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ation, together with every thing that regards moral order CH A P.
176. If six directors were established for each class, the
177. By this mode of arranging the business, it will become necessary to have a general meeting, of the whole court, only once a quarter. Each class might meet once a month, and every director, as the head of his particular departmert, might manage the business in such a manner as may best suit his convenience.
178. It seems to be the indispensable duty of every dire&or, not to reje& any petitions, or propositions, that may be presented to him, but to lay the same before the meeting of his class, with his own opinion thereon: and all such petitions or propositions, presented before that class to which they belong, should be included in a report to the next quarterly meeting of a general court of directors, who are to decide upon the same, and which court should direct that all such papers should be properly digested and entered in the general reports, which every year should be laid before the subscribers.
THE FIRST CLASS,
which regards the cultivation, civilization and order of the
Promotive with respect to morals.
foundation of all social order and true religion.
1. The adjustment of differences between married partners.
second object of importance, and without which
colony. This is of essential consequence, next to
SECOND DIVISIO N.
1. The laws of justice.
See § 152, &
Jeg 3. The Economical laws.
Executive with respect
2. The executive department for the performance of the
healing art, as comprehending
1. The Medical.
nal worship, particularly in the three essential ordi-
See 5 161.
THE SECOND CLASS,
CH A P.
which regards the cultivation of the soil and the preserva-
lony from the three natural kingdoms, viz.
colony, or the formation and the employment of
2. Cloathing, } See % 164.
Their interior or colonial trade,
See § 165. 3. The trade of importation.
Promotive with respect to practical art.
Executive with respect to peace.
1. By land,
See $ 166, &
ing the expences of
3. Public defence
whereby the colony must maintain its connection
1. With its government or direction,
See $ 170.
See $ 171.
c H A P.
PROPOSITION II. 180. That the subscribers do agree to sell, or in the most advantageous manner, to dispose of, all the land which they have purchased, or may purchase in Africa, upon such conditions, and to such perfons, as the court of directors shall approve of, as moral, good and useful colonists, and who shall chufe to go out to settle, and to cultivate their purchased land within a certain limited time *.
* This is nothing more than what took place in the islands of Grenada, Dominica, St. Vincent and Tobago ceded to Great Britain, in 1763. In those islands 174,000 acres of land were sold by commiffioners, authorized by the government, for £620,000 sterling, or £ 3: 11 : 3 per acre, being thirty times the price which the lands at Bulama have coft the subscribers : yet the purchasers in the ceded islands were bound, under a heavy penalty, to clear and cultivate, at least one acre in twenty, every year, till one half of the land they held was brought into cultivation. (See the evidence of Mr. Campbell and Mr. Greig in Minutes of Evidence before the House of Commons in 1790, p. 166 and 221.)-Cultivation proceeded slowly in Antigua, till the colonial legislature of that ifland laid a tax of five shillings per acre, on all manurable lands that should not forthwith be opened and cultivated. The effect was that every man exerted himself to the utmost, or sold such land as he could not cultivate; and thus, in a short time, all the manurable lands in the island were bearing canes, cotton or other produce. (See Long's Hiftory of Jamaica, Vol. I. p. 409.)- In short, bad roads, scarcity of provisions, the ob. struction of population, and the detriment of health, and inability or difficulty of defence, are the certain consequences of suffering purchased lands to lie uncultivated in a colony, especially an infant colony. For an account of the evils Jamaica has laboured under, from this cause, see Long, vol. I. p. 283, 405 et seq. 598.-See also Douglas's History of New England, Postlethwayt's Com, Dictionary, Art. “ Colonies" and “ Paraguay."-Reasons for establishing the colony of Georgia, p. 15, 29, and Smith's Wealth of Nations, Vol. II. p. 370.
I know not whether I ought to mention that the island of Barbadoes, Antigua and some others, though they have been rendered incomparably healthier by being cleared, yet, having few or no trees to attract the clouds, have not such plentiful and regular rains as formerly, and suffer much inconvenience from the want of timber. Certain portions of the ceded islands have, therefore, been reserved in wood. Whether this conduct will be imitated or not in Africa, is not for me to determine. If it
CH A P.
181. That the first subscribers may have it in their option, however, to go themselves to the colony, and to settle as colonists, and then to be subject to the same conditions and terms as the other fettlers; namely, to oblige themselves to cultivate their purchased land within a certain limited time, at the expiration of which the land remaining uncul. tivated, whether belonging to settlers, or to subscribers who are not settlers, shall be forfeited and dispofed of by the court of directors *.
183. That in consequence of the third propofition, there ought to be a court of directors in the colony, similar to
were, I would not hesitate, to pronounce that the woods should be facrificed to health ; especially as all kinds of provisions and the smaller produce fill thrive very well in the drier islands.—But they are not so proper for fugar-canes.
* To reside in one part of the world, and to cultivate land in another, will never promote a colonial interest, as such cultivation must evidently be by agents or managers, who will not have an interest in the prosperity of the colony, like settled colonists, or those who superintend their own business on the spot; and the former case, it is more than probable, would, sooner or later, end in tyranny and lave-flogging, to the total dissolution of all colonial order and social virtue.