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and partly from the use of those numerous expe- 1 sovereign. Charles X. accidentally learned the dients to which a deep sense of de!ermined patri- project, and stopped it, saying—"Why, the Duke otism enables men to resort in such moments. An of Orleans is the best subject I have, and did he indefatigable frequenter of the drama, who repair think there was any danger, he would be here to ed to the barricades, was astonished to find his dii advise me.” He little thought that all that day penates" on the qui-vive in every direction. Char- messengers had passed between Neuilly, where lemagne's Sword was gleaming on one spot— Tan-Louis Philippe was, and Mr. Lafilte's, every half cred's Panoply was mounted in another—the Hel-hour, and that Mr. Oudart, secretary to the Dumels of the Horatii rivalled with the Swords of chess, had been the bearer of the more confidential Nero's Freedmen—and halberds and partisans, the communications. usual caparison of the minions of despotism, wa- Before night the tricolor waved in triumph from ved high in the coarse hands of Sans-culottes. the Hotel de Ville and Notre Dame, and the troops

At four in the morning, a deputation of the Poly- were concentrated around the Tuileries. Tacitus technic School had been received by General La- says that a cloudy sky is a disastrous omen, and fayette, and in a few hours these young heroes thal the midnight enterprise languishes under the were directing the movements of the insurgents in omen of a clouded moon; but the citizen soldiers every quarter of the city. The National Guard were happy in their anspices, for pure and bright as began to re-organize itself, and some imperial uni- their aspirations for liberty was the heaven above forms were obtained from the wardrobe of a minor their heads on the night between the 28th and 29th theatre. In vain did Mr. Arago attempt to per- of July. Few Parisians closed their eyes, for soade the Duke of Ragusa to cease firing on the though the tocsin had ceased to sound, and the firing people-indignant that his regular troops had been had ceased, a solemn murmur of busy labor was in two instances repulsed by journeymen printers, every where heard. In every street paving stones who fired the type ihey had been forbidden 10 use were torn up and trees cut down to form barricades, legitimately, he was determined to occupy the city. the gunsmittis “ plied their rattling trade,” and the Barricades were erected of felled trees and over- groans of the wounded on their way to the hospitals turned carriages, while, as the troops moved on

were mingled with the sharp challenge, or the through the narrow, obstructed streets, an invisible watchful “sentinel, guard well your post,” which enemy poored forth their fire, with deadly aim, one hundred thousand citizens on foot for liberty from nearly every window. The very women, passed, from one to another, every quarter of an their passions roused, hurled down from ihe house hour. tops paving stones, logs of wood, and bricks, brui- A newspaper of the day, “ La Tribune,” parrates sing and harassing the soldiers who escaped the an interesting scene which occurred at one of the shot. All hope of conciliation was destroyed, and barricades in the Roe Cadet, between the hours of it now remained for victory alone to decide be one and two in the morning, when an old man, tween the King and the people. The latter were walking with difficulty, sought to pass. inspired by the cry of " Live the Charter," and,

“ Halt," cries the sentinel ; " corporal, come and although “ignorant of its meaning, they threw in- reconnoitre.” (The corporal was a working man.) to it," says Louis Blanc," all the vague hopes that " You must come to the post, you fellows there; swelled their bosoms. Many of them died for a and you shall tell us what keeps you abroad so word they did not understand the men who did late.” The group walk toward the post, where understand it were to show themselves by-and-by, each of the unknown undergoes an examination. when the time was come to bury the dead."

First, a man well stricken in years, of venerable The protest of the liberal Deputjes was issued countenance, and for whose passage it had been in the afternoon, though many of them had left the necessary to make breaches in two or three of the cily, among them Mr. Thiers, who had taken re

barricades—then, three other persons, who appearfuge with Madame de Courchamp, at Montmoren. ed to be under his orders, as aides-de-camp. All cy. Charles X. was at St. Cloud, and although this appeared very suspicious to the Commandant, he could hear the firing, he refused to credit the who sharply interrogated the old man. The latter reports bronght to him from time to time.

• The replied to him: “Captain, you see me moved to the Parisians," he said, “ are in a state of anarchy-an- very soul at the spectacle which you make me witarchy will necessarily bring them to my feet." ness; embrace me, and know that I am one of your This blind security was not shared by the mon- old comrades!" The Commandant hesitated." It arch's niece, the Duchess of Berri, who was posi- is General Lafayette !" said some one. Every one live that the insurrection was the work of another flew into his arms; but the Commandant, resuming uncle, the Duke of Orleans. So strony were her all his gravity : “ Gentlemen,” said he, to arms. suspicions, that she organized a party to proceed and immediately all fell into line, and the General to Neuilly, seize the Duke, and oblige him by force reviewed the post, as in the most regular army. to consent to enter Paris with her, to exhibit her infant son Henri to the people, as their legitimate At sunrise on the 29th, the bourgeois took up

arms, and joined the insurgents, whose ranks, thus show him the way : "I know it better than you all far, had been filled with wild students, Phalansie- do," said he with a smile, and ascended the grand rians, St. Simonians, Communists, and other anar- staircase. chists, secretly instigated by agents from the Palais Monsieur Sarrans, his aid-de-camp, gives us a Royal. They had accomplished wonders, but there vivid picture of the scene which these head-quarwas danger of revolutionary excess, and when La- ters of insurrection presented : “ What mighly refitte called upon the middle classes to join the popu- collections were intermingled with others yet more lace in order to check their mad audacity, and es- grand ! hose immense halls, filled with crowds tablish a firm constitutional government, few refu- of citizens of every class, of every age—those sed. A regular system of attack was now organ- combatants, intoxicated by victory, interesting by ized, and from every quarter of the capital marched their wounds—those hangings, covered with feurcolumns, in whose ranks were to be seen mechan- de-lis, coolly torn to pieces—the bust of Loais ics and noblemen, veteran soldiers and boys, uni- XVIII. thrown upon the floor; that of Charles X. forms and rags, led on to victory by the ardent dashed to atoms—those citizen soldiers arriving Polytechnic students—Generals of twenty years, from all sides to announce the defeat of the eneas Beranger called them. Prodigies of valor were mies of liberty, the carrying of the Lourre, the enacted by many of these improvised battalions, and Tuileries, and the barracks of Babylon, bringing we even read of boys waving the tricolor flag amidst the colors, and dragging along the cannon which the volleys of grape-shot, and rushing among the they had forcibly taken from the soldiers of Charles enemy's squadrons to poniard the horse of the dra- X.--orders dictated in haste, and dispatched in goon whom they could not reach. The King's every direction, to pursue and harass the Royalisis troops, particularly the Swiss guards, “ fought like in their retreat-those guards with naked armsbrave men, long and well,” but they could not re- military posts forming at every point-the Place de sist the masses which attacked them on all sides. Grève covered with ammunition wagons and broThe Louvre was evacuated--the last company of ken arms—the whole Polytechoic school in baille the Swiss foot guards fell in the Place de Carrou- array-elsewhere pious hands already digging the sel—and at one o'clock, Charles X. looking through grave of the heroes of liberty-in short, this coma telescope from the Palace of St. Cloud, saw the pound of a popular tumult and a real battle against fiery tricolor waving in triumph over the Palace of experienced troops and generals, resolving itself the Tuileries. The insurgents had conquered, and into a multitude of attacks of posts and partial sucwalked through regal halls, as the Spartan army cesses—all this, rendered vivid and animated by did through the palace of Xerxes, without commit- the consciousness of a great triumph, presented a ting the slightest acts of violence-for to have de spectacle worthy the pen of a Tacilus or a Sallust." vastated or plundered would have brought death. That afternoon the tricolored flag waved from The bourgeoisie were determined to enforce law every public building in Paris; not a man was 10 and order, and while they humored the mob by join- be seen unadorned with the tricolored cockade. ing in the chorus of La Marseillaise, they succeed- Prompt measures were taken for the preservatioa ed in inspiring in their breasts a delicate sense of of the public tranquillity, and the following procłahonor, which would not have discredited the days mation was placarded upon the walls : of chivalry.

At this moment, Lafitte declared at a meeting of "My dear fellow-citizens and brave comrades, the Deputies, that as they had remained behind the once more to the command of the public force.

“The confidence of the people of Paris calls me people, they must now at least endeavor to over- With joy and devotedness I have accepted the poxtake them by organizing without delay a Provi- er that has been intrusled to me, and now, as in sional Government, with General Lafayette at its 1789, I feel myself strong in the approbation of my head. Half an hour after the Tuileries surrender- honorable colleagues now assembled in Paris. I ed, this Provisional Government was on its trium- known. The conduct of the Parisian population


shall make no profession of faith; my opinions are phal march to the Hotel de Ville, amid shouts of during these last days of trial, renders me more Vive Lafayette !" passing through barricades than ever proud of being at its head. stained with fresh blood, while from the house-tops, “Liberty shall triumph, or we will perish tofrom whence, but a few hours before, massive pa- gether. ving stones had been cast with destructive force up

Vive la Liberté ! Vive la Patrie!

“ LAFAYETTE." on the doomed soldiery, now showered gentle flow

“ Paris, July 29, 1830." ers and tricolored cockades on the revolutionary veteran. The entire capital resounded with shouts His forces slain or dispersed, the Duke of Raof joy, which went up from the square in front of gusa fled 10 St. Cloud, where, the day before, he the Hotel de Ville as the procession arrived, and had pledged himself to keep possession of the c*: Lafayette entered the walls, where, forty years be- pital for at least a fortnight longer. The news that fore, another generation had placed him at the head the rebels were victorious so incensed the Duke of of the Revolution of 1789. Some one wishing to Angouleme, that he demanded the Duke's sword,

and broke it over the pommel of his saddle, order- At four o'clock on the morning of the 30th, Laing him into arrest. This act of violence was dis fitte received a letter from one of the agents he approved of by Charles X., who limited the arrest had sent thither on the preceding day, which conto four hours, and at dinner time sent to inform the tained, in the following closing paragraph, the final Duke that a cover was placed for him at the royal instructions of the arch-conspirator. table. The invitation was not accepted. Finding that further resistance to the popular will was use.

“ It is proposed to wait on him in the name of less, the King consented to repeal the ordonnan- the constiinted authorities, suitably accompanied, ces, and directed the Duke of Mortemart to repair considerations or scruples of delicacy, it will be

and to offer him the crown. Should he plead family to Paris, and treat for his abdication, as well as for answered him, that his abode in Paris is important that of the Duke of Angouleme, in favor of his to the tranquillity of the capital and of France, and grandson, who would ascend the throne as Henri that it is necessary to place him in safety there. V. Well informed politicians have expressed it as The infallibility of this measure may be relied on. their opinion, that had the Duke of Montemart seen the Duke of Orleans will not be slow to unite him

Furthermore, it may be set down for certain, that the leading Depaties that night, the elder branch self fully with the wishes of the nation." might have saved the throne.

The confidence of Charles X. in Louis Philippe A copy of this was carried to the office of the remained unshaken. As he coolly sat at the whist National,” where Messrs. Thiers, Mignet, and table, enjoying his vsual rubber, Monsieur Duras Beranger were in session, and in an hour placards (first gentleman of the bed-chamber) trumped his from their pens were profusely distributed in every king of hearts with a knave of clubs, and the Du direction. One will give an idea of all. chess of Berri remarked, “So, my uncle, you will

" The Duke of Orleans has carried the tricolor fall a victim.” “ Banish these suspicions against flag under the enemy's fire; the Duke of Orleans those good d'Orleans," replied the monarch; "ibere can alone carry it again. We will have no other are not more loyal people in France, and just now, flap. when I heard a lieutenant of the guards say that

The Duke of Orleans does not declare himhe could have seized the Duke, I told him that, self. He waits for the expression of our wishes. had he laid a finger on him, I should have loudly the charter, as we have always understood and de

Let us proclaim those wishes, and he will accept disavowed the act.”

sired it. It is from the French people he will hold “Who shall rule France ?" was that night dis- his crown." cussed by thousands—the aristocracy advocating the claims of Henri V., the bourgeoisie the Duke of These placards provoked an explosion of anger Orleans, the war party young Napoleon, and the among the Liberals, and Pierre Leroux hurried 10 liberals a President. To General Lafayette a Re- the Hotel de Ville to remonstrate with Lafayette, public, modelled after the United States, was the declaring that the accession of another Bourbon dream of a long life, but the people remembered would be the signal for a renewal of the conflict. the excesses of 1789. “ Take the Duke of Or- The General is represented as having sat immovaleans for your King," said Monsieur Lafitte-"Lib- ble in a large arm-chair, apparently lost in deep erty will be satisfied with the sacrifice of legitima- thought, and would undoubtedly have opposed Louis cy! Order will thank you for saving it from Robe Philippe, had it not been for the appearance of spierre! England, in your revolution, will recog. Odilon Barrot, who prevailed upon bim to uphold dise her own !"

a constitutional monarchy. "Take Lonis Philippe as our King !" replied Louis Philippe had left Neuilly on the morning Monsieur de Glandeves. “Why, are you not aware of the 301h for Raincy, and was therefore away that he is accused of having approved of the ho- from home when Messrs. Dupin, Persil and Thiers micidal votes of his father, and having been impli- arrived, bringing an informal offer of the crown cated in schemes for seizing the throne since he from the Chamber of Deputies. The Duchess of was eighteen, besides having fought against Na- Orleans could not bear to see her family honored poleon ? Do not all impartial observers accuse bim by "a crown snatched from the head of an old of constant intrigue since 1815, procuring the res- man, who had always proved himself to be a faithtitution of his stipend in defiance of the law, cring- ful kinsman and a generous friend ;" but the ambiing at court, and out of court flattering the mischief tious Madame Adelaide promised that if her brothmakers ? And, above all, has he not been so loaded er could not be found to accept what should be with favors by the elder branch, that it would be rendered him, she would receive it in his name. the blackest ingratitude for him to seize their her- " Only,” said the diplomatic Princess to Thiers, itage?" "Ah, my good Sir," was Lafitte's reply,"we must have a care that Europe does not think this "the Duke is such a good husband and so kind a revolution has been gotten up merely to change the father-besides, he would improve the commercial crown of France, and attribute the fall of Charles prosperity of the country. The bourgeois will give X. to the intrigues of the Duke of Orleans." In him their support.”

a few hours a committee of the Chamber of Deputies presented themselves at Neuilly, bearing the and tears of a mother, the Danphin acquainte! following proclamation :

Charles X. that St. Cloud was threatened, and that

the seat of the monarchy must be moved a little “ To the Citizens of France :-The meeting farther; and some minutes afterwards, before day. of Deputies at this time in Paris, has deemed it break, Charles X., the Duchess of Berri

, and ibe urgently necessary to entreat his Royal Highness children, were on their way 10 Trianon, under the the Duke of Orleans to repair to the capital, to exercise there the functions of Lieutenant-General protection of an escort of gardes du corps. The of the kingdom, and to express to him their desire aspect of the camp boded ill; and bitter thoughts to preserve the tricolored cockade. It has, more were written in the faces of all those armed ser. over, felt innpressed with the necessity of applying vants of fugitive royalty. The remains of the itself, without intermission, to the task of securing royal kitchen, distributed among the soldiers, sent to France, in the approaching session of the Chambers, all the indispensable guarantees for the full some flashes of gaiety through this dense and disand entire execution of the charter."

mal gloom ; but whilst some were dividing this en:

expected booty among them, with laughter, others Returning to Neuilly in the evening, Louis Phil-were abandoning their colors, and scattering their ippe read this important document at the gate of arms over the road as they fled. Little depeahis park, by the pale and flickering light of a torch, dence can be placed on hired bayonets. and immediately set out for the Palais Royal. He arrived about midnight, accompanied by only three persons, wearing the tri-colored cockade, and answering to the sentries' challenge, as they clam: of the Chamber of Deputies waited on Louis Phi

Early on the morning of the 31st, the deputatica bered over the barricades, “ Vive la Charte."

ippe for his decision, and found him nearly orerStrange to say, no sooner had he written notes to Lafitte and Lafayette, than he despatched a mes.

powered by fear and hope, for Charles X. was seil senger for the Duke of Mortemart, who had been at the head of a powerful army, and the Duchess was

openly opposed to her husband's dethroning his genrepulsed from the Chamber of Deputies as testa

erous kinsman. At last he sent Marshal Sebastiani mentary executor of Charles X.

Louis Blanc thus describes the interview :

to Talleyrand for his decision, and that old diplaThe Duke of Moriemart followed the messen

matist settled the matter by saying, with the filipger, and was introduced through the roof of the pancy of a political coxcomb, “ It is well –let him palace into a small closet opening to the right on

accept.” In an hour the following proclamation the court, and not belonging to the apartments oc

was placarded : cupied by the family. Louis Philippe was lying “ INHABITANTS OF PARIS,on a mattress on the floor, in his shirt, and only “ The Deputies of France, at this moment ashalf covered with a shabby quilt. His face was sembled in Paris, have expressed their desire that bathed in perspiration, there was a lurid fire in his I should betake myself to this capital, to exercise

there the functions of Lieutenant-General of the eye, and all about him bespoke extreme fatigue and

kingdom. extraordinary excitement of mind. He began to "I have not hesitated to come and partake Four speak the moment the Duke of Mortemart enter- dangers, to place myself in the midst of this heroed, and expressed himself with great volubility and ic population, and use all my endeavors to preserve earnestness, protesting his attachment to the elder you from civil war and anarchy. On entering the branch, and vowing he had only come to Paris to city of Paris I wore with pride those glorious colsave the city from anarchy. At this moment a

ors you have resumed, and which I had myself long

carried. great noise was heard in the court, where people “ The Chambers are about to assemble: they were shouting Vive le Duc d'Orleans! “ You will consult on the means of securing the reign of hear that, Monseigneur,” said De Morten art. the laws, and the maintenance of the rights of the “those shouts are for you.” “No! No!" replied

nation. the Duke of Orleans, with increased vehemence;

" A charter shall henceforth be a true thing. “I will suffer ceath sooner than accept the crown.”

Louis Philippe D'ORLEANS." He seized a pen and wrote a letter to Charles X., Surrounded by a numerous staff, and escorted which he sealed and delivered to De Mortemart, by the Deputies, Louis Philippe now set out for who carried it away in the folds of his cravat. the Hotel de Ville, passing over half-demolished

By a curious coincidence-Louis Blanc goes on barricades, and by new-closed graves. Yet there to say-almost at the very hour that these things was no cheering, no enthusiasm, and where ove were passing in Paris, in the Palais Royal, the cried "Vive le Duc d'Orleans !" a thousand cried Duchess of Berri started out of bed at St. Cloud, " Vive le République ! Vive Lafayette !" for the agitated by a thousand terrors, and ran half dressed people felt that they had not been consulted, and to awaken the Dauphin, and to reproach him for an the Bourbon blood of the Prince excited a violent obstinacy that endangered the lives of two poor irritation. The procession entered the Hotel de children. Distressed and overcome by the cries' Ville, Lafayette receiving his royal visitor with

the politeness of a gentleman, delighted to do the of Fine Arts in New York, a portrait of Mrs. honors of a wholly popular sovereignty lo a Prince, Lewis, by Elliot, which is at the same time a forand then all eyes on the square were turned to the cible likeness and one of the most praiseworthy grand balcony. A sullen grief was depicted in pictures ever painted. In fact, we have seen nothe faces of the recent combatants, and others in thing better from Sir Thomas Lawrence ;-it alone the crowd were ghastly pale with fear. At last would suffice to place Elliot at the head of his prothe windows were swung open, and Lafayette, (the fession in this country—we mean, of course, as a picture of the arbiter of the troubled hour descri- painter of portraits. This picture conveys a disbed by Virgil.) his aged head crowned with the tinct idea of the personal authoress. She is, as character of seventy years, appeared on that same we have already mentioned, quite young-probably balcony where he had been su conspicuous nearly not more than 25 or 26—with dark and very exfifty years before, waving in one hand the flag of pressive hazel eyes and chesnut hair, naturally the old Republic, and presenting with the other curling--a poetical face, if ever one existed. Her the candidate for the new monarchy. Then, and form is finely turned--full, without being too much Dot till then, says an eye-witness, burst out the so, and slightly above the medium height. Her loud, hearty, and long resounding shouts of the demeanour is noticeable for dignity, grace and repopulace; then, and not till then, the people who pose. She goes liule into society and resides at had been fighting for their liberties, the party that present in Brooklyn, N. Y. with her husband, S. had been plotting for Louis Philippe, and the de. D. Lewis, Esq., Counsellor at Law. We have ceived bourgeois united in upholding a Prince who thought that these succinct personal particulars of was "10 pot an end 10 all revolutions, and to es. one, who will most probably, at no very distant day, tablish on a permanent basis the institutions of occupy a high, if not the highest, position among France.”

American poetesses, might not prove uninteresting to our readers.

The “ Records of the Heart” was received with unusual favor at the period of its issue. It consists, principally, of poems of length. The leading one is “ Florence," a tale of romantic passion,

founded on an Italian tradition of great poetic caMRS. LEWIS' POEMS.*

pability and well managed by the fair authoress. It displays, however, somewhat less of polish and a good deal less of assured power than we see

evinced in her “ Child of the Sea.” We quote a Mrs. Lewis has, in a very short space of time, brief passage, by way, merely, of instancing the attained a high poetical reputation. She is one of general spirit and earnest movement of the verse : the youngest of our poetesses ; and it is only since the publication of her “ Records of the Heart," in

Morn is abroad; the sun is up; 1844, that she can be said to have become known

The dew fills high each lily's cup.

Ten thousand flowerets springing there to the literary world :-alihough her“ Ruins of Pa

Diffuse their mcense through the air, leaque" wbich appeared in the “ New-World”

And, smiling, hail the morning beam; sometime, we think, in 1810, made a most decided

The fawns plunge panting in the stream, impression among a comparatively limited circle of Or through the vale with light foot spring : readers. It was a composition of unquestionable

Insect and bird are on the wing

And all is bright, as when in May meril, on 'a lopic of infallible interest. In 1846,

Young Nature holds high holiday. Mrs. Lewis published, in “ The Democratic Review," a poem called “ The Broken Heart,” in

“ Florence,” however, is more especially noticethree cantos, and subsequently has written many able for the profusion of its original imagery-as minor pieces for the “ American” and “ Demo.

for example : cratic” Reviews, and for various other periodical works. In all her writings we perceive a marked

The cypress in funereal gloom idiosyncrasy-so that we might recognize her hand Folds its dark arms above the tomb. immediately in any of her anonymous productions. Passion, enthusiasm, and abandon are her prevail. “Tenel" (pronounced Thanail,) Melpomene, (a ing traits. In these particulars she puts us more glowing tribute to L. E. L.,) “ The Last Hour of in mind of Maria del Occidenle than of any other Sappho,” “ Laone,” and “ The Bride of GuayaAmerican poetess.

quil," are all poems of considerable length and of There has been lately exhibited, at the Academy rare merit in various ways. Their conduct as nar

ratives, is, perhaps, less remarkable than their gen* The Child of the Sea and other Poems. By S. Anna eral effect as poems proper. They leave invariaLewis, anthor of “Records of the Heart," etc., etc. bly on the reader's heart a sense of beauty and of


Vol. XIV-72

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