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See lofty Lebanon his head advance,
motionless mass, as blockhead,] A dolt; See sodding forests on the mountains dance.
A block head; a thickskull,
Where hast been, Hal? 2. Elevated in condition or character.
- With three or four loggerbeads, amongst three Thus saith the high and lofty One. Isaiab.
or fourscore hogsheads. Shaksp. Henry IV. 3. Sublime ; elevated in sentiment.
Says this logserhead, what have we to do to He knew quench other people's fires ?
L'Estrange. Himself to sing and build the lofty rhime. Milt. To fall to LOGGERHEADS. To scuffle; to 4. Proud ; haughty.
To go to LOGGERHEADS.
fight without Lofty and sour to them that lov'd him not;
weapons. But to those men that sought him, sweet as
A couple of travellers that took up an ass, fell Sbakspeare.
to logger bead's which should be his master. Man, the tyrant of our sex, I hate,
L'Estrange A lowly servant, but a lofty mate.
Dryden. LO'GGERHEADED. adj. [from loggerbead.] Log. n. s. [The original of this word is Dull; stupid; doluish.
not known. Skinner derives it from You loggerbeaded and unpolish'd groom, what! liggan, Sax. to lie ; Junius from loggen:
Sbakspeart. Dutch, sluggish; perhaps the Latin, LOʻGICK. n. s. ' [logique, Fr. logica, Lat. lignum, is the true original.]
from λόγος.] The art of reasoning.
One of the seven sciences. 1. A shapeless bulky piece of wood. Would the lightning had
Logick is the art of using reason well in our Burnt up those logs that thou!'rt injoin'd to pile.
enquiries after truth, and the communication of Shakspeare. it to others.
Watts' Logick. The worms with many feet are bred under
Talk logick with acquaintance, legs of timber, and many times in gardens,
And practise rhetorick in your common talk. where no logs are. Bacon.
Sbakspeare. Some log, perhaps, upon the waters swam,
By a logick that left no maó any thing which An useless drift, which rudely cut within,
he night call his own, they no more looked upon And hollow'd, first a floating trough became,
it as the case of one man, but the case of the And cross some riv'let passage did begin. Dryd.
Clarendon. 2. An Hebrew measure, which held a
Here foam'd rebellious logick, gagg'd and
bound, quarter of a cab, and consequently five
There stript fair rhetorick languish'd on the sixths of a pint. According to Dr.
Pope. Arbuthnot it was a liquid measure, the LO'GICAL. adj. [from logick.] seventy-second part of the bath or 1. Pertaining to logick; taught in logick. ephah, and twelfth part of the hin.
The heretick complained greatly of St. Augus
Calmet. tine, as being too full of logical subtilties. Hooker. A meat offering mingled with oil, and one log
Those who in a logical dispute keep in general of oil. Leviticus. terms, would lide a fallacy.
Dryslen. LO'GARITHMS. n. s. (logarithme, French;
We ought not to value ourselves upon our λόγος and αριθμος.]
ability, in giving subtile rules, and finding out loo
gical arguments, since it would be more perfeca Logarithms, which are the indexes of the ra
tion not to want them.
Baker, tios of numbers one to another, were first invented by Napier lord Merchison, a Scottish
2. Skilled in logick; furnished with lobaron, and alternards completed by Mr. Briggs, Savilion professor at Oxford. They are a se- A man who sets up for a judge in criticism, ries of artifcial numbers contrived for the expe
should have a clear and logical head. Spectator. dition of calculation, and proceeding in an arith. LoʻGICALLY. adv. (from logical.] Acmetical proportion, as the numbers they answer to do in a geometrical one; for instance,
cording to the laws of logick.
How can her old good man 0 1 2
With honour take her back again? 16 32 64 128 256 512 Where the numbers above, beginning with (0),
From hence I digically gather, and arithmetically proportional, are called loge
The woman cannot live with either. sitlms. The addition and subtraction of loga- LOGICIAN. 1, s. [logicien, Fr. logicus, ritLms answers to the multiplication and division Lat.) A teacher or professor of logická of the numbers they correspond with; and this a man versed in logick. saves an infinite deal of trouble. In like manner
If a man can play the true logician, and have will the extraction of roots be performed, by as well judgment as invention, he may do great dissecting the logaritbms of any numbers for the square root, and trisecting them for the
If we may believe our logicians, man is distin. cube, and so on.
guished from all other creatures by the faculty LO'GGATS. n. S.
of laughter. Loggats is the ancient name of a play or game, Each staunch polemick subborn as a rock, which is one of the unlawful games enumerated Each tierce logician still cxpelling
Locke, in the thirty-third statute of Henry vill.
Pope's Dunciad. the same which is now called kittie-pins, in which A logician might put a case that would serve bovs often make use of bones instead of wood- for an exception. en pin., Wrowing at them with another bone The Arabian physicians were subtile men, instead of bowling.
Harmer. and most of them logicians ; accordingly they Did these bones cost no more the breeding, have given method, and shed subtilty upon their but to play at loggats with them. Sbakse. author. LoʻGGERHEAD. 1. s. [logge, Dut. stupid, LoʻGMAN. . s. [log and man.] One whose
and bead; or rather froin log, a heavy business is to carry logs.
Baker. For your saks
contemptuously derived from lollard, Am I this patient logada. Sbakso. Tempest.
a name of great reproach before the LO'GOMACHY. *. s. [nogoudeyiz.) A con- reformation ; of whom one tenet was, tention in words; a contention about
that all trades not necessary to life are words.
unlawful.] Forced terms of art did much puzzle sacred
1. To lean idly; to rest lazily against theology with distinctions, cavils, quiddities; and so transformed her to.meer kind of sophis.
any thing try and logomarby.
Howel. So hangs, and lolls, and weeps upon me; so
shakes and pulls me. LO'GWOOD. %. s.
He is not lalling on a lewd love bed, Lazeeed is of a very dense and firm texture;
But on his knees at meditation.
Shaksp. and is the heart only of the tree which produces
Close by a softly nurm'ring stream, it. It is very heavy, and remarkably hard, and
Where lovers us'd to lo!l and dream. Hudibras. of a deep, strong, red colour. It grows both in
To loll on couches, rich with cytron steds, the East and West Indies, but no where so
And lay your guilty limbs in Tyrian beds. pleni.fully as on the coast of the bay of Cam
Dryden. peachy. Hill's Ma:h. Med.
Void of care he lolls supine in state,
And leaves his business to be done by fate. Dryd. logueod water.
But wanton now, and lolling at our ease, LO HOCK, 2. S.
We suffer all the invet'rate ills of peace. Dryd. Lobak is an Arabian name for those forms of
A lazy, lolling sort melicines which are now commonly called eclego Of ever listless loit'rers.
Dunciad. mas, lambatives, or linctuses.
Quincy. Lebuts and pectorals were prescribed, and
2. To hang out : used of the tongue vedesection repeated.
Wiseman's Surgery. hanging out in weariness or play. Loix. a. s. [ilwya, Welsh.)
The triple porter of the Stygian seat, 1. The back of an animal carved out by With Iclling tongue lay fawning at thy feet. the butcher,
With harmless play amidst the bowls he pass’d, 2. Loins; the reins.
And with his lolling tougue assay'd the taste. My face I'll grime with filih,
Dryden. Blanket may
Slaksp. King Lear. Thou slander of thy heavy mother's womb!
To LOLL. v. a. To put out : used of the Thou loathed issue of thy father's loins! Sbak.
tongue exerted, Virgin mother, hail!
All authors to their own defects are blind; High in the love of heav'n! yet from my loins Hadst thou but, Janus-like, a face behind, Thou shalt proceed, and from thy womb the Son To see the people, when splay mouths they Of God most high. Milton's Par. Lost.
make, A multitude ! like which the populous north To mark their fingers pointed at thy back, Pour'd never from her frozen loins, to pass Their tongues loll'd out a foot. Dryd. Persius. Rheae, or the Danaw, when her barbarous sons By Strymon's freezing streams he sat alone, Came like a deluge on the south. Milton. Trees bent their heads to hear him sing his T. LOʻITER. 0.1. [loteren, Dutch.] To
wrongs, linger; to spend time carelessly; to
Fierce tygers couch'd around, and lolld their idle,
fawning tongues. Dryd. Virgil,
LOMP. n. s. Sir John, you loiter here too long, being you
A kind of roundish fish. are to take soldiers up in the countries. Sbaksp. LONE. adj. [contracted from alone.) Whence this long delay?
1. Solitary; unfrequented; having no You Leiter, while the spoils are thrown away, company
Dryden. Here the lone hour a blank of life displays. Mark how he spends his time, whether he
Savage. Enactively liters it away.
Thus vanish sceptres, coronets, and balls, If we have gone wrong, let us redeem the mis
And leave you in lone woods, or empty walls. take; if we have leitered, let us quicken our pace,
Pope. and make the most of the present opportunity.
2. Single; not conjoined or neighbouring LÓ'ITERER, 1. s. [from loiter.] A lin
to others. gerer; an idler; a lazy wretch; one
No lone house in Wales, with a mountain and who lives without business; one who
a rookery, is more contemplative than this court,
Pope. is sluggish and dilatory.
LO'NELINESS, n. s. [from lonely. ]
1. Solitude; want of company. The poor, by idleness or unthriftiness, are ri
The huge and sportful assembly grew to him etsus spenders, vagabonds, and loiterers. Hayw.
a tedious loneliness, esteeming nobody since DaiWhere hast thou been, thou loiterer?
phantus was lost.
Sidney Though my eyes clos’d, my arms have still been 2. Disposition to solitude.
open'd, To search if thou wert come.
Otway. The mystery of your loneliness, and find Providence would only enter mankind into Your salt tears head.
Sbakspears. the useful knowledge of her treasures, leaving Lo’NELY. adj. (from lone.] the rest to employ our industry, that we live not like idle louters and truants.
More. Ever listless lsit' rers, that attend
I go alone, No cause, no trust, no duty, and no friend.
Like to a lonely dragon; that his fen
Makes fear'd and talk'd of more than seen.
Pope. To LOLL. v.n. (Of this word the etymo
Why thus close up the stars logy is not known. Perhaps it might. That nature hung in heav’n, and till'd their lamps
With everlasting oil, to give due light
Yet he but doubts, and parlies, and casts out To the misled and lonely traveller? Milton. Many a long look for succour. Drydene
Time has made you dote, and vainly tell 10. [In musick and pronunciation.) Pro. Of arms imagin’d, in your lonely cell.' Dryden. tracted: as, a long note; a long syllable. 2. Addicied to solitude.
1. To a great length in space.
The marble brought, erects the specious Rowe.
dome, LO'NENESS. n. s. [from lone.] Solitude ;
Or forms the pillars long-extended rows, dislike of company.
On which the planted giove and pensile garden grows.
Priere If of court life you knew the good,
2. Not for a short time. You would leave loneness.
With mighty barres of long-enduring brass. I can love her who loves loneness best. Donne.
Fairfax. LOʻNESOME. adj. [from lone.) Solitary; When the trumpet soundeth long, they shall disinul.
come up to the mount.
Exodus. You either must the earth from rest disturb,
The martial Ancus Or roll around the heavens the solar orb;
Furbish'd the rusty sword again, Else what a dreadful face will nature wear?
Resumn'd the long-forgotten shield. Dryden. How horrid will these lonesome seats appear!
One of these advantages, which Corneille has Blarkmore.
laid down, is the making choice of some signal LONG. adj. [long, Fr. longus, Lat.)
and long-expected day, whereon the action of the
play is to depend. 1. Not short : used of time,
So stood the pious prince unmor'd, and long He talked a long while, even till break of day. Sustain’d the madness of the noisy throng. Dryd.
The muse resumes her long-forgotten lays, He was desirous to see him of a long season. And love, restor’d, his ancient realm surveys. Luke.
Dryder. 2. Not short : used of space.
No man has complained that you have dise Emp'ress, the way is ready, and not long. Milt. coursed too long on any subject, for you leave us 3. Having one of its geometrical dimen- in an eagerness of learning more. Dryder. sions in a greater degree than either of
Persia left for you
The realm of Candahar for dow'r I brought, the other. His branches became long because of the wa
That long-contended prize for which you fought. Ezekiel.
It may help to put an end to that long-agitated We made the trial in a long neck'd phial left
and unreasonable question, whether man's will open at the top.
Locke 4. Of any certain measure in length.
Heav'n restores Women eat their children of a spang long. To thy fond wish the leng-expected shores. Pope.
Lamentations. 3. In the comparative, 'it signifies for These, as a line, their long dimensions drew,
more time ; and in the superlative, for Streaking the ground with sinuous trace. Milt.
most time. The fig-tree spreads her arms,
Milton, Branching so broad and long.
When she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bullrushes.
Exodus. A pond'rous mace,
Eldest parents signifies either the eldest men Full twenty cubits long, he swings around. Pope.
and women that have had children, or those who 5. Not soon ceasing, or at an end.
have longest had issue.
Locks Man goeth to his long home. Eccles.
4. Not soon. Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land. Exodus.
Not long after there arose against it a temThey open to themselves at length a way,
pestuous wind. Up hither, under long obedience try'd. Milton. 5. At a point of duration far distant. Him after long debate of thoughts revolv’d
If the world had been eternal, those would Irresolute, his final sentence chose. Milton.
have been found in it, and generally spread long Long and ceaseless hiss.
Tillotson 6. Dilatory.
Say, that you once were virtuous long ago? Death will not be long in coming, and the co
A frugal, hardy people. Pbilips Brita venant of the grave is not shewed unto thee.
Ecclesiasticus. 6. [for along ; au long, Fr.) All along; 7. Tedious in narration.
throughout: of time. Chief mast'ry to dissect,
Them among With long and tedious havock, fabled knights.
There sat a man of ripe and perfect age,
Milton. Who did them meditate all his life long. Reduce, my muse, the wand'ring song,
Fairy Quecia A tale should never be too long.
Some say, that ever 'gainst that season comes, 8. Continued by succession to a great
Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated, series.
The bird of dawning singeth all night long; But first a long succession must ensue. Milt.
And then they say no spirit walks abroad.
The nights are wholesome, then no planets 9. [from the verb. To long.] Longing,
strike, desirous : or perhaps long continued,
No fairy takes, no witch hath power to charm, from the disposition to continue look
So hallow'd and so gracious is the time. Sbats.
He fed me all my life long to this day. Gén. ing at any thing desired.
Forty years long was I grieved with this gee Praying for him, and casting a long look that
Psalms way, he saw the galley leave the persone sidneyLong. adv. (gelang, a fault, Saxo] By
the fault; by the failure. A word now ver so longimanous as to reach the soul of their out of use, but truly English.
enemies, or to extend unto the exile of their Respective and wary men had rather seck
Brown. quietly their own, and wish that the world may
LONGI'METRY. n. s. (longus and uitgew: jo well, so it be not long of them, than with pains longimetrie, Fr.] The art or practice of and hazard make themselves advisers for the measuring distances. common good.
Hocker. Our two cyes are like two different stations Maine, Biois, Poictiers, and Tours are won in longemitry, by the assistance of which the away,
distance between two objects is measured. Long all of Scmerset, and his delay. Sbaksp.
Cbeyne. Mistress, all this coil is long of you. Shakse. LO'NGING, 1. s. [from long.] Earnest deIf we owe it to him that we know so much, it
sire ; continual wish. is perhaps leag of his fond adorers that we know
When within short time I came to the degree so little more.
of uncertain wishes, and that those wishes grew To LONG, V. n. (gelangen, German, to to unquiet longings, when I would fix my thoughts
ask. Skinner.) To desire earnestly; to uron nothing, but that within little varying they wish with eagerness anunued: with should end with Philoclea.
Sidney. for or after before the thing desired.
I have a woman's longing, Fresh expectation troubled not the land
An appetite that I am sick withal, With any long'd for change, or better state.
To see great Hector in the weeds of peace. Sbakspeare.
Sbukspeare. And thine eyes shall look, and fail with long
The will is left to the pursuit of nearer satising for them.
factions, and to the removal of those uneasiIf erse be wished, now he longed sore. Fairf.
nesses which it then feels in its want of, and The great master perceived, that Rhodes was longings after them.
Locke, the place the Turkish cyrant longer ofter. Knol.
LO'NGINGLY. adv. (from longing.] With If the report be good, it causeth love,
incessant wishes. And longing hope, a'd well assured joy. Davies. To his first bias !orgingly he leans,
His uns, who seek the tyrant to sustain, And rather would be great by wicked means. Andlag for arbitrary lord again,
Dryden. He cums to death deserv'd. Dryden's Æneid. Lo'ngish, adj. (from long.) Somewhat
Glad of te gür, the new-made warrior goss, long And arms amoig the Greeks, and longs for LO'NGITUDE. n. s. [longitude, Fr. lor93 foes.
Dryden. Else saence this pleasing hope, this fond
gitudo, Latin.] desire,
1. Length ; the greatest dimension. This lengurs after immortality? Addison's Cato. The ancients did determine the longitude of There's the tie that binds you;
all rooms, which were longer than broad, by the You leng to call him father: Marcia's charms double of their latitude.
W ottan. Wok in your leart unseen, and plead for Cato. The variety of the alphabet was in mere longi
Addison, tude only; but the thousand parts of our bodies Nkonedes longing for herrings, was supplied may be diversified by situation in all the dimenpilo frese ones by his cook, at a great distance sions of solid bodies; which multiplies all over from the 5-2
Arbuthnot. and over again, and overwhelms the fancy in a Through stormy seas now abyss of unfathomable number.
Bentley: I courted dangers, and liongd for death. A. Phil. This universal gravitation is an incessant and LONGANIMITY. n. s. (longanimitas, Lat.
uniform action by certain and established laws, loeganimité, Fr.) Forbearance ; pa
according to quantity of matter and longitude of tience of offences.
disi ance, that it cannot be destroyed nor imIt had overcome the patience of Job, as it did
Bentley the weekness of Moses, and surely had mas
2. The circumference of the earth meatered any but the longanimity and lasting suffer- sured from any meridian. ace of God Brown's Valgar Errours. Sonne of Magellanus's company were the first
That innocent and holy matron had rather go that did compass the world through all the deslad in the snowy white robes of meekness and grees of longitude.
Abbos. laganimity, than in the purple mantle of blood. 3. The distance of any part of the eartb.
Howel's England's Tears. to the east or west of any place. LOʻNGBOAT. n. s. The largest boat be
To conclude ; looging to a ship.
Of longitudes, what other way have we,
Donne. They first betray their "masters, and then, His wëls the method of discovering the longiwhen they find the vessel sinking, save them- tude by bc mb vessels.
Arbuthnet. telves in the longboat.
L'Estrang.. 4. The position of any thing to east or LOSCE'VITY. 3. s. (longevus, Latin.]
west. Length of life.
The long oitude of a star is its distance from the That chose are countries suitable to the na
first point of numeration towards the east, which tue of mar, and convenient to live in, appears
first point, unto the ancients, was the vernal from the longevity of the natives. Rag.
Brown's Vulgar Errours. The instances of longevity are chiefly amongst LongitU'D INAL, adj. [from longitude ; the abstemioos.
drbustibnot on Aliments. Loxci'MANOUS. adj. [longuemain, Fr.
longitudinai', French.] Measured by the longimanus, Lat.) Longhanded ; having
length; run ning in the longest direction.
Longitudina.! is opposed to transverse: these leag hands.
vesiculæ are distended, and their longitudinal The villainy of this Christian exceeded the diameters strai tened, and so the length of the pezzecution of heatbeas, whose malice was de- whole muscle sl lortened.
LO'NGLY. adv. (from long.) Longingly; Who could give the looby such airs ? with great liking.
Were they masons, were they butchers ? Swift.
LOOF. 1 s.
That pari alort of the soip Perhaps, you mark not what's the pith of all. which lies just before the chess-trees, as
Sbaksptare. far as the bulkhead of the castle. See LO'NGSOME. adj. [froin iong.) Tedious ; Dict. wearisome by its length.
To Loof. v. a. To bring the ship close They found the war so churlish and longsome, to a wind. as they grew then to a resolution, that, as long Lo'OFED. adj. [from aloof.] Gone to a as England stood in state to succour those coun
She once being looft, Antony
Claps on his sea-wing, like a doating mallard, rain,
Leaving the fight.
Sbakspears. We tread with wearied steps the longsome plain. To LOOK. v. n. (locan, Sax.)
1. To direct the eye to or from any obLO'NGSUFFERING. adj. [long and suffer
ject : when the present object is mening ) Patient; not easily provoked. The Lord God, merciful and gracious, long
tioned, the preposition after look is eisuffering, and abundant in goodness. Exodus.
ther on or at; if it is absent, we use LO'NGSUFFERING. 1. s. Patience of of.
for ; if distant, after : to was sometimes tence; clemency:
used anciently for at. We infer from the mercy and long-suffering
Your queen died, she was more worth such of God, that they were themselves sufficiently
Than what you look on now. secure of his favour.
The gods look down, and the unnat'ral scene LO'NGTAIL. n. s. [long and tail.] Cut
They laugh at.
Sbaksp. Coriolanus. and longtail : a canting term for one Abimelech looked out at a window, and saw or another. A phra e, I believe, taken
Genesis. from dogs, which, belonging to men not Mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so qualified to hunt, had their tails cut. that I am not able to look up.
Psalms. He will maintain you like a gentlewoman.
He was ruddy, and of a beautiful countenance, -Aye, that I will come cut and longtail under
and goodly to look to.
i Saruel. the degree of a squire.
The fathers shall not look back to their children.
Jeremiab. LO'NGWAYS. adv. [This and many He had looked round about on them with anger. other words so terminated are corrupted
Mark, froin wise.] In the longitudinal di- The state would cast the eye, and look about rection.
to see whether there were any head under This island stands as a vast mole, which lies
whom it might unite.
Bacon. long ways, almost in a parallel line to Naples.
Fine devices of arching water without spilling, Addison on Itely. be pretty things to look on, but nothing to health,
Bacon's Essays. LO'NGWINDED. adj. [long and wind. ]
Froth appears white, whether the sun be in Long breathed ; tedious.
the meridian, or any where between it and the My simile you minded,
horizon, and from what place soever the beholdWhich, I confess, is too longwinded. Savift. ers look upon it,
Boyle on Colours. LO'NGWISE. adv. [long and wise.] In the
They 'll rather wait the running of the river longitudinal direction.
dry, than take pains to look about for a bridge.
L'Estrange. They make a little cross of a quill, longevise Thus pond'ring, he looked under with his eyes, of that part of the quill which hath the pith, and
And saw the woman's tears.
Dryden, crosswise of that piece of the quill without pith.
Bertran; if thou dar 'st, look out
Bacon. He was laid upon two beds, the one joined
Upon yon slaughter'd host.
I cannot, without some indignation, look en an longwise unto the other, both which he billed with his length.
ill copy of an excellent original; much less can Hakewill.
I behold with patience Virgil and Homer abused Loo, X. S.
to their faces, by a borching interpreter. Dryde A secret indignation, that all those affections Intellectual beings, in their constant endeaof the mind should be thus vilely thrown away vours after true felicity, can suspend this proseupon a hand at loo.
Addison. cution in particular cases, till they have locked In the fights of loo.
Pope. before them, and informed themselves, whether Lo'obily. adj. [looby and like.] Awk- that particular thing lie in their way to their ward; clumsy.
Locke. The plot of the farce was a grammar school,
There may be in his reach a book, containing the master setting his boys their lessons, and a
pictures and discourses capable to delight and loobily country, fellow putting in for a part
instruct him, which yet he may never take the among the scholars.
pains to look into.
Towards those who communicate their LO'OBY. n. s. (Of this word the deriva. thoughts in print, I cannot but look with tion is unsettled. Skinnet mentions friendly regard, provided there is no
tendency lapp, German, foolish; and Junius, llabe,
in their writings to vice. Addison's Freebolder. a clown, Welsh, which seem to be the
A solid and substantial greatness of soul looks
down with a generous neglect on the censures true original, unless it come from lob.]
and applauses of the multitude.
Addiser A lubber; a ciumsy clown.
I have nothing left but to gather up the reThe viees trace
liques of a wreck, and look about me to see how From the father's scoundrel race.
few friends I have left.
Pope to Swift.
A game at cards.