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Russian Chargé-d'Affairs, Mr. event, which has spread consterna. Oubril; relative to the Occur. tion through all Germany. His imrences at Ettenheim, where the perial majesty has held it to be his Duke D'Enghuien was seized. Da- duty, as guarantee and mediator of ted Paris, April 20, 1804. the peace, to notify to the states of

the empire, the manner in which he According to the orders which views an action which endangers the undersigned Chargé-d'Affairs of their security and independence.his imperial majesty the emperor of The Russian resident at Ratisbon all the Russias has received from his has, in consequence, received orders court, he hastens to inform the mi. to deliver in a note to the diet, and nister of the French republic, that to represent to it, and to the head his illustrious master has learned, of the empire, the necessity of rewith equal astonishment and con monstrating to the French governcern, the event that has taken placement against this violation of the at Ettenheim, the circumstances that German territory. His imperial have attended it, and its melancholy majesty holds it in like manner to result. The concern of the empe- be his duty to notify his sentiments ror on this occasion is the more live- directly to the French government, ly, as he can by no means reconcile by the undersigned, as his majesty the violation of the territory of the is assured, that the first consul will elector of Baden to those principles hasten to attend to the just remonof justice and propriety which are strances of the German political bo. held sacred among nations, and are dy, and feel the pressing necessity the bulwark of their reciprocal rela- of taking the most active measures tions. His imperial majesty finds in to relieve all the governments of this act a violation of the rights of Europe from the alarm he must nations, and of a neutral territory, have occasioned to them, and put which, at least, was as arbitrary as an end to an order of things too it was public; a violation, the con. dangerous to their safety and future sequences of which are difficult to independence. estimate, and which, if considered The undersigned hereby fulfils the as admissible, must entirely annihi. commands of his illustrious master, late the security and independence and avails himself of this opportuof sovereign states. If the German nity to communicate to the citizen empire, after the misfortunes it has minister for foreign affairs, the as. suffered, which have made it sensibly sivrance of his high esteem. feel the necessity of tranquillity and repose, must still be in fear for the integrity of its territory, could it Note transmitted by the French Mi. have been expected that this should

nister for Foreign Rclations to the have originated on the part of a go Imperial Russian Chargé d'.4fvernment which has laboured to se

faires, dateil May 10ih, 1804, cure to it peace, and imposed on it.

and signed Ch. Mau. Talleyrand. self the duty of guaranteeing its continuance. All these considerations I have laid before the first con. have not permitted the emperor to sul the note of the 20th of April, pass over in silence this unexpected which you did me the honour to


transmit to me. The first consul which Russia may be divided, his observes, with regret, that the in- imperial majesty can have no right fluence of the enernies of France to meddle with the parties or opi. has prevailed in the cabinet of St. nions between which France may Petersburgh, and that it now puts be divided. In the note, sir, which at hazard the good understanding you have delivered, you r-quire--which was established with so much c. That France should employ the pains, and which appeared to be so most efficacious means to tranquil. well confirmed by the happy effects lize the different governments, and which it has produced. His majesty to let an order of things cease in the emperor of Germany, and his Europe, which is too alarming for majesty the king of Prussia, who their security and independence.” undoubtedly are the two powers the But is not this independence of the most concerned in the fate of the states of Europe attacked, if it German empire, have understood appear that Russia protects and that the French government was maintains, at Dresden and at Rome, sufficiently authorized to arrest, at authors of plots who seek to abuse two leagues distance from her fron. the privilege of their residence, for tier, French rebels who conspired the purpose of disquieting the neigh. again their own country, and who, -bouring states ? and if the Russian by the nature of their plots, as well ministers at most of the courts of as by the terrible evidence which Europe pretend to place under the corroborated them, had placed them. protection of the law of nations, selves out of the protection of the persons who are natives of that very law of nations. The German princes country where those ministers rehaving thus been satisfied, the first side, as M. de Marcoff wanted to consul would have nothing to say do at Paris with a Genevese? These to the emperor of Russia on a point are real infringements of the inde. which does not in the least concern pendence of the states of Europe ; his interest; but he will always these are the very infringements be happy to speak to his majesty which ought to excite their vigor. the emperor of Russia, with that ous remonstrances. The circumopenness which Europe knows he stance against which an outcry is possesses, which only is becoming raised, is of a very different nature. great and powerful states. If it be -By the treaty of Luneville, Gere the intention of his majesty to form many and France had mutually ena new coalition in Europe, and to gaged to allow no assylum to any recommence the war, what need of those men who could disturb is there for empty pretences; and their respective tranqu:llity. The why not act more openly? Much emigrants who resided at Baden, at as the renewal of hostilities would Friburg, at Dresden, &c. were by grieve the first consul, he knows that treaty not to be suffered in the no man in the world that could put German empire; and this circum. France in fear; no man whom he stance shews what real impropriety would suffer to interfere in the in, there was in the conduct of Russia. ternal concerns in the country; and -France requires of her to remove since he himself does not meddle emigrants who were in the employe with the parties or opinions between ment of Russia, at the time when



the two countries were at war,

from Foreign Affairs. Paris, · July 'countries where they rendered them

21st, 1804. selves conspicuous only by their intrigues ; and Russia insists upon The note, which the citizen mi. maintaining them there; and the nister of foreign affairs transmitted remonstrance she now makes, leads to the undersigned chargé d'affaires to this question :—If, when Eng- from his majesty the emperor of land planned the murder of Paul I. all the Russias, he did not fail to (supposing intelligence to have been transmit to St. Petersburgh; but received, that the authors of the the undersigned has to declare, plot were at a leaguo from the fronthat his court greatly disapproved tier), would not pains have been his receiving a paper, which did not taken to arrest them ?. The first answer his preceding official comconsul hopes that his imperial ma- munications, and was by no means jesty, whose excellent mind and calculated to be laid before his aunoble character are so well known, gust sovereign.

The said paper, will sooner or later perceive that however, at length came under the there are men who avail themselves notice of his imperial majesty, who of every means to raise enemies to saw, with surprise, that its contents France, and who thereby seek to consist altogether of such assertions make a diversion, and rekindle the as are not only unfounded, but also flames of a war, which is advantage. wholly unconnected with the note ous only to England. This war of the 22d April. The emperor, alwill never take place with the first ready moved by the calamities which consul's consent; but whosoever may oppress a great part of Europe, and declare it against him, he shall ever by the dangers which threaten the prefer it to a state of things which German empire, whose interests should tend to destroy that equality Russia is particularly bound to supbetween great powers, which tend port, in conformity to her obligato the detriment of France. And tions, received intelligence of anoas he does not arrogate to himself ther recent violation of the law of any superiority, and does not in- nations, which was perpetrated at terfere with any operation of the Ettenheim; he, therefore, thought Russian cabinet, he demands a per. himself bound to invite the assembled fect reciprocity in this respect. I states of the German empire, and continue, sir, firmly to hope, that the German princes, to concur with declarations so candid will be fully hin in jointly protesting against the appreciated by your court, and that French government, to whom his they will tend to dispel the clouds majesty communicated the same sen. which malice spreads between our timents, in hopes that it would recountries with a success greatly to pair the insult offered to the German be lamented. Accept, sir, the as. league, and allay the fears of Eu. surance of my perfect estcem, &c. rope for the repetition of similar

outrages.-- The French government

could not avoid to return an answer Note presented by M. d'Oubril, to this plain declaration from his

Russiun Chargé d'Affaires at Pa jesty the emperor; but the eva. ris, to the French Minister of sive reply which was made is offen

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sive to Russia, to the German cm. of harmony, which the emperor has pire, and to France herself; it im- preserved merely by his moderation, pairs the good understanding which and which he desired to preserve for she declares her wish to preserve,

No person, and the French but the effects whereof Russia has government least of all, can mistake not hitherto perceived. We live the views of the cabinet of St. Pe. no longer in those barbarous times tersburgh, since his imperial majesty when every country regarded only so explicitly declared, even before her immediate interest; modern po- the present war, how necessary it lity, founded upon the law of na was to labour for the consolidation tions, has introduced certain princi- of peace; to prevent new revolutions ples respecting the interest of the in Europe, to avoid carefully every whole community of states. No cause for mistrust, and to let every state could view with indifference the state quietly enjoy its independence. event already mentioned, which At the same time, Russia disclosed gave such a dreadful blow to the in- to the French cabinet, how much dependence and security of nations. she desired that this latter power By the peace of Teschen, Russia un. might contribute to consolidate the dertook to guarantee and mediate present order of things; that it for the German empire; in this qua. should, by its moderation and disim lity his imperial majesty was not terestedness, give a hope to the merely justified in raising his voice other states of Europe, that every on this occasion, but was absolutely government could at last (aster the bound to do it. The French go- unhappy war, which cost so much vernment, bearing a similar quality, blood) derote itself, with safety and takes the liberty of violating the quiet, to the happiness of the people neutrality of Germany, and to entrusted to it. Far from desiring act arbitrarily on that territory. It to rekindle the flames of war on the is dificult to conceive how his impe- continent, his Russian majesty most rial majesty should be incompetent ardently wishes to stitle those tiames to stand up for the German empire, every where; but his majesty harthe security and independence of bours this particular wish, that the which he has guaranteed.---It would French government, as it pretends to be in vain to attempt to explain the same desire, would let those naotherwise the conduct of Russia, tions alone, who wish nothing more whose motives are so evident, or to fervently than to avoid taking a part discover therein the influence of the in the present troubles:- This was enemies of France; its sole motive is the only (though unfortunately for the wretched condition to which the the cause of humanity, it proved an French government, by its influence, ineffectual) wish of Russia, which has reduced Europe. Should Rus- never deviated from those principles; sia propose to establish a coalition, every step she took with the French for the purpose of renewing the war government, which she constantly on the continent, it would not at all referred to treaties already con. be required to seek any unfounded cluded, had no other view. Upon cause for it. The French govern. the same ground she proposed to act ment has long given too much and as a mediator between France and too just cause for breaking the bands England, but was not accepted.-



Since the renewal of the war, the structions than Russia did in the French government thinks itself present circumstances. If this concompetent to occupy those coun. duct be not upright; if it can be tries, and deprive them of their com- considered as hostile to France, or merce which in vain appeal to their as an attack on the welfare and neutrality; his imperial majesty was tranquillity of the German empire, thereby alarmned, not indeed on his then there is no longer any difference own account, since, from the actual existing between manifest encroach. situation and power of his empire, ments on the one part, and that just his majesty can remain a quiet spec- indignation which the other part tator of those distressing scenes; but must consequently feel; between athe was alarmed for the security of tack and defence; between the opthe other states of Europe. His pression and protection of the weak. majesty repeatedly urged with the — The undersigned will not, in this French government, but always in place, examine, by the law of naeffectually, that those countries at tions, the question, whether the least should be permitted to remain French government be justified in neutral, whose neutrality France persecuting, in every country, those and Russia had guaranteed by mu persons whom it has exiled from tual treaties; his majesty also re. their own, and in prescribing to fopeatedly disclosed his sentiments reign powers the manner in which with respect to those states that are they shall be permitted to treat or already in danger of sharing the fate to employ the late emigrants, whom of Italy, of a part of Germany, and they may have adopted for their of the other countries which France subjects, or employed in their serhas already got in her possession. vice. Such a tenet is at variance Meanwhile the emperor saw, in with every principle of justice; nay, spite of all his exertions and remon. with those principles which the strances, the danger increasing daily; French nation has so solemnly proFrench troops, on the one side, oc- claimed. To suppose that Russia cupying the coasts of the Adriatic; attacks the independence of the on the other, levying contributions states of Europe, because she will on the Hanse Towns, and menacing not permit a person in her employDenmark; consequently, his impe- ment abroad to be appointed somerial majesty has resolved, as the the. where else at the will of the French atre of war approaches his frontier, government, were to confound all to establish a military force, which ideas and words; or because she shall be adequate to put a stop to claims another person, who is a nafurther encroachments. The fact is turalized Russian, and has just now notorious to all Europe ; the empe. been delivered up by another state, ror was particularly desirous that it without any previous trial, and conmight not remain unknown to the trary to every appearance of justice. French government, and the mutual -- Never did the emperor protect explanations always referred to the conspirators; his noble and upright same objects. Never then did any character is too well known to all government act more candidly, or Europe to require an elaborate con. for a purpose which requires less se- tradliction of this assertion, as false cresy, or is subject to less false con as it is indecent. The French go


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