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ation, together with every thing that regards moral order CH A P.
and regulations. The second class should have the care of
the cultivation of the soil of the colony, or the raising of
productions, it's management, and the disposal thereof.

176. If six directors were established for each class, the
business being more systematically divided, would be more
easily managed. Each director should be placed at the
head of his particular department, and become answerable
to the whole court of directors, as the whole court of direct-
ors should be responsible to the subscribers and the colonists
at every general meeting.

177. By this mode of arranging the business, it will become necessary to have a general meeting, of the whole court, only once a quarter. Each class might meet once a month, and every director, as the head of his particular departmert, might manage the business in such a manner as may best suit his convenience.

178. It seems to be the indispensable duty of every dire&or, not to reje& any petitions, or propositions, that may be presented to him, but to lay the same before the meeting of his class, with his own opinion thereon: and all such petitions or propositions, presented before that class to which they belong, should be included in a report to the next quarterly meeting of a general court of directors, who are to decide upon the same, and which court should direct that all such papers should be properly digested and entered in the general reports, which every year should be laid before the subscribers.

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which regards the cultivation, civilization and order of the
people, and their preservation in the colony and it's de-
pendencies. This Class may be divided into the two fol-
lowing divisions, and each of these into three departments.

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Promotive with respect to morals.

1. For promoting regular marriages in the colony, as the

foundation of all social order and true religion.
This head depart. includes three kinds of duties.

1. The adjustment of differences between married partners.
2. The promoting and encouraging the marriage of young men.
3. The promoting and encouraging the marriage of young women. 153.

2. For promoting education and inftru£tion, which is the

second object of importance, and without which
no civilization can take place. This department
includes also three duties, viz.
1. The preparatory or family educat. of children under 10 years.


See s
2. The education of boys, separately, above ten years of

3. The education of girls, separately, above ten years of age.
3. For promoting useful occupations or employments in the

colony. This is of essential consequence, next to
the two before mentioned, in order that the colo-
ny may flourish. The objects for this depart. are,

2. Men.
3. Women.


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See 151.

1. The executive department of the laws, viz.

1. The laws of justice.
2. The laws of police, and polity, (see $ 166.)

See § 152, &

Jeg 3. The Economical laws.

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Executive with respect

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to order.

2. The executive department for the performance of the

healing art, as comprehending

1. The Medical.
2. The Surgical.

See 162.
3. The Pharmaceutical.
3. The executive department for the performance of exter-

nal worship, particularly in the three essential ordi-
nances, viz.
1. Baptism.

See 5 161.
3. The holy supper.






which regards the cultivation of the soil and the preserva-
tion of the colony. This Class, like that on the opposite
side, may be divided into the two following divisions, and
each of these into three departments.

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1. For promoting the produ&tion of raw materials in the co-

lony from the three natural kingdoms, viz.

1. Animal,
2. Vegetable, }; See $ 163

3. Mineral.
2. For promoting the internal trade and manufačtures of the

colony, or the formation and the employment of
the before mentioned raw productions for, the
immediate use of the colony, reducible to

2. Cloathing, } See % 164.

3. Building
3. For promoting the commerce of the whole colony, viz.

Their interior or colonial trade,
2. The trade of exportation,

See § 165. 3. The trade of importation.

Promotive with respect to practical art.

1. Food,



ļ sees

Executive with respect to peace.

1. The executive department for the defence of the colony

when attacked

1. By land,
2. By sea,

See $ 166, &
3. By ferocious animals.


2. The executive department of colonial finances for defray-

ing the expences of

Public charities
2. Public works

3. Public defence
3. The executive department for all those political affairs,

whereby the colony must maintain its connection

1. With its government or direction,
3. With other companies or colonies,
3. With it's neighbouring African nations,


See $ 170.


See $ 171.

c H A P.

PROPOSITION II. 180. That the subscribers do agree to sell, or in the most advantageous manner, to dispose of, all the land which they have purchased, or may purchase in Africa, upon such conditions, and to such perfons, as the court of directors shall approve of, as moral, good and useful colonists, and who shall chufe to go out to settle, and to cultivate their purchased land within a certain limited time *.



* This is nothing more than what took place in the islands of Grenada, Dominica, St. Vincent and Tobago ceded to Great Britain, in 1763. In those islands 174,000 acres of land were sold by commiffioners, authorized by the government, for £620,000 sterling, or £ 3: 11 : 3 per acre, being thirty times the price which the lands at Bulama have coft the subscribers : yet the purchasers in the ceded islands were bound, under a heavy penalty, to clear and cultivate, at least one acre in twenty, every year, till one half of the land they held was brought into cultivation. (See the evidence of Mr. Campbell and Mr. Greig in Minutes of Evidence before the House of Commons in 1790, p. 166 and 221.)-Cultivation proceeded slowly in Antigua, till the colonial legislature of that ifland laid a tax of five shillings per acre, on all manurable lands that should not forthwith be opened and cultivated. The effect was that every man exerted himself to the utmost, or sold such land as he could not cultivate; and thus, in a short time, all the manurable lands in the island were bearing canes, cotton or other produce. (See Long's Hiftory of Jamaica, Vol. I. p. 409.)- In short, bad roads, scarcity of provisions, the ob. struction of population, and the detriment of health, and inability or difficulty of defence, are the certain consequences of suffering purchased lands to lie uncultivated in a colony, especially an infant colony. For an account of the evils Jamaica has laboured under, from this cause, see Long, vol. I. p. 283, 405 et seq. 598.-See also Douglas's History of New England, Postlethwayt's Com, Dictionary, Art. “ Colonies" and “ Paraguay."-Reasons for establishing the colony of Georgia, p. 15, 29, and Smith's Wealth of Nations, Vol. II. p. 370.

I know not whether I ought to mention that the island of Barbadoes, Antigua and some others, though they have been rendered incomparably healthier by being cleared, yet, having few or no trees to attract the clouds, have not such plentiful and regular rains as formerly, and suffer much inconvenience from the want of timber. Certain portions of the ceded islands have, therefore, been reserved in wood. Whether this conduct will be imitated or not in Africa, is not for me to determine. If it





181. That the first subscribers may have it in their option, however, to go themselves to the colony, and to settle as colonists, and then to be subject to the same conditions and terms as the other fettlers; namely, to oblige themselves to cultivate their purchased land within a certain limited time, at the expiration of which the land remaining uncul. tivated, whether belonging to settlers, or to subscribers who are not settlers, shall be forfeited and dispofed of by the court of directors *.

182. That a colonist, his heirs, or executors may have
equal rights, in every respect, with a £60 subscriber, as soon
as he has brought into a cultivated state, within any space
of time, not exceeding three years, thirty-six acres of land;
and that of a £60 fubfcriber, who shall go out to the colo-
ny, and like the colonists, cultivate his land, shall enjoy the
benefit of a double subfcription, or that of two subscribers
rights, in proportion to every thirty fix acres of ground cul-
tivated by him.


183. That in consequence of the third propofition, there ought to be a court of directors in the colony, similar to

were, I would not hesitate, to pronounce that the woods should be facrificed to health ; especially as all kinds of provisions and the smaller produce fill thrive very well in the drier islands.—But they are not so proper for fugar-canes.

* To reside in one part of the world, and to cultivate land in another, will never promote a colonial interest, as such cultivation must evidently be by agents or managers, who will not have an interest in the prosperity of the colony, like settled colonists, or those who superintend their own business on the spot; and the former case, it is more than probable, would, sooner or later, end in tyranny and lave-flogging, to the total dissolution of all colonial order and social virtue.



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