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History of Whitford and Ilolywell, Behold how pale the seated guests arise, 4to.....

.1796 From suppers, puzzled with varieties! Outlines of the Globe, vols. i. and

The body too with yesterday's excess,

Burthen'd and tir'd shall the ii. 4to..... 1798


depress; Miscellanies, only 30 copies, from a

Weigh down this portion of celestial private press.

birth, History of the Patagonians, from This breath of God, and fix it on the the same press.

earth." Posthumous Publications. Outlines of the Globe, vol. iii. and

His favourite exercise seems to iv. 4to......

..1781 have been on horseback, and this he Journey from London to Dover, 4to. continued, as far as he was able, to

1801 the latest part of his life, “ Journey from Dover to the Isle of sidering the absolute resignation of Wight, 4to....

.1801 the person to the luxury of a carriThe two last of these form also age, to forbode a very short interval two of the volumes of the work de. betwixt that and the vehicle which nominated by Mr. Pennant, “ Out. is to carry us to our last stage.” lines of the Globe.” This, in ma In the year 1792, the sixty-se. nuscript, occupies two and twenty venth of his age, he says of himself, folio volumes, and uncommon “ though my body may have somepence was bestowed on then, in what abated its wonted vigor, yet ornaments and illuminations. No my mind still retains its powers, its more than six have been yet pub longing after improvement, its wish lished.

to see new lights through the The writing of his numerous chinks which time has made.” And, works, their correction, and the speaking of his great attempt, the additions to the subsequent editions, Outlines of the Globe: “ Happy is with his various other duties, kept the life that could beguile its fleeting both his mind and body in active and hours without injury to any one, continual employment.

and, with addition of years, contiTo his regular and temperate nue to rise in its pursuits. But mode of life, and his riding exer. more interesting, and still more excise, for he performed all his difier alted subjects, nust employ my fu. ent tours on horseback, with the ture span.” perfect ease that he enjoyed on Some of these latter observations these pleasing excursions, he attri- appear in his “ Literary Life," butes the almost uninterrupted which contains his biography so far good health he enjoyed for nearly as relates, principally, to his liteseventy years. Ilis general time of rary concerns, to the commenceretiring to rest was ten o'clock; ment of the year 1793. This, aland he rose, both in summer and though published by himself, he winter, at soven. He carefully whimsically denominated a posthu. avoided that meal of excess, a sup mous work, the name in dotted per; 66 and my soul,”

says he, characters, 16 rises with vigor to its employs, and does not, I trust, disappoint

TIIOMAS PENNANT the end of its Crcator:

subscribed to the advertisment, in.


dicating it to be sent into the world at home and abroad, bear satisfac-
by departed literary spirit. From tory evidence :
this time he declares himself deter Antiquarian Society, Nov. 1754.
mined to appear in no new works Royal Society at Upsal, Feb.
before the public, yet the activity 1757.
of his mind would not suffer him, Royal Society of London, Feb.
even in this advanced age, entirely 1767.
to resign himself to private labours Royal Academy of Dronthiem,
and domestic concerns; accordingly Mar. 1709.
he wrote, and in 1796 printed, the L. L. D. at Oxford, May 1771.
“ History of Whitford and Holy. Societas Phisiographica, Lond.
well,” the word

June 1783.

American Philosophical Society at appropriately occupying the leaf Philadelphia, April 1791. preceding the title. He afterwards Royal Academy of Sciences at published also the two first volumes Stockholm, May 178 1. of the “ Outlines of the Globe.” Royal Society at Edinburgh, Hon.

The loss of an amiable daughter, Mem. Jan. 1785. in the year 1791, had so great an Society of Antiquaries at Perth, effect upon his mind, that he was Hon. Mem. Dec. 1785. never able perfectly to recover it. Linnean Society of London, Hon. In April ensuing he had the misfor- Mem. tune to snap the patella of his knee In the writings of Mr. Pennant in descending a flight of steps. This we are not to look for any of those accident confined him long to his brilliant effusions of genius that mark room, but he recovered from it in a the pen of some of the modern nawonderful manner.

turalists and travellers. But if he Towards the latter end of the did not wossess their fire, he had the year 1796 he began to be affected more valuable requisites of untarby the pulmonary complaint, which nished principle, and a scrupulous at length terminated his life. His adherence to truth. Perseverance, mental faculties, however, still con, industry, and correctness, are their tinued in a great measure unimpaired, leading characteristics. His reading till the month of October, 1798, was extensive, particularly in the when his disorder began to wear a 'zoological branches of natural hisserious aspect. He was from this tory. He possessed a retentive metime confined to his bed, and on the mory, and a considerable rapidity sixteenth of December, closed his of composition, his works being geexistence without a groan. Conscie nerally printed, with little or no ous of approaching dissolution, he correction, as they flowed from the met the stroke with the utmost pen. composure and resignation.

As to his private character, he Thus was society deprived of one was religious without bigotry; and, of its most active, and one of its from principles the most pure and most valuable members. of the disinterested, firmly attached to the industry and talents of Mr. Pen established church. He was a steady nant, his election as ember of friend to our excellent constitution; various literary institutions, both and, when the spirit of democracy VOL. XLVI.

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with which the mania of a neighbour. the room of a nation; and if I suce ing country appeared desirous of ceed in making you a little better overwhelming our kingdom, was acquainted with modern Paris, I spreading abroad, he resisted its ef. am also of opinion, I shall have forts with all his might. In times partly portrayed the French nation. of scarcity he materially alleviated Please to favour me with your the distresses of the neighbouring arm! For what? To take a walk poor by the importation of grain. through the streets of Paris in this If he had foibles, let them be buried fine autumnal weather. You will in his grave, and let the first who is not be sorry for it. No foreigner without, draw them from thence to his should neglect such a walk; for the dispraise. To sum up the general quays, boulevards, &c. present the character of Mr. Pennant in few most entertaining spectacle from words, he was a man of upright con- morning till night. As often as the duct and the most unshaken integri- weather permitted, I rambled about ty, uniting to a good head that va on foot, stopped wherever a little luable counter part so often wanting, crowd was gathering; I looked, an excellent heart.

I listened, gaped, too, if you please, amused myself like a prince, and

often picked up a grain of experiThe Streets of Paris described; or

ence to deposit in my memory. Sketches of the Habits and Man. Behold in one place a wheel of ners of the lower Orders of Puri. sortune made of glass ; are you not sians; contained in Letters to a surprised ? Here extremes meet ; Lady, by the celebrated Drumutist one of the most enlightened nations Kot:cbuc.

of Europe, seems likewise to be the

most superstitious. At the corners My dear friend,

of every street, you find cunning The proverb, “Tell me what people, who in every possible man. company you keep, and I will tell ner allure passengers, to announce you what you are,” is, perhaps, li- to them, infallibly, what numbers able to many exceptions ; for only will be prizes in the next drawing of very independent men are at liberty the numerous French lotteries; and to choose their company: I should such a prophet has always a crowded like to propose another proverbial circle about him. This dirty wheel saying, “ Tell me how your room of fortune has a hold on the top; looks, and I will tell you what kind the ragged fellow who stands behind of man you are.” These two ex- it, has made a kind of an instruceptions inay sometimes belie the ment of the back bone of a goose, rule; but, upon the whole, I chal, which he applies to the hole with lenge every reader to look about great gravity, and almost without among his acquaintance, whether poving his lips imitates the speak. the appearance of the room does not ing of Punch, which sounds exactly frequently resemble the character of as if some little demon were sitting its inhabitant?

in the wheel, and addressing the You ask me, why this introduce auditors. If the curious draw near, tion ? My answer is, we are now the goose's bone suddenly jumps off in Paris. The capital is, as it were, the hole, and the ghostly voice in.



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vites the bystanders, whose hands doing no more than a philosopher, are already in motion, under the who, taking his chair, draws up most splendid assurances of drawing with two demonstrating fingers the the numbers which are to be prizes. curtain of futurity, as he would Two sous is the usual price of all unroll a piece of paper ? such never failing prophecies.

Let us go farther, and see this A little farther another has a brilliant inscription : the golden large board with letters exposed, chain of fate. This valuable chain tell him only your initials he im consists of ninety cases, or wrapmediately draws your name from pers of gilt paper, which are wound the board, and in a hole behind it, on a wheel, like yarn to be unfinds you all you desire to know. reeled, and turned by a blind man. This way

of divination has been You choose one of these paper cases, found too simple by a third. Be the blind man opens it, and the hold that table where all sorts of number it contains again makes neat little figures are driven round your fortune. But should you be by clock-work. At first sight, it absolutely determined not to make does not look at all like the sanctu. it in the lottery, you will at least be ary of a lottery prophet; but you curious enough to learn your fuwill soon perceive, that on the mid. ture destinies, and the past likedle pole which goes through the wise if you please. table, a zodiac is fastened over the In front of the Pont Neuf stands & puppets, in which the months are conjurer, who expressly announces inscribed and which turns round himself to be privileged by the with them. Higher up you behold police, and who has devoted his another circle bearing the ninety talent chiefly to the lottery: as numbers. Now only please to men had much rather win money, touch with your finger the puppet than look into futurity. At your you think most endowed with the gift desire the same personage opens of soothsaying: for instance, this you the book of fate for two sous, Turkish emperor who holds his scep- and with wonderous fluency of tre so majestically high; all the speech, relates to you all that has figures immediately begin to run, happened and will happen. Though the zodiac turns round, as do the twenty people, one after another, numbers, and you wait in patience different by professions, age, and for the result.

sex, should all appeal to his skill, Now the clock-work is run down, it does not put him out of countethe emperor of Turkey stands still, nance; he stares at one after the and points with his sceptre to the other, reads in their eyes and whole month of August, exactly above countenance, speaks to each for which is No. 78. Can any thing be at least two minutes, is very grave more natural and certain than that all the while, makes use of the by taking this number for this choicest terms of language, says in month, you will win great sums about an hour, (so long I imagine upon it? You laugh that people I staid), certainly not the same thing should thus seriously give them. twice over, never stops or stammers, selves up to children's play. Beg- makes a slight bow at last; asks ging your pardon, it is, in fact, for nothing, addresses those who

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follow, takes what the preceding nished by his flying devil (diable drop into his hand, and puts it into volant), copied from the devil upon his pocket without looking at it. two-sticks (diable boiteux), still he

This man, in any other situation, knows how to change his amusewould certainly have been an ex ments in a clever manner, cellent speaker. The countenances He suddenly calls a boy out of of his consulters form the most di- the crowd, who may be about ten verting part of the scene. The years of age, putting his hand on utmost devotion, perfect resigna. his head, he asks him very solemn. tion, and firm belief, are deeply ly, “ Are you married, my lad?” impressed in every feature. As the The younster stares at him and says, man always expresses himself parti. “ No.”—“ Swear then,” continues cularly relative to the past with the jester with a grutf voice, “swear such artful duplicity, he cannot that you are not married.”—The fail, with the help of his ingenious boy is obliged to hold up his hand powers of fancy, to hit the truth

and swear.

" Now I'll make thy with regard to several of his hearers. fortune.” He gives him a box and I have often remarked, with what promises to conjure so many hun. amazement people stared at him, dred louis d'ors into it. But before and how many a lady turned away he begins his hocus pocus, he very with tears in her eyes. Thus the genteelly addresses the public, saysame Parisians, who but a few ing, “ You will perhaps ask, gen. years ago carried about the goddess glemen, why with this facility of of Reason, though only on their making gold, I do not make my shoulders, believe in divination, and own fortune? 'Tis because it is surround by hundreds the first pre- already made. All that I am doing tended prophet they meet.

here, is entirely for your amuseA Frenchman possesses an inex- ment.” le now conjures the box haustible fund of polite and agree full of gold ; at least it becomes as able turns, which, though every heavy in the hand, as if there were one knows they are unmeaning, yet really gold in it. To be sure, on draw an approving smile from all opening it, nothing is found but a his hearers. There, stands a fellow stone. But, can the conjurer help twisting a puppet's coat on his fore. it, that the boy is a natural or illefinger, and sometimes letting a little gitimate child; or owes, at least, devil peep out, waving his hand his supposed legitimacy to his mo. briskly towards heaven, and ex ther having told a tale about his claiming, “ there it flies.” This flat real origin? He declares with an and stale joke he seasons very ad- arch look, that he very seidom mirably with a ready account of meets with instances of the kind; every thing the little imp will see in that such things seldom occur at Pa. his ilight over Paris ; now he sees ris; and quickly digresses to some the gun-boats on the Seine, of which other subject. he adds a pompous description; All these are only jokes for the now a young lady just rising from populace ; but they are delivered bed, whom he describes with every without decency being offended, and possible facsination. Ample as is are, indeed, not without wit. You the matter with which he is fur- will allow that a nation, among


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