« PreviousContinue »
J18 15. At Richmond, by T. Wakefield,
SEWARD, Miss, her Elegy on Captain TIMES, a Comedy,
SHAKESPEAR. Sce JOHNSON.
See TRIAL of the Capt. of the Ardent, 488
TRIAL of Stratton, &c. for the Death of
SHERIDAN'S Observations on Sir Wil. TROUBADOURS, History of, 490
Tutor of Truth,
ALETUDINARIAN's Bath Guide,
SKETCH of the Times,
VEGETABLES. See INGENHOVSZ.
View of the Evidence relative to the
of the Dutch Settlements in the
SPECULATION, a Poem, by Anstey, 474
of Universal History. See Me-
STATE of the East India Company, 244
by Mac ulay, 409
SULLIVAN, Mr. his Thoughts on Mare ALDER'S Sermon on the Perfece
tion of the Christian Character,
492 WALKER, Lady Mary, her Observations
on Burke's Bill,
Walker's Speech at the Weftminster
ASKER'S Ode to the warlike Ge. WALTERS's Poems,
Ode to the Memory of the Bishop WASHINGTON, General. See POLTI.
Terms of Conciliation,
WHITCOM B’s Sermon at Welelby, 413
on Martial Law, 87
on the Treaty between Go. WILLIAMSON's Sermon at Oxford on
WISEMAN's Epiftolæ Commerciales, 94
THORNTON. See HAYLLY.
WYNNE, Dr. Letter to,
CONTENTS of the FOREIGN ARTICLES,
in the APPENDIX to this Volume.
N.B. For the CONTENTS of the Foreign Articles in the Cor-
RESPONDENCE, inferted in the Reviews for January, February,
NNALES poetiques depuis l'Origine MEMOIRE de l'Acad. Royale de Pruffe,
572 cerning the History, &c. of the Chi.
DECOUVERTES de M. Marat, &c. 546 MUSIC, See DELABORDE.
505 OBSERVATIONS sur la Nature, & fur le
GUINEE, Abbé, his Memoits concern- RECHERCHES sur le Commerce, 558
ning the Fertility of Palestine, 565 REFLEXIONS Historiques. See WEUVES.
For JANUARY, 1780,
Art. I. Lectures on the universal Principles and Duties of Religion an?
Merality, as they have been read in Margaret-Street, Cavendish. Square, in the Years 1776 and
1777. By the Rev. David Williams. Printed for the Author, and sold by Dodfley, &c. 2 vols. 4to. Subscription il. 1$. 1779. TR. Williams is a gentleman of fo singular a cast of cha
racter and principles, that we should be tempted to pay a particular attention to him on that account; fuppofing he were even more deficient, than we imagine him to be, in qualities of higher importance and estimation.
The introduction to this curious performance opens with a definition of insanity. We did not immediately perceive the Author's defign in setting off so oddly. We doubted not, however, of some design, at the bottom: Mr. Williams seldom says or does any thing, even in the moments of the purest fimplicity, without some reason.
It appears then, that Mr. Williams gives his Readers a definition of insanity, for the sole purpose of convincing them that he himself, however extraordinary, is not mad. The institution of a form of public worship (rays he) on those principles which arise immediately from nature, in a community where almost every thing in morals, religion and polity, are decided upon by authority :--the resolution of a man to be the author of it, who doth not covet sufferings, and has not the dispositions of a martyr:- the idea of leaving the plan to fuc. ceed by its merits in a country where every thing is rendered successful by money or protection :-- these have been urged as proofs of insanity: and perhaps they may be. But the application of them to me hath been owing to an unacquaintance with the following facts, which imply the history of an institution of public worship on the universal principles of morals. Vol. LXII.
« I quitted
I quitted the customary offices of the profeffion to which I was educated, for reasons which have been already assigned (viz. in the Appendix to the second edition of Essays on public Worship). But either because religion is essential to the human mind; or because the habits of a profession are, like all others, very difficult to bę suspended - I could not rest satisfied out of my employment; Di intimating my situation, I had hopes given me of the most flattering encouragement. But on seeing my plan extended beyond the limits of the Christian church [i. e. fuing. the plan was purely a deiftical one-as the Author
Thould have said in plain language), they were withdrawn, and my papers were put up : for I had none of the views of Re. formers and Apostles: and it was my intention not to engage, until it appeared to be for the service and pleasure of others, as :well as my own.'
This confession is a very frank one: and we give him full and unreserved credit for the truth of it. The children of light are not always wise in their generation. But Mr. Williams, who had renounced all pretentions to their character, was resolved not to act on their plan. The heroic passion of soulsaving (as Lord Shaftesbury ironically termed it) mingled not with his principles, and had no share at all in the institution in Margaret. Street, AOS TTX 5W- Give me where to stand (as Mr. Williams might be supposed to say)
—But I will have solid ground: or I will lock up all my initruments. I have not the wings of the Apostles. I cannot work by their faith ; nor live on their hopes.'
But though Mr. Williams did not chuse to venture his bottom on the fanciful stocks of reformation, nor to launch his vessel, like a visionary Apostle, into the air ;-though he wished like a prudent man of this generation, to serve and please himself as well as other people; yet he recoils at the idea of having his plan injuriously degraded,' by secing it clafled amongit • the unadvised projects of an individual for his own emolument and advantage.'
After reprobating the designs of fanatics and missionaries, in their attempts to reform churches and kingdoms, he tells his Readers, that his business hath not any thing in common with such designs. The liturgy on the universal Principles of ReJigion and Morality, was first intended as a gratification and pleasure to a small number of persons who could worship on no other ; to be publicly used, on the fupposition that it would afford the fame gratification and pleasure to great numbers in the same circumstances, and bring me fome recompense for my trouble in ufing it.
• When the design was made public, the expectations entertained by some, and the apprchenfions of others, were equally