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must have been the scene to the to conceive how these things could scoffing world! The ark is pre- be, they have only to reflect pared, and they have no power to

that the whole is referred to the destroy it. Noah enters delibe

great power of God, to which all rately into it, and their rage is things are possible. The fact is restrained, they dare not touch him. plainly revealed, and therefore His family voluntarily follow him, deserves implicit and full belief. and conducted by an unseen hand, The prevalence of the flood was prothe appointed pairs of beasts and gressive; and so would be the debirds flock unto him! This entrance struction. Forty days, transpired into the ark took place seven days before the ark floated; then the before the flood. Noah had time to waters increased, and it was lifted make the necessary arrangements up from the earth. Still the depth within, and the world had time to increased, till all the high bills think of the threatening of God, were covered ; and even after this, and the impending vengeance. The fifteen cubits upwards did the waters fact also illustrates the order of prevail, (from twenty-two to twenDivine operations; there is no rash ty-five feet,) and the mountains precipitation ; all his movements were covered, i. e. the waters were are calm and undisturbed, deve raised from twenty-two to twentylopiug the purposes of his eternal five feet above the tops of the mind. Whether the seven days highest mountains. The univerwere employed in the embarkation, sality of the deluge is expressly or it was completed in one, and the declared; “ all the high hills that rest remained, seems uncertain. were under the whole heaven were How strikingly was the truth illus- covered :” and the destruction was trated in this history,

many are

as universal as the deluge. Every called, but few are chosen !" How human being, and erery beast, unspeakably great does the import- fowl, and reptile, and every living ance of religion appear, set in this substance which was on the face light; and how dangerous is the of the ground, died. All perished conduct of delaying sinners ! “To- by the overwhelming judgment of day, if

ye will hear his voice, har- God, save only those which were den not your hearts !”

preserved in the ark. In the year of the world 1656, pression used to declare the safety in the 600th year of Noah's life, of those which were in the arh, is a in the second month, on the seven- very remarkable one, Noah teenth day of the month, answer- went into the ark, with his family, ing to the beginning of our No- and the creatures; and the Lord vember, or, according to Arch- shut him in." Perhaps, some of bishop Usher, to the 7th day of the sinners who remained without December, the rains commenced. would fain have torn bin On that day, all the fountains of pieces; or others, who had long the great dcep were broken up, and scoffed, now began to relent when the windows of heaven were opened:” they had sinned

apthe waters contained in the body pointed day of favour, and tried to of the earth being expanded by force themselves into the ark. But heat, forced themselves on the that act which shut Noah in, and surface, thereby convulsing the thereby secured him from all evil, world to its centre, whilst God shut them out! 0, whilst we are poured torrents of rain from the invited and encouraged to seek clouds, and this for forty days and refuge from the storms of coming forty nights. If any are at a loss wrath in the Lord Jesus Christ;

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let us not delay to comply, lest, are very abundant. The crediwhile we tarry, the bridegroom bility of Moses as an historian, should come, and they who are his means of information, and the ready should enter in, and the divine inspiration of his writings, door should be shut ! - Behold, he are the first proof; and to every breaketh down, and it cannot be holy mind a sufficient one. But built again, be shutteth up a man, it is interesting to the and there can be no opening statements of revelation confirmed Behold, he withholdeth the wa- from other sources, and evidence ters, and they dry up; also he of their authenticity and divine sendeth them out, and they over- origin hereby furnished to us, as turn the earth.” Job xii. 14, 15. well as to those who were cotemAdore and tremble before the porary with the writers. Not God of power and righteousness : only, then, are there frequent re. mark the old way which wicked ferences to it in the Bible, but it is men have trodden, who were cast a remarkable fact, concerning the down out of time, whose founda- deluge, that the memory of almost tion was overthrown with a flood,” all nations ends in the history of and avoid their sin, that you it, even of those nations most remay escape their punishment. cently discovered, and the traThe continuance of the upabated ditions of the deluge have been flood, was 150 days. What a kept up in all the rites and ceretrial to the faith of Noah, and how monies of the Gentile world. It adapted to impress his posterity is further observable, that the farwith the greatness of God's dis- ther we go back, the more vivid pleasure against sin. At what the traces appear, especially in period of the 150 days, the last those countries which were nearest land was covered, and the last re- to the scene of action. The fuge of the guilty swept away, we paucity of mankind; the vast are not informed. Fain would we tracts of uninhabited land which know whether any, in the course are mentioned in all accounts of the of the successive weeks of pro- first ages; the number of small gressive destruction, repented, and kingdoms and petty states, with the obtained mercy for another life, later invention and progress of the when it was too late for this; but arts and sciences, concur to show on this point, an awful darkness that mankind are sprung lately rests. It may be questioned whe- from a small stock, and even suit ther we have a right to conclude the time assigned by Moses to on the everlasting perdition of all the flood; whilst the fossilized rethe adults who were swept away mains of animals, &c. belonging by the flood, (the infant, and not to a former world, and which are yet accountable portion of the found in every quarter of the human species certainly obtained globe, and at the greatest dismercy ;) but we have no data on tances from the present localities which is found an opposite de- of their kind, confirm the narracision. “ The Judge of all the tive, and proclaim the universality earth will do right.” “ Secret of the convulsion. The objection things belong to the Lord our of modern geologists, who argue God.”

that “ from the slow formation of Such is the account which Moses certain rocks and soils upon those gives of the destruction of the rocks, the world must have existed old world; the proofs of the fact many thousands of years," has been fairly met by Dr. Chalmers, second week she came back with who says truly, that Moses does an olive leaf in her mouth, a cir. not affix any date to the creation cumstance from which probably of the chaos, out of which this the olive became the emblem of globe was framed. But might peace and reconciliation. At the not God, if he pleased, have end of the third week she returned formed the earth in its present no more.

The plucking of the state? Might it not as well be olive suggests also the idea that argued that there was not time, as the world was created at the in the period assigned to the crea- autumnal equinox, it was restored tion of the several parts of this at the same period, and in a similar system, to secure their solidity state of verdure and fruitfulness. and perfection, as that it must take The entire period of Noah's resiso many centuries to form certain dence in the ark was a “ full year,” rocks : “ He spake, and it was

or 365 days. At the expiration done; he commanded, and it stood of this period, and by the comfast."

mand of God, who “ shut him in," The recession of the waters was he disembarked, and with him all gradual; a wind of a drying na- that had entered into the ark. Of ture, partaking probably of the those which God gave him, he had nature of the Simoom, was made to lost none; whether the creatures pass over the earth, by which the had increased in the ark, cannot waters were partially evaporated; be determined. His first object the oceans of the earth again found was gratefully to acknowledge his their beds; the rains of heaven deliverance. He built an altar were restrained ; and on the se- and offered sacrifices of thanksventeenth day of the seventh month giving. God graciously regarded the ark rested on the mountains the service, and proceeded to of Ararat. The delight which assure him of the future safety Noah must then have felt may of the world from destruction by be more easily conceived than ex- water, and the certain regularity pressed. His subsequent anxiety of its established laws and seasons, in watching the progressive re- even

to the times of the end. ceding of the waters, and drying O that men would praise the of the ground was natural, but Lord for his goodness, and for patient. Upwards of two months his wonderful works to the chilelapsed between the resting of dren of men.” He preserveth all the ark, and the discovery of the nature by his word, and by the mountain tops, like little islands same word the heavens and the in the sea. Forty days after this, earth which are now, are reserved Noah opened the window of the unto fire against the day of judgark to look abroad on the sur- ment and perdition of ungodly rounding desolation. His weekly men.

Nevertheless, we, attempts to ascertain the state of cording to his promise, look for the case are as interesting memo- new heavens and a new earth, rials of his piety, as they were in wherein dwelleth righteousness.” themselves simple.

The

" Wherefore seeing that ye look from the first could find food: it for such things, be diligent that was, therefore, unnecessary to ye may be found of him in peace, receive it again into the ark. The without spot, and blameless." dove could find no resting-place,

S. N. and returned to him again. The

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ON THE PRESENT STATE OF THE HINDOO AND MOOHUMMUDAN LAWS, AS THEY AFFECT CONVERTS TO THE CHRISTIAN

RELIGION. While Christians of various de possession of the legal facts in nominations in this country and question, and then give such illusthe United States of America, for trations of their baneful influence many years past, have been mak- as must surely arouse the Christian ing the most costly sacrifices of life Churches to a sense of the proand property, to diffuse amongst priety, justice, and necessity of our fellow subjects in India the making a prompt and energetic knowledge and blessings of Chris- appeal to the British legislature tianity, there exists, in the ancient upon it. codes of those dependencies, en- The following questions were actments which, at least in the proposed to the Shastrees of the judgment of worldly men, place Sudur Udalut in Bombay. We their conversion “out of the range insert them, with the replies, beof probability;" for, on their change cause they come from the highest of religion, both by law and usage, native legal authorities in that they lose their birth-rights, they Presidency. They are in every are disowned by their family, and respect unfavourable to converts in fact, looked upon as a degraded as far as law is concerned. people.

"Quest. 1st.-If a person, We have often heard our hre- who is living with bis near relathren, on missionary anniversaries, tions, change his religion, is his refer, in terms of almost hopeless claim to a share in the property regret, to “ the adamantine chain of his father and ancestors valid, of caste which binds the millions of or is it not? What is said on heathens to the idols of their fore- the subject in the Dhurmu Shasfathers ;” but surely, as the time is tru? now approaching when lndian af- "• Ans.- His claim is not valid. fairs will occupy the attention of (Signed) the legislature and the country, it NEERBHUYU RAMU DYARAMU, is the duty of British Christians no

Shastree, longer to utter impotent lamenta- KASHINATH VISHWUNATH, tions, but to avail themselves of

Shastree, the opportunity to urge upon the Govind NARAYUN, Shastree. government the justice of such Quest. 2d.-If a

person,

who modifications of those laws as shall has taken his share of patrimonial protect the rights of conscience, property, have lived apart from and remove those formidable bar- the other members of the family, riers which now impede the pro- and then change his religion, has gress of the only system which can he right to retain his portion, or renovate and ennoble the interest- does it lapse, and belong to his ing but degraded inhabitants of heirs, according to the Shastres? British India.

" • Ans.—He who has so changAs we have been favoured with ed his religion, is to be viewed a series of documents from the as an abandoned person, and has Bombay Missionary Union, which forfeited his right to that property, bave been printed at the American and his heirs inherit it, according mission press in that town, we to the Shlok. shall attempt to put our readers in

(Signatures as above.) N. S. NO. 86.

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"Quest. 3d.-If a person, on becoming an infidel, is liable having a wife and family, change to a deprivation of the property his religion, has he the right of he has himself acquired, as well retaining his wife and family still as that which descends to him by with him, or has he not?-and if inheritance. • It is laid down he has, do his children succeed to by Mr. W. H. Macnaghten, in his property and means of subsis- his principles and precedents of tence, or otherwise, according to Moohummudan Law, p. 1, as a the Hindoo law ?

principle of inheritance, accordAns.-If, of his own choice ing to the Soonee doctrine, that and free will, he has changed his “Slavery, homicide, difference of religion, there is nothing ex- religion, and difference of allepressed in the Shastrus respecting giance, exclude from inheritance;' an expiatïon. Thus far is said, and by a precedent quoted at that he is to be accounted dead, - p. 86 of that work, it is evident an effigy of him is to be made, that although apostasy from Mooand funeral rites are to be paid hummudanism, would not invali. to it as if it were him. His wife date the descendant's right to proand children are his heirs.

perty devolving on him by the These two subjects, Putnee death of his ancestors before his and Prayuschit, are treated of in conversion, he would be entitled to the Mitaksharu.'

none whatever originally devolving (Signatures as above.) on him, after his change of religion.

See also Sect. vi. p. 21, of the same The Gospel has induced many, work, where it is assumed that, in the ages which are past, to sa- • entire exclusion from inheritance crifice friendship, and ease, and is produced by becoming an incomfort, and property, and even fidel.. That the Scia doctrine of life itself, for the cause of Christ. inheritance on this point agrees In India, it has led to this bold with the Soonee, is mentioned in profession; and in India it will the same work, p. 40, and of still exhibit it. But why should not course the results, by this interpreevery Christian, both in India and tation, would be equally oppresthroughout Britain, exert himself to sive.' The legitimate conclusion remove this stone of stumbling. The deducible is, that in British India Legislature will, in all probability, a renouncement of Moohummulisten to the reasonable appeals danism necessarily deprives the

be made to it. There convert of all right to property, are few, if any, of the Company's ancestral or acquired, devolving Civilians, who are acquainted with on him, or possessed by him at the the facts of the case, who do not time of his conversion.” greatly bewail them, and who do not “ The following extract of the ardently wish to see an improve- speech of R. Macan, Esq. of the ment in the administration of the Honourable Company's Civil Serlaw referred to.

vice, and late Judge at Juanpore, “ The Moohummudan Law on supplies an eloquent and decided these subjects is equally express, testimony to the fact that the and quite as oppressive as the Hindoo and Moohummudan laws Hindoo. The requisitions of the of property and inheritance are Koran, on which the code of civil interpreted as opposed to the law is founded, are well known. rights of converts to the Christian According to them, a Moosulman, religion ; and, in a very feeling

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