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687 authority to cause the catholic religi- Intion; bu on to be freclý professed, -publicly sidered evehave seen and conexercised in France; and who has sideration ig; in which con. shown his mind so anxious for increase and our condifficulties arose, ing the prosperity of that religion. them doubtfuwas on some of We have also

formed great hope, tuct. such answers juncertain : but haring undertaken this journey by and such declar:een returned, his invitation, when we shall speak der of the empe made by or to him face to face, such things may been persuaded of hat we have be effected by his wisdom for the journey for the gëlity of our good of the catholic church, which which is an object. f religion, is the only ark of salvation, that we cessary to detail in 't is unnemay be able to congratulate onro rangue, these causes fuse haselves on having perfected the work whom í have already covou, to of our most holy religion. It is not them, and whose opinipicated so much on our weak eloquence that we undertook a step or before we build that hope, as on the grace ment) we not only consul of him whose unworthy vicegerent to whom, as it was right, y we are upon earth, whose grace, the greatest weight.-Not take when invoked by holy rites, is pour- over, however, that which is & ed largely into the hearts of princes, all things necessary in importante who are rightly disposed for receive liberations, well knowing that ing the good eflects of a sacred cere. cording to the saying of Divis mony, especially when they are the Wisdom) the resolutions of mortal. fathers of their people, solicitous are weak and timid, and their foreabout their eternal salvation, and sight doubtful, even of those men determined to live and die true sons who excel most in morals and in pi. of the catholic church. For these cty, and whose speeches rise like causes, venerable brethren, follow. incense to the presence of God; ing the example of some of our pre we have therefore taken care to put decessors, who have, for a certain up the most earnest prayers to the time, left their own abode to visit Father of all light, that, directed by distant regions, to promote the in, him, we may do that only which is terests of religion, and to gratify pleasing in his eyes, and which may those princes who have deserved end in the prosperity and increase well of the church, we undertake of his church.--God is our witness, the present journey, although the before whom we have in all humi. distance, the unfavourable season lity poured forth our heart, to of the year, our advanced age, and whom we have often raised our the infirm state of our health, would hands in his holy temple, beseechhave otherwise completely deterred ing him to listen to our prayer and us from such a voyage. But we help us, that we have proposed esteem these considerations as no to ourselves nothing else than what thing, if God will but grant us the ought always' to be our object; his prayers of our heart. Nor have glory, the interests of the Catholic those things which should be before religion, the salvation of souls, and our eyes, at all escaped our mind the discharge of those apostolic befoge we formed our serious reso- functions which have been entrusted


also are

which wereasons.

You Jesus Christ, to his most glorious to us, unworthy as werable Virgin Mother, and to the blessed

our witness assisted apostle Peter, that this journey of brethren, to whom hed that

ours may be fortunate and pros. at your councils, , perfectly perous, and that it may end happily. every thing shoud, and to Which if we shall, as we hope, be known and undmmunicated able to obtain from the author of whom we have for our heart. all good, you, venerable brethren, the genuine feegreat

an object whom we have always called to Therefore, włassistance to be share with us in our councils, and is likely by " as a faithful vice- in all that concerns us, must have a completed, our Saviour, we great share in the common joy, and gerent of

in that journey, to we shall exult and rejoice in the have undg been prompted by mercy of the Lord.

The Father such strges, will, as we hope, of all bless

otsteps, and shine on this French Annual Exposé at the opening

% of religion, with the ful of the Session of the Legislative new hcreased glory:- After the Body as Paris, the 26th of Denesse of our predecessors, and cember, 1804. exqlarly the recent example of pa Pius VI. of revered memory,

Mr. Champagny. - Gentlemen, B made the same resolụtion when In consequence of the nomination,

set out for Vendosme, we inform of which information has just been ou, venerable brethren, that we given to you, I am about to have have disposed and ordered every the honour of stating to you the thing, so as that the curix, and the situation of the French empire. — hearing of causes with assistance The interior situation of France is from this holy seat, shall remain in at this day what it was in the calm. their present state, until we shall est times; no movement which can have returned, and, as we have con

alarm the public tranquillity; no sidered in our minds that the neces. crime which belongs to the remem. sity of death is imposed upon all, brance of the revolution ; every and that the day of our death is uns where useful undertakings, every certain, we have therefore thought where the improvement of public it necessary to follow the example and private property attest the pro. of our predecessors, s. rticularly of gress of confidence and of security. pope Pius VI. when he set out for — The leaven of opinion no longer Vendosme, by ordering the ponti- sharpens the spirits; the sentiments fical comitia to be held, if God shall of the general interest, the princi. please to take us away from this ples of social order, better known world, during our absence from and more refined, have attached all you.-Lastly, we beg and entreat hearts to the common prosperity. of you always to retain for me the This is what all the administrations affection you have hitherto shewn proclaim ; this is what the emperor for me, and that in our absence has witnessed in all the departinents you will commend our souls to the he has travelled through; this is all-powerful God, to our Lord what ha been just demonstrated in

the most striking manner. All the it grew weak with him, and left armics have seen themselves at once after him only chances of discord separated from their generals, all and of anarchy; it was convinced in the military corps from their chiefs; fine that there was safety, for great the superior tribunals, deprived of nations, only in hereditary power; their first magistrates; the public that it alone secured their political ministry, of its first organs; the life, and embraced in its duration, churches of their principal pastors; generations and ages.—The senate the towns, the countries, simulta. was, as it should be, the organ of neously quitted by every one who the common inquietude. Soon burst has power and influence over men's forth that wish to see the power minds; the people every where hereditary which dwelt in all hearts abandoned to their genius; and the truly French ; it was proclaimed by . people have every where shown the electoral colleges, by the armies, themselves desirous of order and of the council of state, magistrates, the the laws.-At the same moment the most enlightened men were consulted, sovereign pontiff travelled through and their answer was unanimous. France. From the banks of the The nécessity of hereditary power Po to the borders of the Seine, he in a state so vast as France, had has every where been the object of been long since perceived by the a religious homage rendered him by first consul. In vain had he resisted that immense majority, who, faith the force of principles, in vain had ful to the ancient doctrine, see a he tried to establish a system of common father and the centre of the election which might perpetuate common belief in him whom all public authority, and transmit it Europe reveres as a sovereign, raised without danger and without trou. to the thronc by his piety and his bles.—Public inquietudes, the hopes virtues.-A plot laid by an impla of our enemies, accused his work. cable government, was going to re His death was to be the ruin of his plunge France into the abyss of labours. It was till this term that fo. civil wars and of anarchy. At the reign jealousy, and the spirit of disdiscovery of that horrible plot, all cord and anarchy waited for us. France was moved ; inquietudes, ill Reason, sentiment, experience dice laid asleep, were again awakened, tated equally to all Frenchmen that and in every mind was at once found there was no certain transmission of anew, principles which have been power but tbat which was effected those of all wise men, and which without interval, that there was no were constantly ours before error tranquil succession but that which and weakness had alienated men's was regulated by the laws of nature, minds, and guilty intrigues had mis- - When such motives supported led their opinions. The nation had such pressing wishes, the determi. experienced that power divided, was nation of the first cousul could not without accord and without strength; be doubtful. He resolved then to it had been made sensible that in- accept for himself and for two of his trusted for a time, it was only pre. brothers after him, the load which carious, and permitted neither long was ii. posed on him by the necessity labours nor long thoughts; that in. of circumstances.-From his medi. trusted for the life of a single man, tations ripened by conferences with Vol. XLVI.


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the members of the senate, by dis- of Napoleon Buonaparte, in the dicussions in the councils, by the oh. rect and legitimate descendants of servations of the wisest men, was Joseph Buona parte, in the direct formed a series of dispositions which and legitimate descendants of Lonis fixes the inheritance of the imperial Buonaparte.-At that moment, Na. throne ;--which assigns to the princes poleon was, by the most just of their rights and their duties ; titles, emperor of the French ; no which promises to the heir of the other act was necessary to ascertain empire an education regulated by his rights and consecrate his authothe laws, and such that he will be rity.—But he wished to restore to worthy of his higli destinies ; France her ancient forms, to recal which designates those who, in case among us those institutions which of minority, will be called to the the Divinity seems to have inspired, regency, and marks the limits of and to impress upon the beginning their power;--which phees between of his reign the seal of religion itself. the throne and the citizens, dig- To give to the French a striking nities and offices accessible to all, proof of his paternal tenderness, the encouragements and recompences of chief of the church has been willing the public virtues ;--- vhich give to to lend his ministry to this wugust men honoured with great distinc- ceremony. What a deep and last. tions, or invested with great autho. ing impression it has left in the mind rity, julges sufficientiy great to of the emperor and in the remembend neither before their authority, brance of the nation! What connor before their distinctions ; versations for future races! and which gives to crimes against the what a subject of admiration for public safety and the interest of the Europe. Napoleon prostrate at the empire, judges essentially attached foot of the altars which he has just to the safety of the empire and to raised; the sovereign pontiff imits interests ;-which places more ploring upon France and upon him lustre and more weight in the func- the celestial benedictions, and in his tions of the legislator, more deve- wishes for the fclicity of one nation, lopement and more extent in the embracing the felicity of all nations! public discussion of the laws;--- Pastors and priests, lately divided, which recals the tribunals and their uniting with his supplications their judgments to those alicient denomi- gratitude and their voice !— The senations which had obtained the re- nators, the legislators, the tribunes, spect of ages ;-which guarantees magistrates, warriors, the admini. in fine the rights of the prince and strators of the people and those who of the people, by oaths, the eternal preside over their assemblies, conguardians of all interest. These founding together their opinions, dispositions were decreed by the their hopes and their wishes ; sorasenatus consultun of the 28th of reigns, princes, ambassadors, struck Florbal last: the French people with the grand spectacle of France have manisestel their free and inde- again seated upon her ancient founpendent will; they have expressed dations; and, by her repose, se their wish that the imperial dignity curing the repose of their country! should be hereditary in the direct, -- In the midst of this pomp, and legitimate, and adoptive descendants under the look of the Eternal, Na. 1


poleon pronouncing the immutable hands, our arsenals, our ports and oath which secures the integrity of our workshops.---At Compiegne, the empire, the stability of pro- the school of arts and trades obperty, the perpetuity of institu- tains every day new successes. That tions, the respect for the laws and which is to be formed upon the borthe happiness of the nation.— The ders of la Vendée, is expected there oath of Napoleon will be for ever with impatience, and will shortly be in the terror of the enemies and the complete activity.--Prizes have been buckler of the French. If our fron- decreed to sciences, to letters and tiers are attacked, it will be re to arts, and in a period of ten years, peated at the head of our armies, aşsigned to labours that his majesty and our frontiers will no longer wishes to recompence, he has a dread a foreign invaston.-It will be right to expect that French genius present to the memory of the dele- will bring forth new master-pieces. gates of authority, it will remind - In the department of bridges and them of the end of their labours and highways, the works begun have the rule of their duties; and though been carried on with constancy, it may not guarantee their adminis. others are in contemplation, and tration from some errors, it will every year prepares for the following insure the prompt reparation of them. years, new schemes for the prospe.

A project of a criminal code, rity of the state. But the intemfinished for these two years past, perance of the seasons had deceived has been submitted to the censure the foresight and the zeal of admin of the tribunals, and is now under- nistration ; rains and torrents have going a final disoussion in the coun- injured the roads more rapidly than cil of state. The code of procedure we have been able to repair them, and the code of commerce are still some labours have been destroyed, in the same state the labours of last others have been for a moment susyear left them in. More urgent pended, great calamities have af. cares have called on the emperor, flicted some departments, particu. and it is one of his maxims to pro- larly that of the Rhine and Moselle. pose to the deliberations of the le. A judicious prefect, interpreter of gislators, those projects of laws the intentions of the emperor, has alone which have been riperied by presented the first succour to those long and wise discussions. -The unhappy men who have been the schools of legislation are out to victims of it. His majesty has reopen; inspectors are nominated animated thcir courage by his prewho will enlighten public teaching, sence, and has consoled them by and prevent its degenerating into his benefits.--The scourge of convain and sterile proofs; the lyceums, tagion has asllicted some ncighthe secondary schools, are filing with bouring countries, the vigilance of youth eager for instruetion.-Fone administration has preserved our tainbleau has already sent forth mi. territory from it; it is rapidly dimi. litary men, who are remarked in nishing in those places where it ex. our armies for their soldierly ap- ercised its ravages.

In maintaining pearance, their knowledge, and their the measures which are still dictated respect for discipline. — The poly. by prudence and regard for the technic school peoples, with useful public health, the introduction of

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