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this particular fubject. The investigation of a law-thesis hath no charms for the generali:y of readors. Courts of justice do not fit to decide abstract points of law. They require real parties, real interests, and an attual caule depending before them; but there is always an avenue to the judgineni of nen of learning through the medium of the press. Ingenuity can here exert itself with no other client than the bookseller, and find its way to public notice, though the gates of Wetminfter-hall are shut.
(The above account was prepared for the press before we were informed of the melancholy event which has deprived our country of the respectable Judge, whose opinion is canvased in this pamphlet. Criticism may lay aside her pen; and Controversy herself for a while forget her acrimony, to ned a tear over departed genius and learning. An author's best and noblest monument is his writings. Non omnis moritur. And we have the satisfaction to hear that a pofthumous work is bequeathed, by Sir W. Blackstone, to the profeflion of the law, as well as some Additions with which his Commen, taries on the Laws of England will be enriched.]
HORTICULTURE. Art. 37. The Garden Mushroom : Its Nature and Cultivation.
A Treatise exhibiting full and plain Directions, for producing this desirable Plant in Perfection and Plenty, according to the true successful Practice of the London Gardeners. By John Abercrombie, Author of the Gardener's Kalendar. 8vo. I s. 6 d. L. Davis.
Though this treatise contains no:hing materially new, yet, as it enters more minutely into the subject than any former publication, it will not be without its use to the curious gardener, who wishes to cultivate the vegetable of which it creais, in the highest perfection. The rules, as we learn from a gentleman who has had some experience in these matters, are the same which are observed by the best gardeners.
MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 38. Lessons in Elocution; or, Miscellaneous Pieces in Profe
and Verse ; selected from the best Authors, for the Perusal of Perfons of Taste, and the Improvement of Youth in Reading and Speaking. By William Scott, Teacher in Edinburgh. izmo. 35. Elliot, Edinburgb ; Longman, London. 1779.
The idea of this compilation is evidently borrowed from Dr. En. field's Speaker, a work, the general use of which is its bet praile. A very considerable part of the lessons in both are the same; and where they differ (to say the least), we see no reason to give the preference to Mr. Scott's judgment and tafte in selection. With refpect to the disposition of the materials, the method adopted in the Speaker, of arranging the pieces under the several distinct species of elocution, narra!ive, didattic, argumentative, oratorital, &c. is certainly much better suited to answer the purpose of improvemert in speaking, than a promiscuous miscellany in proje and verse; for each branch of elocution has its proper tone and manner, which must be beft acquired by repeated exercise.
Art. 39. An Enquiry into, and Remarks upon, the Conduct of Lieu
tenant General Burgoyne. The Plan of Operation for the Campaign, 1777. The inftructions from the Secretary of State. And the Circumstances that led to the Loss of the Northern Army. 8vo. is. Matthews. 1780.
This review of the conduct of General Burgoyne, with regard to that unfortunate expedition, which ended in the loss of his army, is written with keenness and energy, but with a degree of rancour which marks the spirit of party.-Perhaps, we may infer, without any great pretensions to fagacity, that if the luckless General had forborne to connect himself with Opposition, since his parole return to England, he would have been less exposed to the virulent attacks of those literary Pandours, who kirmith under the minifterial standard.
CORRESPONDENCE. To the Authors of the MONTHLY REVIEW. GENTLEMEN, Did not meet with the late book, intitled, The Church of England
vindicated, till I saw your remarks upon it in the Review for last November; where you justly call the Author a moft illiberal intolerant, One thing I took more particular notice of, that he says,
“ The old Will Whison affirmed, that Jesus Christ was a mere man, the son of Joseph and Mary, in the same manner as he was the natural product of a male and female Whison."
Now, as grandson to Mr. Whiston, and well acquainted with his opinions, I will take upon me to affirm, that that was not his belief; and the Author has no righe to charge him with it, unless he can produce one passage, at least, out of his numerous writings, which says so ; which I hereby call upon him to do. And if he does not know the difference between a Socinian, which Mr. Whifton was not, and what is called an Arian, which he owned himself to be, this Au. thor is not qualified to write on that controversy.
Mr. Whilton's opinions, which I shall neither deny, nor am alhamed of, will be best seen by some quotations from his own write ings: I Mall take them from his Account of the Primitive Faith, in the fourth volume of his Primitive Christianity revived; where he fays as follows:
Art. 5. ' Jesus Christ is the Holy One of God, a Being or Person, of fupereminent and divine perfections, knowledge, power, and authority; and so far superior to all subordinate creatures ; 1. e. to all the thrones, dominions, pricipalities, powers, cherubim, seraphim, archangels, angels, and men, which are made subject unto him.'
Art. 6. Jesus Christ is the royos 0:4 TO12705, The forf begotten of all creatures, The beginning of the creation of God, i. e. a Divine Being or Person, created or begotten by the Father before all ages ; or before all subordinare creatures, visible and invisible.'
Art. 7. ' God the Father by his Word, by his son, or by Jesus Chrift, as his minister or active instrument, at first created, made, ordered, or disposed; and fill governs all the subordinate creatures, viGble and invvisible.'
Art. 9. ' Jesus Christ, the Word and Son of God, was very frequently sent by the Supreme God, the Father, in the ancient ages; and again, more apparently at his incarnation; as his servant, his vicegerent, and minister, into the world.'
Art. 13. ' Jesus Christ, the Word and Son of God, did in his Divine nacure, in the most ancient times, properly descend from heaven, and appear at several times, and in several places, to the patriarchs; personating the Supreme God, or acting wholly in his name, and as his deputy and vicegerent in the world.
Art. 14. ' Jesus Christ, the Word and Son of God, descended properly again from heaven, in his Divine nature, and became man; being by the power of the Holy Ghost, conceived in, and born of, the blessed Virgin Mary; and increasing afterward in wisdom and ftature like other men.'
From these quotations, to which more might be added, let any impartial person judge, whether Mr. Whifton thought our Saviour a mere man; who he says was far superior to angels and men, and as God's miniller created and governs them (Art. 5, and 7.), or that he did not exist before Joseph and Mary; who, he says, was before all ages, and in the most ancient times appeared to the patriarchs (Art. 6 and 13.).
T. BARKER. Lyndon, Jan. 17, 1780.
We are sorry that any thing we have said concerning D:. Delany, in our Review of the Supplement to the Works of Dean Swift *, Mould have drawn on us the suspicion of halte or partiality. We respect the abilities and learning of Dr. D. and we elteem his general character. In quoting such passages as occurred in Lord Orrery's letters, respecting the Doctor, we meant rather a compliment to his virtues, than a reflection on his memory. If his Lordthip misrepresented fome parts of the Doctor's character, at the time when he bestowed such liberal encomiums on other parts of it, we are not answerable for the millake. From the anecdotes preserved of the Doctor, and published by Mr. Nichols, we see enough to convince us, that the best men have their peevith and splenetic hours; and unless Lord Orrery can be suspected of an illiberal falsehood with respect to the man for whom he professeth so much good-will, we must give credit to the complaint he made of the harih treatment be had met with from Dr. Dolany.
We acknowledge the politeness of C. D's letter, and thank him for his obliging hint respecting a General Catalogue.
N. B. I C. D. can produce sufficient proofs to invalidate the reflections of Lord Orrery, or will communica:e any particulars to illuftrate the character of Dr. Delary, we lhall probably have no objection to laying them before the public.
tt In your Monthly Review for Dec. 1779, I find a mistake t ia p. 444. It is there related, in the Article * Historical Account of
* See Review for November, Art, IX.
the Rise and Progress of the Colonies of South Carolina and Georgia," that a frolling Moravian preacher came to Carolina, to the family of, Dutartres, and filled their heads with wild and fantastic ideas, which produced mischiefs, for which three persons were deservedly hanged in 1724. Now it happens, that none of the Moravian Brethren, whatever nonsense they may be accused of, ever came to Carolina, till ten years after that date, at least. Mr. Garden, on whole exa #ness the Author of that book relies; may, in 1738, have heard of a Moravian being at Purysburg, and confounded his ideas. Certain it is, that none of the Miravian Brethren were in Carolina so early; nor could I ever learn that any of them were used to spread Jacob Behmen's books, whatever their merit or demerit may be.
I am, Gentlemen, yours, &c. Feb. 5, 1780.
AN OLD CORRESPONDENT.
If I see in your Monthly Review for Jan. 1780, an account of an Article in the Philosophical Transactions, relaiing to a machine which Mr. Le Cerf, watchmaker at Geneva, pretends to be the inventor of. It was not of his invention; Ms. Louis Preudhomme, of Geneva, was the inventor. Le Cerf arrogated to himself the invention of an instrument he does not even understand, but has spoiled. Some papers relative to this machine, are in the hands of the Prefident of ihe Royal Society, and I believe Lord Mahon has, since the communication of Le Cerf's paper to the Royal Society, been informed by some of his friends at Geneva, of the true state of the facts relative to this machine ; but I know not whether the Royal Society, consistent with its usages, can now do any thing in the matter. When the Transactions of the Geneva Society of Arts shall appear, the fact with regard to Le Cerf will, I am informed, be set in its true light. However, I should hope, Lord Mabon will, if he has received true and satisfactory information, give it to the Royal Society.
I am, Gentlemen, yours. Feb. 6, 1780.
$I$ In answer to an application which we have received, relative to a passage in our Review for last month; we need only reler our Correspondent to the late publications of Dr. Priestley, for instructions relating to the methods of imitating, and even excelling, with respect to their medical qualities, the waters of Spa, and others of that class.
Itt Dr. FRANKLIN's Political and Miscellanecus Pieces in our next. Allo Mr. Fæll's Demoniacs.
I The design of a General Index to all the volumes of The Monthly Review, is poftponed for the present.
An accident has prevented Mr. Hcy's Letter from appearing in this Month's Review. It will be given in our next.
For MAR CH, 1780.
ART. I. Dæmoniacs. An Enquiry into the Heathen and the Scrip
ture Doctrine of Dæmons. In which the Hypothesis of the Rev. Mr. Farmer, and others on this Subject, are particularly confidered. By Jobn Fell. 8vo. 5s. Boards. Dilly. 1779.
HEN we began to read the preface to this publication,
we flattered ourselves that we were about to peruse, at leaft, a candid discussion of the subject mentioned in the title. We suspected, however, before we had finished it, that we were mistaken : and now that we have gone through the whole work, we find ourselves obliged to consider Mr. Fell as a prejudiced and conceited writer, whose performance is equally deficient in judgment and in candour. We have had occasion, heretofore, to reprove Mr. Fell for his pertness and arrogance ; but he has not profited by our admonition. In his present publication, Mr. Farmer is treated with an air of superiority and contempt; which would have been unjustifiable, even if Mr. Fell had been as much superior to Mr. Farmer, with respect to judgment and learning, as Mr. Farmer is to most writers on this contraverted subject. The opinions of this Author are, in general, advanced with the confidence of infallibility, and the principles and spirit of those against whom he writes, are arraigned and condemned with equal severity and presumption. Mr. Fell has yet to learn, that modesty and humility are qualities necessary to give a writer of his moderate abilities and attainments a claim to attention, and that judicious inquirers will not take confident assertions for conclusive arguments, but will ever suspect the soundness of that writer's judgment, and the goodness of his cause, who, instead of proving that the system which he opposes is not well founded, is perpetually declaiming on its tendency and consequences, and inveighing against its abettors, Vol. LXII,