Page images

Attentive Athens caught the sound,
And all her listening sons around

In awful silence stood.
Reclaim'd, her wild licentious youth

Confess'd the potent voice of truth,

And felt its just control :
The passions ceased their loud alarms,

STEPHEN. Oh! papa, what can be the
And virtue's soft, persuasive charms use of collecting paving-stones ?
O'er all their senses stole.

PAPA. Why this piece of paving-stone Thy breath inspires the poet's song, is a very nice bit of a rock, called granite, The patriot's free unbiass'd tongue,

and contains a mineral called tourmaline. The hero's generous strife : Thine are retirement's silent joys,

If you will look at it you will find three And all the sweet, endearing ties

other substances in it-felspar, quartz, Of still, domestic life!

and mica; all the substances composing No more to fabled names confined,

the crust, for each are divided into two To thee, supreme, all-perfect Mind, My thoughts direct their flight:

great groups, the stratified and the unstraWisdom's thy gift, and all the force

tified. This granite is one of the unstratiFrom thee derived, unchanging source fied rocks.

Or intellectual light!
Oh! send her sure, her steady ray,

Willie. But, papa, the earth has not To regulate my doubtful way

got a crust, has it ? Through life's perplexing road :

PAPA. Oh, yes, our earth is just a big The mists of error to control,

globe of melted matter, cooled on the And through its gloom direct my soul outside. Now this cooled outside is called

To happiness and good ! Beneath her clear discerning eye,

the crust, and we live on it ; perhaps it is The visionary shadows fly,

not more than one hundred miles thick. Of folly's painted show:

Willie. Oh! how strange; but, papa, She sees, through every fair disguise, how do you know, for nobody has ever That all, but virtue's solid joys,

been inside ? Is vanity and woe.

STEPHEN. Yes, and why don't we feel Her chief original prose compositions the heat through? were letters, and two numbers in the

PAPA. Well, one at once. No one has Rambler,” Nos. 44 and 100. The former | ever been down lower than perhaps the tooth consists of an allegory, wherein religion part of the depth; but, you know, there and superstition are contrasted in a most

are such places as coal-pits, and other admirable manner.

deep shafts. Now, it is found, by careful

experiments, that the temperature increases ON THE USE AND ABUSE OF AMUSE- as we descend into the interior of these MENTS.-It were unjust and ungrateful mines, to the extent of about 1° of Fahto conceive that the amusements of life renheit for every fifty-four feet of vertical are altogether forbid by its beneficent depth. In some mines in NorthumberAuthor. They serve, on the contrary, land it is 1° for every forty-four feet, so important purposes in the economy of that if the rate of increase be constant, human life, and are destined to produce there would, at a depth of sixty thousand important effects both upon our happiness feet, be a low, red heat; and at a depth of one and character. They are, in the first hundred miles, everything there will be in place, in the language of the Psalmist, a fused state. So you see, that although is the wells of the desert;" the kind rest- no one has ever been there, yet, by a little ing-places in which toil may relax, in observation, we can ascertain the probable which the weary spirit may recover its condition of the earth's centre. tone, and where the desponding mind Stephen, with reference to what you said, may resume its strength and its hopes. It I will just mention a fact to you, and you is not, therefore, the use of the innocent can form your own ideas on the subject; amusements of life which is dangerous, but I will be glad to tell you more about but the abuse of them : it is not when it another time. The fact is this, that a they are occasionally, but when they are thickness of half an inch of clay and sand constantly pursued ; and when, from being intercepted the heat of a mass of eleven an occasional indulgence, it becomes an tons of white, hot, melted cast-iron, for habitual desire.

twenty minutes, without the heat on the

And now,

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

outside of the vessel being sufficient to pain the hand.

STEPHEN. Well, I understand that; but what is a stratified rock?

PAPA. The word stratified just means made in layers, and a stratified rock is one that has been so formed. Suppose you take a glass of muddy water, and let it stand for an hour or two, what happens?

WILLIE. Why, the mud sinks to the


PAPA. Exactly so. Well, every river when it falls into the ocean carries down a quantity of mud. This mud, by its own specific gravity being heavier than that of water, sinks to the bottom, just as the mud does in the tumbler. Some rivers may carry down sand, others silt, and so on; so that at the bottom of the sea are immense beds of sand, mud, gravel, &c. What happens now has happened in the former ages of our world's history; and all our bits of sandstone, limestone, chalk, have once been exposed to the action of water, and are indeed the beds of ancient seas and oceans. Now these are called stratified rocks-that is to say, have all been formed as sediment from water, and are, consequently, found in layers or strata. Do you understand me?

STEPHEN. Yes, and I think I know now what those shells and petrified snakes are that you have up-stairs.

PAPA. Well, what are they?

STEPHEN. Why, they are shells of animals that lived in the seas and oceans which made the mud which has since become stratified rock; and I suppose the snakes must have lived on the land.

PAPA. Your theory about the shells is correct; but what you call snakes are shells also-called ammonites.

WILLIE. Oh, papa, why didn't you tell us some of these things before? I often wondered at the old stones you collected, and couldn't think what use they were.

PAPA. As you have already learned a little chemistry, I have no objection to teach you geology; because it is both an exceedingly useful and a very interesting study. Herschel says it ranks next to astronomy in the scale of the sciences.

STEPHEN. What does the word itself mean?

PAPA. It is derived from two Greek

[blocks in formation]

THE GOOD MAN.-A good man lives to his own heart. He thinks it not good manners to slight the world's opinion; though he will regard it only in the second place. A good man will look upon every accession of power to do good as a new trial to the integrity of his heart. A good man, though he will value his own countrymen, yet will think as highly of the worthy men of every nation under the sun. A good man is a prince of the Almighty's creation. A good man will not engage even in a national cause, without examining the justice of it. How much more glorious a character is that of the friend of mankind, than that of the conqueror of nations? The heart of a worthy man is ever on his lips; he will be pained when he cannot speak all that is in it. An impartial spirit will admire goodness or greatness wherever he meets it, and whether it makes for or against him.

[ocr errors]






Materials.-Pink silk, a few skeins of white sewing silk, white sarsenet ribbon, of an inch wide. Muslin and flannel.

THIS very pretty and comfortable little shoe is to be embroidered entirely in chain-stitch. The pattern is given so clearly in the engraving, that no difficulty can occur in drawing it. It must be marked on the silk in the ordinary manner. The size of the shoe must be suitable for the child, and a paper pattern should first be prepared, of a very ample size, as the quilted lining of the shoe takes up a considerable space. Mark out the silk, allowing a very ample margin in every direction, making the toe in one piece, the ankle-piece for another, and the sole for the third. Cut out pieces of muslin and flannel to correspond, and quilt them together in small diamonds with sewing


Work the pattern on the silk; then make up the shoe very neatly, running the sole in parallel lines from heel to toe, taking the needle through the thicknesses of silk, flannel, and muslin.

Bind the upper part of the shoe with a



fine piping cord, covered with silk; and pierce holes for the tie, sewing them round with silk of the same colour as the embroidery.

If gros de Naples is thought too delicate or expensive à material, fine French merino of any pretty colour may be used for this shoe.



Materials.-7 shades of crimson wool, vary. ing from very dark to light, and 2 skeins of maize-coloured crochet silk, with 4 yards of cotton-mat cord. Of the 2 lightest and 3 darkest colours, 1 skein only will be required. Of the others, 2 skeins.

WITH the darkest wool, work a few stitches over the end of the cord, and close it into a round, on which, with the same shade, work another round, increasing sufficiently to keep it flat. Another must be done with the same shade. Join on next tint, and work three rounds with it, increasing sufficiently to make it flat, and making enough stitches to cover the cord completely. With the next shade do three more rounds in the same way. Repeat it also with the 4th shade. With the 5th shade, do only two rounds, and with the sixth and seventh, one will be

[graphic][merged small]

enough. Cut the end of the cord in a slanting direction, so as to terminate it gradually.

Thread a coarse embroidery needle with the maize silk, and work five stitches over the cord of the last round but one, then over the next, and all the others to the centre, not straight down, but in a curved direction, (something like one of the spokes of a Catherine's wheel). Do eight of these curved lines, at equal distances from each other, and all meeting in the


For the border, work over a mesh with the tapestry needle, as in ordinary rug work, taking a double needleful, both of silk and wool. Four stitches are to be taken in silk, immediately opposite the five stitches on the cord; then four of each shade of wool, from the darkest to the lightest, which should occupy the space to the next silk. Cut the edges of the fringe.


IT is a singular fact that a Chinese never drinks cold water, thinks it destructive to health, and hates it. Uncoloured tea is his beverage from morning till night-the essence of the herb drawn out in pure water, and swallowed without milk and sugar. If he travels, he stops in his chair to take his cup, not "his glass." If he pays a visit, he is offered tea; if he receives a visitor, he proffers it. Before dinner he takes his tea as the French take oysters-as a zest. After dinner, he sips his tea as a Scotchman takes his whiskey-as a digester. This is done not only without injuring their stomachs, but with positive advantage to their bodily health and general comfort. Yet, Englishmen will swallow tea, go to bed, turn and toss, keep awake, get up, complain of unstrang nerves and weak

digestion, and visit the doctor, who shakes his head, and solemnly says, "Tea!" This is what he says; but what he means, if he has given attention to the subject, is "metallic paint." "Foreigners," say the Chinese, "like to have their tea uniform and pretty," so they poison the leaves for the advantage of the English and American merchants. The Chinese would not think of drinking dyed tea such as we daily imbibe; but the more gypsum and blue he can communicate to the plant, the higher becomes its value in the eyes of the English merchant, and the dyeing process, accordingly, goes on in China to an extent which is actually alarming. In every hundred pounds of coloured green tea consumed in England, more than half a pound of colouring powder, made from blue and gypsum, is contained. The fact is not now made known to the British public for the first time; we therefore hope that this lucrative dyeing trade will decrease in the Celestial Empire. The Chinese may easily regard us with pity and surprise, as the coats of our stomachs may well rebel against the intrusion of so much mineral trash. Our venerable ancestors, the ancient Britons, painted themselves, and lived upon acorns; and we, who live luxuriously, smile at their lamentable ignorance. In one respect, however, the Britons had the advantage of us they painted their stomachs blue, and used the colour only on the outside-not in.-Times' Review of "Fortune's Journey to the Tea Countries of China."

IMPORTANCE OF MORAL EDUCATION. -Under whose care soever a child is put to be taught during the tender and flexible years of his life, this is certain; it should be one who thinks Latin and languages the least part of education; one who, knowing how much virtue and a well-tempered soul is to be preferred to any sort of learning or language, makes it his chief business to form the mind of his scholars, and give that a right disposition; which, if once got, though all the rest should be neglected, would in due time produce all the rest; and which, if it be not got, and settled so as to keep out ill and vicious habits-languages, and sciences, and all the other accomplishments of education, will be to no purpose but to make the worse or more dangerous man.




THIS pet, in whose history you will take great interest, came into my possession when I was about nine years old. I remember the day as plainly as I remember yesterday. I was going home from school, very sad and out of humour with myself, for I had been marked deficient in geography, and had gone down to the very foot in the spellingclass. On the way I was obliged to pass a little old log-house, which stood near the road, and which I generally ran by in a great hurry, as the woman who lived there had the name of being a scold and a sort of a witch. She certainly was a stout, ugly woman, who drank a great deal of cider, and sometimes beat her husband, which was very cruel, as he was a mild, little man, and took good care of the baby while she went to mill. But that day I trudged along carelessly and slowly, for I was too unhappy to be afraid, even of that dreadful woman. Yet I started, and felt my heart beat fast, when she called out to me. "Stop, little girl!" she said; "don't you want this 'ere young cat?" and held out a beautiful white kitten. I ran at once and caught it from her hands, thanking her as well as I could, and started for home, carefully covering pussy's head with my pinafore, lest she should see where I took her, and so know the way back. She was rather uneasy, and scratched my arms a good deal; but I did not mind that, I was so entirely happy in my new pet. When I reached home, and my mother looked more annoyed than pleased with the little stranger, and my father and brothers would take no particular notice of her, I thought they must be very hardhearted indeed, not to be moved by her beauty and innocence. My brother William, however, who was very obliging, and quite a mechanic, made a nice little house, or "cat-cote," as he called it, in the back yard, and put in it some clean straw for her to lie on. I then gave her a plentiful supper of new milk, and put her to bed with my own hands. It was long before

« PreviousContinue »