Consciousness and Perceptual Experience: An Ecological and Phenomenological Approach
This book describes and proposes an unusual integrative approach to human perception that qualifies as both an ecological and a phenomenological approach at the same time. Thomas Natsoulas shows us how our consciousness - in three of six senses of the word that the book identifies - is involved in our activity of perceiving the one and only world that exists, which includes oneself as a proper part of it, and that all of us share together with the rest of life on earth. He makes the case that our stream of consciousness - in the original Jamesian sense minus his mental/physical dualism - provides us with firsthand contact with the world, as opposed to our having such contact instead with theorist-posited items such as inner mental representations, internal pictures, or sense-image models, pure figments and virtual objects, none of which can have effects on our sensory receptors.
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according activity of perceiving actually apprehended behavior belonging brain chapter cognitive concept consciousness stream consciousness6 considered consists described dimension direct direct realism distinct ecological environment engaged environmental items environmental objects environmental surfaces example existence experiential presence extensional fact field of view firsthand function Gibson Gibson’s ecological Gibsonian Hebb Husserl ice cube image-model inner awareness instantiate intentional objects intrinsic introspective involved James James’s Johnston kind latter life-world means mental mental-occurrence instances mind mind-blind Natsoulas O’Shaughnessy OED’s one’s consciousness one’s perceptual one’s stream oneself operating mode original italics perceiver’s perceptual activity perceptual awareness perceptual experiences perceptual occurrent awareness perceptual systems person phenomenal environment phenomenological physical picture point of observation present properties proposed psychologists reality reference relation respect sciousness Sellars sensations sense straightforward stream of consciousness take place theoretical theorist thereby therein thought transpire tree virtual objects visual perceiving visual system visual-perceptual awareness whereof