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vernment itself is convinced of the to make his declaration as explicit contrary ; it need only remember, as possible, that it might not with that the emperor has frequently de- truth be said, that there was not a clared, that if such an accusation single government on the continent were proved against any Russian in which had the courage to raise its his employment, he would hasten to voice in the cause of justice; and punish him most severely for a crime that the Russian government might which he considers of a most heinous not be charged with having omitted nature. But the cabinet of St. Cloud to call the attention of its co-estates returned no answer to this candid to the dreadful consequences which communication, nor did it furnish must necessarily ensue from a furany proof to support its pretensions; ther neglect of order, and of those it has then no right to complain of principles on which their well being its unsupported demands not being and their security depend. It does complied with. But at the present not appear how it could be so easily moment, when Portugal was obliged proved, in the present dispute, that to purchase her neutrality ; when Russia, by protesting against a ma. Naples, to save her's, was compelled nifest violation of the law of nations, to contribute, at an enormous ex- committed beyond the limits of the pence, to the maintenance of the French republic, on a neutral terri. French troops on her own territory; tory of the German empire, by a when all Italy, especially those re- guaranteeing and mediating, power, publics that had been promised in. has thereby interfered in the internal dependence and happiness; when affairs of France, and to interfere in Swisserland and Holland were con which the emperor never had the sidered merely as French provinces; most distant idea. Every state is inwhen one part of the German em- deed competent to outlaw a person pire is occupied, while in another within its own limits; but no state part French detachments execute has a right arbitrarily to place any arrests in contempt of the sacred person out of the protection of the law of nations; at such a moment law of nations, because the latter the emperor will leave to all the does not depend upon the decrees of states alleged, nay, to the impartial any single state, but is grounded upopinion of the cabinet of St. Cloud on the unanimous will of the comitself, the decision of the question, monwealth of sovereign states. which of the two, Russia or France, Thus the French government could menaces the security of Europe? at most demand of the princes of the which of them acts on principles the German empire, in conformity to most favourable to the independence the treaty of Luneville, that the of other states? which interferes emigrants in their states, who had most in the government and internal not yet made the choice of a coun. police of other countries, and prac- try, and against whom authentic tices the most arbitrary acts against proofs could be produced, should be them ?--Although the sorrow which removed; but the French govern. the emperor felt at this alarming si- ment was by no means justified in tuation of affairs, was as notorious the invasion of those states, sword as the opinion he entertained of it, in hand, to carry off such persons by he nevertheless held himself bound main force.--It will hardly be cre.



dited, that the French cabinet could a last effort for the preservation, if (to maintain its erroneous principle) possible, of a friendly intercourse deviate so far from every requisite with France. liis majesty's sole decorum, and the regard due to wish is, that peace may revive in truth, as to allege examples which Europe; that no person may assume were altogether improper to be any anthority whatsoever over any mentioned ; that it should, in an of- other state; and that the French ficial document, recal even a father's government do acknowledge an death to the recollection of his illus- equality of rights for inferior states, trious son, in order to wound his but who are not less independent tender feelings; and that it should than France. Russia, it cannot be (contrary to all truth and to all pro- too often repeated, entertains not bability) raise an accusation against the least inclination for war, nor can another government, whom France she be benefited by it; her conduct never ceases to calumniate, merely will alone be influenced by the presbecause she is at war with it. sure of circumstances. She may, France has endeavoured in vain to however, justly presume, that the justify herself by the most extraor- French administration entertains dinary surmises and suggestions, but such an opinion of the Russian gothey cannot alter the state of the vernment, as to be convinced that present question, nor can they be the latter will not remain an idle or made to justify with effect an arbi- inditlerent spectator of any new entrary act, which annihilates the croachments. His majesty the enlcading, and hitherto undisputed, peror of Russia is not hiniself intluprinciples of the law of nations. It enced by fear, nor does he wish to is not, by any means, necessary to direct its operations to the minds of analyse the whole contents of the others. It is his desire to preserve note from the citizen minister for his former relations with France, foreign affairs, in order to be con- but upon no other ground than that vinced that it is evasive and unsatis- of perfect equality. The first confactory, if the object be considered, dition is, that the terms mutually which the emperor proposed, when agreed upon shall be sacredly ful. he, in the course of last spring, filled, and on this condition only can caused the notes to be delivered at the two states, after what has hapParis and at Ratisbon; it is also evi- peneil, enjoy their former relations dent, from the said French note, of good will and amity.--The un. that the French government rather dersigned has been ordered to de. wished to increase the emperor's just clare, that he cannot prolong his indignation, since its only object in stay at Paris, unless the following that note is, in an indecent manner, demands are previously granted:to avoid the important question 1. That, conformably to the 4th proposed, instead of offering a can- and 5th articles of the secret condid investigation of it.--The emperor vention of the 11th of October, is, however, superior to the emo. 1801, the French government shall tions of personal resentment. He order its troops to evacuate the has principally at heart the well-be- kingdom of Naples; and when that ing and tranquillity of Europe : he, is donc, that it shall engage to retherefore, does not hesitate to make spect the neutrality of that king


dom, during the present and any the same fidelity: as Russia must future war. -2. That, in confor- naturally think that the treaty is mity to the second article of the said equally binding upon the two con. convention, the French government tracting powers. If the cabinet of suall promise to establish imme- St. Petersburgh is of opinion, that it diately some principle of concert has some demands to make in conwith his imperial majesty, for re sequence of the articles IV. V. and gulating the basis upon which the VI. of the secret convention of the affairs of Italy shall be finally ad. 18th Vendemiaire, year 10, France justed.-3. That it shall engage, also claims the execution of the 3d in conformity to the 6th article of article of that treaty, which is exthe convention aforesaid, and the pressed in the following terms: promises so repeatedly given to 6. The two contracting parties, de. Russia, to indemnify, without de- sirons to the utmost of their power lay, the king of Sardinia for the to contribute to the tranquillity of losses he has sustained. Lastly,– the two respective governments, en4. That, in virtue of the obligation gage not to suffer their respective of a mutual guarantee and media. subjects to main tain any correspon. tion, the French government shall dence, direct or indirect, with the promise immediately to evacuate and enemies of the two states, or to withdraw its troops from the north propagate principles contrary to of Germany; and enter into an en their respective constitutions, by gagement to respect, in the strictest fomenting any disturbance whatsómanner, the neutrality of the Ger. ever: and that in consequence of manic body:

- The undersigned this agreement, every subject of one has to add, that he has received or of those powers inhabiting the states ders from his government to demand of the other, who shall do any thing a categorical answer to these four contrary to its safety, shall be repoints, and avails himself of this op- moved from the said country, and portunity, &c.

transported beyond its frontiers, without having any claim to the

protection of his own government.” Note from M. Talleyrand, French This article, framed with as much

Minister for Foreign Affairs, de- precision as wisdom, declares the very livered to M. D'Oubril

, Russian friendly dispositions which bouod Chargé d'Affairs at Paris. Dated the two powers at the time of form29th July, 1804.

ing this treaty. France, therefore,

did not expect that Russia would The undersigned minister for fo. grant its protection to French emi. reign afiairs has submitted to his ma- grants, by accrediting them to the jesty the emperor, the note of M. neighbouring powers of France, D'Oubril, chargé d'affaires from where they might indulge their hos. Russia, (of the 21st July, 1804.) tile dispositions against their coanThe undersigned has received orders try: nor did she expect such a conto declare, that whenever the court duct from M. Marcoff, the minister of Russia shall fulfil the articles of of Russia, who was the real cause its treaty with France, the latter of the disunion and coolness existing will be ready to execute them with between the two powers. During

his residence in Paris, he constantly of its ambition, Russia should hare encouraged every kind of intrigue been united to France, in order to that could disturb the public tran. consolidate a general peace, to requillity; and he eren went so far, establish a just balance in the four as, by his official notes, to place parts of the world, and to procure under the protection of the law of the liberty of the seas. These are nations, French emigrants, and the precise expressions of the article. other agents, in the pay of England. —Such ought to be, without doubt, -France did not expect that Russia the conduct of the two powers, reswould purposely send on a mission pecting the treaty which binds them to Paris, those officers who had ex. both; but the cabinet of Russia excited strong complaints against them, pects that France will fulfil the stias was well known to that govern- pulations to which she is engaged, ment. Strange conduct, when it is without executing those which she is considered what is the duty of all bound to perform. This is acting governments; but still more so, like a conqueror towards a vanquishwhen reference is made to the arti. ed power: this is to suppose that cle already cited.—Lastly, was the France can be intimidated by memourning which the court of Russia naces, or that she will acknowledge assumed for a man whom the tri- the superiority of any other power: bunals of France had condemned but the history of the years which for having plotted against the safety preceded the peace made with Rusof the French government, such a sia, plainly demonstrates that, that conduct as was conformable to the power has no more right than any letter or the spirit of this article?- other to assume a haughty tone toThe French government demands wards France. The emperor of the the execution of the 9th article of French wishes for the peace of the the secret convention, in which it continent. He has made all possible is stated, “ that the two contract. advances to re-establish it with Rus. ing parties acknowledge and gua. sia; he has spared nothing to mainrantee the independence and the con tain it: but with the assistance of stitution of the republic of the seven God and his arms, he is not in a si. united islands, formerly belonging tuation to fear any one. The unto Venice; and that it be agreed, dersigned requests M. le chargé d' that there shall be no foreign troops affaires of Russia to accept the as. in those islands;" an article evident. surance of his perfect consideration. ly violated by Russia, as she has

Ch. M. Talleyrand. continued to send troops thither, which she has openly reinforced, and has changed the government of Copy of the Note presented by M. that country without the consent of

d'Oubril, the Russian Chargé d' France.-France also demands the

Affaires, to the Minister for Foexecution of the second article of the

reign Affairs. same convention, the evident applic cation of which should have been,

Paris, Aug. 2812, 1804. that instead of manifesting such a The undersigned chargé d'affaires partiality for England, and of be- of his majesty the emperor of all the coming, perhaps, the first auxiliary Russias, in answer to the note


transmitted to him by the minister of submitting to make sacrifices, for foreign affairs, feels it incum. and that it became necessary to asbent on him to confine himself to a certain those sacrifices, for the pur. recapitulation of that conduct which pose of settling the indemnities that his august master has constantly were to compensate for their losses, held towards the French govern, the emperor consented to become ment, the plain exposition of which a joint mediator with the French will sufficiently demonstrate the na government, in the cordial hope, ture of the reciprocity which he has that the act of mediation would scal in his turn experienced from that the tranquillity of the continent.power.

From the moment that The completion of this salutary his majesty ascended the throne, he work allowed his imperial majesty laboured with all his care to renew. to turn his attention to the engage. the good intelligence which had for- ments which France voluntarily enmerly prevailed between France and tered into at the period of her con. Russia. His imperial majesty, in clusion of her peace with Russia. anticipating the explanations which His majesty having scrupulously were to produce a solid and perma. fulfilled those which he entered into nent understanding between the two with France, had a right to expect countries, was happy in the pere that the French government would suasion, that he would by that means also have shewn itself anxious to effectually contribute to the general equal his punctuality, and to perpacification of Europe; the tranquil. form its own obligations. How. lity of which had been too long dis ever reasonable this expectation was, turbed by the events which occa it has never been realised ; and the sioned the war that was terminated French government, so far from by the treaty of Luneville. The shewing any disposition to fulfil readiness which his majesty shewed them, has taken no little pains, if to make peace with the French go- the undersigned may use the expresvernment, at the time it was at war sion, to retard their accomplishwith several other powers—the re ment. The king of Sardinia, who newal of the former treaty of com- has been wholly deprived of his merce, which was entirely to the possessions in Italy, by the union advantage of France—the good of. of Piedmont to France, has still to fices of Russia in bringing about a look for that indemnity which the reconciliation between the republic cabinet of the Thuilleries had soand the Ottoman Porte, are all con- lemnly pledged itself to Russia to vincing proofs of the disposition of allow him, and which the latter has his majesty, and of his wishes to continually demanded.—The king neglect nothing on his part, which of Naples, who was freed for a could tend to consolidate that con. short time from the presence of a nexion which he hoped might ex French army in his kingdom, be. ist for ever.--- Since that period, holds it again occupying his pro. when, in consequence of the mis. vinces, under a pretext the nature fortunes which Germany experienc- of which is not known to his im. ed in the course of the war, and perial majesty ; and he is consethat many members of the Germanic quently placed out of the line of inbody were put under the necessity dependent states.

The represen


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