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“No, Gui. I believe that the criminal may be necessary; and the conviction that he was poor was come an honest man, but never can I believe that forced upon him, from the knowledge of the fact that

D'Arbèque's hatred will be changed to love. I know all his father's estates had been forfeited to the crown, CH

HEMISTRY enters into all the businesses and him. I know all thy father did to win him back, but and that he himself was an outlaw, with a name in employments of life, and civilisation can no in vain."

ill odor with so many of his fellow-countrymen. more do without this assistant and ally, than animal

Gui was in despair. A bitter grief filled his heart. His mind revolted from asking assistance of Ralife can do without food and air. The great men, He felt that its wounds were beyond all power to baud or Salers, and many a time he resolved to go therefore, who have devoted their talents to this heal. Gabrielle was lost to him. The dream of his with such worldly effects as he possessed and offer wonderful, and, we may say, exhaustless science, happiness, in which in the quiet night he had so often himself to Coligny just as he was. That he would inay truly be placed on the roll of the great names indulged, was dispelled, and with a sorrowful step he be rejected on account of his youth and inexperience of their age. Such names as Liebnitz, Davy, Frank- pursued his homeward path. When Salers met him he had no apprehension ; but the consideration was lin, Priestley, Liebig, and Faraday, have already at the door he was startled by his dejected appear- somewhat galling to a youth of spirit and enterprise, their places there in undying characters.

that he could not enter on his duty to his country in one of them is an intellectual star of the first mag- “What has happened ?” he inquired anxiously, a style befitting his real rank and station. nitude, shedding a light before which the angry but at a sign from Rabaud he was silent.

One day in April, when storms of rain and hail blaze of a warrior's fame dies away like the last “I have news for thee, Gui,” said Salers, turning were raging, and few who had no business to call streak of red the young moon extinguishes in the to him. " An old gipsy woman was here a few days them out of doors left the house, Gui sat still in a western horizon. Of this splendid galaxy of genius, since ; Adelma they call her--the same who was so corner of the window seat, gazing absently on the the name of Liebig, the great German chemist, is often at St. Flore-and she gave me this piece of wild sky. He was alone in the room, for Salers and one of the most distinguished. His labors, not

for thee."

Rabaud were closely occupied in the adjoining apartalone in chemistry, but in connection with almost

Gui snatched the note from the man's hand, and ment in the examination of papers, and as Gui could every science, have made him known in every region read with some difficulty, for the writing was scarcely overhear them extremely earnest and animated in where civilisation has penetrated. legible, the following lines :

their conversation an event so rare in their usually His researches prove him to be one of the most “ The storm of which I told thee is gathering, but quiet house—his curiosity was greatly excited. original and accurate philosophers of the day. And it has not yet burst. Not until streams of blood flow In a short time the door opened and they entered if we were to review all the achievements of this around thee shall there be peace—that lies, however, the sitting-room. There was something of a dignigreat man, we should scarcely know which to admire far, far from thee. Thou didst not tell me thy pur- fied solemnity in their manner which was unwonted most, his indomitable energy, untiring sagacity, or pose; but I knew it, and I followed thee. Thou hast either with Rabaud or Salers, and to the young man's his prodigious industry. Second only to Liebnitz suffered for thy rashness ; but Adelma is not angry astonishment Rabaud thus formally addressed him : in profundity of suggestion, he excels him in detail with thee.”

“Gui de Viole de St. Flore, you have, as we know, and explicitness. Seldom obscure or tedious, he “A new riddle,” said Salers'; " where didst thou long cherished the desire to lift up your arm in the has contributed as much as any chemist of this or meet with that unhappy woman ?"

service of your holy religion and that of your country. any other period to make chemistry a popular study. Gui then related without any reservation the con- Right worthy the name you bear is your determinaHis treatises on food are accepted, as containing versation he had with the gipsy.

tion to assist in delivering our land from the hated the soundest doctrines, by the medical faculty ; and “ It is no longer safe for us to remain here,” said yoke of Papacy; but that you may acquit yourself in if to this we add his contributions in promotion of Salers. “Our peace is at an end. God grant that a manner worthy of that name, you must have those manufactures and the arts, we think we are entitled to no harm may come of this.”

mcans which, as your devoted servants, it is our duty hold him up to the eulogy of the public, with whom “Not your peace,” said Gui; “mine is, it is true, to provide. We now, therefore, render you a faithhis name is so familiar, as one of the greatest men destroyed for ever; therefore let me depart. This is ful account of the money which we have been enabled

not the life for me now. I see signs of a struggle in to save from the wreck of your father's property, and my fatherland, and my resolution is taken. I will go herewith present you with a correct statement of the

to the wars, and fight manfully for my faith and for accounts. See that it is right.” ST. FL O R E. * my rights."

Gui looked at Rabaud in astonishment, but his surA fiery courage gleamed in his fine eye, and Ra- prise was not unmixed with pain at the altered manA NEW HISTORICAL ROMANCE. baud looked at him with astonishment.

ner of his friend. The fatherly “thou” had indeed “ Not too rashly,” they said. · Let us, like wise been frequently dropped of late by Rabaud, and there (FROM THE GERMAN OF HORN.)

men, consider and weigh it well ; for, remember, it was at times a cold formality, and a measured manis God's cause!"

ner of speaking, existing only since their return from Gui listened with breathless interest; but every

the Castle D'Arbèque, which had wonnded the word added to his grief, and when Rabaud had con

youth. cluded, it seemed to him that the gates of Paradise CHAPTER VII.—THE BUTCHER OF VASSY—GUI FINDS “What does this mean?" he said tenderly, for his had closed behind him.

heart was full. “ Would you banish me from your “ D’Arbèque's hatred,” said Rabaud, “knows nei

love, which has hitherto been my only protection and ther limit nor cessation. He never forgives ; therefore our remaining here is impossible.”

THE peace and joy which had formerly reigned in refuge ? .What have I done to merit the loss of that the home of the three friends were banished.

blessing?" “ How?" said Gui. “ Will he not forgive the On Gui's spirit a cloud rested, which seemed to

Tears stood in the eyes of both the servants, and father for the sake of the service of his son? Surely his heart must relent, and kindly feelings succeed to gather thicker day by day; and willingly as the Rabaud was too greatly agitated to speak. hatred and anger."

young heart usually rests on the anchor of hope, Gui's At length, Salers replied that the time was come “Canst thou soften these stones ? Canst thou di- appeared to have abandoned it. Rabaud's words when some change in their conduct was requisite, rect the course of yon stream which rushes down the were ever present with him, and on every dark pre- and when the character of servants, only laid aside

Canst thou change

sage precipice, and bid it retreat ?

of Adelma’s, to which, with the credulity of the for the purpose of disguising his true rank, must be stern winter into genial summer? Then can D'Ar- age in which he lived, he attached a literal meaning, resumed; and — but before Salers could say any

he dwelt with a morbid sensitiveness which destroyed more, Gui was in Rabaud's arms. He entreated bèque relent.” “Your judgment is very hard. You doubt, ap

his happiness and activity. In this state of mind his them, with an earnestness which could not be denied, parently, in the possibility of changing man's heart." desire to enter the army became irresistible ; but that they would never more allude to any change in

with this desire came a practical difficulty, that of their manner to him. His thanks, his devotion were

poverty. In order to join the ranks of the Protest breathed forth with a fullness of gratitude which This tale was commenced in the July number. ants, led by Coligny, a horse and arms were at least overpowered the faithful Rabaud, who, when a little

of the age.




Genlis, and Grammont decided to enlist on the side of the Huguenots.

Francis, at the head of his adherents, ieft Joinville, at the end of February. On the 1st of March, 1562, he arrived at Vassy, a small town in Champagne (Haute Marne), intending to remain there a few hours, for the purpose of recruiting himself after his rapid journey from Joinville.

Accompanied by a small number of his party the Duke at once repaired to the Church of Vassy for the purpose of hearing mass; but the accommodation in the building being insufficient for the larger portion of his retinue, many of them were left standing idly without the doors, waiting for the termination of the service, when at a short distance they heard the sound of a Protestant hymn proceeding from a barn where the Huguenots were, according to their customs, offering their simple tribute of praise to Almighty God. It was a welcome opportunity for the Catholics to fall upon the unoffending and unarmed heretics ; and, accordingly, hastening to the spot, they commenced their attack by gross insult and abusive language, accompanied by a pelting shower of stones, which, although for a few moments the Protestants endured with patience, so provoked the indignation of the injured party, that they finally came to blows The alarm spread to the church, and the Duke leaving the service unfinished, proceeded towards the scene of action, where he immediately received a blow on the cheek from a stone. The sight of his bleeding face roused the fury of the Guise party, and a pitiless slaughter followed Sixty bodies of the Protestant party lay dead on the field, and above two hundred were

seriously wounded. Quise's men had not escaped unhurt, and the number of their wounded was considerable. The magistrate of Vassy, alarmed at the

tumult, sought an audience of the stern Duke, and (LIEBIG, THE

entreated for pity on the unhappy Protestants, who CHINICAL PHILOSOPHER. ]

were still struggling for life on the scene of conflict. Engraved expressly for The Illustrated N. Y. Journal.

“Are you, then, a heretic ?" he inquired, fiercely.

"I am not, my Lord,” was the bold reply. I am a Catholic, like yourself; but my heart bleeds

at this massacre, so much the more as it is unlawtranquility was restored, entreated the young man to cope with the Queen Mother. But the Triumvirate* ful and cowardly-cowardly, because the Huguenots attend to the accounts which they had prepared. The was not cast down, although in the edict of St. Ger

were unarmed; faithless, for the Edict of St. Gersum which he found to be saved, was larger than he main they could not but foresee the fall of their main has permitted the Huguenots to hold meetcould have anticipated.

power threatened ; and accordingly renewed their ings for worship without fear of interruption or “ But,” said he," when I have purchased my horse activity and energy to avert the impending danger. disturbance." pistols, sword, and coat, I shall need nothing more, Francis was at this time in Lorraine, in which place

The Duke glanced angrily at the magistrate, and, and the surplus I will therefore leave with you, my he and the Cardinal were busy plotting against the trusty friends. Your old days must not be saddened heretics, and laying plans for their own aggrandize- brandishing his sword, said,

“ This sword shall cut asunder the cursed Edict.", by want, for sure I am that if I .eeded succor, you ment, and that of their house.

With deep horror at the unrelenting Duke the would never deny it to me."

In this season of public irritation at Paris, Francis

magistrate left his presence, and the massacre con“Let it then remain in trust for you,” said Salers; received an intimation from the Catholics there that tinued, without mercy, until the darkness of night " for who knows but that the time may come when his presence was absolutely necessary for their sup- veiled the slaughter of the day. you will require it even more than at present ?" port, as the Queen Mother seemed to ally herself

The Protestants fled into the mountains and From this day everything was in a state of prepa- more and more closely with Condé and the leaders of forests, and the fearful news of the butchery at ration in the humble cottage, in anticipation of the the Huguenot party, and matters were assuming a Vassy was borne to Coligny's ears on the wings of young adventurer's departure, which took place at a very serious aspect. Francis gladly obeyed the sim- the wind. The brand of a civil war was lighted in crisis when the affairs of the Protestant party seemed mons, and his train was so numerous when they left France, and its consequences will be seen here? er.* peculiary favorable for Gui's entrance into military | Lorraine, that it resembled a little army. Coligny life. Meanwhile the favor which Catherine de Me- also was on the alert, and the union between him

* The history of the time gives a frightful picture of the dicis had manifested towards the Huguenots had an and Condè became more close and intimate, when massacre at Vassy. Women, children, and aged persons appearance of sincerity which, whilst it wholly de- d'Andelot, Anton von Croi, La Rochefoucault, Rohan, were fallen upon by Guise's party, without mercy, and more

than eighty persons fell victims to their rage. Every one ceived, seriously alarmed the Catholic party. Mont

that could not escape was murdered, and Francis of Guise morency and St. André, bigoted Papists, were the

* By the Triumvirate is intended the party of the Guiseg- well descrved his unenviable title of the butcher of Vassy. only staunch supporters of the Catholics who re- Francis Duke of Guise ; his brother, the Cardinal of Lorraino (See “Browning's History of the Huguenots" mained at Court, and were far from being able to and Louis, the Cardinal of Guise.

Coligny," &c.)



* Vie de cause.

We will now return to Gui de Viole, who, a costly' word hung from his belt, and his expression for the protection of their faith and their liberty of mounted on a stately charger, which he had pur- was one of extreme cheerfulness and benevolence. conscience. Orleans is witness of the strength chased at Grenoble, pursued his route, one fine Gui made a respectful greeting, and thanked him which we possess. It is there that our leaders are morning, from that town to St. Marcelline. The cordially for his warning.

gathered; and we have names among them of which execution of his design was at hand. The butchery “You must surely have been thinking of your France may justly be proud." of Vassy had already reached his ears, and it seemed love young man,” observed the rider jocosely. Gui had hitherto listened in silence. At length, that at this crisis of his life the voice of his fellow- Gui colored ; but his attempt at a denial was very he asked—“And you—will you fight in the Huguecountrymer ca.!!ed him to battle. Rabaud had, feeble, and a lie would not pass his lips. He re- not ranks ?" moreover, brought him news, some days previously, marked, however, with as much indifference as he “I ought scarcely to answer such a question," that the Lord of Maugiron was in Dauphiny, levy- could assume, that it was not always a matter of returned the other ; for we are strangers. To be ing troops for Coligny's army; and this knowledge course in the present day, when so many grave sub- frank with you, however, my name is Maugiron, decided him at once to carry out his long-cherished jects were pending, that every young man who was and I am trying to enlist here for Coligny and purpose. But although the career on which he had found in a reverie must be in love. The horseman Condé, in whose army, I am proud to say, I hold the just entered was his chosen path, and the realiza- looked shrewdly into Gui's face at these words, and rank of captain.” tion of his fondest hopes, he was sorrowful and could scarcely reconcile the extreme earnestness

" And you are enlisting for soldiers, then ?" said depressed. He could not, even at this moment, and gravity of the speaker with his apparent youth. Gui hastily. “Good; I will join your ranks." forget Gabrielle, and the short dream of love in the

“You are right,” he rejoined ; “but the question

Maugiron joyfully accepted the proffered hand. Castle of Arbèque. It was a quiet, solitary spot is just now what view one takes of public affairs.

“You are most welcome to us," he replied through which he rode. The only sound, indeed, Have you heard of the deed at Vassy?"

warmly. “And now that I have informed you of which broke the silence, was the murmur of a little

“How should I be ignorant of that which every my name, will you favour me with yours ?" river as it flowed beneath the road; and so far one speaks about ?" replied Gui.

“I am called Gui de Viole." from arousing him from his meditations, it seemed “True,” returned the other. "And it is a deed

“Viole !” said Maugiron; “Viole d'Arbeque ! to mingle with his musings as he passed along. which has filled many of the Catholics with horror no, surely not. He has but one child- -a pale, deliHis past life, with its late visions of love and joy, and indignation. How much more Protestants cate maiden—whom I saw a few hours ago. What was as a thing which should know no renewal

, and must feel, who see in this event but a shadowing Viole can you be? I have travelled through Dauthe future—what was there in his future but death, forth of that which sooner or later awaits their phiny and Auvergne ; and I know no other family darkness, and bloodshed? Then came the graceful

But”—and here his free spirit broke forth bearing that naine." figure of Gabrielle floating before his mental eye; l _“the hour is come for all true Protestants to rise

To be Continued. and love, the only ray of hope in his clouded soul, awoke in him that desire, so often and so nobly struggled against, to see her yet once more, if even but for a moment—to bid farewell, were it for the last time—and to fold her in his arms, as had once been his happiness and pride. But we will not follow the young lover's meditations further. Suffice it to say, that so insensible was he at this moment to the present, that he had suffered the reins to hang loosely on his horse's neck, and the animal had led him within a pace or two of the edge of a declivity, whence, in another moment, he threatened to be precipitated into the rapid stream of the Iser below.

“Look! look before you !" exclaimed a strong voice behind him, proceeding from a horseman who was following him at a brisk trot. “In another moment you will be in the river.”

The youth needed the warning and all his self-possession at this crisis, as, seizing the bridle, he forced his steed into the high road, and was soon by the side of his deliverer.

“That was a near struggle for life, my friend,” said the horseman, as he looked at the pale face of Gui.

The speaker was a young man of a little more than twenty-eight years of age, of a noble and military bearing. A broad-brimmed hat adorned with feathers was set jauntily on one side of his head, and showed to advantage the beautifully Aowing brown hair which

[GUI DE BT. FLORE TAKING LEAVE OF BABAUD AND SALERS.) floated gracefully on his shoulders. A

Engraved expressly for The Plmatraten N. Y. Journal. bright blue scarf adorned his fine figure,


EDGAR ALLAN POE. university of Charlottesville, he forgot all his good may be termed the fierce, implacable enemy of God

lessons, and his kind old teacher, and the admoni- and the god-like, and does indeed so pollute the THE THE life of Edgar Poo is among the saddest in tions of his fond guardian, and the wild nature of divine image in man that wherever it obtains there

all literary history, and great lessons may be the man burst out in all its power, and hurried him can be no religion, no truth, no peace, no hope-nolearned from it. He was descended from parents, on from dissipation to dissipation, and infamy to thing but a world of despair, peopled, as it were, by one of whom at least, his mother, had a good deal infamy. It is but fair to say, although it is little jibbering apes in the form and fashion of men. And of wild blood, as it is termed, in her veins, which in extenuation, that the general manners of the uni- what was poor Poe, with all his learning and genius, was not likely to be sobered down by the profes-versity were at that time loose and depraved. Poe, but one of these apes ?—a man without heart and sion she adopted, namely, that of an actress, of however, must have been a giant of iniquity—a sort principle, who might have been equal to the highest which she was fond. She does not seem to have of chivalrous champion, if we may use such an ex- offices of state or fellowship, had he devoted himself been a woman of much intellect, but rather of pression, in the cause of the devil-setting all law to virtuous courses, instead of to vice and intempevivacity and general attractiveness. David Poe, and morals at defiance ; for even his companions rance. Mr. Allan, however, did not abandon him her husband, was a lawyer ; but when he married were shocked at his procedure ; and so bad and no- yet, but received him at his estate at Richmond, and he gave up his prospects in that direction to join torious did he become at last that he was expelled promised to treat him as a son, if he would only his wife. They “played” together, as it is called, the university.

mend his ways. Shortly after Mr. A. married a Miss in various theatres in this country until they died. It is strange enough, that, in spite of these shock- Paterson, and Poe was ungrateful enough to ridicule Such, then, was the parentage of the poet, and it is ing habits, so destructive to the intellect as well the lady. Upon this he was turned out of doors, worthy of record, as elucidating many parts of his as to the moral nature, Poe maintained the first and his good guardian died not long after, leaving mind and character. Por no man, perhaps, ever rank of scholarship throughout. He seems to have three children to share his estate. Poe was disinpartook more of the nature of his parents ; their emulated the career of Crichton, who was posted herited. very being seemed to be stamped upon his ; he was upon the gates of Padua as a “monster of erudition, He subsequently published a volume of poems at a sort of Janus reflex of them both. He inherited whom, if any one sought, he might find at the tavern.” Baltimore, which attracted much attention, and he his wonderful analytical power, his lawyer-like ob- He was noted, like Crichton, for his gymnastic feats, wrote many pieces for the journals of that city, but servation of minute details, his faculty of unravelling his fencing, swimming, as well as for his conversa

soon found he could not live by his pen ; so he tried the most knotty difficulties, as well as his wiry tional and declamatory powers. It is related of him to live by the sword, and enlisted as a private soldier. strength, from his father; and he had all his mo- that he once swam from Richmond to Warwick, He was recognised by some officers who had previther's gaiety and love of excitement. He had an seven miles and a half, against a tide running pro- ously known him at the military academy, and they individuality of his own, however, was imaginative, bably from two to three miles an hour.” We doubt, kindly tried, without his knowledge, to get him a and delighted to dwell upon dark and mystic from large experience in this fine art and exercise, commission ; but just as they were on the point of themes. There are touches in his poetry of great the truth of this statement; but it makes a line in suceess, his evil genius prevailed again, and he dopathos ; and a wild aerial music gushes out of it the poet's biography, and so we put it down here. serted the ranks, and flew no one knew whither. which takes the heart captive with an indescribable It will serve at least to show that he had an exten- He next appeared as a competitor for two prizes pleasure.

sive fame for performances of this kind among his offered by the “ Baltimore Saturday Visitor," and We need not speak of the “Raven,” given in cotemporaries.

won them by his good writing, because, as the this number, in proof of Poe's originality, and con- Covered with debt and infamy, be applied to Mr. wise adjudicators said, he was "the first of geniuses sequent individuality What his parents possessed Allan for money, drew upon him, and when at last who had written legibly." Good friends followed he possessed, and, besides this, genius, and that too he could get no more from his generous friend, he this success. He was introduced by the publisher of a very high order. What he wanted most was wrote an abusive letter to him, and left America with to a gentleman who saw him well clad and made strength of will, and a good guide and monitor. the intention of joining the Greeks against the decent to appear in respectable society. For he But the very occupation of his parents in a great Turks. The dissipation to be found in the capitals was at this juncture “ thin and pale even to ghastlimeasure prevented the possibility of guidance ; in- of Europe, however, held him back, and his drinking ness; his whole appearance indicated sickness and asmuch as a life of dissipation and theatrical bustle and gambling habits strangled his infant ideas of the utmost destitution. A well-wom frock conand excitement are incompatible with family discip- liberty and glory in the cradle. He found his way cealed the absence of a shirt, and imperfect boots line.' This was Poe's misfortune, and very sorrow- to St. Petersburg ; but his first and last adventure disclosed the want of hose. But the eyes of the fully did he suffer for it. For although he was but there was a drunken riot, from the consequences of young man were luminous with intelligence and five years old when he was taken under the guar- which he had to be rescued by the American feeling.” Through the efforts of these new friends dianship of an excellent merchant, Mr. Thomas minister.

he obtained the editorship of a magazine at RichAllan, who indeed adopted him as his son-still the The unhappy man returned once more to this mond, but soon fell into his ancient habits, and, red seed of the wild life had been sown, and finding country, and sought Mr. Allan, who was willing to getting drunk for a week, lost his situation. The a soil adapted to its growth, it grew long and receive him again into favor, notwithstanding his proprietor of the magazine, who was a wortby man, silently, until it was matured into one of the wickedness and ingratitude He accordingly, at was reconciled to him again, however, on his pro saddest harvests ever cut down by criminality and Poe's request, got him a scholarship in the military mise of amendment, and wrote so affectionate and death.

academy, where, abandoning for a time his former judicious a letter on the occasion that one would In 1816—he was born 1811, at Baltimore—he habits, and attending to his studies, he became a have thought it must have affected him for good. accompanied Mr. and Mrs. Allan to England, and general favorite. The red seed, however, was still But all was of no use. Again he fell, and in 1837 visited some of the most beautiful scenery there, growing, though unseen, and soon waved its harvest quitted his employer. He was married, too, at this which does not seem to have made much impression ears in the broad light again, like a sea of fire-a time, to his cousin, Virginia Clemm, who is reputed on him, if we may judge from his writings; for al- horrible, consuming sea, a sea of desolation and death, to have been both a beautiful and amiable girl ; and though he was subsequently sent to school at Stoke burrying the soul onward, as it were into a more now he had to suffer the pain of finding that she also Newington for four or five years, and must have en- fiery sea and everlasting ruin. Ten months after his must want, through his excesses and follies. He is joyed many delightful rambles, and have felt many appointment he was cashiered. He seems to have said to have loved his wfe, and perhaps he did; but sweet influences of nature in connection therewith, been under the dreadful enchantment of an evil he took a strange way of showing it. we do not find any allusion-at least we have seen spirit, who took delight in showing him the pleasant After visiting Baltimore and New York in scarch none-to English rural scenery, tradition, or pas- domain of virtue and the regal empire of intellect of literary employment, we find him settled in Philatimes in his books. At Stoke Newington he was only to hurl him back again into sloughs of vice and delphia in the year 1838, editing a magazine, which under the tutorship of a clergyman who did all in degredation, amidst the howling of vampires, the was started by Mr. Burton, a literary amateur of his power to instruct and elevate his mind; but on shrieks of mandrakes, and the orgies of devils. In that city, and a kind-hearted, high-principled, and his return to this country, when he entered the temperance was his master passion—that sin which honorable man, who, like Mr. Allan, was a true

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friend to Poe, and did all in his power to save him the New York magazines. He attained the climax self into a fever which put an end to his life. It from those terrible vices to which he knew he was of his reputation as a writer by the publication of the was on a beautiful Sabbath evening in October, in addicted. As usual, during the first few weeks of " Raven,” the history of which, in its idea and struc- the calm and beautiful twilight, when people were his new employment, he was steady and assiduous ture, he has recorded in one of his essays. It is a worshipping God in his holy places and hearing the in the performance of its duties; thought himself wierd and wonderful poem, full of high mystic ima- message of his love, that Poe's rebellious spirit took entitled to say that he had conquered "the seduc- gination and a strange melody. His habits, how- its flight for doom. tive and dangerous besetment” of drink, that he was ever, soon destroyed his prospects; and as he became There is no space here to make a resumé of his a “ model of temperance," etc.; but alas ! the sum- more dissipated, so also he became more depraved. character and life ; but surely it is full of sorrow and mer glory of that year had scarcely vanished, ere Once he borrowed fifty dollars of a lady of South warning to all. May God help us to profit by the his glory vanished also, and again he relapsed into Carolina, distinguished for her literary abilities, and terrible example which he presents ; and preserve intemperance and horrid vice. The magazine was when asked to return them, or give an acknowledg- us from those degrading habits of drinking and disneglected, and Poe was dismissed. By this time, ment of the loan, so that she might show it to her sipation which sooner or later destroy both body and however, he had gained a considerable reputation husband, he basely denied the debt ; and only con- soul

. in the chief cities of the Union, both as a prose fessed to it through the cowardly fear of chastisewriter and a poet, and it became a matter of deep ment by her brother.

UMBRELLAS. regret with all his friends that a man of so much

In 1846 Poe was living at Fordham, some miles talent should so recklessly throw himself away. from New York, in a state of great destitution. His

N Umbrella is described in early dictionaries as Mr. Burton was anxious to reclaim him if possible; wife was dying; and he and his mother-in-law were and agreed to receive him once more as his editor attending her last days. When his miseries were hand to screen him from violent rain or heat.” upon the old conditions, 'urging him to be less known in New York—which they shortly, were Umbrellas are very ancient ; it appears, by the carvcaustic and severe in his criticisms upon the wri- through the newspapers—money came rapidly in ; tings of his brother authors, and telling him that too late

, however, to rejoice the heart of that beauti- ings at Persepolis, that umbrellas were used at very

remote periods by the Eastern princes. Niebuhr, he would rather lose his money than wantonly in- ful and unhappy wife, for she was dead before the flict injury upon the feelings of honorable men. Poe

who visited the southern parts of Arabia, informe first relief came. And then there was for a timo

us that he saw a great prince of that country returnwas tuo apt, in his morbid moods, to indulge in silence and sorrow and bitterness and contrition in the house ; and mother and husband both yearned soldiers, and that he and each of the princes of his

ing from a mosque, preceded by some hundreds of bitter sarcasms, and use the pen with a slashing hand,“ because,” as he said, this manner of writing back again. But the Omnipotent had spoken, and carried by his side. The old China-ware in our with unspeakable yearnings to have their loved ono

numerous family caused a large umbrella to be was successful with the mob.” Mr. Burton replied, “I am truly much less anxious to make a

His minister had executed, and the curtain of etermonthly sensation, than I am upon the point of nity had dropped its starry folds down between pantries and cupboards shows the Chinese shaded them all for ever.

by an umbrella. fairness." An admirable rebuke!

It is said that the first person who used an And now will it be credited that, after Poe had

He subsequently returned to New York, in diffi

umbrella in the streets of London was the benebeen thus kindly reinstated in his office, he shortly forsook him, as we said, but devoted her whole life

culties still ; and his dcar old mother-in-law never volent Jonas Hanway, who died in 1786. For a after took advantage of Mr. B.'s abscence in the country to start a new magazine ; obtaining “ transto him; selling odd poenis for him where they could long while it was not usual for men to carry them


without incurring the brand of effeminacy. cripts of his employer's subscription and account

be sold, and when she had no poems, and there was books, to be used in a scheme for supplanting him?" no food in the house, begging for him! N. P. Willis first, a single umbrella seems to have been kept at

a coffee-house for extraordinary occasions—lent as So it was, however, and when Mr. B. returned, he has written a very touching account of this loving

a coach or chair in a heavy shower, but not comfound Poe drunk in a tavern ; not a line of copy had woman's.devotion to her son ; never, in all her appli- monly carried by the walkers. been sent to the printer's, nor could he get his manucations, “amid all her tears and recitals of distress,

The “ Female Tattler" advertises, “the young scripts back. All he did get was insult. In short, suffering one syllable to escape her lips that could

gentleman belonging to the custom-house, who, in the only period of Poe's life which was at all credita- convey a doubt

of him, or a complaint, or a lessen- fear of rain, borrowed the umbrella from Wilk's ble, was that during which he was connected with ing of trust in his genius and good intentions.” “Graham's Magazine." His Penn project was a

In 1848, Poe delivered a lecture at the Society Li- coffec-house, shall the next time be welcome to

the maid's pattens." failure, as it deserved to be, and he now wrote for brary, on the cosmogony of the universe, which was

As late as 1788, one John MacDonald, a footman, Graham "some of his finest pieces and most trench. / afterwards published under the title of“ Eureka," who wrote his own life, informs us that he had a ant criticisms, and challenged attention by his papers

a prose poem. It was a fine effort and full of power “fine silk umbrella, which he brought from Spain : entitled “ Autobiography," and those on cryptology -a new theory of nature.

but he could not with any comfort to himself use it, and cyphers. After a year and a half of brilliant About this time he became acquainted by accident the people calling out—Frenchman! why don't and active literary life, he once more sunk into the with one of the most beautiful women in New Eng- you get a coach ? " The fact was, the backney dread and fiery abyss in which he was destined at land ; she was highly gifted also, and adorned with coachmen and chairmen joining with the true esprit last to perish. Miserable and most unhappy man! many virtues. Poe might have married this lady, de corps, were clamorous against this portentous whom no kindness could touch, no experience teach and everything was arranged to this end.

A friend rival. The footman, in 1788, gives us some further wisdom. And yet when he was sober, he was quiet congratulated him on his prospects. “I am not information. “At this time, there were no umbreland gentlemanly in his manners and deportment. going to be married,” he said ; “ I shall not marry.” las worn in London, except in noblemen's and genHis little cottage home on the outskirts of Philadel- He left New York, determined to break off the en- tlemen's houses, where there was a large one hung phia was marked by elegance and a refined taste; gagement ; went to the lady's house drunk, on the in the hall to hold over a lady, if it rained, between and his mother-in-law loved him, and never forsook eve which ought to have been the bridal eve, and the door and her carriage.” This man's sister was him. There was a strange fascination about him ; conducted himself with such brutal violence that he compelled to quit his arm one day, from the abuse it was drink that blotted truth and love and honor was ejected by the police. And thus ended that ne drew down on himself and on his umbrella. But out of his heart. His whole life was a disease, chapter.

he adds, that “ he persisted for three months, till although a self-inflicted one ; and it would have been Shortly after he joined the temperance society in they took no notice of this novelty. Foreigners a mercy to him could he have been treated as an Richmond, and commenced lecturing in various began to use theirs, and then the English. Now it insane person, and put under moral restraint. towns. During his travels he fell in with a lady is become a great trade in London.”

He came to New York in 1844, and was received whom he had known in his youth, and engaged to with more honor than he deserved by the literary marry her. Al Baltimore, however, where he was, men of that city. His fame had gone before him, on his way to Philadelphia, to fulfil his engagement, Jean Paul says, love may slumber in a and he added to it by many brilliant productions in he met with some old companions, and drank him-l·lady's heart, but it always dreams.

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