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of pertinent observations, but being desultory, they possess no agg!egate force. Art. 20. The Causes of our late Discontents : Their Consequences
and the Remedies in a Letter to the Right Hon. Lord Hawke. 8vo, 1 5. Hooper.
These Causes are summed up in loose general articles of moral im: peachment of the late ministry; such as may be brought against any ministry of any country, until a nation can be found, where the administration of government is in the hands of perfect men! Art. 21. Thoughts on the Naval Strength of the British Empire:
By John Sinclair, Esq; M. P. 8vo. Cadell. 1782. Lord Mulgrave, to suit a temporary purpose, was so far off bis guard, as to declare in the House of Commons, that the navy of France always was, and always must be, fuperior to that of England, whenever the French direct their whole attention to that particular department. The public-spirited writer of this tract clearly refutes this assertion, by comparing the natural advantages of each nation for marine exertions, and by giving a historical view of our moft il. luftrious naval exploits from the reign of Queen Elizabeth downward. That we are capable of doing great things on the fea, appears from what we have done; and though it is true we did nothing at the time when a Lord of the Admiralty endeavoured to convince us that we could do nothing, yet, Heaven be praised, we seem inclined to bestir ourselves again in our usual manner, Art. 22. The Second Part * of the History of Lord North's Ad
miniftration. 8vo. 35. Wilkie. 1782. Belide the above ticle, a general title-page is given to the two parts, with a direction to cancel the others; it reads thus :
• A View of the History of Great Britain during the Administra. tion of Lord North, to the Second Sellion of the Fifreench Parliament, In Two Paris. With Statemenis of the Public Expenditure in that Period.'
This title is much more proper than the former, as it allows the latitude taken, of giving a general display of national affairs, inftead of restricting the detail to the personal transactions of the minister.
The character given of the former past, may, to save repe'ition, be extended to this; in which the narrative in general is not badly kept op, in the manner of the Annual Register. But a profesed history of the administration of a particular minister, implies some information beyond a mere chronological chain of occurrences and parliamentary debates, all of them within memory: No secrec views of parties, or private Springs of action, are however here unfolded, to gratify the cager curiosity of the reader, or any thing besond what may be found in a well compiled periodical collection, like the Annual Regisier above referred to. There are indeed some political characters drawn, particularly that of the celebrated Dr. Franklin, which appears to be very impartially delineated.
It mutt be observed, that this hiftory closes with the reduction of the army under Lord Cornwallis ; fo that the late ministerial revolution,
. For the Fird Part, fee Rev. vol. LXIV. p. 431.
and the immediate leading causes of it were post-publication
1782. Dialogues on the general principles of civil policy, supposed to pass ween a father and a son during a holiday vacation. There is nothing refined or abstruse in them beyond the dictates of common sense ; and they may be of great service to correct the notions of those who have a political turn of mind, without opportunities of col. lecting information froin a more extensive course of reading. We much approve the principles inculcated in this useful tract. Art. 24. An Address to the People of the Netherlands, on the
present alarming and not da. gerous Situation of the Republic of Holland : Shewing the true Molives of the most unpardonable Delays of the Executive Power in putting the Republic into a proper State of Defence, and the Advantages of an Alliance with HolJand, France, and America. By a Dutchman. Translated from the Dutch Original. 8vo. 25.6d. Stockdale. 1782.
According to this bitter invective, the Princes of the House of Orange, have been uniformly the tyrants of their country, ever since the firit efablithment of the Kepublic of the Seven United Provinces. The “ dereitable English,” their “ perfidious opprefors ;"—and to crown the whole, the French, their deliverers from Spanish flavery, and their natural allies !--Fron such an, outline it may eañily be guessed how ihe subordinate parts are filled up and coloured.
The translator informs us that a great reward was cffered in Holland for the discovery of the auibor. Art. 25. A Letter to Thomas Gilbert, Efq; M. P. on his Plan for
for the better Relief and Employment of the Poor: Shewing the Utility and Expediency of establishing a Poor-house in every Parish; that the same may be done at a small Expence, and extremely be. deficial boih to the Parish and to the Poor ; with a Set of Rules for the regulating and conducting thereof, very proper for the con. fideration of every Parish burdened with Poor.' To which is added A Comparative View of the several Poor-houses in the City of York, Beverley, Collingham, Driffield, and Leckonfield, in the East Riding of the County of York, and for the incorporated hun. dreds of Loes and Wilford, in the County of Suffolk, containing thirty-three Parishes. To the whole are fubjoined Dr. Stonehouse's Receipts for making cheap and wholesome Food, Beer, and Yeast. Svo. IS. Richardson and Urquhart.
The title of this letter gives a full summary of its contents. The Author is of opinion that the uniting parishes is proceeding upon too large a scale, for many reasons that he specifies; and which are in. deed fufficiently obvious; he is therefore for going back to the old establishment of parochial poor-boules under an improved plan of management, of which he exhibits a specimen. Art. 26. Proofs that Great Britain was successful against each of her numerous Enemies before the late Victory of Sir George Brydges Rodney. 4to. Law, &c. 1782. We have here a conparative view of the successes, and the defeats,
ly obtained, and suffered, by us, and by our enemies, fince
the commencement of the American war ; by which it appears, that the balance of account, military and predatory, by sea and land, is greatly in our favour; from whence it is inferred, ihat there was, in reality, no cause to despair of the nation, as many of us did, before our late naval victory in the West Indies. The Author's tabular accounts seem to be very accurately ita:ed. He also endeavours to render it manifeit, by commercial ettima:es and deductions, that if we eventually lose “ all the rebellious colonies,” England will not be thereby materially affected ;-- but this, we appreher.d, is a matter that will require a more profound, and a more extended investigation. Art. 27. A Hint to a Patriot * Parliament. 8vo. 6d. De
'breir. A hint to a patriotic Parliament! Good! In a nation of politicians, like ours, many are the hints ready to be offered from every corner of the land, without exception: and while they are presented in a way that encourages trace, witnout obliging the Parliament to appoint Committees to spend time in examining them ; some advantage results to the community, fore fatisfaction to the public spirited proposers, from the idea of discharging their duty, and no harm is done to any one.
This Hint is dated from Elmrood Grange; and the Writer proposes, as a fpur to the zeal of the immediate officers under the Crown, that the salaries of efficient Ministers Mould rise and fall of: cording to the success of their Adminiftration, regulated by the price of the Three per Cent. consolidated stock. But if the projector ac Elmrood Grange is serious, he may be aked, what idea he would form of a Minister whose attention to the national welfare should be animated by the hope of raising his emoluments three-eighths or a quarter per Cent. Some people are apt to think Ministers dabble too much in stock-jobbing already. It is doing the Writer credit to fuppose him a joker. Art. 28. Candidates for the Society of Antigallicans. A Second
Part. Being the Correspondence of various Persons with the Author upon the subject. 8vo. 23. Buckland.
To the account we gave of the former Part of this odd composiţion t, we have now to add, that at the end of the First Part, the Author invited the correspondence of all who interested themselves in the subject of it; though what that was, we found rather difficult to define. This part consists of letters profeffed to have been received in consequence of such invitation; but which, from the uniformity of their complexion, we scruple not to pronounce to have been addressed by him to himself. The general subject of censure in them, is, the behaviour of many French refugees, who are reproached with labouring to drop the character of Frenchmen, with deserting their brethren and their native principles, and assimilating with the Enggish natives. The whole is a frange puerile jumble!
• For patriotic.
+ Rev. Vol. LVII. p. 404.
WOOLL BN TRADE. Art. 29. A Letter to the Landed Gentlemen and Graziers of Lin.
colnshire : In which are pointed out the pripcipal Causes of the prefent Redundancy of Wool, and the Exportation of it proved to be impolitic and dangerous ; together with the Proposal of a more safe and certain Remedy. Occasioned by, and interspersed with, Observations upon, Sir John Dalrymple's Question upon that Subject. By a Friend and Neighbour. Svo. is. Cadell, &c. 1782.
This writer successfully opposes Sir John Dalrymple's expedient of allowing the exportation of saw.wool, but appears.co fall into a more dangerous error himself, by recommending the exportation of bread, corn, &c. with the exprefs intention of railing the price of proviớons, to oblige the manufacturer to work harder for subfiftence. It is a plaubble general inference from particular known inttances, that a man who can live by four days labour will not work fix: but would it not be tyraonical cruelly.to treat the whole mass of the people according to this principle ? Alas! they need it not. Taxes already have this operation ; but when such a tendency is not in view, and the accumulated burdens loid on the people are the subject of declamation, far different conclufions are drawn from the premises !
POETICA L. Art. 30: The System. A Poem, in Five Books. By the Rev.
Joseph Wife. 8vo. 5 s. 6 d. Faulder, 1781. of this metaphysico cheological poem, which we profess our idability to analyze, the reader may form his own opinion from the following extract :
* Lo, this material System rose, to be
God's first prodoction in this wondrous plan,
• To live or to maintain him'elf, are very loose expressions. Of owo men equally improvident and disposed to enjoy all they ears, and who can both earn in four days enough to sublilt on during seven, the one who loves eale, may incline to make three days labour jo che week fuffice; while the other who loves yood eating better than lazidess, may cheerfully work the full lix days. Even to depress their - wages would be too extensive an operation, as it would punish Jarge families along with heedless Grgle men ; but to raise the price of provisions would be more extensive Aill, and enrail misery on labourers in general, to make particular classes of manufacturers induftrious.
* Proverbs viii. 22. lsai. xlii.“ Wird. Sol. vii. Eccles. xvii. 18. Johni. Col. i. Jewish Paraphrafts, Philo, all the Christian Fathers before the first Nicene Council.
Next, fix compeers, his juniors, rose, to share
Under the general Inquest of the seven.' The notes, which are added to the end of each book, and which make a principal part of the volume, prove their Author, notwithlanding ihe peculiarity of his notions, to be a man of learning and candour, and warmly zealous in fupport of those opinions that he thinks to be true. With respect to his poetry, it will speak for itself, in the thort but sufficient specimen which we have given. Art. 31. The Female Kidnappers; or the Rape of the Infant.
A poem. 4to. 1 s. 6d. Willis, 1782. This poem is built on the well known adventure of the widow G- and the young gentleman with whom the eloped into Scorland, and whore father afterwards brought an action against her for running away with his infant * fon. These verses, though much too good for the subje&t, are, as easily may be fupposed, too bad for selection. The reader will readily guess in what they are excepo tionable, Art. 32. The British Hero in Captivity. A Poem. 4to, is, 6d.
Robsoo. 1782. The most we can say of this prosaic, though laboured performance js, that it is a well-intended compliment to the gallant Cornwallis, the unfortunate Andrée, ,and the generous Arnold. Art. 33. Ode on the Surrender at Tork Town. To the Honour
able William Pict. Ato. 6.d. Bowen, &c. 1782. An invocation to Mr. Pict, to interpose his patriotic endeavours between his country and that complication of disasters which seems to threaten it. The poetry, though not bad, contains nothing that is Ariking.
DRAMAT I C. Art. 34. Songs, Duets, &c. in the Fair American: A Comic
Opera, as performed at the Theatre Royal in Drury Lane. 8vo, ed. Evans. 1782.
These Songs are but indifferent, though in some of them there is an affectation of poetry. As for example:
it Zech. iii. 9. Dan. X. Tobit xii. Rev. i. & v. 6. Job. A trapping young fellow.about.cighteen.