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for the loss of the cherished sentence, “Duty, then, is the sublimest word in our language”?

Soon after General Lee's death there was found in his army satchel, which had not been opened since the war, a sheet of paper on which he had written these noble words, which fall on the ear with the solemn tones, and majestic roll, of some great cathedral organ:

“There is a true glory, and a true honor; the glory of duty done, the honor of integrity of principle."

These words were written during that dreadful winter in the trenches at Petersburg, when Lee, like a wounded lion at bay, confronted Grant for the last time. He must have seen the shadow of the black pall of Appomattox already creeping over the doomed Confederacy; and he must have felt that soon he would be called on, in his own person, to exemplify the truth of his words: "Human virtue should be equal to human calamity."

In this hour of failure, in this wreck of a nation's hopes, General Lee asked himself what would be the verdict of history on the Lost Cause; and on those who loved it, and fought for it to the bitter end. And he found comfort and courage in the words which have been quoted, which are worthy to be inscribed on his monument, and to be the world's epitaph on the Southern Confederacy, and on its heroic defenders. And these words of General Lee come as his benison to all who nobly strive for the right as they see it, whether in peace or in war, whether in victory or in defeat:

"THERE IS A TRUE GLORY AND A TRUE HONOR; THE GLORY OF DUTY DONE, THE HONOR OF INTEGRITY OF PRINCIPLE.”

Employers' Liability and Workmen's

Compensation Laws

PAPER READ BY MR. LEWIS C. WILLIAMS, OF RICHMOND.

The subject of this paper has not been chosen because it suggests originality and is therefore interesting, but rather because any fundamental changes in our law, especially where they affect a large proportion of our citizens, should be recorded. Then too, this Association is always alive to legislation which marks the transition from an old to a new order of things. But more than this, as lawyers, we are always desirous of seeing laws passed which affect economies, prevent litigation, and insure a greater measure of justice to all concerned, and this, it is contended, will be accomplished by the abolition of the present doctrine of Employers' Liability and the substitution of the law of compensation applicable to industrial accidents.

The change from the old law of negligence or liability of Master to Servant (Employers' Liability) to the new order of Compensation by employer to employee (Workman's Compensation) has been rapid, having been adopted in half of the States in the last three years, and now that it has begun bids fair to become universal in this country within the next three years, or sooner as the various legislatures meet.

A proper consideration of the subject involves, first, the history and results obtained under the Employers' Liability laws and consequently the reasons for a change; secondly, the Workmen's Compensation laws as adopted by other States and countries, with a view to throwing some light on the legislation to be expected in Virginia at the next session of our legislature. I shall not undertake to discuss the provision of an Act not yet passed, but shall consider the principles of Workmen's Compensation that are necessarily involved in any law that may be adopted.

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