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beams kissed their upturned brows and odours, false and cruel at the last, they extolled their spotless purity. Humming- remembered with vain longing their happy birds fluttered around them, and in return home in the quiet solitude, where no for the sweetness they stole from the hearts scoffing words or biting winds had ever of the flowers, gave idle words, and spark- reached them, and where, in a long, still ling glances; while various insects con- summer, their days flowed gently to their stantly encircled them, swinging upon close. their delicate stamens, and resting on The merry stream meantime had grown their pure leaves, while they unceasingly sluggish in its course; it no longer hummed fulsome flatteries into the hearts bounded joyously onward with gleeful of the thoughtless flowers. This perpetual tones, forming fantastic eddies and mimic incense of admiration and pretended love, waterfalls in very sport, but crept slowly from sunbeam and stream, insect, bird, and between its banks with an ever mournful breeze, intoxicated and bewildered the murmur; the coming winter with his frosty lilies, hitherto reared in strict seclusion. breath was benumbing the bright stream, They never doubted the sincerity of all ! and striving to bind it in his iey fetters. they heard, and displayed their charms to The deserted Lilies were desolate and the greatest advantage, while they lavished very sad ; their gay neighbour Columbine their fragrance upon every passing breeze. had long since flaunted out her brief They were in a perfect whirl of excite- reign of pleasure, and none were left to ment all the time, and had not a moment console them. Yearningly they turned to reflect upon their course.

toward the stream, and in its scarcely Meanwhile the Lilies were utterly un- rippled surface trusted now to see themconscious that the insects who were so selves reflected truly. freely admitted constantly to rest upon They bent above the water, and in the their leaves, had despoiled them of their yellow tinged flowers that looked up to perfect whiteness, and left their vile stains them, failed to recognise themselves. But instead, while the caresses of Zephyr had as they stooped still closer to the wave, brushed the delicate gold powder from the shadowy flowers beneath seemed to their stamens and scattered it over their arise and greet them slowly ; the painful bosoms; they were withering, too, beneath truth then dawned upon them: their cothe scorching gaze of the sun, and their quetry and vanity had met its just reward ; pure unsullied white was giving place to the varied admiration which they had a sickly yellow hue.

coveted, and for which they had forsaken But of all this the flowers knew nothing : and despised the calm affection of the the stream failed to reflect them truly, still, deep waters, had been theirs for a and deceived them with flattering words. season,-it was now fled, but its ineffaceThe glad summer time passed rapidly able stain was upon them, and the Lilies away, and the autumn days were come. were pure no more. The buzzing insects forsook the flowers With a shuddering sigh the leaves fell who had nourished them, and the sun from their stems and were scattered upon veiled his face behind a clouded sky. The the stream. When the current bore them gay birds soared away to warmer climes, onward to the spot where once they to find fresh beauties on whom to lavish bloomed so happily, their sisters wept their tender songs. And Zephyr, fickle, pearly tears over their despoiled whiteinconstant Zephyr, wooed the fading ness; but Zephyr refused to carry the flowers no longer in low sweet tones; he stained Lilies in the spring time back to came with rude and blustering voice, jeer- their early home, and they saw it not again. ing at the fast decaying loveliness he had When the gay summer brought back once pretended to adore, and heralding the idle crowd of flatterers, they surthe approach of the terrible north wind, who rounded the young Lilies as before, and so soon would strip them of their leaves, the sun deepened their yellowish tint into and bow their slight forms to the earth. a golden hue ; but the flowers were happy

When the poor Lilies found their flat- no more, and, glad to escape the praises terers forsaking them, and Zephyr, on they no longer trusted, bloomed and faded whom they had wasted their sweetest in a day. Some of the family, however,



grown utterly unfeeling, and heeding no

ORIGINS AND INVENTIONS. thing but the voice of admiration, curved their leaves proudly back, and smiled Power Looms.-The power loom was upon the sun until his ardent gaze gave , invented in 1787 ; but it was at first so them a deep orange hue, and the very imperfect, that it was not applied to any stains of the idle insects were made mi- practical use until 1801 ; and so great was nisters to their vanity, and worn with vain the prejudice of hand - loom weavers complacency as evidences of their power. against it, that it was introduced very

But who loves the flaunting Tiger Lily, slowly. The estimated number of powerwith its gaudy spotted breast, or turns looms in use in Great Britain in 1813, not with a tender look to the pure and was but 2400, and in 1820 only 14,150. sweet white flower, whose modest inno-In 1834 the number in the United cence is its greatest charm ?

Kingdom had increased to 116,891.

CANALS.-Some time previous to the FRENCH GLOVES.

Christian era a canal was made from the The preference given in this country to Red Sea to the river Nile in Egypt. The French gloves is no matter of fashion or great canal of China is said to have been prejudice, as is commonly supposed, but of commenced as early as the ninth century. judgment on the part of the purchaser. Some small canals were made in Flanders Not only is the kid finer and better

as early as the twelfth or thirteenth dressed of which gloves are made in century ; very many were made in Holland France, but the gloves themselves are

in the seventeenth century, though they better cut than in England; and their

were generally small ; those made in the superior fitting must be from the French eighteenth century were much larger ; manufacturers possessing a

but the largest canals in Holland, those of scientific knowledge of the shape of the greatest depth and width, have been made hand, as we gather from the evidence of a during the nineteenth century. first-rate London “warehouseman” before MANUFACTURED SILK. -- Though silk the Parliamentary Committee upon Arts was made into cloth at a very early period and Manufactures. It should, however, be in China, India, Persia, and some other added, that there are very few manufac- countries of Asia, and its use became iures in which the French excel so much known to the Romans before the Christian as in gloves; and this circumstance has era, yet the rearing of silkworms and the strengthened the evidence in favour of the silk manufacture were introduced necessity of establishing Schools of Design into Europe until the time of the Emperor in this country, to enable our manufac- Justinian, about the year 530. But after turers to compete with the taste as well as the introduction of these arts at Constanmaterials of the continent.

tinople, Thebes, Corinth, and Argos, Although the disposition on the part of Greece continued to be the only European our legislature to raise the standard of country in which they were practised until public taste is full of promise, we are not about the middle of the twelfth century, unmindful that good taste in every depart- when they were introduced into the island ment cannot be established by dictation, of Sicily. From this island they spread but must be left to force its way gradually into Italy; and Venice, Milan, Florence, through example; and its rules, when and Lucca, were soon after distinguished once exemplified, are pretty sure to be for their success in raising silkworms, followed, though slowly. Let any one recol- and for the extent and beauty of their lect the ugly forms of our ordinary crock- manufactures of silk. The silk manufac.. ery and potters' ware forty or fifty years ture was introduced into Tours, in France, since, when the shapes were as deformed by some workmen from Italy, on the as that of the pipkin which cost Robin- invitation of Louis XI., about the year son Crusoe so much trouble; and observe | 1480, and at Lyons in 1520; and into the difference since the classical outlines England about the same time, though of the Etruscan vases have been adopted it did not make much progress in England as models for our Staffordshire ware. until the age of Queen Elizabeth.

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THE WORK-TABLE FRIEND. enough to permit the pattern to be traced

from it, if the slippers are intended for a

lady. For a gentleman, a little increase Materials. – Red morocco, Russia black silk is necessary. braid, I knot, 10 skeins of gold thread, No. 3, and The morocco for the slippers is first to 4 reels of gold silk.

be cut out in the proper shape, each front Wu have succeeded here in giving our being in one piece, and the back in another. readers a section of the design large The engraving gives one half the design off for the purpose.

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Materials.-5 reels of Messrs. W. Evans & Co's

for each part. After marking with a per- : green, with French bluc, and various forated pattern, go over the design with a others, are pretty combinations. Ladies' rather thick solution of gum-water and slippers and braid sent for 4s. 6d. Gold iake white. When dry, run on the braid | thread is 10d. a knot. with one of the strands of the same, a length of the braid being previously cut

Take every stitch across the braid, not along the centre. Boar's-Head Crochet cotton, No. 24, with BoulThe gold thread is to be laid on each

ton's Crochet-hook, No. 18. side of it, and sewed down with China Make a chain of 160 stitches, and work silk of the same tint. If it be thought on it one row in Dc. that the quantity of gold makes the slip- 2nd Row.- Begin with 1 chain, and pers too expensive, it can be laid only on work 2 Dc in each of the two first Dc of the outer edge of the silk braid. Albert last row. One Dc in each of the others, braid is not suitable for working on mo- except the two last, in both of which work

2, and end with a chain stitch. The ends of the braid and of the gold The remainder is to be worked from the thread must be drawn through to the design, in ordinary square crochet, but wrong side, with a coarse rug needle. as there is first an increase of a square at

Morocco can be procured in various each end, and afterwards a decrease, to the colours. Purple, with Vert-islay braid ; i same extent in every row, the space in the



centre only being without either increase cultivated gardens, in which he can ramble; or diminution, we will describe the way and well cultivated fields and choice in which the decrease is so effected as to grounds are almost equally indispensable. leave a regular edge; the increase being “ When will mankind understand the imalways done as we have described in the portance of verdure to the eye, to say 2nd row.

There are two close squares at nothing of its effects on general health each end.

and happiness ? Until they do, not only For THE DECREASE.-Slip on the first will the manufacture of spectacles and stitch, Sc on the next, Sdc on the next, eye waters continue to increase, but the Dc on the fourth, do three more Dc, 2 manufacture of a thousand other things, Ch, which form the first open square in which, while they afford present relief the line. At the other extremity reverse only, seem to encourage, or at least to the process, working on the four last license, a still farther deviation from the stitches, 1 Dc, 1 Sdc, 1 Sc, 1 slip.

path which has been marked out to us by In all the succeeding rows that are the Creator. decreased, make the slip stitch on the first 2. AIR.—What we have said of the Dc stitch of the previous row, at each importance of light to the eye, and espeend, thus shortening every row by three cially of going abroad in the garden, stitches.

fields, groves, etc., to secure a supply of The edge being of two close squares, it, will preclude, in a great measure, the allows for all the ends being worked in, necessity of dwelling long on the importwhich should invariably be done.

ance of air : since it happens that whenWork one row of open square crochet ever we go abroad, we have the full benefit all round, with the Dc stitches sufficiently of light and air both. Our close at the corners to set flat, and in however, may be well lighted, and yet, every square knot a fringe of twelve or badly ventilated; indeed, we sometimes sixteen strands, and 2 inches deep.

find them so. Now a free and full supply For terms used in crochet see No. 67, Old of pure air is almost as important to Series, and No. 6, New Series, Family the eyes as to the lungs. We know, indeed, Friend."

that another source of injury to the eyes is so often conjoined with want of ventila

tion—we mean too high a temperatureTHE ABUSES OF THE EYE.

that it is not a little difficult to say pre

cisely how much of the injury is to be THE “Journal of Health,” a very use- attributed to this one, and how much to * ful monitor on this subject, contains the the other. Nevertheless, there can be no 1 following excellent observations by Dr. W. doubt that bad air is pernicious to the A. Alcott. We have already alluded to eye-sight, not only indirectly, or through this subject in page 356, vol. ii., New the medium of the lungs, but also in a Series, Family Friend :

more direct manner. “One evil of cities and city life is more “3. WATER.-For very weak eyes, a litle than indicated by our preceding remarks. caution is necessary in the application of Not only does the eye of the citizen rest water to them, especially as regards the on substances too light coloured, while in temperature. To some, cold water is the dwelling, the school house, the study, painful; to others, warm water is so. In the shop, the factory, and the church, but these cases we know of no safer rule than elsewhere. If he goes out, in one of our to leave it to each individual to be cities, the relief of even a garden is denied governed, in respect to temperature, by him. All is naked pavements and side- his experience and judgment. If cold walks and walls; and he is too closely water is painful, why then raise its temoccupied to go beyond these for relief. perature till it ceases to be so. If, on the Whereas, if he is to be shut up to impro- contrary, warm water appears to be inper objects the rest of the time, he ought jurious, we may lower the temperature. It at least to have his eye rest on better should be remembered, however, that the things in his walks abroad. The least cooler the water, the better it is, so far which can safely be done is to have well as our object in its application is to

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