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not recognize his own work again, Scriptures which they daily read, though he should find it duly la- that there is now placed within the belled “ Calmet's Dictionary.” reach of most of them, a work We have very little doubt, how that will supply a larger portion of ever, that he would be candid correct illustration of the history, enough to confess, that it is great- antiquities, geography, and cusly improved by graphical illus- toms of “the nations, kindreds, trations, scientific

discoveries, and tongues” referred to in the biblical criticism, and general sacred volume, than the costliest arrangement, and that he could commentary will supply, and that now derive much information from with the assistance of the maps that book which enjoys a kind of and the numerous and beautiful prescriptive reputation from his wood-cuts with which many of the venerable name.

articles are illustrated, they cannot In closing this cursory notice of fail to obtain a more enlarged and the admirable volume before us, intelligent view of the contents of we are constrained to congratu- the sacred volume than they have late that large class of Christians, yet enjoyed. who desire to understand the Holy



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Expository Notes, with Practical Observa. conflicting opinions. Dr. Doddridge

tions on the New Testament of our Lord says “Burkitt has but few valuable criand Saviour Jesus Christ, where in the ticisms, but he has many schemes of sacred Text is at large recited, the sense good sermons. His sentiments vary in explained, and the instructive example of different parts of his work, as the authe blessed Jesus and his holy Apostles, thors from whence he took his materials our imitation recommended, The

were orthodox or not."

While we whole designed to encourage the reading of the Scriptures in private families, and admit that the Doctor's judgment is to render the daily perusal of them pro- correct, as far as it goes, yet we think fitable and delightful. By William he ought to have said more in justice Burkitt, M. A., late Vicar and Lecturer to the memory of the worthy Exposiof Dedham, in Essex. 2 vols. 8vo. pp. tor, who, as Mr. Buck observes, “ has 760--898. London. Dinnis.

many ingenuous observations, fine BURKITT is

ancient favourite turns, natural plans, and pungent adwith the plain, pious readers of this dresses to the conscience;" so that country, and his “ Expository Notes” if the work be not distinguished have, perhaps, passed through a great either by depth of learning or judger number of editions than any simi- ment, it is both pious and practical, Jar work. Our own copy is the six- and as such, we anticipate its wider teenth edition, folio, 1765. There are circulation through the convenient and also several quarto editions, of various cheap edition now before us. merits, but we believe that the edition before us is the first octavo impression The Voice of Humanity, published quarterthat has appeared, which is certainly ly, in 8 numbers, making 2 vols. 8vo. the most convenient size, and as it is Nisbet. printed with a strong clear type, on A PERIODICAL work is scarcely a good paper, will be very acceptable suitable subject of review. We feel to most Christian families.

it our duty, however, briefly to notice Respecting the merits of Burkitt, as “ The Association for promoting Raan Expositor, there are apparently tional Humanity towards the Animal Creation," under whose sanction this cannot continue a Minister of the Church work is published. The term rational of England, London. Price 3il. pp. 12. is understood by us, as referring both

Octavo. to the means to be employed, and the

This letter is printed, as containing, extent to which those means are to be

in the estimation of the publisher, carried. The means recommended

several of the principal reasons, in a are rather those of prevention, than the

small compass, for conscientious dis. infliction of penalty. Their primary ob

sent from the Church of England. It jects appear to be the improvement of is written in a candid spirit; and is a our cattle markets and slaughterhouses and knacker's yards; the sup

tract which, on account of its short

ness, and the lowness of its price, may pression of bull and bear baiting, cock

serve as a brief epitome of some main and dog fighting, &c. in which we presume all the friends of humanity must

arguments, which ought to induce all be agreed. They disown, however,

conscientious and godly ministers in the refined sensibility of those persons

the Church, as by law established, to

consider their ways, and to ask themwho scruple to eat of animal food, though expressly permitted of God; in continuing in their present con

selves how they can justify themselves and employed both by our Lord and

nection. his apostles.

Mr. Tiptaft conscientiously, as he The numbers before us contain a

informs us, refrains, at the commencevariety of useful Essays and striking

ment of the letter, from the use of the anecdotes, with the substance of several excellent sermons, preached by he assures the bishop, that he does so

high and usual appellation ;” and Dr. Barker, Mr. Greenwood, Jate of

from Trinity College, Cambridge, Mr.

no personal disrespect” to him Good, of Salisbury, and other clergy.

as an individual, but because he thinks

that such a mode of address is exmen of different denominations. We feel it necessary to distinguish

pressly contrary to the plain and this Association from

simple commands” of our Lord Jesus Society

Christ. Hence the letter is not ad(formed some years ago) for the preventing Cruelty to Animals,” though God, the Lord Bishop of Salisbury;

dressed to the Right Rev. Father in we are happy to hear that there is a

but simply in the style necessary to prospect of their being united.

designate the office which the bishop Man's Ability and Obligations; illustrated

sustains in the polity of the English in the Life, Death, and Eternal Dwelling

church. The reasons for separation are Place of an Unconverted Sinner. 32mo. mainly those to which any conscientiNisbet.

ous dissenter might subscribe, and we Most of our readers will remember, sincerely recommend this tract to our we suppose,


ap- readers, as fit to be put into the hands of peared in our pages, in the early part candid churchmen, who wish to see the of the present year, under the above argument brought within a small comtitle, the solemn earnestness of which pass, and are not disposed to shut their is calculated to impress the minds eyes against the light. The letter even of triflers. We are happy to find closes with the following remarks. that their gifted author has reprinted

"These are by no means all the errors them together in a cheap form, for gra

and objections that may be stated against tuitous distribution, and as we regard the Church of England, but they are them peculiarly adapted to the circum

those which chiefly affect my mind, and stances of those wbo have long heard oblige me to decline continuing one of and neglected the message of salvation, her ministers; and when I farther conwe give them our cordial recommen- sider that I can scarcely perceive any dation.

visible marks of a true church belonging to her, I secede with less scruple, and

with a fuller persuasion that I shall Fourteen Reasons for leaving the Church of never repent of it. But I assure you, I

Englund, a Letter to the Bishop of Salis- deeply lament the dead, cold, and inbury, by the Rev. W. Tiptaft, containing different state of the generality of her Reasons why he resigns his Living, and ministers in the cause of Christ; how


Pp. 80.

three papers



few there are that even preach the first sound and faithful ministers raised up principles of the gospel, and fewer still within her walls, who may, through who are made instrumental, through the God's grace, be enabled to work such an grace of God, in gathering together entire change, as shall cause the hearts Christ's sheep dispersed abroad in this of God's people to rejoice; if things conwicked world, and in building them up tinue as they are, the wrath of God will in God's most holy faith, by setting forth soon be poured down upon her. But before their hearers the fulness of may the Lord's people be led to pray for Christ in the gospel of the grace of an outpouring of the Holy Spirit, that God; therefore, instead of seeing we may see more manifestly' a true church poor, outcast, despised, and persecuted called out, and increasing in this our land, ministers of the Lord, enduring hard- bearing the plain and simple marks thereness as good soldiers of Jesus Christ, of as stated in the word of God! we, alas! behold a large body of men, “I trust your kindness will excuse so the generality of whom have not a singlé long a letter, as I am anxious fully to mark of a true servant of the Lord, explain my reasons for the important living at ease conformed to the world, step which I have taken. For as ' seeking their own, and not the things not hold my living and a good conscience which are Jesus Christ's.' Nor do I too, I am bound even as an honest man see any prospect of an improvement to prefer the latter; for the apostle Paul amongst them, whilst the revenues of says, if a man only doubts in doing that the Church of England are so immense, which is lawful, he is condemned. I and consequently form so strong an feel assured with my present views, as inducement for ungodly and worldly stated in this letter, I am by no means minded men to enter the ministry, in justified in keeping my living. Therefore, order to enjoy at least a comfortable I trust that you will kindly receive this maintenance. But the way to heaven letter, giving you due notice of my reis strait and narrow, and whoever signation of the vicarage of Sutton Courtis called by grace to

travel that ney, in the county of Berks, and diocese way, must take up his cross daily, of Salisbury.” and deny himself, and follow Christ; Since the publication of this pamfor through much tribulation we must phlet, the Rev. M. R. Whish, who we enter the kingdom of God.' Surely then,

understand is a dignitary of the church, the true ministers of Jesus Christ, instead

and attached to Salisbury cathedral, of living in ease and comfort, must suffer trials in various ways, for they cannot

has written a letter to Mr. Tiptaft, in in any way expect to escape the cross,

the Salisbury and Winchester Journal, if they be faithful in their great Master's

to warn him as a brother,” and to But the world will love its own,

inform him that other persons whom and take care of its own. Then whilst he has known, have fallen into the we behold the Church of England closely

Mr. Whish wishes connected with the State, sharing the Mr. Tiptaft to

" deliberate a little riches and honours of this world with it, longer," then he will not have writincluding almost every body amongst her ten in vain.” His letter is couched in members ; if she be a true church, where

a friendly style, but he says it is on a is the world ? but rather with grief and pain may we not say, Where is subject in which he can only “ have a the true church ? Where is Christ's

common interest with other brethren kingdom, which is not of this world ? in the Church of England.” It is a Where is the salt of the earth, and the truly lame performance. If the church city set on a hill? Where is the little has no more skilful defenders, she is flock, hated of all men for Christ's sake, in a sad and hapless condition. Mr. which * the world knows not,' but to W. combats Mr. Tiptaft's objections which God according to his good plea- to the marriage service of the church, sure will give the kingdom ?'

for example, by presuming that, with“ The reason for my mentioning so out it, ungodly men would be at liberty fully the present state of the Church of to“ run away from the nuptial vows,” England is, to show that I can scarcely

a very luckless consequence, certainly, distinguish a church from which I am

of the absence of a state religion; as seceding, as she is now lost and buried in the world, whatever she might have been though there were no connubial fidelity in her better days. I can assure you,

in Ireland or in Scotland, or in the Unithat I lament and mourn over her present ted States. The argument of Mr.Tiptaft state ; and shall be delighted to see many against the catechism, is met with the


97 same snare.

66 the




irrefragable rejoinder,“The Catechism ear--and arrested by the last anis a system of divinity, and can any nouncement of inspirations, one lightly think of it?” Mr. Whish, song of one that hath a pleasant on the subject of the church and state voice,” at once loses half its charm.

says, I leave this point with Under these circumstances, Mr. the proper persons!“ but who will Bowles' poem certainly appears to dissay that the powers that be are not advantage; nevertheless ordained of God,” as though civil pleased upon the whole with his visit power, the ordinance of God for man's to the sacred island of St. John. To temporal protection and benefit, in- the Christian mind, the solitudes of volved the monstrous perversion, of Patmos are invested with inspiring secular authority over that kingdom and hallowed associations—its illuswhich is “ not of this world !” If the trious exile, though“ dead, yet speaks” church has no sons that can better along its shores, and to us its monasdefend her than this member of one tery, grotto, and volcanic cliffs, form of her most splendid sanctuaries, she a far more interesting site than the may well hoist signals of distress, and plains of Marathon, the summits of cry out that she is “ in danger.” Ida, or the coast of the Troad. Here

it was that heaven took away her in

spiration from the bosom of man. St. John in Patmos. By one of the old Here the voice of the revealing Spirit,

living Poets of Great Britain. London. --beard in all ages since the institution Murray.

of the redeeming covenant-heard by The Apocalypse with its lofty train Abraham in his tent-Moses in the of visions and symbols -- vials pouring tabernacle-Prophets amid the crowds forth and trumpets sounding-awful of Jewish cities, or the wild fastnesses glimpses of the future--the burning of Jewish deserts -and Apostles comlake, the purified world, and the holy municating the testimony of Jesus city-is a subject perhaps too sublime Christ – that voice ever recognised by and magnificent to be successfully its awe-struck hearers as no earthly treated by a mortal muse. It seems tone, gave expression on this sea-girt an attempt too hazardous and daring rock to its farewell accents, and unthus to si

presume into the heaven of folded those scenes of weal and woe, heavens, an earthly guest.” We can- of light and shade, of joy and gloom, not forget the splendid original, in which shall chequer the concluding reading the composition founded upon pages of the world's brief history. it—" The noise of many waters and of The following extract contains mighty thunderings” breaks upon the pleasing anticipations :

- That Book
Which the Lamb opened-as a 'flying roll'--
Angels of light shall have, with wings unseen,
From shore to shore ; and thus though Paul be dead,
He still shall speak, and millions, yet unborn,
Shall bless the boon. Thou shalt reveal the things
Which thou hast seen; but that same Book, which none
In heaven or earth could open, but the Lamb,
None but the Lamb shall close : awake! awake!
Ye who now slumber in the shades of death.
Yes ! every nation shall confess the Lord,
• Till all shall be fulfilled, and there shall be
Through the wide world' ONE SHEPHERD AND ONE FOLD,'
For deem not this small frith, called the Great Sea,'*
That girds yon promontories, girds the world :-
Without is the great ocean - the main sea,
Rocking in tempest, and in solitude ;
Ten tliousand isles are scattered o'er the waste
Of those dark waters; and each isled land-
ALL EARTH – shall be one altar, and from earth
To heaven, one flame of incense; and one voice
Of prayer, and praise, and harmony sliall rise !"

* Mediterranean.





diligence with which the young men Ar the Annual General Meeting of the have prosecuted their various studies.” North Riding Association of Indepen- On the latter day the general busident Ministers and Congregations, held ness of the Institution was transacted, at Malton, Yorkshire, May 30, 1832, and in the evening Mr. Edwards, one

Resolved unanimously- That be- of the senior students, delivered an lieving the entire extinction of the Essay on the Difference between NaRoman Catholic religion is rendered tural and Moral Inability. certain by abundant divine promises, and cannot be very distant, and that it is high time to use active measures avowedly for this object, this meeting

The Annual Examination at Highrequests the attention of their Protes- bury College took place on the 3d and tant Dissenting brethren throughout the 4th of July. On the former day the kingdom to the fact, that wbile we have udents were examined in the classicombined in missionary exertions for cal department, from a statement of overthrowing, as our God may pros- the books which have been read durper us, the idolatry of distant nations, ing the session. Passages were sewe have made no united effort towards lected by the Chairman from Sallust, subverting that of continental Europe, Virgil, Horace, Tacitus, Xenophon, to which recent providential openings Herodotus, and Thucydides.

On seem particularly to invite ; and sub- the latter day, several essays were mits to their consideration, whether it read, and a series of questions probe not our duty as strenuous Protes- posed on Rhetoric, Biblical Criticism, tants, to unite for this object, either by and Theology. One class expounded joining the British Reformation Socie- a portion of the Greek Testament, and ty, or by forming a separate institu- another read selections from the He

brew Bible. The following report was furnished by the examiners ;

“We, whose names are undersigned, The Anniversary of this Institution cheerfully bear our testimony to the which took place on the 26th and 27th very scholar-like and admirable manof June, at the house, at Exeter, which ner in which the young men have achas been recently purchased for its quitted themselves; and whilst we use, was attended by a numerous com- congratulate the Tutors on their sucpany of ministers, subscribers, and cess and the Students on their varied friends of the Institution. On the for. attainments, we indulge the hope that mer day, the students were examined an institution so highly favoured will by a committee appointed for that pur. continue to enjoy the blessing of the pose, who made the following Re- Redeemer, and the increasing support port :

of the churcheş. “We have been highly gratified,

J. BERRY, with the results of a long and scruti

Jos. FLETCHER, nizing examination of the Students, in

RALPH WARDLAW, Theology, Hebrew, Latin and Greek

W. H. Cooper, &c." Classics, Mathematics, Natural Phi- On the evening of July 4, the Annual losophy, and Mental Science; time Meeting of the Subscribers was held not permitting them to enter into all at the Congregational Library, Moorthe subjects of the course of study for fields. After an Essay on the Incarnathe year. This examination equally tion, delivered by the senior Student, the evinced the zeal and fidelity with which Report was read and adopted, and the the highly esteemed Tutors bave dis- usual resolutions proposed. We regret charged the duties of their respective to learn, from a passage in the Redepartments, and the application and port, as well as from the statements N.S. NO. 92,




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