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their aggregate vote would have produced fraud based thereon never rebutted. “ Er the same result; in Virginia, Indiana and pede Herculem,”-if this footprint be Louisiana collectively, a not much more so broad and deep, how vast and mon. considerable variation was needed for strous the body, could we but trace its the success of Mr. Clay.
form and lineaments! We cannot enIt is also noticeable, that at the close of cumber our pages with extended tables, the elections of the year 1843, the gov- or we would exhibit the evidence upon ernments of but eight States, including which we base our opinion, that Newonly seventy-one electoral votes, were York, Pennsylvania, Georgia and Louiscontrolled by the Whigs; in the remain, iana were carried by fraud ; not deceping eighteen States, with two hundred and tive argument, not lying assertion, not four electoral votes, the adverse party trick nor bribery do we speak of now, was dominant.
but the downright and violent frauds of This, so to speak, is the “materiel” illegal, false, spurious votes. of the result, and upon its face it appears Time was, when the Democratic party that the withdrawal of the votes cast for seemed to have taken a bond of fate” the Abolitionist candidate from the issue for the security and permanence of their between the two contending parties, ascendency, and the ranks of a watchful has prevented the complete ascertainment and fearless opposition were the only line of popular opinion upon that issue. That of public service open to the conservaunder a form of government, which re- tive patriotism of the country. The in. poses all ultimate power in the people, and trinsic worthiness of our principles, and acknowledges as its fundamental prin. the patient and disinterested adhesion to ciple “ that the will of the majority shall them, of the best and ablest men of the rule,”—every administration of which nation, through long adversity, gradually depends for its whole moral force in the won upon popular favor, and the Whig country upon the fact of its resting upon party, year by year, gained strength in the will of such a majority, and its con
The catastrophe to public stitutionally expressing that will—that credit and prosperity, which the wicked under such a form of government the principles and perverse measures of the dominancy should be gained, and held, Radicals wrought out under Mr. Van and swayed by a minority, is an anom- Buren's administration, hastened their aly: That there should be found in our downfall, and gave us a triumph, commidst a large body of voters so indiffer- plete in appearance, but perhaps premaent to the great systems of policy which ture. The death of Harrison and the divide the nation, as to throw away treason of Tyler swept away the fruits their franchise on an issue desperate in of our success, and under accumulated itself and entirely extrinsic to that on discouragements the battle was to be which their country commanded their fought over again. It has been fought, voices, is matter of grave astonishment. and nobly fought; and if our discomWe have neither time nor temper to dis- fiture were complete and final, if with cuss that sorry compound of weakness our party's disaster the sun of our counand arrogance, simplicity, malice and try's destiny had gone down forever, we profligacy of which this mischievous do not know that any just self-reproaches faction is made up. The pity and dis- would have embittered our pangsat defeat. dain of all right-minded men rest upon A survey of the whole matter, howthem, and the cause which they have es- ever, in its length and breadth, and from poused shows more and wider wounds its beginning to its end, forbids us to atof their own infliction, than it could ever tribute any such important character, or have suffered from its foes.
to impute any such serious consequences But aside from all the influences to to the issue of the late struggle. We which we have adverted, we find a sin- cannot but regard it as evincing a forticere conviction that great actual as well tude, solidity, and concord in the Whig as moral fraud in the election was per- organization, to which it has been for a petrated by the Radical faction, and that long time growing, indeed, but which it to this cause our defeat may be fairly set never until now has reached as evi. down. The Placquemines transaction, dence of a diffusion of sound political by which, within a narrow precinct, there opinions, and a prevalence of active pawere cast more democratic suffrages than triotism throughout the land, which rethe entire population of men, women call, almost, the heroic age of our his. and children, has never been explained; tory-as showing a general popularity and the charge of direct and concerted and a confirmed numerical strength on
the side of conservative principles which ries, sublime in its abstractions, but it has they have never before regained since lost credit of late by its modes of action. the close of Washington's administra- Indeed some have ventured to suspect tion. We look upon the success of our that modern “ Democracy” when loudestopponents as the last, the feeble, the mouthed is most insincere, and when hollow victory of a waning power—a most magnificent in its professions, is victory which has exhausted their re- most paltry in its performance. But let sources and crippled their strength, and that pass; it is not the first time a good yet has given them no new stronghold, name has lost repute from the degeneracy secured them no inore advantageous po- of its inheritors. The name of Whig is sition for the continuance of the war. broad enough and popular enough for our As the bold experiment of wholesale pro- need. With no proper meaning of its own, fligacy, of absolute subjection of every it expresses more forcibly than any word thing in the shape of views, tenets, in the language, the party of liberty and opinions and principles to the smooth patriotism and loyalty to constitutional working of party machinery, has never government, and includes in its history been tried before ; so, we predict, it can nobler illustrations of all these, than the never in this generation succeed again. annals of Greek or Roman freedom can Nor has the end of this late experiment display. All parties who have borne it, yet transpired—it is too early to predicate whether in our mother country or our own, of it complete success even for the im- have been eminently practical, and have mediate purposes.
The fierce accusa. maintained a shrewd consistency between tion of the ruined Macbeth is yet to be their words and deeds. In England, the sounded, by an incensed constituency in Whigs professed a hatred of kingly usurthe ears of these political wizards, in pation and oppression, and on the first ocsolemn retribution for their frauds : casion cut off the head of a tyrant-in “And be these juggling fiends no more be- this country they wrote the Declaration lieved,
of Independence, and then wrought out its That palter with us in a double sense, sentiments in the battles of the revolution. That keep the word of promise to our ear Let us then abide by our organizaAnd break it to our hope."
tion, our principles, our leaders and our To conclude, we recur to the stern sen
Let us cherish the conviction timent of our motto, and inquire whether that whatever good can be hoped for there is enough of “the Cato” about us our country, must be accomplished to abide by a beaten cause. This is the through the agency of the Whig party, whole purpose of our present reflections, in its present form and constitution. and the entire aim which every discus- Let new light illuminate our counsels, sion of the late political events should new vigor confirm our strength, new arpropose to itself. The public press, the dor inflame our spirit---but let no shortpopular assemblies, the voices of our sighted policy commit us to merely local wise and great men, all return no doubtful interests in prejudice of our duties to the answer. Stupendous and sudden as was whole country-let ro false sympathy, the defeat, no interval, however short, of on the one hand, enlist us in a crusade of despondency followed it. A firmer stand, philanthropy through regions which the a closer union, a more solemn devotiorf, CoNsTITUTION has forbidden us to invade; for the furtherance of the right, are our nor, on the other, let a fatal lust of acquisiwatch words for the future, and the mus- tion engage us in a league which may rend tering for the encounter has begun al- asunder the bonds of our present UNION. ready. The eminent, the able, the vete- In the past we see nothing to disheartran, are crowding to the front of the en, in the future every thing to cheer. battle, and the long array is forming Vigilance now and until the end, lest the again on the very field of its reverses. enemy“ sow tares while we sleep”; active
The Whig party is contented with its energy from the start until the goal be principles, its measures, and its name. To won, lest he thrive in our idleness; these whatever extent the Radical party may we must resolve on, and these will ensure boast of their favor with the populace, WE our triumph. The altar on which the fire are the party of the people. The sober, of our enthusiasm is kindled is the altar of industrious, thriving masses of the citi- Principle-its flames are fed with the pure zens are Whig in feeling and in action. oil of Patriotism--and the vestal guard. The word “ Democracy” has had a potent ians, Liberty and Law, keep holy watch charm about it; it is beautiful in its theo- over its embers—they shall not die.
OR, LYNCH-LAW AND VENGEANCE.
In the following relation of real occur- sitive irritability at the idea of distrust is rences there are several incidental mat. not a whit more persuasive than a narters it would be well to have understood. rative bullyism ;-men like neither to be So much of exaggerated romance is to be whined or bluffed out of their judgments. observed pervading the narrative spirit of Before proceeding, it would not be the times, that, with a due respect for the amiss to give a more definite idea, than good nature of our readers, it has become has generally obtained, of the social con. indispensable that the story-teller should dition of the peculiar region in which be very sure of his ground—that is, suf- these strange scenes enacted. ficiently so, to feel that he can establish Every body knows that Texas has been a sympathetic confidence between his the peculiar and favorite resort of restless, readers and himself, that he is not at adventurous men, and not those of this tempting to impose upon their credulity stamp simply, but as well the vicious by sheer and egregious fabrications of and unprincipled, of nearly all nations. his own, when he undertakes to tell what A knowledge of this fact alone would is called a “hard story.” To define in naturally lead one to expect, that the words what the process of establishing commingling of so many passionate and this sympathy consists in, is a difficult opposite extremes would lead to many matter. The most that can be said of it extravagances in the action of their anis, that it forms itself. Mere assertions tagonism—that excesses of all kinds, will not always answer. Where it is re- the unhesitating expression of unbridled quired that they alone should be taken, impulses, would be ordinary incidents of they must be accompanied by a nameless life here—that the quick wrath and and inexpressible air, not of candor only, bloody hand should be often simultabut of minute and piquant detail, such as neous, where the most formidable weapersonal familiarity with the incidents pons were openly worn, law and its renarrated can only give. It is easy enough straints little regarded, and general senti. to romance upon the ground work of a ment favored a resort to them on trivial general knowledge of characteristics, but occasions. Though this much of a vague to the cool search of an accurate eye, there knowledge of the state of things there, is a want of filling in, an absence of those might prepare the anticipation for a good finer touches which are better felt than deal-even though a visit to the princidescribed. A very unsatisfactory im- pal cities of the country should still farpression of doubt is the consequence, and ther prepare it for a realization of what The writer who establishes himself on so may properly come within the scope of unfortunate terms with the reader, must such forces, still it would be difficult to altogether fail of producing the effect he understand how the monstrous exhibi. aims at. Neither the careless use of tions of frontier life, with which those round assertions, nor reiterations of one's who have lived amidst it are familiar, can own special claims to immaculacy in possibly be credible. One must see with truth-telling will bring about that plea- his own eyes and hear with his own ears, sant state of trustfulness so desirable before he can readily conceive that many in the mind of the hearer. There is an- things occurring there could be looked other extreme—that of too much preten- upon as matters of course. Yet outrages sion to a bluff, straight-forward I am the most terrible succeed each other ranot eloquent as Brutus is !” kind of man- pidly ;-men are lynched and stabbed and ner! But the world is getting too old shot with as little compunction as you for this game. There is yet a medi- would feel in spitting a goose! The law um which strikes me as the only true of bloody force is alone recognized; one. Make no protestations at all, one there is no medium between the insult way or the other. If there is a story to and the desperate retaliation. There is to tell, tell it. Be carefully minute, and no interposition, of either general sentiask no favors :—the hard eyed public ment or civil organization, between the will rate what is said properly. A sen- savagery of unreclaimed blood wreaking
its worst and the stricken victim. Per- all new comers to a series of persecutions, sonal prowess, iron nerve and skill in which soon brought them into terms or the use of weapons, are the traits most resulted in their extermination. We do calculated for insuring respect, and com- not wish to be understood that the whole manding power. How recklessly these population of the county were avowedly are displayed may be appreciated by re- horse-thieves and cut-throats. There membering the late notoriety of the was one class of wealthy Planters, anRegulator wars, that raged so extermi- other of the old stamp of restless, migratnatingly in this very county of Shelby, ing Hunters, who first led the tide of which is the scene of our story; and the population over the Alleghanies and are answer given by President Houston to now leading it across the Rocky mounthe first application which was made for tains. These two made some pretensions his interposition with the civil forces un-. to outward decorum, and in various ways der his command to put a stop to them, acted as restraints upon the worse disis entirely characteristic of the man and posed; while these last, with that utter the country :-"Fight it out among your. intolerance of restraints which so unrselves! The sooner you kill each other bounded license necessarily engenders, off the better!”
determined to submit to no presence It was the period of the first organiza- which should in any way rebuke or em. tion of the Regulators to which our story barrass their deeds. Most of these bad refers. Shelby, in the latter part of -39, men were a kind of small landholders was a frontier county and bordering upon who only cultivated patches of ground that region known as the Red Lands, was dotting the spaces between the larger the receptacle of all the vilest men who plantations; but they kept very fine had been driven across our borders, for horses, and depended more upon their crimes of every degree! Horse-thieves speed for acquiring plunder, than on any and villains congregated there in such capacity of their own for labor. They numbers, that the open and bare-faced were finally wrought up to the last pitch effort had been made to convert it into a of restlessness by this closing around of sort of “ Alsatia” of the West-a place unmanageable persons, and organized of refuge for all outlaws, who understood themselves into a band of Regulators, as universally that it was only necessary to they termed themselves. They proclaimthe most perfect immunity in crime, that ed that the county limits needed purifithey should succeed in effecting an es- cation, and that they felt themselves cape to this neighborhood, where they specially called to the work. Accordingly would be publicly protected and pursuit under the lead of a man who was himdefied. The extent to which this thing self a brutal monster, named Hinch, they was carried may be conjectured when it commenced operations. In this publicis known, that bands of men disguised spirited and praiseworthy undertaking, as Indians would sally forth into the they soon managed to reduce the county neighboring districts, with the view to to the subjection of fear, if not to an visiting some obnoxious person with their affectionate recognition of the prerogatives vengeance-either in the shape of rob- they arrogated to themselves. The ricber bery or murder. Returning with great Planters they compelled to pay a heavy speed, and driving the valuable stock Black-mail rent, in fee-simple of a right before them, till they were among their to enjoy their own property and lives, friends again, they would re-brand the with the farther understanding that they horses and mules, resume their usual ap- were to be protected in these immunities pearance, and laugh at retaliation. Even from all dangers from without of a simsingle men would, in the face of day, com- ilar kind. The Planters in return were mit the most daring crimes, trusting to to wink upon any deeds, whose coloring an escape here for protection. They might otherwise chance to be offensive seemed determined at any risk to hold to eyes polite. the county good against the encroach- The other class—a class of simplements of all honest citizens; and it came hearted, sturdy men-were goaded and to be notorious, that no man could move tortured by the most aggravated annoy. among them with any citizen-like and ances, until, driven in despair to some act proper motives, but at the expense of of retaliation, they furnished their tyrants his personal safety or his conscience with the shadow of excuse, which even for the crime of refusing to take part with they felt to be necessary, and were then them was in itself sufficient to subject either lynched and warned to leave the
county in so many days, or else shot if veins of his ungainly body. Sometimes they persisted in remaining! So relent- one of the rangers would come across less and vindictive did these wretches him alone with his long rifle, amidst the show themselves in hunting down every timber islands of the plain, or in the deep one who dared oppose himself to them woods; and he always appeared to have in any way, that very soon their ascend- been so successful, that the rumor graency in the county was almost without dually got abroad that he was a splendid any dispute. Indeed, there were very shot. This attracted attention somewhat few left who from any cause presumed more to his apparently unsocial and solito do it. Among them was one of this tary hahits. They had the curiosity to Jast class of wandering Hunters, known watch him, and when they saw how deas Jack Long Jack had come of a voted he appeared to his wife—the gibe "wild-turkey breed,” as the phrase is became general, that he was a “henin the west for a family remarkable for pecked husband, under petticoat governits wandering propensities. He had al- ment,” and other like gratifying expresready pushed a-head of the settlement of sions. This, taken in connection with his two States and one Territory, and follow- lolling, awkward gait and rather exing the game still farther towards the cessive expression of simplicity and easy south, had been pleased with the pro- temper, disposed those harsh, rude men mise of an abundance of it in Shelby very greatly to sneer at him as a soft county, and stopped there, just as he fellow, who could be run
over with would have stopped at the foot of the impunity. They even bullied him with Rocky mountains, had it been necessary taunts—but Jack looked like such a to go as far, without troubling himself formidable customer to be taken hold or caring to know who his neighbors of, that no one of them felt disposed were. He had never thought it at all to push him too far and risk being made essential to ask leave of any government individually the subject of a display of as to how or where he should make him- the great strength indicated in the size of self at home, or even to inquire what his body and limbs. He was upwards of particular nation put in its claim to any six feet four in height, with shoulders region he found suited to his purposes. like the buttresses of a tower, and proHis heritage had been the young Earth, portions developed in fine symmetry. Inwith its skies, its waters and its winds, deed, but for a slight inclination to corits huge primeval forests and plains pulency, and that sluggishness of manner throwing out their broad breasts to the we have spoken of, which made him sun—with all the sights and sounds and seem too lazy ever to undertake the feat living things that moved and were artic- -he looked just the man who would ulate beneath God's eye—and what cared take a Buffalo bull by the horns amidst he for the authority of men! The first his bellowing peers, and bring him to the indeed that was known or heard of Jack, ground with all his shaggy bulk. Findwas when he had already built him a snug ing they could not tempt him to a perlog-cabin, on the outskirts of the county, sonal fray, they changed the note, and near the bank of a small stream; stowed by every sort of cajolery endeavored to away his fair-faced young wife and two enlist the remarkable physical energy children cosily into it, (for “ Dan Cupid" and skill he was conjectured to possess, had found Jack out, with all his rough in the service of their schemes of brutal shyness, several years before,) and he violence. But Jack waived all sort of was busily engaged in slaying the deer participation in them with a smiling and and bear, right and left.
unvarying good humor, which, though He kept himself so much to himself, it enraged the baffled ruffians, gave them that for a long time little was thought or no possible excuse for provocation. said of him. His passion for hunting They would not have regarded this, but seemed to be absorbing. He did nothing that there was still less invitation in else but follow up the game from morn- that formidable person and rifle, and ing till night, and it was so abundant that somehow or other they had an undefined he had full opportunity for indulgence to sense that the man was not « at him. his entire content. Beyond this he self,” as the phrase goes in the westseemed to have no carthly pleasure but that he had not yet been roused to a conin that solitary hut, which, however rude, sciousness of his own energies and capaheld dear associations enough to fill that bilities, and they were, without acknowbig heart, and quicken all those sluggish ledging it, a little averse to waking him