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Mrs. Williaros. I was charmed with his EMINENT FEMALE WRITERS. behaviour to her, which was like that of a HESTER CHAPONE.
fond father to his daughter. She seemed
much pleased with her visit; showed very Mes. CHAPONE was descended from the good sense, with a great deal of modesty ancient family of Mulso, of Twywell, in and humility; and so much patience and Northamptonshire. Hester, the subject cheerfulness under her misfortune, that it of this memoir, was the daughter of doubled my concern for her. Mr. JohnThomas Mulso, and was born October son was very communicative and enter27, 1727. She lost her mother when quite taining, and did me the honour to address young, and her early education was some- most of his discourse to me. I had the what neglected ; for which, however, she assurance to dispute with him on the subafterwards made amends by her own exer- ject of human malignity, and wondered to tions. Though not handsome, she was hear a man who by his actions shows so full of sensibility and energy; of quick much benevolence, maintain that the apprehension and attractive
human heart is naturally malevolent, and After the death of her mother, she not that all the benevolence we see in the few only undertook the management of her who are good is acquired by reason and father's house, but devoted a great portion religion. You may believe I entirely of her time to self-improvement; made disagreed with him, being, as you know, herself mistress of the French and Italian fully persuaded that benevolence, or the languages, and acquired some knowledge love of our fellow-creatures, is as much a of the classic tongues. She discovered, part of our nature as self-love ; and that it also, strong powers of discrimination and cannot be suppressed, or extinguished, judgment; and while her fancy and warm without great violence from the force of feelings made her delight in poetry, her other passions. I told him I suspected sound sense gave her a love of philosophy. him of these bad notions from some of his
Her enthusiastic love of genius made Ramblers, and had accused him to you; her a warm admirer of Richardson, the but that you persuaded me I had mistaken novelist, to whom, however, she could not his sense. To which he answered, that, if surrender her opinions. With him she he had betrayed such sentiments in the entered into an able correspondence on Ramblers, it was not with design ; for the subject of filial obedience; and her that he believed the doctrine of human letters, though written at the age of malevolence, though a true one, is not an twenty-two, display much ability and useful one, and ought not to be published strength and clearness of mind. It to the world. Is there any truth that was at his house that she met Mr. Cha would not be useful, or that should not pone, a young practitioner of law. Abe known ?" mutual attachment was the result, though In 1753, Miss Mulso sent the story of from his limited means many years elapsed" Fidelia” to the “ Adventurer,” which before they were united in marriage. In forms Nos. 77, 78, and 79 of that work; the meantime, she lived either with her and on the publication of Mrs. Carter's father or with her friends and relations, Epictetus,” in 1758, an ode by Miss while her society was widely sought and Mulso was prefixed. These, together with her accomplishments were generally ac- an ode to Peace, were among her earliest knowledged. At the house of her aunt, productions which she thought worthy of Mrs. Donne, of Canterbury, she became the press. Towards the close of the year acquainted with the celebrated Mrs. Eliza- 1760, she was united to the man of her beth Carter, and at Mr. Richardson's she choice, with every prospect of long-conmet Dr. Johnson. In one of her letters tinued happiness ; but, alas, this union to Mrs. Carter, dated July 10, 1752, she was of short duration ! Within ten thus records a meeting with him, and the months, Mr. Chapone was seized with a result of an argument maintained by her violent fever, which terminated fatally in against him :
September 1761. The severity of this “ We had a visit, whilst at Northend, blow was so keenly felt by her, that her from your friend Mr. Johnson and poor | life was for some time in danger ; but at
length the assiduity of her friends and the O Wisdom! from the sea-beat sleore, consolations of religion had their due
Where listening to the solemn roar,
Thy loved Eliza* strays; weight, and she gradually recovered her
Vouchsafe to visit my retreat, spirits and her peace of mind.
And teach my erring, trembling feet In 1773, Mrs. Chapone published her
Thy heaven-protected ways! “ Letters on the Improvement of the
O guide me to the humble cell
Where Resignation loves to dwell, Mind," addressed to her favourite niece,
Contentment's bower in view! the eldest daughter of the Rev. John Nor pining grief, with absence drear, Mulso. The work was most favourably Nor sick suspense, nor anxious fear,
Shall there my steps pursue. received, and soon became extensively circulated. It is, indeed,
one of the There let my soul to Him aspire,
Whom noue ere sought with vain desire, best books that can be put into the hands Nor loved in sad despair; of female youth; the style is easy and There to his gracious will Divine, pure, the advice practical and sound, and My dearest, fondest hope resign, the whole uniformly tends to promote the
And all my tenderest care.
Then peace shall heal this wounded breast, purest principles of morality and religion.”
That pants to see another blest, In 1775, she published her “ Miscellanies From selfish passion pure; in Prose and Verse,” in one volume. Of Peace which, when human wishes rise,
Intense for aught beneath the skies, the poems of this volume, which were,
Can never be secure. for the most part, the productions of her early life, the best is the • Ode to Soli- Good OUT
of Evil. We confess tude,” which we append. This was the that until the other day we had always last work she published. From this time looked upon quarrelling, in all its shades she was called almost every year to mourn
and phases, as an unmitigated evil; but the loss of some near and dear friend.
a country contemporary, who from“ seemTowards the close of the century hering evil still educes good,” insists that faculties began to decay, and she died at altercation has its benefits and its uses ; Hadley, on the 25th of December, 1801.
and on taking a sober second thought, ODE TO SOLITUDE.
we feel inclined to think he is half right.
So long as there is fair weather beThou gentle nurse of pleasing woe, To thee, from crowds, and noise, and slow,
tween people, they rarely tell each other With eager haste I fly;
of their faults. Their intercourse is a Thrice welcome, friendly Solitude,
series of mutual flatteries. Your indulO let no busy foot intrude,
gent friend throws over your misdoings Nor listening ear be nigh!
the mantle of charity. He would not Soft, silent, melancholy maid,
say anything to hurt your feelings for With thee, to yon sequester'd shade,
the world. He is My pensive steps I bend : Still at the mild approach of night,
"To your fanlts a little blind, When Cynthia lends her sober light,
And to your virtues very kind.” Do thou my walk attend !
But give him cause of quarrel, and then To thee alone my conscious heart
you shall see what you shall see. He Its tender sorrow dares impart,
will swell and chafe for some time, perAnd ease my lab'ring breast; To thee I trust the rising sigh,
haps in indignant silence under your And bid the tear that swells my eye
petulance; but when the cork that reNo longer be supprest.
strained his bottled-up wrath is fairly With thee among the haunted groves,
forced out, look out for strong and wholeThe lovely sorc'ress Fancy roves;
some truths in the torrent of invective O let me find her here!
that will follow it. Then, too, he will For she can time and speed control,
receive from you, as well as you froin And swift transport my fleeting soul To all it holds most dear.
him, a good deal of very excellent counsel,
which will be none the less salutary for Ah! nomye vain delusions hence ! No more the hallow'd innocence
being bitter and good. In short, each Of Solitude pervert!
will show the other the dark side of his Shall Fancy cheat the precious hour,
character. Sacred to Wisdom's awful power And calm Reflection's part?
# Sliva Carter.
I. THE HAIR OF THE HEAD.
THE TOILETTE FRIEND, Materials.-A square of French cambric, 2 skeins of Evans's Royal Embroidery cotton, No.
3. THE HAIR AS AN ORNAMENT. 30, and six skeins of scarlet ditto.
1 piece of
Frou the earliest period in man's histoile cire.
tory, the hair has been somewhat consiThis handkerchief is extremely easy to dered, in its character, as an ornament; and work, and is, at the same time, remark- we now propose to trace the various changes ably pretty In the section we give, that the mode of wearing it has undergone. every part is the full size, and the design The subject naturally suggests its divi. may therefore be traced from it, and re- sion into two parts, viz., 1st, that of the peated as often as may be required for hair of the scalp or head ; and 2nd, the handkerchief. The scallop, and the that of the face, or the whiskers, beard, centre part of the letters, is done in raised and moustache. work, the former being overcast, and the latter in satin-stitch. Our friends have already learned from our instructions in
61. In the 5th verse of the 6th chapter embroidery in previous numbers, that this of Numbers, we find permission given to raised work is produced by running with
man for the hair to grow long, in the soft cotton, backwards and forwards in following words, “and shall let the locks the parts to be raised, until there is a
of the hair of his head grow.” This sufficient thickness, which is then to be alludes to a custom among the Nazarites covered with close open stitches, either and Persians, to allow the hair to
or simply sewed across the until the completion of a vow; and then, space. The work is always raised most in when the term of the vow expired, they the widest parts. As this tracing is not shaved the head, or, as it afterwards menat all seen, and it uses a considerable tions in the 18th verse of the quantity of cotton, it is advisable to do it chapter, they took “ the hair of the head with the white, which is
... and put it in the fire, which is under
very much cheaper than the scarlet. All the work
the sacrifice.” that is seen is to be done in scarlet. The
“ It was a very ancient custom among coral branches are done in simple chain the heathen nations to consecrate to the stitch, as are the outlines of the initials. gods the hair when cut off, as well as when It is very rapidly done, and extremely growing on the head. The hair was someeffective.
times consumed on the altar, sometimes deposited in the temples, and often sus
pended upon trees. A famous instance or BENEFITS OF RETIREMENT.-He must
the consecration of hair is that of Bereknow little of the world, and still less of nice, the consort of Ptolemy Euergetes. his own heart, who is not aware how diffi- When the king went on his expedition to cult it is, amid the corrupting examples Syria, she was anxious for his safety, and with which it abounds, to maintain the made a vow to consecrate her hair, which spirit of devotion unimpaired, or to preserve, in their due force and delicacy, beauty, to Venus, if he returned safe. He those vivid moral impressions, that quick did return safe ; and she offered her hair perception of good, and instinctive abhor- in the temple at Cyprus. This conserence of evil, which form the chief charac- crated hair, being afterwards missing, was teristie of a pure and elevated mind. fabled to have become a constellation in These, like the morning dew, are easily the heavens, which constellation is called brushed off in the collisions of worldly Coma Berenices (the hair of Berenice), to interest, or exhaled by the meridian sun.
Another remarkable instance Hence the necessity of frequent intervals is that of Nero, who, according to Suetoof retirement, when the mind may recover nius, cut off his first beard, put it in a its scattered powers, and renew its strength
casket of gold set with jewels, and conseby a devoui application to the Fountain of crated it to Jupiter Capitolinus. In fact,
was much admired for its fineness and
* See pages 198, 318, Vol. II., New Series.