being mended. A low word.
teen days and nights of our's.
Bentley. MENDA'CITY. n. $. (from mendax, Lat.) 2. Pertaining to a menstruum. (menstruFalsehood.
eux, French.) In this delivery there were additional menda- The dissents of the menstrual or strong waters cities; for the commandment forbid not to touch hinder the incorporation, as well as those of the the fruit, and positively said, Ye shall surely die;
Bacon. but she, extenuating, replied, Lest ye die. ME'NSTRUOUS. adj. (menstruus, Lat.)
1. Having the catamenia. ME'NDER. n. s. [from mend.) One who
thou of late belor'd, makes any change for the better.
Now like a menstruows woman art remov'd. Whar trade art thou? A trade that I may use
Sandys. rith a safe conscience; a nender of bad soals.
2. Happening to women at certain times.
Shakspeare. ME'NDICANT.cdj. (mendicans, Lat.] Beg
Many, from being women, have proved men
at the first point of their menstruous eruptions ging ; poor to a state of beggary.
Brows. Be not righteous over-much, is applicable to ME'NSTRUUM. N.s. (This name probably those who, out of an excess of zeal, practise mor
was derived from some notion of the rifications, whereby they macerate their bodies; or to those who voluntarily reduce themselves
old chymists about the influence of the to a poor and mendicant state.
Fiddes. moon in the preparation of dissolvents. J ME'NDICANT. ". s. [mendicant, Fr.) A All liquors are called menstru:ms which are beggar; one of some begging fraternity
used as dissolvents, or to extract the virtues of
ingredients by infusion, decoction. in the Romish church.
Enquire what is the proper menstruum to disTO ME'NDICATE. v. a. [mendico, Lat. solve metal, what will touch upon the one and
mendier, Fr.) To beg; to ask alms. not upon the other, and what several menstrug Mendi'city. n. s. (mendicitas, Lat. men. will dissolve any metal.
Baces. dicité, Fr.] The life of a beggar.
White metalline bodies must be excepted,
which, by reason of their excessive density, seem Mends, for amends.
to reflect almost all the light incident on their Let her be as she is: If she be fair, 'tis the better for her; and if she be not, she has the
first superficies, unless by solution in eastruums
they be reduced into very small particles, and mends in her own hands.
Sbakspeare: ME’NIAL. adj. (from meiny or many; meni, MENSURABILITY. n. s. [mensurabilité,
then they become transparent. Newton. Sax. or mesnie, old Fr.] 1. Belonging to the retinue or train of
Fr.) Capacity of being measured.
ME'NSURABLE. adj. (mensura, Lat.) servants.
Measurable ; that may be measured. Two menial dogs before their master press'd; Thus clad, and guarded thus, he seeks his
We measure our time by law and not by maguest.
ture. The solar month is no periodical motion,
and not easily mensurable, and the months un. 2. Swift seems not to have known the
equal among themselves, and not to be measured meaning of this word.
by even weeks or days.
Hulder. The women attendants perform only the most menial offices.
Gulliver. ME'NSURAL. adj. (from mensura, Lat.) ME'NIAL. n. s. One of the train of ser- Relating to measure. vants.
To ME'NSURATE. v. a. (from mensura, Meni'NGES. n. s. [Merily@.) The menin. Lat.) To measure ; to take the dimen
ges are the two membranes that envelope sion of any thing. the brain, which are called the pia ma
MENSURAʼtion. n. s. (from menstra, ter and dura mater; the latter being the Lat.] The act or practice of measurexterior involucrum, is, from its thick- ing; result of measuring. Dess, so denominated.
Åfter giving the mensuration and argumenta. The brain being exposed to the air groweth
tion of Dr. Cumberland, it would not have been Guid, and is thrust forth by the contraction of
fair to have suppressed those of another prelice. the meninges. W'istman..
Arbutbxat. MENOʻLOGY. n. s. (unuodesovs menologe, ME'NTAL. adj. (mentale, Fr. mentis, Lat.) Fr.] A register of months.
Intellectual ; existing in the mind. In the Roman martyrology we find, at one
What a mental power time, many thousand martyrs destroyed by Dio. This eye shoots forth? How big imagination
Mores in this lip? To the dumbness of the gesui The expedition of the Argonauts partly ture
mercantile, partly military.
Arbitanol. One migh: interpret.
Sbakspeare Let hin travel and fulfil the duties of the miSo deep the power of these ingredients pierc'd, litary or meria..tile life; let prosperous or adEv'n to the inmost seat of mental sight,
verse fortune call him to the most discant paris That Adam now enforc'd to close his eyes, of the globe, still let him carry on his knowledge, Sunk down and all his spirits became entranc'd. and the improve nent of his soul. Watts.
Milton. MERCAT. n. s. (mercatus, Lat.) Market; The metaphor of taste would not have been
trade. so general, had there not been a conformity be
With irresistible majesty and authority our tween the mental taste and that sensitive taste
Saviour removed the exchange, and drove the that affects the palate.
Spraut. If the ideas de not innate, there was a time
ME'RCATURE. n. 's. (mercatura, Lat.) when the mind was without those principles; for where the ideas are not, there can be no
The practice of buying and selling. knowledge, no assent, no mental or verbal pro- ME'RCENARINESS. n. s. (from mercenary. I portions about them.
Locke. Venality; respect to hire or reward. She kindly talk'd, at least three hours,
To forego the pleasures of sense, and undergo Of plastic forms, and mental pow'rs. Prior. the hardships that attend a holy lite, is such a
Those in ward representations of spirit, thought, kind of merienariness, as none bit a resigned, belove, and hatred, are pure and mental ideas, be- lieving soul is likely to be guilty of; if fear itlonging to the mind, and carry nothing of shape self, and even the fear of hell, may be one jusciar sense ia them. Watts. fiable motive of men's actions.
Boyle. ME'NTALLY. Adv. (from mental.] In. MERCENARY. adj. (mercenaire, Ér.
tellectually; in the mind; not practi. mercenarius, Lat.]
Many of our princes, woe the while! If we consider the heart the first principle of Lic drown'd, and soak'd in mercenary blood. life, and mentally divide it into its constituent
Sbakspeare. parts, we find nothing but what is in any muscle Divers Almains, who served in the garrisons, of the body.
Bentley. being merely merccaury, did easily incline to the ME'NTION. 1. s. (mention, Fr. mentio, Lat.) strongest.
Haywood. 1. Oral or written expression, or recital of 1. Too studious of profit; acting only for
hire. any thing.
Think on me when it shall be well with thee; The appellation of servant iinports a mercenary and make seation of me unto Pharaoh. Genesis. temřer, and denotes such an one as makes his
The Almighty introduces the proposal of his reward both the sole motive and measure of his laws rather with the mention of some particular
South. acts of kindness, than by reminding mankind of
'Twas not for nothing I the crown resign'd; his severity.
I still must own a mercenary mind. Dryden. 2. Cursory or incidental nomination. MERCENARY. n. s. [mercenaire, Fr.] A
Haply mention may arise hireling ; one retained or serving for Of something not unseasonable to ask, Milton.
pay. TO MENTION. v. a. (mentionner, Fr. from He a poor mercenory serves for bread;
the noun.) To write or express in words For all his travel, only cloth'd and fed. Sunlys. or writing.
MERCER. n. s. [mercier, Fr.) One who I will mention the loving kindnesses of the sells silks. Lord, and the praises of the Lord. Isciab. The draper and mercer may measure religion
These mentioned by their names were princes as they please, and the weaver cast her upon in their families. 1 Cbronicles what loom he please.
Howel. All his transgressions shall not be mentioned. ME'RCERY.n.s. (mercerie, Fr. from mer.
cer.) Trade of mercers; traffick of Joys
silks, Then sweet, now sad.to mention, through dire change
The mercery is gone from out of LonbardBefall’n us, unforeseen, unthought of. Milton.
street and Cheapside into Paternoster-low and Fleet-street.
Grunt. No more be mentioned then of violence Against ourselves, and wilful barreuness. Milt. TO MERCHAND. v. n. (merchander, Fr.] MEPHIÍTICAL. adj. [mepbitis, Lat.) II.
To transact by trattick.
Ferdinando mercbanded with France for the resavoured ; stinking. Mopbitical exhalations are poisonous or noxi
Storing Roussiglion and Perpignan, oppignorated cus seamns issuing out of the earth, from what MERCHANDISE. n.s. (marchandise, Fr.)
to them. cause voever.
Quincy. MERA'Cious. adj. [meracus, Lat.) Strong;
1. Traffick; commerce; trade.
If a son, that is sent by his father about mere racy.
chandise, fall into some lewd action, his wickedME'R CABLE. adj. (mercor, Lat.] To be ness, by your rule, should be imposed upon his sold or bought. Dict. father.
Sbuespeare MEʻRCANTANT. n. s. (mercantante, Ital.]
If he pay thee to the utmost farthing,' thou This word in Shakspeare seems to sig
hast forgiven nothing: it is mercbandise, and not nify a foreigner, or foreign trader.
forgiveness, to res:ore him that does as much as What is he? you can require.
Taylor. -A mercantant, or else a pedant ;
2. Wares ; any thing to be bought or I know not what but formal in apparel. Skaksp.
sold. MERCANTILE. adj. Trading ; commer
Fair when her bre et like a rich laden bark
Wich precicus nerabandise, she furth doth lav. cial: relating to traders.