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“ They

First : This freedom is a nished, 0 ye heavens, at matter of personal conscious- this."

All men feel that they The last thing in the perpeare uncoerced and free. This tration of these two that may is the invincible and ultimate well fill the universe with argument in favour of the amazement isdoctrine of human responsibi- III. THE EGREGIOUSNESS OF lity. Secondly: This freelom HUMAN FOLLY. See the folly. invests human existence with First : In withdrawing from transcendent importance. It the satisfying, to toil for the links men to moral govern- unsatisfying. God is the ment, and renders them re- “fountain of living waters.” sponsible for all their activi- All the blessedness of the uni. ties. It makes them members verse streams out from Him. of the great moral empire of He is a fountain inexhausthe universe.

tible; ever flowing, always Another thing in the perpe- free, the only fountain of tration of this evil that may happiness. Now, this founfill the universe with amaze- tain is left-what for? To ment is

toil for the unsatisfying drops II. THE ENORMITY OF AU- of earthly pleasure. MAN WICKEDNESS. What an have hewed for themselves amount of the grossest iniquity out cisterns, broken cisterns, is involved in these two evils. that can hold no water.”' First : What ingratitude. The reference is here to reKindness, by the law of gra- ceptacles which were common titude, should always bind in the East for holding rainman to the benefactor. What

water. Springs and fountains kindness God has always were scarce there, but cisterus shown to man. What especial abounded. But the cisterns kindness to the Jews; but

broken cisterns." still more wonderful kindness The drops that fell into them to us. Secondly: What in.

would run off, and these broken justice. Every principle of cisterns they had to hew for justice requires them to keep themselves. What worthless themselves in close and loyal toil! Yet this is what sinfellowship with Him. This

ners are doing in all their is demanded on the ground efforts for happiness apart of proprietorship and love. from God. Secondly: In Thirdly : What impiety. uithelrawing from the abunWhat a daring hardihood is dant, to toil for the scanty. involved in the effort to turn Leaving the “ fountain" for away from God. “Be asto- the “cistern" the broken

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cistern too, in which there with fervent heat." The is but little water, and that mighty Colossus shall be impure and fast running struck and shattered, and the out.

winds of the divine Spirit Well may the heavens be shall bear away every vestige, astonished and wonder at the so that there shall be found freedom, iniquity, and folly no place for it." All the which they witness every age

errors, selfishness, impieties, and every day, developed in &c., of this earth will come the history of our race. to an end.

III. The mighty aggregate

of human evil OVERCOME BY THE WORLD OVERCOME. FAITH. Does " faith” here not “ And this is the victory that

mean subjective, but objecovercometh the world, eren our

tive ? In other words, does it faith.-1 John v. 4.

mean personal belief in the THESE words contain three Gospel, or the Gospel itself? points of thought.

This Gospel is, indeed, the I. THE MIGHTY AGGREGATE weapon. It is the stone cut OF HUMAN EVIL, “THE WORLD. out of the mountain that is to The world here does not mean

shiver the Colossus-it is the physical world, the scien- the executioner that is to crutific world, the commercial cify the world-nail it to the world, the artistic world, cross, &c.—the Gospel, not but the word is frequently legislation, not philosophy, employed in the New Testa- not natural religion, not ment for all that is morally priestly ritualisms. But it is bad on earth. It stands for the Gospel as believed by huthe grand assemblage of all man souls. It is not the Gosevils of all kinds — moral, pel in print, not the Gospel in social, political, religious, - theologies, but the Gospel in evils in thought, feeling, living men — the Gospel habit, in institutions and “made flesh," that it is to do systems — evil everywhere the work. * in all forms. This is the world."

II. The mighty aggregate THE CRUSE OF OIL. of human evil OVERCOME. A

“And the barrel of meal wasted “victory" over it is attained.

not, neither did the cruse of oil The whole world of evil is to fail, according to the word of the be destroyed ; its "heavens shall pass away with a great

* See HOMILIST, series 1, vol. i. :

“ Wants of the World and the noise, and its elements melt Weakness of the Church."





Lord, which he spake by Elijah.” | thing wasted. Out of it God -1 Kings xvii. 16.

is making the bones of fishes, This miracle illustrates coral reefs, &c. And if the

I. A PRINCIPLE IN CONNEC- principle on which the Deity TION WITH ECONOMY

is managing the great palace For what can so well define of nature were taken into economy as making much out the homes of destitution that of little? Where it exists there abound, there might be less will seldom be absent “the drunkenness, &c., but there barrel of meal and the cruse of would oftener be the barrel oil.”

Destitution is some- of meal and the cruse of times an awful necessity; but oil.” for the most part it is self- II. A PRINCIPLE IN CONincurred. The greatest gene- NECTION WITH PROVIDENCE, rosity would often be to As a rule, when, as I have teach economy.

See how hinted, economy may be vain, Jesus teaches it to men, even God's special care will insure in the presence of abounding for the good “the barrel of plenty, and whilst giving meal,” &c. Sometimes, inproof that the resources of deed, the noblest have to infinitude are bebind him ! pass to where the Lamb, who And that gathering up the is in the midst of them, shall fragments that nothing be feed them, from tables breadlost, is just what the great less, and garrets fireless, &c. God is doing evermore. The But that is not the rule, for economy of nature is as what means this " Thy bread startling as uniform. The shall be given," &c. ? And gas flung off by the vegetable this, "First seek ye the kingworld-do you think it is dom of God," &c? Expect wasted? It becomes a source of opulence, and there may be your health and life! And the disappointment; look for the gas

that you exhale in breath- | divine care, and “the barrel ing is not wasted ; it becomes of meal,” &c. food for the trees, and that III. A PRINCIPLE in concarbon. Whence is the NEOTION WITH PIETY. rain that refreshes the face liveth not by bread alone,” &c. of the earth ? It is the re- We never starve in spiritual sult of economy, of God's life for lack of help. There treasuring up the water, is always bread enough in our absorbed by the sun.

Of Father's house, and to spare, all the refuse of this earth if we will only take it. When that the rivers bear in- we fail in duty, &c., it is to the ocean, there is no- because we ignore the bread

“ Man

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of life. But, although there II. AN INTIMATE CONNECis enough and to spare, just TION CLEARLY REVEALED : 1. enough is given us. “As thy Each divinely appointed. 2. day thy strength shall be." Each met a terrible necessity. Hence we often wonder how 3. Benefit in each case sewe shall pass through diffi- cured by faith. culties, trials, temptations III. A GREAT NECESSITY INthat stare us in the face.

“ Even so must But we do get through, and the Son of Jfan be lifted it is because “the barrel of This must refer to His meal,” &c.

death. “I, if I be lifted up, IV. A PRINCIPLE IN CON- will draw all men unto me. NECTION

GENEROSITY. This he said, signifying what This woman gave and got. death he should die." Christ But let us remember that she frequently directed attention gave unselfishly, and not in to the event. The types of order to get. Moreover, she old were significant of this. gave to her utmost. She gave The prophecies included the to a prophet, in the name of The apostles preached a prophet, and she received a the truth, and held it forth prophet's reward.



The re

as the central fact of reWard is not always a mate- demption. rial one; it is sometimes sym

Without His death we pathy, sometimes the bene- could have no life. diction of poverty, and always IV. A BLESSED the smile of the soul and God. CROWNING ALL. 1. A calamity Preston. H. J. MARTYN. from which we may be de

livered. 2. A blessedness to

which we may attain. 3. THE BRAZEN SERPENT. The means of deliverance. 4. "And as Moses lifted up the The universality of the stateserpent in the wilderness, even so ment. 5. The only way of must the Son of man be lifted up: that whosoever believeth in him

mercy and salvation. should not perish, but have eternal

Bristol. JOHN JAMES. life."-John ii. 14, 15.

I. AN HISTORICAL FACT DIVINELY ACKNOWLEDGED. Look AN UNSUCCESSFUL MINISTRY, at the fact itself. (Num. “For neither did his brethren xxi. 4—9.) Then at the in- believe in him.”—John vii. 5. verence the acknowledgment We have here two things. of it supplies—Christ's entire I. THE UNSUCCESSFULNESS belief in the Old Testament OF OUR SAVIOUR'S MINISTRY. Scriptures.

We shall notice-


1. The causes of an un- Saviour's unsuccessful minsuccessful ministry. (1.) istry suggest. (1.) That a man Ignorance of Scripture truths. should not always be held (2.) Lack of effective ex- responsible for the unrelipression. (3.) Want of har- giousness of his family. (2.) mony between the minister's A true ministry may be unprivate life and public teach-successful when the greatest ing. (4.) Absence of a success might be expected. prayerful spirit.

(3.) Success is no proof of Christ knew the Scriptures. the true value of a ministry. . He spoke as never man spake. II. INFIDELITY His private life was blame

FAVOURABLE less. He went about doing CIRCUMSTANCES TO BELIEF. good, and was mighty in This may be because of prayer. Still his brethren

1. Prejudice. 2. Intellecdid not believe in Him. tual pride. 3. Hardness of 2. The Lessons which our heart.







Scripture and Science.

(No. I.) SUBJECT: Science in Relation to the Tempter of Eve. It is not my intention just now to consider all the points of interest which are connected with the fall of man, though science throws considerable light upon some of them. The fact of the temptation and fall; the way in which it was brought about; its immediate effect upon the temporal and spiritual condition of Adam and Eve; the extent and the nature of its influence upon mankind in general, and especially upon the animal and vegetable kingdoms, and the physical conditions of the earth, must be left for future consideration. At present let us confine our attention to the tempter. Notice,


1. The tempter was known, when the record was made, as the Nachash. 2. It was distinguished from all the beasts of the field by (a) belonging to a different class of animals, or beings, or (6) by being superior to any of them in intelligence, and especially in craft. It was remarkably skilful. The Hebrew word, 'arum, rendered subtil in our authorised version, denotes that which is high, from ram, lofty, or high. Hence

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