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If we look for the parentage of destructive monopolies, and partial
restri&tions, which have received the sanction of parliament; thele,
indeed, we may refer to commercial men : buc at present, in cur
own House of Commons, we shall find the merchants who have fears
there, are the guardians of the trading interests ; but rather the
independent Gentlemen of fortune who apply their thoughts that
way, and are exclusively called ibe men of business. The principal
parliainentary businefs to which our merchanis attend, lies in the
contra& way. Does this Anti-unionist apprehend that Ireland would
be injured if ber merchants were not led into the like temptation ?
As to the neceflity of ber fending practising lawyers to parliament,
it is by no means obvious to us, Can no man understand, or defend
the laws of his country but a practiser in the courts of law? Can no
man explain the principles of the Conflicurion but an Artorney or
Solicitor General? The idea is excravagant. We hardly need remind
M-. Walker of one of the greatest benefactors to his country, who
fertainly was no lawyer.

Let Ireland tell how Wit upheld her cause,
Her trade supported, and supplied her laws:
And leave on Swift this grateful verse engraved,

The rights a court attack'd, a poet fav’d. Pope.
So little did Swift love the lawyers, that he was fond of declaring,
that they, of all 'men, seemed least in underland the nature of goo
vernment in general; like under-werkmen, who are expert enough at
making a single wheel in a clock, but are utterly ignorant bow to
adjust the feveral parts and regulate the movement.

But though we think that the preceding arguments of this young orator are inconclusive, we are far from intimating that bis other objections to an union are so. There is argument as well as elo. quence in his display of the probable consequences that would result to Ireland from this measure. He is of opinion, that the sciences, and liberal arts, will take their flight with her parliament, and like birds of passage seek a happier climate. The Nobles, and ellated Gentlemen de parted, -Genius would clap ber wings, and fly from the deserted land. Not only men of fortune, but men who rely upco their abilities to acquire a fortune, would desert Hibernia, as a place not calculated for their pursuits. Fond of balking in the suns Mice of power, and deriving animal heat from their vicinity to a court, they would halte to England ; and bapless Ireland, once uni. ver faily admired for the eloquence of her orators-ihe wisdom of her divines--the ability of her lawyers--and the bra ery of her warriors, --would become at best the compring-house of the merchant, and the th p of the mechanic!' Art. 18. The Reformer. By an Independent Freeholder. 8vo.

is. od. Fielding and Walker. 1780. The errors of Adir.inittration, the abuses of office, she waste of public treasure, or the enormous increase of place and peofion lifts,

hese are nos the evils of which ihis reformer complains. He does nos appear to he tensible that any such errors or abuses exift. The orly political evil again it which be exclaims, is-the opposition maintained gainit our immaculate Midillry; uho, it should teem, in the Opinion of this champion of theirs, caa de no wrong : consequently,


8vo. 35.

tke Minority are all in the wrong for impeaching their measures. Accordingly, in his rage of reprehension, he beknaves and befools, and 'bedevils them, without mercy. But most Readers, we apprehend, will think that there are some characters, of which he oughe' to have been more tender ; particularly that of the good and amiable Sir George Saville : against which he brings some very ill-supported and frivolous objections.

This writer deais rather in wit than argument, and more in virulence than wit. We must do him the justice, however, to remark, that, in what he styles his Plan of Reformation on a wide Scale, he judiciously offers some hints which deserve to be attended to; particularly his recommendation of an equal land tax, and an equal poor's rate. Art. 19. Historical and Political Reflections on the Rise and Pre

gress of the American Rebellion. In which the Causes of that Rebellion are pointed out, and the Policy and Neceflity of offering to the Americans a System of Government founded in the Princ ciples of the British Constitution, are clearly demonstrated. By the Author of Letters to a Nobleman on the Conduct of the Ame. rican War.

Wilkie, 1780. In these reflections we meet with the same good fenfe, and subNantial information, for which we recommended the Letters to a Nobleman.-See Review for Sept. 5779, p. 228. The writer is supposed to be Joseph Galloway, Erg; Jate a Member of the American Congress ; and Author, likewise, of a Letter to Lord Howe. See Review for Decem. laft, p. 467. Also of Cool Thoughts on the Confe. quences of American Independence, &c. Rev. Jan. 1789. p. 88. The Author's zeal for a solid re-union of the two countries is as laudable as it is warm; and seems to be really founded in his fincerc wishes for the permanent welfare and happiness of all parties. Art. 20. The Critic; or Tragedy rehearsed: a new Dramatic

Piece in Three Acts; as it is performed by his Majesty's Servants, with the greatest Applause. By the Author of the Duenna*. 8vo. I s. 6 d. Bladon. 1785.

This political Punchionella sticks as close to the skirts of Mr. Shesidan, as the little black fellows did to those of Trapolin, in the Duke and to Duke. The title of every new piece, produced by the ingenious Manager (and which, for REASONS OF State, be keeps unpublished) is instantly feized by this pilferer, and applied to his own improper use: to impose a flate-farire on the public, under the false appearance of a theatrical performance.

Respecting IR EL A N D. Art. 26. A Letter to the People of Ireland. Occasioned by their

present Hardships and Distreffes. 8vo.

This tract was published some months ago, but, we suppose, not much advertised in the English papers ; by which means it might escape our earlier notice. It was, evidently, intended to 'rouse'

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Almon. 1779.

* For our account of this Author's Duenna, See Rev. Vol. Iva

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[the Author's own word) the good people of Ireland to command respect, by respecting themselves.'-Scotland,' says the Writer, bates you; England, a country of refined political hypocrisy, cajoles you. Negociate with wisdom, dignity, and steadiness: and the business will be accomplished at once.-Be united, and be freng : by being virtuous, you will be united ; and being united and vir. $40us, you may defy the world.'- This language, to use, still farther, the words of the Author (who professes himself an Irishman, and as such aggrieved and injuriously treated), · Englithmen will call fedition, Irithuien patriotism.' Art. 22. Considerations on the intended Modification of Poyning's

Law. By a Member of the Irish Parliamen.. 8vo. is. Almon. 1780.

A very sensible discussion of a subject that is highly interesting, on both sides of the water.—The Author argues in favour of the propored alteration ; but in vain--They have out-cvoted him.

PHILOSOPHICA L. Art. 23. An I say on the Construction and Building of Chimneys ;

including an Enquiry into the common Causes of their Smoking, &c. By Roberc Clavering, Builder. 8vo. 25. 64. Taylor. 1779.

As medicine has its opprobria in the gout, and indeed too many other subjets, lo char great domenic nuisance, a smoky chimney, is the op. probrium of architecture; which too, like the former, has its quacksindeed what art has not?-coamoniy styled Chimney Doctors; who, without science, or principles of any kind, undertake the cure of a dis. order without the least knowledge of the causes by which it is pro. duced, nor consequently of the remedies by which it is to be removed. · The author of this little performance, after briefly explaining those properties of air and fire which relate to his fubje&t, treats particularly of the various circumftances by which the disorder in question may be occasioned. These are reducible to three general heads:--the wrong construction of the chimney itself, or of its various members:---ersors committed in the position and distribution of doors and windows, by which irregular cuirents of air are produced :—and external obftructions, proceeding from neighbouring buildings, high grounds, and exposure to particular winds. On each of these heads the author gives many observations, and practical directions, which appear to be judi. cious, and to be founded on juit principles, confirmed by experience. There are illottrated by proper figures; together with a table, in which the proportions of the several paris of a chimney are given, according to the lize of the respective apartments.

PoE тіс A L. Art. 24. The Fat-Daj, a Lambeth Eclogue. By the Author of

The Auction. Is. 6d. 410. Bew. !710. This Eclogue is not without merit : the characters (fiktitious ones, we fappele) are not ill lui ported. The persons of the drama are Piscopella and omb-b uth, Piicopella's disappointments at the interdiction of Gard-cable amulements on the Fait-day, are thus expressed :

O that this flow-pac'd, canting day were past!
Forsb-brub, i almol with it were my last:

When holy Dulness, by supreme command,
Scatters Hypocrisy through half ihe land,
And bids each pious fool his lips prepare
To harass Heaven with unmeaning prayer :
When Pleasure, bound in unrelenting chain,
Appeals to Fashion, but appeals in vain :
When Trade, who neither Saints nor Lent obeys,
Profeffing hatred of their holy days,
Curse ano:her, added to the seven ;
But, Comb-brup, fure that curfe will be forgiven!

- The Doctor talks in vain :- I cannot see
The wisdom of this dull solemnity:
Polly and nonsense all it seems to me :
V pours, and discontent, and spleen it brings,
Though preach'd by Bishops, and ordain’d by Kings.
Bithips, I know them well, if it should last
Beyond a day, would ne'er propose a Faft:
Or, houid it Item ( orruprion's rapid food,

Kings would de lare it did them too much good.' The writer ihen tuhjoide a note, which, Mort as it is, would contain much true moral latire, were it any way applicable to the present times ; • A government (fays he) supported by corruption, would be guilty of a most arrant folecism in politics, in recommending supplications 10 Heaven, to reitore public virtue, if there was the least chance of fuc. ceeding I canne (continues he) conceive any thing more distrelling to the minister of such a itate, than repentance and amendment of life in his chief supporte: ,' &c. Art. 25. An Epislle from the worshipful Brown Dignum to the

wirfhipful Mr. Burkhorse: now made public, in consequence of a spurious Letter from the Hon. C. Fox to the Hon. J. Town Mend. To which is prefixed, a Dedication to the Earl of Sandwich, 410.

I S. Miliidge. 1779. À facetious parcdy; but too infignificant to admit of an extract.. Art. 26. Unanimity. A Poem. By J. Macaulay. 4to. 1 s. 6d.

Cadell. 1780. This poem is an allegorical dialogue between the Genius of Britain and

• The watchful guardian of the Gallic ftate.'. The scene lies in England upon a chalky cliff

• tremendous, feep, Whose awful front o'erlooks the rolling deep.' The conversation opens with an interrogatory by the Genias of Bris tain, who for some reason or other is now transformed into a British warrior:

• Presumptuous Power (the British warrior cries)!

What cause invites thee to these English skies.'' We then learn that

The Gallic Power approaching from afar,

Descended graceful from his fplendid car.' Thopgh the writer cells us, but a few lines before, that

• before the gliding chariot fands The facred guardian of the British lands.'


So near, indeed, that

the coursers backward fart, Scar'd by the luftre of the glittering dart. But to proceed-Before his Gallic divinity Ship vouchsafes any answer to this and some other quettions, he turns his horses to grass; his nags, as this writer perbaps means to infiquate, having but an indif. ferent paftore at home :

• The feeds, obedient to their Lord's command,
Wait his return, and graze on hoftile land.
When thus the Power: “ Nor bent on dark em prize
Nor open wrong, I quit my pative kies.
What need for me to Make Britannia's throne?

Her sons have done it, and the deed's their own." After a few more lines in the fame frain, be concludes with the fol. lowing counsel :

• Fly then this land : and if to Gaul a friend,
Our ports to thee fall open arms extend,
Or if Iberia's vineyards please thee more,
Or the long windings of th' Atlantic More,
Timely retreat; confirm thy doubtful voice,

And lasting glory fall await thy choice.' This advice, as might be supposed, is rejected with disdain. Bris tannia fets him and every other enemy at defiance, telling him,

• Britain united, all your toil fall mock,

And fand unmoved amidst the mighty fhock.' We heartily wish Me may be as good as her word.

In the contruction of this allegory there appears neither novelty nor invention. With refpe&t to the mere matter of yerlification (Poetry is a term no way applicable to this performance), our Bard keeps one even tenor, never rising above mediocrity, and not often finking below it. Art. 27. An Ode to the Memory of the Right Reverend Thomas Wil.

son, late Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man; by the Rev. W. Tasker, A. B. Author of the Ode to the Warlike Genius of Great Britain, &c. 4to. 15. Printed for ibe Author. Sold by Dodsley.

From a sprightly fally or two in Mr. Tasker's first publication, we had formed expectations not unfavourable, with respect to his futare performances. Those expe&ations, forry are we to say it, have not hitherto been gratified. Whether it be, that Mr. Taker's Pegasus is, as the jockies phrase it, a jade at the bottom, or that he rides bim without judgment, the poor beast is become as spiritless as a poftborse. The ode before us is a very insignificant performance. A Weltminfter school-boy, though in a hurry to get his talk over, might surely scribble such verses as these :

E'en from his earlier years,

Rifing above the groffer Spheres,
To human science! perishable lore,
He joind celegial Wisuom's copious fore:

Tho' born of bigh illustrious line,
Descendent of the Palatine,


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