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volume, we do not return in a kindred tone of commendation to its author, he will readily feel the motives of our abstinence. Suffice it for Mr. Pearson, that he has rendered one of those important services to mankind which are always conferred by a volume calculated as this is (the professional part we pass over) to promote the virtue and the piety of moral and accountable beings. In conducting his honourable task, Mr. Pearson has truly witnessed a good confession before many witnesses; he bas left a standing and honourable memo
rial to those principles which he holds in common with his late friend Mr. Hey; he has exhibited, in the dress of a masculine and flowing style, the powers of a strong mind, and generally a correct judgment; and, above all, has manifested an example, where such example is likely to be attended with important benefits, of faith without superstition, zeal without heat, church principles without bigotry, and an attachment to the soundest dictates of morality inseparably connected with the glory of God and the spiritual interests of mankind.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
GREAT BRITAIN. PREPARING for publication: - Literal Translation of the Odyssey; by an Oxonian;Journal of a Voyage to Greenland; by Captain Manby;--Life and Times of Daniel De Foe; by W. Wilson.
In the press :-Memoirs of the Civil Wars; from the papers of an Eye-witness; - Abridgment of Blackstone's Commentaries, in a series of Letters from a Father to his Daughter;-Translation of Legendre's Elements; edited by Dr. Brewster;-and An entire new View of the Apocalyptic Numbers, intended to "shew that the 666 years of the Babylonian beast followed by his 42 months' power reach from the third of Cyrus to the final desolation in Judea, A. D. 136, which Daniel's vision extended to; then after a thousand years appeared in Rome against the Waldenses, &c. whose souls rest with Christ the present thousand; after which Infidel Gog in the last effort will perish with the beast for ever, and the endless sabbath of rest begin!" by Mr. Overton.
So great has been the extension of po. pular literature in this country during the last few years, that Lord Russell lately stated in the House of Commons, that in the year 1770 there were but four circulating libraries in London, but that there are at present one hundred, and
nine hundred more scattered throughout the country, besides from 1500 to 2000 book-clubs. His Lordship added, that he was informed by the firm of Messrs. Longman and Co., that they sold to the number of five million volumes annually; that they afforded constant employmeut to sixty clerks, and 250 printers and book binders; and paid 5,500l. yearly in advertisements. One of the magazines states, that at the present moment there are fewer works in the press than have been known for some years, and that the chief London publishers seem to have determined to diminish their stocks rather than enlarge them further by hazardous speculations. An inundation of books, with no better recommendation than fine paper and printing, has injured substantial lite rature, and vitiated the public taste. Works are now not unfrequently pub lished at prices exceeding what they could be copied for by a scrivener: thus relinquishing a considerable part of the benefit of the art of printing.
It was lately voted in the House of Commons, on the motion of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, "That an humble Address be presented to his Majesty, to represent to his Majesty that the editions of the works of our ancient Historians are incorrect and defective; that many of their writings still remain in manuscript, and in some
cases in a single copy only; and that an uniform and convenient edition of the whole, published under his Majesty's Royal sanction, would be an undertaking honourable to his Majesty's reign, and conducive to the advancement of historical and constitutional knowledge: that this House, therefore, humbly beseeches his Majesty, that he would be graciously pleased to give such direc tions as his Majesty in his wisdom may think fit, for the publication of a complete Edition of the Ancient Histories of this Realm: and that this House begs leave to assure his Majesty, that whatever expense may be necessary for this purpose will be made good by this House."
A Royal Academy of Music is about to be established, under the sanction of his Majesty, for the advancement of the theory and practice of music vocal and instrumental. Dr. Crotch has been appointed Principal of the Academy,
and the most eminent Professors are engaged in every department of the art.
An American journal presents the following literary details:
"The number of persons employed by book printing in the United States, is estimated at 10,000. Upwards of 400,000 dollars were expended by the publishers of Rees's Cyclopedia, 30,000 reams of paper were used, 12,000 copper-plates were engraved, from which 2,776,060 impressions were taken. It has for fifteen years given employment to one hundred persons daily. It is the largest work in the English language, and the American edition is larger than the English. The foreign books which have been published in the United States within thirty years, exceed 20,000,000, the amount of books manufactured in this country every year, is at least from one and a half to two millions."
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Works of the Rev. John Gambold: with an Introductory Essay; by Thomas Erskine, Esq. Advocate, Author of Remarks on the Internal Evidence for the Truth of Revealed Religion. 12mo. 4s. Farewell Discourse to the Congregation and Parish of St. John's, Glasgow; by the Rev. Edward Irving, some time Assistant to the Rev. Dr. Chalmers. 8vo. -1s. 6d.
Practical and Familiar Sermons; by the Rev. E. Cooper. Vol. VI. 6s.
Lectures on Parables selected from the New Testament. 8s.
Testimonies to the Truths of National and Revealed Religion, extracted from the Works of distinguished Laymen; by the Rev. S. Brewster, 12mo. 5s. 6d. Thornton's Sermons on various Subjects. 8vo. 12s.
On the Moral Benefits of Death to Mankind; by D. Eaton. 18.
A Sermon preached at the Anniversary of the British and Foreign School Society; by the Rev. W. Cairns, M. A. 8vo. 2s.
A Country Parson's Second Offering to his Mother Church, in nine Pastoral Sermons. 12mo. 3s.
Scripture Principles, Precepts, and Precedents, in Favour of the Baptism of Infants; by D. Isaac. 12mo. 4s. 6d. Sermons Doctrinal and Practical; by the Rev. H. G. White, A. M. 2 vols. Svo. 24s.
The Influence of Protestant Missionary Establishments in developing the
physical and moral Condition of Man; and elucidating the dark Regions of the Globe; by T. Myers, A. M. 38.
Observations on the metrical Version of the Psalms made by Sternhold, Hopkins, and others: with Notices of other English metrical Versions of the Psalms; by the Rev. Henry John Todd, M. A, F. S. A. 8vo. 4s.
Architectural Antiquities of Normandy; by J. S. Cotman 2 vols. super royal folio, 121. 12s. India paper, 211.
Kentish Writers in English Poetry. 2 vols. 12mo. 15s.
Memoirs of Benvenuto Cellini; written by himself: edited by T. Roscoe, Esq. 2 vols. 24s.
Memoirs of the late Rev. A. Stewart, D. D. of Edinburgh. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
The Life of Willielma, Viscountess Glenorchy; by T. S. Jones, D.D. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
Memoirs and Select Remains of an only Son; by T. Durant. 2 vols. 108. 6d.
The Exotic Flora; by W. J. Hooker, LL.D. &c. Part I. Royal 8vo.
Chronological Notes of Scottish Affairs, from 1680 to 1701, from Lord Fountainhill's Diary. 4to. 368.
Annotations on Livy; by J. Walker. 8vo. 12s.
Essays on Ancient Greece; by H. D. Hill, D. D. 12mo. 78.
Bivalve Shells of the British Islands; by W. Turton, M.D. 4to. 41.
Domestic Education; by W. J. Hort. 22 vols. 31. 13s. 6d.
Speech intended to be delivered at the last Annual Meeting of the Hibernian Bible Society; by the Rev. James Dunn.
Inquiry into the present State of the Statute and Criminal Law of England; by John Miller, Esq. 8vo. 9s. 6d.
Speech of the Rev. Dr. Chalmers, on the 24th of May, 1822, before the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, explanatory of the Measures which have been successfully pursued in St. John's Parish, Glasgow, for the extinction of its Compulsory Pauperism.
A Journey from Merut to London, through Arabia, Persia, &c. in 1819, 1820; by Lieut. T. Lumsden. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGA. duty and safety of promoting Chris
TION OF THE GOSPEL.
FROM the last Annual Report of the Society, lately circulated, we copy the following interesting particulars.
The accounts from India state that the buildings of the Bishop's College, Calcutta, will be finished at the conclusion of the present year; by which time, it is hoped, the plans of the Society in that quarter will be in active operation, by the admission of a certain number of students, and the arrival in India of two English missionaries. It is in contemplation to render the Clergy Orphan School in London, at St. John's Wood, near the Regent's Park, available as a nursery for missionaries. The Society invite their friends to contribute to the college library, either by pecuniary donations or presents of books. Ten theological scholarships, and as many lay scholarships, have been founded for Native or European youths educated in the principles of Christianity, and the sum of 1000l. per annum is appropriated to that special purpose. The ordinary age of admission is to be fourteen years Individuals may found scholarships at the college, at the rate of not less than 5000 sicca rupees; the first appointment is to be in the nomination of the founder, under such limitations as may be fixed by the statutes.
The Rev. Mr. Mill, the Principal of the college, writes as follows, on the
tianity among the natives of India :
"The impulse given to the public mind here, with respect to the obligation of improving the state of the native population, is indeed remarkable; and the conviction, among the more reflecting and religious part of the European society, seems to be gaining ground, that this improvement must involve in it the introduction of Christianity, and should be conducted according to the sober principles, the apostolical doctriue and discipline of our Church. The great difficulty with which we have to contend, is the prejudice which associates every endeavour of this nature with hostility to the Establishment; a prejudice which, though contradicted by innumerable testimonies, both in former times and the present, exists in the minds of many very different classes of persons....Apprehensions of danger from the native prejudices, are, in the judgment of almost every observer here, without foundation. The experience of the Diocesan Schools, and others, where the children of Pagans are instructed, proves that they will admit any thing, provided their errors be not the direct objects of attack; and that while the indolence and sensuality of their native habits bind them most to their superstitions, the hopes of their children's advancement are sufficient to make them consent to the method, which more effectually than any other tends
to undermine the same superstitions in them. From the very limited expe rience I have myself acquired in this country, I can speak with confidence to the fact, that the Scriptures, and other. Christian books, even in places the most contradictory to the whole system of idolatry, may be read in Heathen schools, where the Brahmin pundits are the hearers and teachers, with ont exciting any alarm or offence whatsoever."
The following communications relate to the Society's missions in North Ame. rica.
In reference to Newfoundland, the Society have determined, that in the several out-harbours, where any con siderable number of Protestant Episcopalian inhabitants are resident, catechists or schoolmasters shall be appointed, under the direction of the re sident missionary. Each catechist or schoolmaster is to assemble the inhabitants on the Sunday, and to read to them the service of the Established Church and a sermon, and to open a Sundayschool, and instruct the children of the poor gratuitously.
From Nova Scotia, the friends of the Society report, that the National School at Halifax is very popular and flou. rishing, and that the rich, as well as the poor, eagerly avail themselves of its advantages. Since its establishment 881 children have been received into the school: of whom 505 have attended the church; 157 the Catholic chapel; 114 the Presbyterian meeting-houses; 175 the Methodists; and 30 the Baptists. Thirty-three schoolmasters and seven schoolmistresses have been instructed in the system, and are now feaching in various parts of the diocese, and the whole system is gaining ground in the public estimation.
Several of the communications from the missionaries are very interesting. We select the following specimen.
The missionary at Rawdon, upon his return from Quebec, traversed the tract of country which lies between the river St. Lawrence and St. John's, New Brunswick. On reaching the river De Verd, about nine miles from the St. Lawrence, he found a small settlement of eight or nine families, consisting of disbanded soldiers, who had received from the Provisional Government grants of the lands they occupied, and had been encouraged to cultivate them by an allowance of provisions to assist them CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 248.
at the commencement of their labours, Upon inquiry, he found, with much con. cern, that there was only one person among them who could read: this was a female. He immediately went to see her, and was highly pleased to discover in her not only a sound understanding, but apparently a mind piously disposed. She informed him that she took as much pains as the little time she could afford would allow (her husband was extremely poor, and she was obliged to work very hard with him on the farm), in educating her children, and instilling into their minds the principles of reli gion. She professed a firm attachment to the Church of England. Her library consisted of a Bible and Prayer-book. The missionary, who could not but deplore the wretched state of these families, thus ignorant of religion, and with nothing to distinguish the Sabbath from any other day, requested this poor woman to assemble as many of her neighbours as would attend at her tent on Sundays, and to read to them the Holy Scriptures, and to offer up some of the prayers in the Liturgy. He also gave her a volume of sermons, and urged her to read one of them on these occasions. She seemed much pleased with the proposal, which was most acceptable to many others in the settlement. This simple mode of instruction, where no other way could be provided for their spiritual improvement, might, the missionary trusted, through the blessing of God, be the means of leading some of these ignorant beings to the knowledge of Divine truth, and that the Father of mercies might, even by the instrumentality of this solitary individual, raise up children to himself in the wilderness:
The Rev. J. Burnyeat, the visiting missionary in the diocese of Nova Scotia, gives the following pleasing particulars of a Negro congregation.
"It was extremely gratifying to me to find that the Black population of Tracadie are objects of the Society's consideration. The pecuniary allowance made to Demsy Jourdie is the means of greatly benefiting the settlement. Persons of all ages are punctual attendants on the performance of the services of this catechist. Several of them have the Book of Common Prayer, and are able to join in reading the Liturgy. I administered the Sacrament of Baptism to some of their children. The sponsors, from memory, made the
answers prescribed by the Rubric with promptitude and correctness. In short, a great part of the congregation are well acquainted with the Church Ser vice. Their familiarity with it is to be attributed, in a great degree, to the provision made for their instruction by the Society. Demsy Jourdie is well qualified for the trust which he holds, and is faithful in the discharge of its duties.
Society for Propagation of the Gospel. [AUG. Church Service on Sundays: in the interment of the dead he reads the Funeral Service. The only remunera tion he has received for this dedication of his time, has been a few potatoes for the last two years, to the value of about forty or fifty shillings. He is piteously straitened in his circumstances, and is faradvanced in years, being sixty-three; he has a wife and a numerous family of young children. If the Society, in any instance, make any allowance to lay. readers, this man may, with the utmost propriety, be pointed out as deserving their countenance."
"The room which forms the scene of their weekly devotions, is not large enough to contain the whole of them; and to remedy this inconvenience, they are about to build a small church, the timber for the frame of which is already prepared. The dimensions will be thirty-five feet by twenty-five. One John Devoyce has allotted an acre and a half of land for the site. They begged of me to make the Society acquainted with what they are doing, and to implore for them a little assistance. 251. will be sufficient to enable them to purchase all the necessary materials that can only be obtained for money, which is a scarce article among them. The Society have, in innumerable instances, assisted people of European descent in building churches; but this is probably the first time they have been applied to for aid for a similar undertaking in behalf of any part of the African race in the diocese."
Mr. Burnyeat writes again, June 21, 1821:
"To reach Sheet Harbour, which had never been visited by a clergyman of our Church, I have been under the necessity of travelling ninety miles,through a dreary forest, wherein but few houses are scattered. There is no occasion to lament here, as at Country Harbour, the neglect of all public observance of religion. A person of the name of John Jackson reads the service of the Church of England successively at the different houses in the place, which are in number between twenty and thirty. He has continued this pious employment about eleven years, from the time that the Society's school became vacant. The sermons which he uses are broken sets of Tillotson's and Sherlock's; he has read them so frequently, that they are quite familiar to his audience. A few volumes of fresh, authors would tend much to their instruction. He expressed to me an earnest desire to be furmished with such a supply. His labours are not confined to the reading of the
The great dearth of religious ordinances in some parts of the colony may be inferred from the following circumi
"An Irish emigrant," remarks Mr. Burnyeat, "was at a funeral which I attended; and perceiving, from the prayers that were used, that I belonged to the Established Church, came up to me to give vent to his feelings, on first hearing, after five years' absence from his native land, any one of the services of the United Church read, either in public or in private. He had not brought a Prayer-book with him from Ireland, an omission which he could not cease to lament. Having a small family of children, some of whom were not baptized, he was anxious to avail himself of the opportunity that then offered, to have the rite of baptism administered to them. I readily complied with his wishes, and proceeded forthwith to his house. When I took my leave of him, I could not but reflect, that, notwithstanding the distresses of the mother country, and the plenty of this colony, the privations are greater in the latter than in the former; and that, did the venerable Society know the real condition of the poorer parts of Nova Scotia, they would be induced to make even greater exertions, if possible, than at present, for their spiritual welfare."
The Society's recently appointed missionary at the Cape of Good Hope, writes:
"I have the pleasure of being able to inform the Society, that the National School is daily increasing in numbers, and I have every reason to be satisfied with the progress and diligence of the children, as well as the attention of the masters. When I first visited the school, the number of scholars in the English department was 45, of whom nine were