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[the Author's own word] the good people of Ireland to command refpect, by refpecting themselves.' Scotland,' fays the Writer, bates you; England, a country of refined political hypocrify, cajoles you. Negociate with wifdom, dignity, and fteadinefs: and the bufinefs will be accomplished at once.-Be united, and be ftrong : by being virtuous, you will be united; and being united and vir tyous, you may defy the world.'-This language, to ufe, ftill farther, the words of the Author (who professes himself an Irishman, and as fuch aggrieved and injuriously treated), Englishmen will call fedition, Irithmen patriotism."
Art. 22. Confiderations on the intended Modification of Poyning's Law. By a Member of the Irith Parliamen.. 8vo. is. Almon. 1780.
A very fenfible difcuffion of a subject that is highly interefting, on both fides of the water.-The Author argues in favour of the propofed alteration; but in vain-They have cut-voted him. PHILOSOPHICA L.
Art. 23. An Efay on the Construction and Building of Chimneys; including an Enquiry into the common Causes of their Smoking, &c. By Robert Clavering, Builder. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Taylor. 1779.
As medicine has its opprobria in the gout, and indeed too many other fubjects, fo that great domeftic nuifance, a fmoky chimney, is the opprobrium of architecture; which too, like the former, has its quacksindeed what art has not?-commonly styled Chimney Doctors; who, without fcience, or principles of any kind, undertake the cure of a diforder without the least knowledge of the caufes by which it is pro duced, nor confequently of the remedies by which it is to be removed.
The author of this little performance, after briefly explaining those properties of air and fire which relate to his fubject, treats particularly of the various circumftances by which the diforder in queftion may be occafioned. Thefe are reducible to three general heads :-the wrong conftruction of the chimney itself, or of its various members:-errors committed in the pofition and diftribution of doors and windows, by which irregular currents of air are produced :—and external obftructions, proceeding from neighbouring buildings, high grounds, and expofure to particular winds. On each of thefe heads the author gives many obfervations, and practical directions, which appear to be judicious, and to be founded on juit principles, confirmed by experience. There are illuftrated by proper figures; together with a table, in which the proportions of the feveral parts of a chimney are given, according to the fize of the refpective apartments.
Art. 24. The Fat-Day, a Lambeth Eclogue. By the Author of The Auction. 1s. 6d. 4to. Bew. 1780.
This Eclogue is not without merit: the characters (fictitious ones, we apple) are not ill fat ported. The perfons of the drama are Pifcopella and Comb-b uh. Pilcopella's difappointments at the interdiction of card-table amufements on the Faft-day, are thus expreffcd:
O that this flow-pac'd, canting day were past!
When holy Dulnefs, by fupreme command,
But, Comb-brush, fure that curfe will be forgiven! -The Doctor talks in vain :-I cannot fee The wisdom of this dull folemnity: Folly and nonfenfe all it feems to me: Vapears, and difcontent, and fpleen it brings, Though preach'd by Bishops, and ordain'd by Kings. Bishops, I know them well, if it should laft Beyond a day, would ne'er propose a Faft: Or, fhould it ftem Corruption's rapid flood, Kings would declare it did them too much good." The writer then fubjoins a note, which, fhort as it is, would contain much true moral fatite, were it any way applicable to the present times:
A government (fays he) fupported by corruption, would be guilty of a moft arrant folecifm in politics, in recommending fupplications to Heaven, to rettore public virtue, if there was the leaft chance of fucceeding Icanno (continues he) conceive any thing more diftreffing to the minifter of fuch a flate, than repentance and amendment of life in his chief fupporter,' &c.
Art. 25. An Epifle from the worshipful Brown Dignum to the worshipful Mr. Buckhorse: now made public, in confequence of a fpurious Letter from the Hon. C. Fox to the Hon. J. Townfhend. To which is prefixed, a Dedication to the Earl of Sandwich, 4to. Is. Millidge. 1779.
A facetious parody; but too infignificant to admit of an extract.. Art. 26. Unanimity. A Poem. By J. Macaulay. 4to. 1 s. 6d. Cadell. 1780.
This poem is an allegorical dialogue between the Genius of Britain and
The watchful guardian of the Gallic ftate,'
The scene lies in England upon a chalky cliff
⚫ tremendous, fleep, Whofe awful front o'erlooks the rolling deep.' The converfation opens with an interrogatory by the Genius of Britain, who for fome reafon or other is now transformed into a British warrior:
Prefumptuous Power (the British warrior cries)! What caufe invites thee to thefe English skies?" We then learn that
The Gallic Power approaching from afar, Defcended graceful from his fplendid car.' Though the writer tells us, but a few lines before, that ⚫ before the gliding chariot flands The facred guardian of the British lands.'
So near, indeed, that
the courfers backward ftart, Scar'd by the luftre of the glittering dart.
But to proceed-Before his Gallic divinity fhip vouchsafes any answer to this and fome other questions, he turns his horfes to grafs; his nags, as this writer perhaps means to infinuate, having but an indifferent pafture at home:
The fteeds, obedient to their Lord's command,
Nor open wrong, I quit my native skies.
Her fons have done it, and the deed 's their own."
After a few more lines in the fame ftrain, he concludes with the following counfel:
Fly then this land and if to Gaul a friend,
This advice, as might be fuppofed, is rejected with disdain. Bris tannia fets him and every other enemy at defiance, telling him, 'Britain united, all your toil fhall mock,
And fand unmoved amidst the mighty fhock.' We heartily with the may be as good as her word.
In the construction of this allegory there appears neither novelty nor invention. With refpect to the mere matter of verfification (Poetry is a term no way applicable to this performance), our Bard keeps one even tenor, never rifing above mediocrity, and not often finking below it.
Art. 27. An Ode to the Memory of the Right Reverend Thomas Wilfon, late Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man; by the Rev. W. Tasker, A. B. Author of the Ode to the Warlike Genius of Great Britain, &c. 4to. 15. Printed for the Author. Sold by Dodsley.
From a fprightly fally or two in Mr. Tafker's first publication, we had formed expectations not unfavourable, with refpect to his future performances. Thofe expectations, forry are we to fay it, have not hitherto been gratified. Whether it be, that Mr. Talker's Pegafus is, as the jockies phrafe it, a jade at the bottom, or that he rides him without judgment, the poor beaft is become as spiritlefs as a pofthorfe. The ode before us is a very infignificant performance. A Weftminfter fchool-boy, though in a hurry to get his task over, might furely fcribble fuch verfes as thefe :
E'en from his earlier years,
Tho' he drew his ancient blood
From the bold undaunted flood
That boil'd in Norman William's fiery breaft; &c.
Art. 28. The Artifice; a Comic Opera, in Two Acts. As performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury-Lane. By William Au guftus Miles. 8vo. is. Cadell. 1780.
The Writer of this Comic Opera feems to value himself on the fidelity of his draughts of fea characters. We cannot boast a fufficient degree of forecaffle learning to enable us to difcover their excellence. To us they appear much more lifelefs and infipid than Congreve's Ben, or even than the "group of characters in the Fair Quaker of Deal," which our Author affects to defpife. Counterparts of Commodore Flip and Beau Mizen may ftill be found in the navy, and are as fair fubjects of ridicule as any land characters. The ftage generally does justice to their bravery, their honefty, and their contempt of danger;" and even the Captain Ironfides of Cumberland, attacked by our privateer Poet, cafts no unworthy reflection on the gentlemen of the navy. How far the Lieutenants of our fleet may be pleafed" to acknowledge Charles as a bro her officer," we cannot determine. For our parts, we are more delighted with the farcical jargon of Sir Benjamin Brief, and the military rage of Mrs. Bobbin.
Art. 29. The Volunteers; or, Taylors to Arms! a Comedy, of
I.-Preached before the House of Lords in the Abbey-Church of Westminster, Jan. 31, 1780, by Thomas Lord Bishop of Lincoln. 4to. 1s. Owen.
A great deal of courtly elegance appears in this difcourfe; the chief object of which is to recommend the duty of obedience to the higher powers. His Lordship hath drawn a striking picture of that fanatic fpirit which occafioned the troubles and contufion that preceded and followed the death of King Charles. The prevalent party, intoxicated with a love of power, no fooner perceived in the King a flexible difpofition, than they began with encreasing vehemence to reiterate their complaints of tyranny. The republican fpirit, which, in conjunction with the fpirit of puritanifm, had fecretly diffused the poifon of difaffection to the established government of church and itate, now burst forth. The leaders availing themfelves of the efficacy of this levelling principle, fo adapted to their purpofe, inftructed the populace where to direct their feditious invectives; while they themfelves food prepared to fecond their endeavours; to tear down every fence which a reverence for Majefty had planted round the throne; to annihilate every branch of the prerogative; and to wrelt by tumul
tuous force out of the hands of royalty, the whole executive power of the ftate. So unexpected a convulfion attonished all ranks of people: those whom a love for their country had at first prompted to join the popular party, found their paffions fo enflamed by the ardour of controversy, that they knew not where to draw the boundary, nor how to difengage themselves from councils in which they had taken fo confiderable a fhare. Some few who faw into the fatal tendency of thefe councils, preferved their integrity amidst the conflict; and with the bravery of untainted loyalty, defended the caufe of injured Majefty by the most weighty arguments drawn from history, and the fundamental laws of the conflitution; till overpowered by numbers, and filenced by clamour, they were compelled to confult their perfonal fafety, and to withdraw from fcenes which threatened univerfal ruin to the kingdom. The most atrocious, ftimulated by a restless ambition, entertained hopes of future greatnefs in the profpect of impending civil war, and accordingly rendered ineffectual every propofal for an accommodation. Religion in the mean time, that facred friend to union and peace, was, by a fingular perverfion, employed to aid the cause of fecition and rebellion. Hypocrify, arrayed in the robe of piety, became perfect in the habitual exercife of the arts of deception. The pulpit, the fenate, and even the camp, afforded in fucceffion a theatre for the difplay of her powers, and alternately refounded with the declamations of falfehood, impotture, and treafon. Thefe in their turn operating on the distempered imaginations of men, produced a gloomy fpirit of fanaticifm, which, under the fancied impreffions of fuperior direction, fanctified every deed of wickedness, and ferved the more effectually to adminifter the poisonous ingredients which hypocrify had prepared. To a combination of these principles, however contradictory, may be referred many of the celebrated characters of that age;-the character of ONE in particular, the magnitude of whofe crimes has rendered him confpicuous, and whofe elevation on the ruins of liberty, was not less owing to the dark duplicity of his defigns, than to the strong impulfe of the fanatic fpirit which fo rapidly promoted the execution of them. To a combination of thefe principies may be referred the precipitate demolition of our religious eftab ishment, which fell the first facrifice to popular fury. The fathers of the church were faithful to the crown, and zealous fupporters of the conftitution: hence they were excluded from their fhare in the public councils, and their order was voted ufelefs. The clergy were in general a learned body, and exemplary in their lives; but they "honoured the king;" and hence they were denominated fcandalous minitters, were haraffed, ejected from their churches, and imprisoned.'
Some will think, and perhaps not unjustly, that the bishop's zeal hath led him to colour this picture of fanaticifm with too bold a pencil; but we cannot avoid remarking, that the circumstance alluded to in the concluding paragraph of our quotation is, on reflection, fufficient to provoke the indignation of every friend of the established church; and we trust that not many, in thefe more liberal days, will be found amongst the Diffenters, who can, on ferious conviction, and without a bluth, vindicate that farce of mockery to God, and infult and tyranny to man, exhibited by a fet of gloomy wayward enthu