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dered as perfect models of Welch bour under the hardship of keeping poetry:
He translated some of the a school, and serving a curacy, in odes of Anacreon into Welsh verse; the middle of Carn Saeson (Saxon of this attempt he modestly says, in heap, the English people), and all a letter to Mr. R. Morris, in his pe- for the paltry income of twenty-six culiarly playful manner, “ I have pounds a year.”_“I should like, lately taken a fancy. to my old ac of all things, to have him in Meriquaintance Anacreon; and as he had onethshire; but he wishes to be in some hand in teaching me Greek, I Anglesea, his native country. I am have endeavoured to make him talk told you have some interest with the in Welsh, and that in metre, too.” bishop of Bangor; if you can get His poetry consists chiefly of odes, this man a living, you will not only moral, serious, and religious; but make him immortal, but you will his most celebrated performance is a make me immortal too; and if you poem on the day of judgment, are hard-hearted enough to refuse “ Cywydd y Farn fawr.” The me immortality, when to be had on ideas in this are so grand, and it is such easy terms, I shall think you throughout so crowded with poetic very cruel. My next letter shall images, as deservedly to raise it su- bring you “Cywdd y Gem,” which perior to the works of any but a is the last poem he has written : the few of the most eminent bards. He subject is a search for happiness. had also a general knowledge of an- . Dedwyddyd (happiness) is the gem tiquities, which, from his various he has searched for in all corners of letters that are extant, he seems to the world, and after a great many have pursued with considerable ar- fine descriptions, and researches with dour.
the help of learning and philosophy, A full character of the talents and after consulting the writings of Sopoetry of Goronwy Owen was lomon and some others, he finds written by Mr. Lewis Morris to that the gem is not among those on Mr. Vaughn of Nannau, in the crowns, mitres, and caps, nor, in hopes of obtaining for him some short, does he discover it
any where preferment in the church. 66 I in the world. He then finds a book wrote to you some time ago in be- written by another son of David, half of poor Goronwy Owen, the which directs him where it is to bé greatest genius either of this age, or found, and he gives a lively de. that ever appeared in our country; scription of the conntry (heaven). and perhaps few other countries can This is the subject, but nothing can boast his equal for universal know- equal the beautiful turns and ex. ledge."--" I have two or three of pressions throughout the whole po. his poems, the best that ever were em, which renders the writer wore written in our language (the Welsh), thy not only of a paltry rectory, and such as will endure so long as but of the favour of all the men of there is good sense, good nature, sense in our country; and the per. and good learning in the world. It formance itself is not only an hois a pity, and the greatest of pities, nour to the ancient Britons, but to that such a man as this, who is not human naturo in general.”—After only the greatest of poets, but a giving some specimens of his poetry, great master of language, should la. Mr. Morris goes on :--" These lines
will last for ever, in spite of enemies Howel Dda, prince of North --neither fire nor water can destroy Wales. + them, nor will they perish till the Ile became possessed of the estate world falls to pieces, and man is no at Downing by the death of his father more." After another specimen David Pennant; and having discoverfrom one of his poems, of the song ed a rich mine of lead ore on it, he sung by the morning stars on the was enabled, by means of the emolu. creation of the world, he concludes, · ments arising from this, to make « When I see in Milton, in Dry- considerable improvements. Herc den, or in Pope, such nervous lines he principally resided. as these, and such grand expressions 66 The house itself," he informs as this poem contains, I shall ad. us, “ has little to boast of. I for. mire them as much as I do Goronwy tunately found it incapable of being Owen, and not till then."*
improved into a magnitude exceedIt is to be remarked, that in one ing the revenue of the family. It of Goronwy's letters to his friends, has a hall which I prefer to the ri. previous to his departure from this ral impropriety of a paltry vestibule; country, he laments that his friend a library; a parlour capable of conLewis Morris had taken some of. taining inore guests than I ever wish fence at his conduct, and had not to see in it at a time, septem convi. only withdrawn his attentions, but vium; novem convicium ! and a had even spoken in very disrespect. smoaking room, most antiquely fur. ful terms of him. He was himself, nished with ancient carvings, and however, superior to pique, and con the horns of all the European beasts tinued to express his gratitude and of chace. This room is now quite friendship to the last. On the death out of use, as to its original purpose. of his friend he composed an elegy, Above stairs is a good drawingbeautifully expressive of his sense of room, in times of old called the the loss of so good and useful a man. dining-room, and a tea-room, the Goronwy Owen died in Virginia, sum of all that are really wanted. I but the time of his death I have not have Cowley's wish realized,been able to ascertain.
small house and a large garden!”
The library contains, he says, a
numerous collection of books, prinMemoranda of the late Mr. Pennant. cipally of history, natural history, From the same.
and classics. “My own labours,” he
adds, “ might fill an ordinary book This indefatigable and useful room." writer was born at Bychton, in the In his IIistory of Whiteford and parish of Whitford, on the 14th of Holywell, he mentions another June, 1726. He was a lineal des house called Downing, on the opcendant from Tudor Trevor, who posite side of the Dingle, about married Angharad the daughter of three hundred yards from this man
* Letter dated 7th October 1752. It is deposited among the Plâs Gwyn MSS.
+ The name is truly Welsh, derived from pen, the head, and nant, a narrow valley, the house of Bychton, the ancient family mansion, being seated at the head of a very considerable dingle. 3
sion, the property of Thomas Tho. When Mr. Pennant was about mas, esq. Fierce feuds, as usual, twelve years old, the father of Mrs. in days of yore, raged, according Piozzi presented him with a copy of to his relation, between the two Willughby's Ornithology. This families. “These Montagues used to first gave a taste for the study of take a cruel revenge on their neigh- natural history, which he afterbour Capulet, by the advantage of wards pursued with so much avidity, a stream which ran through their and from which the world has obgrounds, in its way to our kitchen, tained so much instruction and bewhere it was applied to the turning nefit. of a spit.
“ How often,” says he, The high gratification that he de" has that important engine been rived from this delightful science, stopped before it performed half its and a desire of examining the island evolutions ! our poor Capulet swear that gave him birth, induced him, ing, lady crying, cook fuming, and about his twentieth year, to make, nurse screaming ! But
from Oxford, the tour of Cornwall.
In this expedition he obtained a To hear the children mutter,
considerable knowledge of the miWhen they lost their bread and butter, It would move a heart of stone."
neralogy of the west of England.
Not long afterwards, he went over Till the advancement of Richard the principal parts of Ireland; but Pennant, esq. in the year 1783, to such, he informs us, was the con. the title of Penrhyn, the family, viviality of the country, that his according to his own account, was journal proved as meagre as his ennever distinguished by any honours tertainment was gras; so it never beyond the most useful one, that of was a dish fit to be offered to the a justice of the peace: and "I should public.” blush,” he says, 6 if a Pennant In the year 1755 he began a corcould be found who, through lack respondence with Linnæus, which of public spirit, sloth, or selfishness, ended only when the age and infirmwould decline that great constitu. itics of that justly celebrated man tional office!”
obliged him to desist. · To the ta. The first sheriff of this house was lents of Mr. Pennant, Linnæus sub. Pyers Pennant, who discharged that scribed in the highest terms; and trust in 1612. Ile had the fortune two years after the commenceto marry the daughter of a family ment of their acquaintance, Mr. not famed for placidity, or the Pennant was, at his instance, electmilder virtues. Valde, valde, irrita- ed a member of the Royal Society bile genus! “And from them, Tom,” at Upsal. an aunt used often to tell him,
In 1761, he published his first got our passion;" and frequently work, the folio edition of his British had the wise Welsh caution, Be. Zoology. ware of a breed !
Four years after this he made a The fruits of this marriage soon short tour to the continent, during appeared, for Thomas, the eldest which he became personally acson, in a “ furor brevis,” killed his girainted with Le Compte de Buffon. miller. He was indicted for man. While in Paris, he passed much of slaughter, tried and convicted, but his time with this naturalist, and afterwards pardoned,
afterwards spent some days with set at variance by evil designing peo. him, ar his seat at Monbard, ple; and he received ample testimony
At Ferney he visited Voltaire. from several of the Scots, of their “ He happened,” says Mr. P., approbation and satisfaction. which is nearly the whole account In 1772, he performed his long. he gives of him, “ to be in good est journey; his second tour in humour, and was very entertaining; Scotland, and voyage to the He. and, in his attempt to speak English, brides ; and he returned rich in civic convinced us that he was a perfect honours, receiving the usual compli. master of our oaths and our curses." ments of every corporated town.
At Bern he commenced acquaint. The publication of this tour obtainance with Baron Haller, and at the ed the applause that it justly me. Hague with Dr. Pallas. Ilis meet. rited. ing with the latter gave rise to his It was in this journey that Mr. Synopsis of Quadrupeds, and after. Pennant became acquainted with wards, in a second edition, to his Mr. Hutchinson, of Barnard-castle, History of Quadrupeds. A work the author of the Histories of Darof this nature was commenced by ham and Cumberland. The first in. Pallas, at the desire of Mr. Pennant, terview was sufficiently whimsical: on a plan somewhat similar to that Mr. Pennant thus relates it :-61 of Ray's Synopsis ; but this gentle was mounted on the famous stones in man being invited to Petersburgh, the church-yard of Penrith, to take a by the empress of Russia, his eme nearer view of them, and see whe. ployments there did not allow him ther the drawing I had procured, sufficient leisure to carry it on : it done by the rev. Dr. Todd, had the was, therefore, transferred from least foundation in truth. Thus en. his to Mr. Pennant's hands; but gaged, a person of good appearance, from Pallas he continued to receive looking up at me, observed, ' what considerable improvements and core fine work Mr. Pennant had made rections.
with these stones !' I saw he had got In 1769 he made his first tour into a horrible scrape; so, unwil. into Scotland, a country at that time ling to make bad worse, descended, almost as little known to its south. laid hold of his button, and told him, ern brethren as Kamtschatka. He I was the man !' After his confu. published an account of his journey, sion was over, I made a short dewhich proved that the northern fence, shook him by the hand, and parts of Great Britain might be vi wc became, from that moment, fast sited with safety, and even with friends.” pleasure; and from this time Scot He made, previous to the year land has formed one of the fashion. 1778, several journies over the six able British tours. A candid ac counties of North Wales, in which count of this country was so great he collected ample materials even a novelty, that the impression was for their history. His work on this instantly bought up, and the fol- country appeared, at different pelowing year another was printed, riods, in two volumes in quarto. Of and as soon sold. By this work he its merits I am able to speak in endeavoued to reconcile the affec- terms somewhat positive, having tions of two nations which had been myself examined nearly every place
in this division of the principality up; and therefore, as the only me. that Mr. Pennant had visited. I thod he had to resort to for the circan pronounce of it, that, for accu culation of this opinion, he printed racy, it is throughout (when the the Lenitive Intention. necessary allowance is made for al The following is an enumeration terations that have taken place in of his different publications, vith the lapse of four and twenty years) their dates: almost unexceptionable. What it British Zoology, folio edition 1761 wants in elegance of style is suffici. second edition, two vols. 8vo. ently compensated by quantity of
1768 matter; and the antiquarian, the vol. iii. 8vo..... ..1769 artist, and the philosopher, may 103 additional plates, &c. 8vo. alike derive from it information and
fourth edition, three vols. 8vo. His Arctic Zoology appears to
1776 have been commenced about this vol. iv. containing worms, &c. period. At first this was designed
1777 only to comprehend the zoology Synopsis of Quadrupeds, eight vols. of North America, and it was in
1771 tended to bear that title as a colony History of Quadrupeds, being the of Great Britain. But the moment second edition of the Synopsis, that country became separated from two vols. 4to.....
.1781 us, he determined upon an alteration third edition, two vols. 4to. in his plan; taking in all the animals
1792 of the northern parts of the old Genera of Birds, 8vo.......1773 continent, he resolved to render it Indian Zoology, two vols. 4to.1779 a more general work, and therefore second edition, 4to.....1792 gave it the above title. This was so Arctic Zoology, two vols. 4to.1784 well received by the public, as to Supplement to, 4to...-.1787 be translated into German by pro second edition, two vols. 4to. fessor Zimmerman ; that part of it
1792 which relates to the north of Eu- Tour in Scotland, in 1769, 8vo.1771 rope was translated into Swedish; second edition, 8vo.....1772 and the introduction into French.
third edition, 4to.......1774 In the year 1779, when the dis- Tour in Scotland, in 1772, forming contents began to grow so high, vol. ii. 4to....
..1774 that even the little county of Flint vol. iij. 4to..... ..1775. took a share in the attempt to pro -fifth edition, three vols. 4to. cure a redress of grievances, he was
1790 desirous of rendering every assistance Tour in Wales, vol. i. 4to...1778 in his power to allay the popular vol. ii. 4to....
.1781 fury. He exerted himself among second edition, two vols. 4to. his neighbours, and reasoned some
1781 of them again into their senses. He Journey from Chester to London, also framed a speech to deliver at a 4to...
-.1782 general meeting, but when the time Account of London, 4to.....1790 arrived, such was his diffidence, that second and third editions 1791 he had not courage enough to rise Literary Life, 4to... ..1793