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der in such concealed Text is to be preferred to it in the two o ther. Furthermore, Thirdly, St. PPaul in this Epiftle to the Thirdly it Corinthians, takes juft occafion to reprove the pride and haigh- makes the Atinefs of the Prophet, and gives rules for the avoidance of those postle loose crimes and prevention of like checks for the future, 1 Cor. 14. l'anking of

his end in the And in the aforementioned Text, 1 Cor. 12. 28. As those officers. it were of set purpose to humble, and moderate the Prophets Spirit, he placeth his charisma, or the gift of Tongues in the lowest classe of extraordinary donations, saying after that miracles, then gifts of healing, helps, governments, diversities of tongues. In the arrogant abuse of this gift, subserving it to private oftentation, not publick edification, the Prophet was most grievously peccant, he speaking with tongues, that his parts might be magnified, not that the consciences of the people might be instructed; wherefore as I said the Apostle to humble him, placeth his admired gift, upon the lowest seat in the Church, as upon a Stool of repentance. Wherein did St. Paul a&t (not to say spiritually, and specially dire&ted by the holy Ghost, which notwithstanding was most true) but rationally, and out of a prudent intention, to bring the Prophet to the knowledge of himself and duty, how weakly doth he defeat his design of the expected success, if while humbling the gift, he exalt the receiver to an undue place, and preheminency. For was it a fin in the Prophet to be proud of a real gift; And was this a fit way to corre&t him, by perching him upon a place assigned to another, and his fuperiour officer ? would he abuse Gods gift, to pride and vain glory, and would not he make the same mifimprovement of the Apostles mistake? But why do I say mistake, who could know the Evangelists proper place if St. Paul did not ? Is it not he? who sent forth, or took with him more who are accounted Evangelifts by modern Divines, (and they have drawn the Catalogue far larger then any of the Antients) then all the rest of the Apostles? And who only of all the Apostles, nseth the word Evangelift in his writings : Neither doth any other Scripture writer use it except St. Luke,who 1, som once gives Philip that title. A&. 21. 8. but even then (and he never useth it in any other place) he brings St. Paul unto, and leaves him at Philips honse; confequently he could not chuse but be very well acquainted with his office, and order in the Church. Moreover in this Epiftle to the Corinthians St. Paul calls himself, a wife master builder, 1 Cor. 3, 19. but wherein did his skill, or care answer that title, if in laying the foundaF3


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tion stones where ought to be, and he seemingly useth most di-
ligence he heedlefly, misplaces two of the first three. We hope
the ingenuous Reader is latisfied (if not by what we have said,
yet because the Apostle hath asserted it twice) in the exa&ness
of the Apostles order, and location of Prophets, not Evange-
lists next to the Apostles; neither need any more be added, but

(if it be possible) to stop the mouth ofgainlayers, we add;
Fourthly Fourthly the generality of learned mén, Presbyters and others
Presbyters ac- acknowledge it. The major part of the Definers, * as Calvin,

Maretius, deñine Church-officers in the Scripture order, first
immediat- Apostles, Jecondly Prophets, thirdly Evangelists. Indeed to make
ly preceding, way for the Evangelists vice-Apoftolate, either they allign the
their idefiniti- Prophet no ordinary office-work, or what is by far inferiour,

to what they allow to the Evangelists, but with how little rea-
son they do it, we doubt not to render evident, ere we con-
clude all our exceptions against their Definitions. Others of
the Definers (out of an undoubted consciousness of the weak

reasons for, and the strong testimony exhibited by the forea. b.c. e. fame mentioned Texts, against the Evangelists nextness to the A

postles) take no notice of the Textual order, but upon their their Defini- own Authority, some thrust the Prophet before the Apostles, tions of the fo (1) Urfinus, and (b) Pareus, others place him in the

rear of the Evangelists, so (5) Polanus, and (d) gur Assembly: AnoParliament a ther makes him lag behind. Teachers,so (e) Aretius, Henderson, bout Church though none of the Definers, yet a famous Presbyter, and the

more illustrious by the reflection of the bright beams of his ficers of the royal Antagonist , allows all thereft of the officers nientioned,

Eph, 4, 11, to be duely ranked, but strikes the Prophet quite First Paper out of the Catalogue: "be faith. In the Miniftry of the nemo , paslıng be

Testament, there is a comely, beautiful, and divine order, and suband Mr. Hens ordination, one kind of Minister being placed in degree and dignity derson ar before another, as the Apostles first, the Evangelists, Pastors, and Newcaftle Do&ors in their own ranks. Thus he. But proceed we to fome to the argu... closer proof, Beza lajth. The Prophetickorder is joyned to the Aby your manat poftolickin Church Gorernment. Our Şakabia, ours by profession jefty. though not by birth, in his tract of the diverfs degrees of Mi

ordinem nisters, placeth the Prophet third from the Apostles. Beza never adjun&tum A- Thanks him for countenancing the Presbyterianı notion about poftolico ine the Evangelists so far, but checks, hím roughly, and tells hini, clefiis administrandis Bez.

I do not align the Prophet the third degree, as thou deft, but the sea ad Eph. 4.11. coñd degree, as the Apostle doth. ;. brisvi.

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Eph. 4. II.

dam inftituit,

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Pifcator saith. The five ternis of Apostles; Prophetsi Oscyl'are"five kinds, and as it were orders of officers. Our learned Whitaker and am ut tu, fed (a) Zanchius are more positive, Zanchius faith plainly, they secundum graare five orders, and (b) Whitaker láith, certainly, the Apostle dotb stolo_alignem. describe thesë kinds of Ministries in order, which Christ instituted to Bez.cont. Jateach his Church. Our Rigid' English Presbyters, who stood by tabcap. 1. the location of the Evangelist; according to the former Defi- S. denique, nitions, till they had effected the temporary extriifion of Epi- quinque geken copacy : when that

work was over, they forced him to take a- ra, do quafi nother, and lower seat : God permitting Independency by a juft ordines. Pirlaw of retaliation, to vex theni welnigh to the extermination Cat, Anal. ad of the Presbyterian Government, which a wrong extent of the Prophetick office clamourously, and impudently asserted, as Zanch. in 4. Presbyters had before served the Bishops, with the like con- prac. pag.662. cerning the Evangelist

. The case was in short thus : the Inde ceriøgenera pendents shrouded their gifted and unordained brethren; under

minifteriorum, the lap of the Prophets mantle, Liberty of Prophesie being the In- que Chriftus dependent Shibboleth, as parity of Ministers, had been before the ad ecclesiam Presbyterian. Whereat the London Ministers enraged, say, The Juam docenProphets werè Church-officers, not only preferred before Pastors, and Teachers, but also before the Evangelists fuffice this in answer to dine. Whitak. the first. We proceed to the second objection. Obj. 2. Prophets mentioned, Eph. 4. 11. and 1 Cor. 12: 28. pag. $30. se

cundo responwere either foretellers of future events by Divine Revelation, or men extraordinarily raised to reform the Church : Which

Jus divin. being true ; the Evangelift may, retain all allowed him by the 1 par. p. 97. former Definitions, without any of the furmized inconvenien- Obj. 2. The ces, fince to foretel future events, or reform a corrupt Prophets were

predi&ters. or Church-state, required a more extraordinary allistance, then

extraordinaany of the works assigned to the Evangelift.

rily raised re1 Anf. I grant the New Testament speaks of Prophets, ofei-formers. ther sort, of the former Agabus, &c of the latter, John the 1 Ano by conBaptift, though his work was not only, yea not principally the the word may regulation of things amiss in the Jewish Pædagógy, and their elsewhere bé reduction to the antient standard of discipline, but the intro- lo interpreted duction of a new orders and form of worship under the Kingdome, and Government of the Mellias, whose forerunner he was.

2 Anf. 1 deny, that Prophets in either of those latitifdęs are ? An by nespoken of in these Texts, particularly

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First they 1. Firft not foretellers of future things, for these rea-
werenot perdi-fons.
ders because.

First, Because both Texts treat of a gathered, and governed
First their al-
figned works Church and of her officers, unto whom works of another, and di-
are of another verse nature are assigned, even perpetual,ordinary,andyet conti-

nuing works, but predi&tion is discontinued, or rarely found
in the Church at this day : The work of our Prophet registred,
Eph. 4. II. Is the perfeđing of the Saints, the work of the Mini-
Stry, and the edifying of the body of Christ, till we all come in the 24-
nity, &c. Indeed in i Cor. 12. 28. mention is made of some ex-
traordinary gifts. But, First there is no mention made of pre-
di&ion. Secondly what are mentioned are seated apart, and
diftin&t from the Prophet, and might as well be the gift of
Teachers, as of Prophets : For some of the lower order of
Church-officers received those miraculous effufions níthe holy
Ghost, and wrought by them. So Philip, A&. 8. 6. who though
called an Evangelift, A&. 21. 8. was no mor e then a Presbyter ,
he being exprelly excluded from imposition of hands, which
was a diftin&t act of the Apostolick office. Act. 8. 14, 15.

thus the seventy Diseiples, Luk. 10. 19. Thirdly, who ever re-
ceived those gifts, the holy Ghoft in enumerating them sepa-
rate, and distinct from officers, wills us to consider in what 110-
tion they received them, least confounding gifts and offices.
First we make both temporary, when only one was. That no
office instituted by Christ in the Primitive Church was tempo-
rary, shall be proved in the seventh exception, but that gifts
Were temporary, appears both in their present difuse: And in
that those officers who exercised them once, could not alwaies
do it, although the occasions were the same. St. Paul, who
one while cured multitudes of diseased persons, by handkerchiefs,
and aprons taken off from; bis body and put upon theirs. Act.
19. 12.: Another time adviseth Timothy to a physical care of
his bodily health, leaft he should prejudice it by over much in-
tentiveness upon the best things. i Tim. 5. 24. And is forced
to leave his dear companion Tropbimus fick at Miletum, while he
travails elsewhere. 2.Tim.4, 20. Secondly, we maim the yet
continuing officer, of a part of his office; when he is to do the
same works of perfe&ting the Saints, brc.

• We are therefore yet to expect a proof, that this Prophet
mentioned, 1 Cor. 12. 28. was a foreteller of things to come,
and long enough we may expect it: fince St. Paul a little after
in the same Epiftle, assigns him another work; I Cor. 14. 3.


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He that prophefteth Speaketh unto men, unto exhortation, edification, and comfort. These are not only distinct from predi&tion, but are ordinary, and continuing office-works ; In doing whereof (let it be noted) the Prophet was to wait for a May, or permittance from the Church. 1 Cor. 14. 313 ye may all prophesie one by one, that all may be edified, and all may be comforted." But how may all Prophesie? even in subje&ion of Spirit unto their fellow Prophets. ver. 32. And the Spirits of the Prophets are subje unto the Prophets. Which being understood, either of the Prophets power over his own Spirit, that he might, or of his Brethrens power over him, that he must be subject in speech, filence, denies he had the same impulse with old Teftament Prophers : All which were Predi&ters, and never lefs able to command themselves, or liable to be commanded by others, then in that a&ion. See Jer. 6.11. Amof. 7.. 12, 13, 14. Secondly Inspiration, or the gift of foretelling things to come, aion was a

2. Predi was promiscuously bestowed, both upon men and women, gift promiscu without distinction of Sex ; when Philips daughters are called ouby bestowpropheteffes, A&. 21. 8. I hope we do not take them for ed upon both Church-officers, or of the order mentioned 1 Cor. 12. 28.(since men and wothen the rule could not have been given. 1 Cor. 14. 34. Let men, but woyour women keep filence in the Churches for

it is not permitted them men are proto speak, but they are commanded to be under obedjence, as allò Saith hibited to the lam) but that they were inspired by hymne, Spiritual song, or prophesie in otherwise, to foretel future events, and probably St. Pauls ha- those texts. zards and sufferings at Jerusalem. Certainly blessed Anna was such a Prophetesse, her Predićtion concerning our Lord Jesus then? newly born, is recorded. Luk. 2. 36, 37,38. And there was one Anna a prophetess, Me coming in at that instant, gave thanks : 13" 73's : likevoise unto the Lord,& spake of him to all them that looked for Re demption in Jerusalem. Besides St. Paulo I Theff. 5. 20. gives a general Caveat, not to quench the Spirit : But if Prophets, and Prophesies in the obje&ted Texts, niuft be interpreted by Predi&ters, and prediction; he transgreft his own order, when he imposed filence upon women in the Church, fince they recei 3. Presby ved, and might exercise that gift as well as men. Ini tersdeny

Thirdly, Presbyterian commentators, will neithefr allow to have been the Prophets mentioned in these Texts to be Predieters, nor Predi&ters. their work to be predi&ion. The London Divines say. the Prophets both in this place(they mean 1 Cor. 14.3.)and where ever else ykfjus divin. in Scripture mentioned, were an order of Ministry, not only gifted in part pag. brethren, but constituted officers in the Church, thus i Goro 12. 28.




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