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Tanjore to its former sovereign. He subjoins fome general remarks on the impropriety and injustice of making conquests for the Mahometan princes in India : and concludes with a wish, in which all true friends to the rights of humanity, without deciding to which party the guilt of oppression belongs, may concur : . It is hoped that the active partizans of oppression, by officiously bringing these matters into discussion, will rouse the humanity and juitice of his Majesty, this nation, and the Company, in favour of the unhappy nations, princes, and people, who are under our protection, and from whom we de. rive infinite benefits.'
ART. VII. Poems, by a young Nobleman, of diftinguished Abilities,
lately deceased; particularly the State of England, and the once flourishing City of London. In a Letter from an American Tra. veller, dated from the ruinous Porcico of St. Paul's, in the Year 2199, to a Friend settled in Boston, the Metropolis of the Western Empire. Also, fundry fugitive Pieces, principally wrote whilft upon his Travels on the Continent. 410. 25. 6d. Kearlly. 1780. THE Nobleman, who is supposed to have been the Au
thor of these Poems, was sufficiently notorious. Nature had bestowed upon him considerable talents : these talents, under the care of a most excellent father, had met with the highest cultivation. Such were the advantages with which he entered into life. Unfortunately both for himself and for the world, there was something still wanting to give a proper direction to those abilities for which he was soon distinguished. Devoted, unhappily, to the pursuit of pleasure, he seems to have been one of those who emancipate themselves from every principle which opposes the gratification of their ruling appetite. A mind enslaved by vice, and enfeebled by a constant attention to low and sordid enjoyments, seems incapable of that dignity and elevation which are so essential to true poetry. Hence it may be that we meet with so few marks of those distinguilhed abilities which are announced in the title-page of these poems. Though we indeed expected not the “ dignity of verse," we yet looked for brilliancy and wit. In this respect, however, we are also disappointed. The first poem, the State of England in the year 2199, is heavy and unanimated. Neither force of genius nor grace of fancy are displayed in it. A Bostonian is supposed to vifit the ruins of London ; a poor emaciated Briton, who officiates as Ciceroni, is his attendant. After expatiating on the different objects that had engaged their attention, they
proceed into a field
And mingled indignation thus exclaim'd. -
Happy and great, nor would the envious foe
At Britain's downfall.. The only attempt at any thing like poetical description, is in the passage that immediately follows:
thought revolv'd on thought,
And clotied gore, bis fable arirour pierc'd
With many a shaft, upon his bruis'd limbs
In bloody characters. The poem afterwards concludes with some rhymes, which, we are of opinion, must have been added by a very inferior hand, as they are such as would confer no honour on the belman.
The second piece in the collection is addressed to Lady Catharine A-n-y, on her departure for Ireland. This, as well as the poem that immediately follows it, addressed to a friend from Venice, contains some tolerable lines. The verses we are most pleased with are
An Invitation to Miss WARB-RT-N.
Already wasted from th' empurpled meads
We almost imagine we perceive in the above little poem fome marks of the style and sentiment of a former Lord Lyttelton. What, in some measure, favours our conjecture, is, that we find nothing in the present collection that bears any resemblance to it.
Beside the pieces already taken notice of, there is a tolerable imitation of the first Elegy of Tibullus. The remaining part of the poems we pass over as, in general, poor, contemptible, and vulgar.
Prefixed to this collection, is an apology for its noble Au. thor, by a Gentleman who had been his intimate companion many years. From this intimate companion we learn, that no man ever experienced more illiberality; few men deserved it less.' And speaking of the obloquy and reproaches which his Lord. fhip met with for his licentious and unprincipled conduct with respect to women, this Apologist adds, there is no situation in life which will admit of an avowed contempt of vulgar prejudices.' We think this friend had acted more judiciouliy had he paffed over his Lordship's vices in silence, than thus by a feeble an ineffectual effort to excuse them, be the means of keeping up the memory of what, it might be hoped, would soon have been lost in oblivion.
ART. VIII. Letters on Patriotism. Translated from the French Original printed at Berlin. Small 8vo. 2 s. sewed. Conant. 1780. WHIS work is introduced to the Englith reader by the fol.
lowing extract of a letter from Berlin: “ The letters which accompany this, are at present read with the greatest avidity throughout Germany; they were lately published at this place in French, and are the production of our great northern hero.
“ You will give the translation of them to the Public in whatever form you please. At this period, every incitement to patriotism is Jaudable; chough the general conduct of your nation, which has juftly excited the admiration of the world (I mean the general proofs of patriotism). fufficiently thew how little such incitemenis are wanted.
“ In the translation, I am apprehensive, some traces may be disa covered of a pen disused in its native language ; but however it may fall fort of the beautiful fimplicity and spirit of the original, I believe it will be found no unfaithful copy of the illustrious Author's meaning.”
The above extract affords, in general, a pretty just account of the work before us.
As to the authenticity of the Letters, we are disposed to believe them genuine, when we view them in connexion with the other productions of the royal Author ; but if we compare the generous, humane, and patriotic sentiments contained in the
present work, with the life and actions of his
PnM—y, we shall find as little reason, perhaps, to ascribe it to him as to any other person in his dominions.
The Letters are supposed to pass between Anapistæmon* and Philopatros; the former of whom is instructed by the latter, in the duties which he owes to his country. These duties are enforced by every consideration (excepting those of RELIGION and LIBERTY) that can influence the minds of men. It is not in republics only that the virtues of the citizen ought to prevail.
• Gooi monarchies, founded on principles of prudence and phi. lanthropy, conititute in our times a species of government approach. ing much more to aristocracy ihan to despotism; in fact, it is che Laws only that reign in such a government.
• Let us consider this matter a little :--If we reckon up the pere sons who have a share in the several councils, in the adminiftration of justice, in the finances, in foreign missions, in commerce, in the army, in the interior police of the nation ; add moreover all those who have votes in the provinces; all these in some degree partake of the sovereign authority. The Prince, in such a fate, is far from a despotic and arbitrary governor, acting only from his caprice; he is only the central point in which all the radii of the circle concur. In this form of government only, it is posible for deliberations to be managed with a secrecy unattainable in republics, and for the different branches of administration to proceed, like the quadrige of the Romans, marching abreast, and concurring equally to the general welfare. If the Prince is endued with firmness, there will be much less room for faction than in republics, which are fo'often ruined and subverted by the iniquitous intrigues and confederacies of the citizens against each other.'
The Author, personating the Mother Country, sums up, in a few words, the principal arguments employed in the course of the work :
“ Ah! ye degenerate and ungrateful children, indebted to me for your existence, will ye for ever remain insensible of the favours which I heap upon you ? Whence are your ancestors ? It is I who gave them birth.- Whence did ye both receive your nourishment? From my inexhaustible fecundity ; they were indebted to me for their edua cation ; their estates and possessions are my ground, my soil. Ye yourselves were created in my womb; in short, ye, your parents, your friends, and whatever is deareft to you in this world, it is i who gave them being. My tribunals of justice protect you against iniquity; they defend and vindicate your rights; they guard your poffeffions; the policy which I etablithed, watches for your safety; when ye walk the town, or ramble the fields, ye are equally secure againit the surprise of thieves, and against the dagger of affafins ;
* We leave it to our learned Readers to determine whether it is from ignorance of the Greek that the second and fourth fyllables of the word alluded to, arc erroneously written throughout.