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latter house shall be greater than of the former.” Dan. ix. 24. seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression ... and to anoint the most Holy.” v. 26. “after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off.... and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city.” v. 27.“ ne shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.” Zech. ix. 9. “ rejoice greatly, 0 daughter of Zion, shout, O daughter of Jerusalem ; behold thy king cometh unto thee.” Gen. xlix. 10. “the sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come,” by which name the three most ancient Jewish commentators, Onkelos, Jonathan, and Hierosolymitanus, understood the Messiah. Dan. ii. 44. “in the days of those kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom.” Lastly, because the Gentiles have long since put away the worship of other gods and embraced the faith of Christ, which event, according to the prophecies, was not to take place till after his coming. Gen. xlix. 10. “unto him shall the gathering of the people be.” Isai. ii. 2. “ it shall come to pass in the last days .... that all nations shall flow unto it.” See also Mic. iv. 1. Hag. ii. 6. “yet once, it is a little while .... and I will shake all nations.” Mal. iii. 1. 56
the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple.”
CHAP. XV.-OF THE OFFICE OF THE MEDIATOR AND OF
HIS THREEFOLD FUNCTIONS. The nature of Christ the Mediator, human as well as divine, has been already defined.
THE MEDIATORIAL OFFICE of Christ is that whereby, AT THE SPECIAL APPOINTMENT OF GOD THE FATUIER, HE VOLUNTARILY PERFORMED, AND CONTINUES TO PERFORM, ON BEHALF OF MAN, WIIATEVER IS REQUISITE FOR OBTAINING RECONCILIATION WITH GOD, AND ETERNAL SALVATION."
6 See Poole's Synopsis in loc. where, besides the authorities mentioned by Milton, other Jewish commentators are cited as admitting the same interpretation of the passage.
Men hereafter may discern
Paradise Regained, II. 164.
AT THE SPECIAL APPOINTMENT OF GOD THE FATHER. Isai. xlii. 1. “behold my servant.... mine elect in whom my
soul delighteth.” lxi. 1. “ Jehovah hath anointed me.” Hence he derived the name of Messias, of Christ, Psal. i. of “the inessenger of the covenant,” Mal. iii. 1. and of “the advocate,” 1 John ii. 1. “We have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ." Psal. cx. 4. • Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent.' Rom. iii. 25. " whom God hath set forth.” Heb. v. 4–6. “so also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest.” x. 9, 10. “I come to do thy will, O God.. by the which will we are sanctified.” John iii. 16, 17. “God gave his only begotten Son ....God sent not his Son into the world to condemn—" v. 34. “God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him.” vi. 27. “him hath God the Father sealed.” x. 36. “him whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent in the world.” Gal. i. 4. “who gave himself ... according to the will of God and our Father.”
VOLUNTARILY. John xv. 9. “ as the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you.”
Rom. viii. 35. “who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, fc. .... or sword ?” Eph. iii. 19.“ the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge."
WHATEVER IS REQUISITE FOR OBTAINING RECONCILIATION WITH God. Rom. v. 10. “we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son.” 2 Cor. v. 18, 19. “all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ : God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself.” 1 John ii. 2. “he is the propitiation for our sins.”
ETERNAL SALVATION. Matt. i. 21. “thou shalt call his name Jesus, for he shall save his people from their sins." 1 Tim. i. 15. “Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners.” John i. 17. “ grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.' 1 John iv. 9. “God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live by him.' 1 Thess. v. 9. 10. “God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through Jesus Christ our Lord.”
The name and office of mediator is in a certain sense ascribed to Moses, as a type of Christ.8 Gal. iii. 19. “the law
To God is no access
Paradise Lost, XII. 239.
was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. What the nature of his office was, is explained, Acts vii. 38. “this is he .... who received the lively oracles to give unto us,” compared with Deut. v. 5. I stood between Jehovah and
you at that time to shew you the word of Jehovah.”
In treating of the office of the Mediator, we are to consider his threefold functions as PROPHET, PRIEST and king, and his manner of administering the same.
HIS FUNCTION AS A PROPHET IS TO INSTRUCT HIS CHURCH IN HEAVENLY TRUTH, AND TO DECLARE THE WHOLE WILL OF
Deut. xvii. 15. compared with Acts iii. 22. and vii. 37. “ Jehovah thy God will raise up unto thee a prophet from the midst of thee." Isai. lxi. 1.“ Jehovah hath anointed me to preach,” compared with Luke iv. 18. Ezek. xxxiv. 23. “ I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David.” Zech. vi. 12, 13. “ behold the man .... he shall build the temple of Jehovah.” Matt. xxiii. 8. one is your master, even Christ.” Luke x. 22.
no man knoweth who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.” Rev. v. 7. “he took the book.” Hence he is called “counsellor," Isai. ix. 6. and lv. 4. “ a witness, a leader and commander to the people.” John i. 9. “ that was the true light which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.” 1 Cor. i. 24. “the wisdom of God.” Heb. iii. 1. the apostle of our profession.” xii. 2. “ the author and finisher of our faith.” xiii. 20. “ that great shepherd of the sheep.” Rev. i. 5. “ the faithful witness." Heb. i. 2. “God hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son.” John i. 16-18. “ grace and truth came by Jesus Christ... the only begotten Son .... he hath declared him.” iv. 25. “when Christ is come, he will tell us all things." xviii. 37. “ to this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world that I should bear witness unto the truth.” xv. 15. “ all things that I have heard of my Father, I have made known unto you.”
His prophetical function consists of two parts; one external, namely, the promulgation of divine truth; the other internal, to wit, the illumination of the understanding. The former is mentioned Matt. iv. 17. “ from that time Jesus began to preach and to say—;" and Mark i. 14. the latter Luke xxiv. 32, 45. “ did not our heart burn within us .... while he opened to us the Scriptures ? then opened he their under
10, 11. "
standing, that they might understand the Scriptures." Acts xvi. 14. “ the Lord opened the heart of Lydia, that she attended unto the things that were spoken of Paul.” John viii. 12. “I am the light of the world ; he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.”
Christ's prophetical functions began with the creation of the world, and will continue till the end of all things. 1 Pet. i.
the spirit of Christ which was in them. when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ,” &c. iii. 19.“ by which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison." John i. 10. "he was in the world .. .. and the world knew him not.” Matt. xxviii. 19, 20. “go ye therefore and teach all nations .... and lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world.” Acts i. 3. “ to whom also he showed himself alive after his passion .. speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.” 2 Cor. xiii. 3. “since ye seek a proof of Christ speaking in me.”
CHRIST'S SACERDOTAL FUNCTION is that whereby IIE ONCE OFFERED HIMSELF TO GOD THE FATHER AS A SACRIFICE FOR SINNERS, AND HAS ALWAYS MADE, AND STILL CONTINUES TO MAKE INTERCESSION FOR US.
CHRIST'S SACERDOTAL FUNCTION. Psal. cx. 4. “ thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.” Zech. vi. 13. “ he shall be a priest upon his throne.” Heb. v. 10.“ called of God an high priest after the order of Melchizedek.” See also vii. 17, 20, 21.
ONCE OFFERED ; virtually, and as regarded the efficacy of his sacrifice, from the foundation of the world, as above stated; Rev. xiii. 8. actually, in the fulness of time, and that once for all, Heb. vii. 27. ix. 25, 26, 28. “ Christ was once offered.” x. 10, 12, 1.1. “ by one offering.” 1 Pet. iii. 18, “ Christ hath once suffered for sins."
IIIMSELF AS A SACRIFICE. Isai. liii. 10. " when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin.” Psal. xl. 6, 7. “ burntoffering and sin-offering hast thou not required : then said I, · Lo, I come.” Eph. v. 2. “Christ hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God.” Ileb. ix. 1.1. “ who through the eternal Spirit offered himself.” Being God-man he offered himself in that capacity; "he who thought it not robbery to be equal with God, made himself of no reputation," &c. Philipp. ii. 6. 7. Ile offered himself, however, more particularly in his human nature, as many passages of Scrip
ture expressly indicate. Matt. xx. 28. “ the Son of man came.... to give his life a ransom for many.” Acts xx. 28. “ the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.” Col. i. 20.“ through the blood of his cross.' “ in the body of his flesh through death.” Heb. ix. 12.“by his own blood he entered in.” x. 10. “ through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ.” 1 Pet. ii. 24. - who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree.” iv. 1. “forasmuch as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh.” 1 John iv. 10. “ he sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.” Rom. iii. 25. “whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness.”
FOR SINNERS. Isai. liii. 12. “he bare the sin of many." 2 Cor. v. 21. “he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin.” Gal. iii. 13. “ Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us.” Heb. ix. 28. “ Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many.” 1 Pet. ii. 24. “who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree.” iii. 18.“ he hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust.” 1 John ii. 2. “he is the propitiation for our sins." HAS ALWAYS
Isai. liii. 12. “he made intercession for the transgressors.” Jer. xxx. 21. “I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me; for who is this that engaged his heart to approach unto me ?” John xiv. 6, 13. "no man cometh unto the Father but by me.” xvii. 9. “I pray for them.” Rom. viii. 21. “ who maketh intercession for us.” Heb. vii. 25. “he ever liveth to make intercession for them.” viii. 1, 2. “who is set on the right hand of the throne of the majesty in the heavens, a minister of the sanctuary.” He makes intercession, first, by
appearing in the presence of God for us,” Heb. ix. 24. 1 John ii. 1. “We have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous." Secondly, by rendering our prayers agreeable to God. John xiv. 13. “whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do.” As to the expressions, Rom. viii. 26, 27. “the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us,” and, “he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God,” the preceding words of the same verse show in what sense they are to be understood; “the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities ;” and Gal. iv. 6. “God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father ;” that