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6. The arrest of all persons will be promptly reported to Maj. Joseph Darr, jr., provost-marshal-general, headquarters Wheeling, Va., and particular care will be taken whenever practicable to forward with a descriptive list of the prisoners complete and sworn evidence against them. Prisoners will in no instance be sent out of this department without a report to the provost-marshal.general. By order of Major-General Frémont:

H. THRALL, Assistant Adjutant-General.

WHEELING, VA., June 26, 1862. COMMANDING OFFICER, Camp Chase.

SIR: All prisoners sent from this department to your post will be held until released by Secretary of War or by order of commander of this department. Any application or order from any other civil or military authority for release of prisoners sent from this department will be referred to Maj. R. M. Corwine, department judge-advocate, Cincinnati, Ohio, or to myself. In general all prisoners should be held subject only to the order of the Secretary of War and the commander of the department from which the prisoners are forwarded. In the case of the Kentucky prisoners General Boyle should direct the transfer to Lexington, Notify, me of the release by Secretary of War of prisoners sent from here. Papers in case of Stover referred to Secretary of War. Prisoners sent from this department to your post will not be permitted to leave it on parole without orders from the Secretary of War or these headquarters, or Maj. R. M. Corwine, Cincinnati, Ohio, and then report will be made to this office.* By order Maj. Gen. J. C. Frémont:

JOS. DARR, JR., Major and Provost-Marshal-General.

Copy of forms used in Mountain Department, forwarded to office of

Commissary-General of Prisoners by Maj. Joseph Darr, jr., provostmarshal-general, June 28, 1862.

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Form of Pass.

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186All guards, lines, posts, stations will pass safely

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This pass being given with the understanding that if the party receiving it be found hereafter in arms against the Government of the United States or aiding or abetting its enemies the penalty will be death.

Form of release.

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186By virtue of an order received from

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resident of

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after having complied with the requirements of and subscribed the papers herewith attached is hereby released from confinement.

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Form of bond for release. Know all men by these presents, that we,

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-, security, are held and firmly bound unto the United States of America in the penal sum of good and lawful money of the United States; for the payment of the same as aforesaid we bind our heirs, executors or administrators firmly by these presents. Given under our hands and seals this day of


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The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas the said

has been arrested and is now in the custody of the military authority of the United States at the depot of prisoners of war Dear Sandusky, Ohio, and is desirous of being released from custody upon bail; now if the said

sball keep the peace toward all the citizens of the United States of America and shall not take up arms against the United States of America, or adhere to their enemies, or give them aid or comfort or information injurious to the United

States or beneficial to their enemies, and shall not advocate or sustain either in private or public the cause of the so-called Confederate States, but shall bear true faith, allegiance and loyalty to the Government of the United States of America, any ordinance, resolution, law of any State convention or Legislature to the contrary notwithstanding, then this obligation to be void, else to remain in full force and virtue.


SEAL. Signed, sealed and acknowledged before me, the security being first qualified as to his sufficiency.



PHILADELPHIA, June 28, 1862. Hon. EDWIN M. STANTON, Secretary of War.

SIR: May I be allowed to say a few words to you on a subject which interests me very much. My husband, who is Capt. Francis J. Keffer, had the command of Company H, First California Regiment, under the late Col. E. D. Baker, and was taken prisoner at Ball's Bluff October 21, now held hostage for a privateer of the Savannah. I think he is confined in the jail with six other officers, or rather speaking, a place where rats inhabit the room, and damp, too, but he does not complain to me, but this I know to be a fact and I expected when Mr. Ely came he would try to do something, and I hope he will use all the means in his power to have every prisoner released. Cannot anything be done to have all the prisoners released at once? Does it acknowledge the Southern Confederacy any more to have a large number released than a small number? Will you let me know if I shall write to the Tombs and ask if there is any one there that they would exchange for my husband, or must I not do it? If I do not interest myself for him who will do it? Sir, can you blame me? He writes to me and says: “If the privateers are hung we will be dealt with in the same way, and if they are cleared we will be the same.” Now of course I am unhappy. I have written twice to Secretary Cameron and to President Lincoln and to Mr. Ely and to Fort Warren, but it does seem that none have answered but the one at Fort Warren, and the commanding officer tells me that the South will not give one up for any other than a privateer, but this does not satisfy a woman. May I write to the mayor of New York on this subject? I will do whatever you think proper. If you can send me a few lines I will be very thankful for it. I also made application for his pay for September and October, but Mr. R. P. Dodge sent me $173.20 for that time, which if I know anything about it was not correct. I then made application for November's pay in this month and for an explanation of money paid to me and my papers were sent to me to sign for $133, but I have not signed them for I do not quite understand them, and if you think there is any chance of my husband coming home shortly I will try and do without his money and let him get it himself. I have sent him $35 and clothing and some food, and I hope they will let him have all I have sent to make him comfortable. Now, sir, I am afraid I have written too much. You will please excuse me for so doing. Your humble servant,

No. 613 Spring Garden Street, Philadelphia.

Mr. Dodge stated to me that they had paid me as if he was a lieutenant instead of captain. This I do not understand and am afraid to sign my papers and send them back to Washington unless all will be made right if he returns himself.

WAR DEPARTMENT, June 29, 1862. Brigadier-General MORGAN, Cumberland Gap:

By a general order of this Department the President has ordered that no military execution shall take place unless sanctioned first expressly by him. You will suffer no one to be hung or otherwise maltreated after surrender but send them safely to some depot for prisoners of war, not permitting them to go into the hands of any one who would personally harm them. Where persons come in and take the oath of allegiance you will give them the same protection so long as it is observed that you would other citizens of the United States. I understand from your dispatch that Bales and Ewing come within this rule; if they do you will administer the oath of allegiance and afford them such protection conditional upon their loyalty as may be conveniently within your power and as you would give other citizens, not pledging yourself or the Government to anything beyond that. No protection is to be granted to the persons or property of persons disloyal or hostile to the Government except such as is due to prisoners of war.*


Secretary of War.


Baltimore, June 29, 1862. Hon. EDWIN M. STANTON, Secretary of War:

I hasten to inform you that I have arrested Judge Bartol, judge of the court of appeals. He has been engaged with a Mr. Charbonier in transmitting information to the rebels at Richmond. Charbonier escaped yesterday with a bag and letters from the judge and probably bas gone to Richmond. This information is obtained from the most reliable sources. I should like some secret-service money. I understand Major General Dix has or had $1,000 for that purpose deposited in some bank in this city. The news from the White House is not favorable. It is said that Jackson is between McClellan and the White House. Only four gun-boats to protect our supplies at the landing.



CORINTH, June 29, 1862. Lon. EDWIN M, STANTON:

The principle recognized by the laws and usages of war and the one on which I have always acted in this department is that medical officers are not to be retained as prisoners of war when their services are not required to take care of their own sick and wounded. Paragraph IV, of General Orders, No. 60, introduces an entirely new principle

* This dispatch is in answer to Morgan to Stanton June 27, Series I, Vol. XVI, Part I, p. 1009.

not recognized by the laws of war and which will lead to great inconvenience. It is impossible for our own medical officers after a battle to attend the sick and wounded prisoners, and usually it is impossible for some weeks to hire citizen surgeons for that purpose. In such cases humanity requires that the captured medical officers be retained for that purpose. I respectfully suggest that the paragraph be changed so as to conform to the heretofore established rules as recognized in Europe.



CORINTH, Miss, June 29, 1862. Governor H. R. GAMBLE, Saint Louis :

The Secretary of War has assumed direction and provided for the disposition of prisoners of war at Nashville.


Major General.

No. 123.

Memphis, Tenn., June 29, 1862.

IV. Arrests being frequently made on representations of citizens who afterward decline to appear to give evidence or to furnish names of witnesses to substantiate the charges, it is directed that hereafter in all such cases the prisoner be released and the party causing the arrest be confined or banished from the city, as the case may seem to require. The circulation of unfounded rumors through the city, now so prevalent, being calculated to create uneasiness and fear in the minds of the citizens will hereafter be prohibited. The provost-marshal will in such cases arrest the parties guilty of violating this order and place them outside our lines with directions to treat them as spies if ever taken within them threreafter. In all cases where persons are placed outside the lines under this order an accurate description of the person will be recorded in the office of the provost-marshal.

By order of Maj. Gen. U. S. Grant:


General. Assistant Adjutant-General.


Chicago, June 29, 1862. Col. JOSEPI H. TUCKER,

Commanding Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ill. COLONEL: I think it proper to report to you instructions in relation to affairs at Camp Douglas heretofore given to your predecessor and which it appears have been lost.

You are held responsible for the security of the prisoners of war under your charge and will make such disposition of the force under your command and such arrangements of the prisoners in companies or divisions in the barracks as will best accomplish this purpose. The presence of the prisoners will be verified by daily roll-calls, and every morning a report will be made in writing of each company showing the number present, the sick discharged, escaped and died, giving the names and particulars under the last three heads.

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