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BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the twenty

second day of May, in the fifty-first year of the L. S.

Independence of the United States of America,

Russel Canfield, of the said District, bath de

2. posited in this office the title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as Proprietor, in the words following, to

wit :

“The Light of Truth, and Pleasure of Light, in four Books.

Great is Truth, and it shall prevail." In conformity to the act of Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned,” And also to the act, entitled, “ An act supplementary to an act, entitled An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned," and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints.”


Clerk of the District of Connecticut. A true copy of Record, examined and sealed by me,

CHAS. A. INGERSOLL, Clerk of the District of Connecticut.

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Sect. 1. Of the Magi notion of evil-who created it-The

term Devil, not found in the Old Testament

Of the term Satan-Of the Greek term diabolos,

translated Devil, in the New Testament-of

the origin, or parentage of the Devil.


Sect. II.-Of the Greek terms Daimonion, or Daimoniou

and Daimon, translated Devil, or Devils—Tes-

timony of Scripture to prove the Non-personali-

ty of a Devil-Of the destruction of the Devil. 21

Sect. III.-The opinion of Plato, Heisod, and others, respec-

ting Demons--How the English translators

rendered the same Greek term differently-

Opinion of Homer and Josephus-Of the Jew-

ish Angelology-Hippocrates' opinion of Demo 25


Sect. IV.-Definition of the Greek term,-Diabolos-Re..

marks of Dr. S. Clark on personification,-of

the number of Angels and Devils-A Devil the

popular god of Superstition.


Sect. V.-Observations relative to the Hebrew word Shai-

tan, called Satan, in our common version. An
extract from Prideaux, on the Maan philo so -

phy, as revived by Zoroaster.


Secr: VI.-Of witches and witchcraft.—The Magian religion,

as revived and reformed by Zoroaster, a suppo-

sed Jew.-Zoroaster's day of judgment. --Con-

cluding remarks.



Secr. 1.--Examination of the Hebrew words Sheol and Ge-

henna ; and of the Greek word Hades, and the

pagan Tartarus.

Sect. II.--HELL DESTROYED.--Lecture on 1 Cor. 15: 55.

O Hell, where is thy Victory. By Rev. J S.



Sect. III.-Further remarks on the words Sheol and Hades.

Reasons for disbelieving in the modern use of

these terms, urged, from scripture usage.


SECT. IV.--Further examination of the subject. Appeal to

the Scriptures relative to the first transgression. 149

SECT. V.-Quotations from Dr. Campbell relative to Sheol

and Hades, and Mr. Balfour's deductions from

them. Further remarks by the Editor.


SECT. VI.--An examination of the only passage in the New

Testameut, where our Lord threatens the Jews

with Gehenna punishment.


SECT. VII.--The remaining places where Gehenna occurs in

the New Testament fairly examined.



Sect. I.--Statement of the argument-Home-made Scripture

No soul fit for heaven while in the body--The

Almighty knew, of course decreed the destiny of

all souls before he created them.

SECT. II.-Reasonable arguments-- The carnal mind is the

cause of sin-The facilities of the disimbodied

soul to attain holiness--No authority to believe

God is limited in his designs with the soul to the

time of this life--All believe the soul can exist

after death with all its faculties, - why not then

be improved by means.


SECT. III.--The good and wise believe that God has not left

the final destiny of man to his own actions and

opinions-Remarks of Addison-Query relative

to the situation of the soul after death-How

God will sanctify the soul after it leaves the



Sect. IV.--If souls cannot be altered for the better beyond

the grave, Infants cannot be saved-What it is

to be born of God-Idiots not fit for heaven-

Those who never heard of Christ and God, not

fit for heaven.


SECT. V.--Statement of another opinion relative to the origin

of the soul-God could have prevented moral

evil and human misery~The necessity and

benefit of evil and misery.


Sect. I.-Of the origin of sin–Fabulous account-True ac-

count-Sin not infinite, but finite.--Atonement. 267

SECT. II --Second plan of Atonement, examined and refuted.

Remarks on its injurious effects.


Sect. III.--Third plan of atonement examined, and found

wanting. Dishonourable to God, and injurious

to man.


Sect. IV.--The personage of the Mediator who makes the

Atonement, and his ability for performing the



When the subscriber undertook the printing of this volume for the publisher, he contemplated no higher duty, and no greater responsibility, than that attached to the labours of an editor. Circumstances, however, not within his control, brought into requisition his powers as an author, and that under


unfavourable auspices. For error in principle, he asks no quarter ; but he is confident in the belief, that the mantle of charity will be spread over those defects of arrangement and style which are almost inseparable from a hasty production. Had time and health permitted, the arrangement and classification of facts and arguments might have been more judiciously made, but he is thankful that no material error in the detail of facts, and no important defect in the deductions from those facts, has yet been discovered.

The extent of authorship for which the editor is specially responsible, is principally designated in the captions to the various sections. As different authors have furnished the principal portion of the several books, original matter was sometimes required to form the connecting links in the chain of facts and consequences. To designate this matter, is deemed superfluous.

Whatever may be the impression of those who are utterly unable to judge correctly, for want of data ; certain it is, that few could be induced to come out with arguments against a popular doctrine, unless supported by good testimony. That the evidence on which we oppose the common doctrines is valid, is shown by the fears and tergiversations of our oppo

nents, gendered by their fears. They feel the weight of our obvious conclusions, and dread the power which will finally crush their idols into the dust.

While many hope their own belief is founded in a lie, the shackles of superstition hang over them like an incubus, portending death. Their ghostly advisers admonish them to doubt the certainty of their reason, and the testimony of their senses, and they often give themselves up to the guidance of self-commissioned soul savers, for want of moral courage to resist.

The editor takes this opportunity of commending his labours, such as they are, to the kind providence of God, and the attention of his fellow men, in the full belief, that whoever reads with a desire to know the truth, will reap a due reward for his labours.

RUSSEL CANFIELD. Hartford, May, 1827.

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