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letters which I received on their London, saw the vessels of his nahearing the news of this conspi- tion, brought into English ports, racy, discovered how great was during the time of peace, had reathe consternation among all classes son to expect that a war preceded of the citizens, and subsequent ones by such a flagrant violation of the testify the general felicity on hear common principles of justice, and ing that this plot has been com of the rights of nations, would be pletely crushed

carried on with little delicacy as to (Signed) Abel. the choice of means. It is with

governments, as with individuals,' Answer of the Minister of the Lan. when once the barriers of justice

grate of Hesse Darmstadt. have been broken down, power is Citizen Minister,

the only guide, and neither know I have hastened to transmit to my where to stop their career. Al. court the letter with which your though the history of every nation excellency has honoured me, and a attested this melancholy truth it copy of the report of the grand was still difficult to conceive the judge with the printed letters, au- possibility of an event, such as is thentic papers of the minister of his detailed in the reports you have

Britannic majesty at Munich.- transmitted to me, and it has been - Every honest man must be deeply reserved for the present age to fur.

afflicted on discovering that Mr. nish so fatal and daring an attempt. Drake has so far forgotten what he -If the facts developed in this corowes to the dignity of his public respondence inspire the deepest afcharacter and to himself, as to be. fliction in the breast of every indi. come the author of the vile conspi. vidual capable of calculating the racy against the French republic fatal consequences arising from the and its angust chief.--I am per. abuse of one of the most sacred and suaded that the opinion of the first respectable of characters, how poigconsul relative to the diplomatic nant must be the sensations of one corps will be fully justified by each who is invested with this character, of its members, and I hope in re- and who has endeavoured, by an gard to myself that, after a resi. adherence to his own duties, to acdence of many years, the respectful quire a right to that respect, proattachment which I have always tection, and inviolability, which the entertained for the person of the laws of nations assure him.--The first consul is so well known to your Batavian ambassador, the minister excellency, that you need no as- of a nation renowned in all ages for surances to be convinced of the sen. its justice and incorruptibility, to timents of indignation and horror whom loyalty has become habitual, with which the dishonourable con- and which observes a religious re. duct of Mr. Drake has inspired me. spect for the laws of nations, must,

(Signed) Augustus de Pappenheim. in the present case, feel a douParis, March 26, 1801.

ble portion of the general indigna.

tion. Answer of the Batavian Minister.

(Signed) Citizen Minister,

Schimmelpennick. The ambassador, who while at Paris, March 26, 1804. 1


Answer of the Minister of the Grand to say that he died of strangulation. Master of Malta.

They state, they found a black silk Sir,

handkerchief about his neck, through, I hasten to inform your excellen. which was passed a small stick for. cy, thai I have received your letter ty-five centimeters long, and from of the 31st Germinal, with a copy four to five centimeters in circumof the report of the grand judge, ference; which stick, forming relative to the conspiracy designed a tourquinet of the cravat, was by Mr. Drake, his Britannic majes. stopped by the left jaw, on which ty's minister at the court of Mu- he lay, with one end of the stick nich. I shall immediately transmit under, and this produced a degree the communication to his highness of strangulation sufficient to occathe grand master of the order of St. sion his death. They then remarkJohn of Jerusalem : his attachment, ed, that the stick had rested by one his profound devotion, as well as of its ends on the left cheek, and that of the order over which he pre- that by moving round irregularly, sides, to the interests of France, it had produced a transversal scratch and the august person of the first of about six centimeters. The face consul, are such, that he will feel was discoloured, the jaw was locked, the greatest horror and indignation and the tongue was pressed betwixt when he hears of this odious plot. the teeth. The discolouration (e re

(Signed) The Bailiff of Ferrete. mossé), extended over the whole Puris, March 26, 1804.

body. The extremities were cold. The muscles and fingers of the hand

were stronghy contracted. Their Oficiul Account of the Death of Pic opinion, therefore, was, from all

chegru, extracted from the Moni. they saw in the position of the bo. teur, or French Official Journul, dy, and the idea they had formed of the 8th of April, 1804. respecting it, that the body was the

corpse of the ex-general Pichegru, The following is the substance of and that he was guilty of suicide.-the juridical reports connected with Citizen Sirot, one of the gens d'armes the suicide of Pichegru: citizens d'élite, was stationed near the cham. Soupe, Didier, Bousquet, Brunet, ber of general Pichegru, in the temLes vignes, and Fleury, surgeons ple. He had heard a considerable appointed by the criminal tribunal degree of struggling and noise, but to inspect the body of the ex-gene. imagined that the prisoner laboured ral Pichegru, and to state what was under a great degree of difficulty of the cause which gave rise to his breathing. He did not, however, death, unanimously declared–That think that there was any thing which (on the 6th of April) from the required his particular assistance. temple, they were conducted into Citizen Lapointe was near the same the chamber where Charles Piche. spot. He awaked about 4 o'clock gru, the ex-general, was contined. in the morning, but heard no parti. On arriving in the chamber they cular noise. Citizen Fauconnier, found a male corpse. After de keeper of the tower of the Temple, scribing his person, and what ap- deposed, that at half-past seven in peared to them his age, they go on the morning, (of the 6th of April) 3




citizen Popon, Pichegru’s ke per, feel it as much our duty, as it is went to light his fire in the usual our anxious wish, to make known

lle was astonished at not to their our entire gratitude. The hearing hinn either speak or stir. number of those worthy persons to He went immediately to colonel whom our thanks are due, heing too Ponsard, the commander of the gens great to permit us to address ourd'armerie, and informed him of what selves to each in particular, we have had taken place. Thuriot, the ac. requested the minister of the king, cuser-general, was then informed of who is the head of the Bourbous, to the circunstance. A medical per- express, as perfectly as it is possia

was instantly sent for, and ble, to those emigrants, so worthy all necessary instructions were given of the cause they support, how seaat the request of the accuser-genc- sible we are of the generous and disa ral. Citizen Popon, principal door- tinguished manner in which they keeper of the hall of justice in the have mingled their regret with onrs, Temple, stated that at half-past se in the august and nowntul cere. ven o'clock on the morning of the mony of yesterday*. We there ore 6th of April, he went into general beseech you, sir, in concert with Pichegru's chamber for the purpose to be the interpreter of our of lighting the fire. Not hearing just and lively gratitude, which will him either speaking or stirring, and never be extinguished in our hearts dreading that some accident had ta- but with our breath, which will terken place, he hastened to appriseminate at once our suferings, and citizen Fauconnier. He adds that our unfortunate race. the key of Pichegru's chamber was you, sir, our particular thanks for taken away by him, inmediately your care of the ceremony of yesafter supper the preceding evening, terday; and we beg you to rest asand that it had remained in his pocket surud of our gratitude, and of the till the time he went to light the fire sentiments of perfect esteem and sinin the morning.

cere friendship for you with which we have long been penetrated.

(Signed) Copy of the Prince of Conde's Lelter,

Louis Joseph De Bourbon. conveying his Thanks to the Emi.

&c. &c. &c. grants for their public Expression of their Cuncern at the Murder of the Duke D'Enghuien. Vunstcad. Note from Francis Drake, Esq. House, April 27, 1801.

English Minister at Alunich, to

Baron de Montgelas, the BavaThe excess of our grief, sir, has rian Minister of State, dated not prevented my son and me from Junich, 30th of March, 1804. feeling, as we ought, the generous interest which all the faithful emi. The undersigned envoy extraorgrants have taken in the great loss dinary from his Britannic majesty, we have recently sustained. We has been informed, that his elec

We owe to


The solemn Mass which was celebrated at St. Patrick's chapel, Soho-Square, in memory of this event. Vide Chronicle, p. 384.


toral highness has been pleased, lar exercise of rigour, against those at the requisition of the French go- respectable, and already so very onvernment, to give a hint to all no. fortunate persons, would form a blemen, who quitted France during rueful example of the fate awaiting the revolution, and may now be those who, in a moment of danger, found in his dominions, to leave the are inclined to remain true to their same within ten days, without ex lawful sovereign; and which examcepting those who are dependent on ple may induce them to swerve from the British government. Although their duty at the very moment when this account appear to be tolerably a sovereign stands most in need of authentic, the undersigned cannot the efforts and actual proofs of their give, any credit to it, without re- , attachment. The undersigned has, ceiving a confirmation thereof from therefore, the honour to request his excellency Baron Montgelas, as baron Von Montgelas to clear up he is too well convinced of the just his doubts on this subject, and to and generous sentiments of his elec- inform him, whether the measure toral highness, to believe that his in question will extend to the offi. highness could have consented to cers of the late Condean army, who such a demand from a power, which are attached to the British governhas formally declared, by the 4th ment, that he may be enabled to acarticle of its own constitution, that quaint his court thereof, and to there are not any relations lest ex. await the commands of his sovereign isting between it and the persons accordingly." The undersigned avails against whom that measure is sup- himself of this opportunity to reposed to be taken : this deprives it quest baron Von Montgelas to acof the right to assume any authority cept the assurances of his most par. with respect to them; a principle ticular regard, &c. which your excellency owned yourself, at a time when it was in agitation to prohibit in this country the Note from the same to the same. decorations of the French monarchy. Dated Munich, 31st of March, The undersigned is the more justi.

1804. fied in his supposition, that he must have been misinformed on this sub. I have just received a notice of so ject, as knowing how sorely the very extraordinary a nature, but feeling heart of his electoral high, which is so important of itself, and ness must be afilicted, if obliged to for the consequences which may reexercise any rigour towards persons, sult from it, that though I am very against whom no cause of reproach far from crediting it, I think it a can be alledged; unless it be a re- duty I owe to my sovereign, to proach, that they have shown them- whom my person and services beselves so firmly devoted to their du- long, as well as to his highness the ties, and to that sovereign house elector himself, immediately to inwith which his electoral highness for- form your excellency thereof. The merly stood connected, in so many said notice is in substance to the respects. The undersigned is more- following purport: that a seisure of over convinced, that it could not the British ministry at Munich is in escape the enlightened wisdom of agitation, in the manner of that his electorial highness, that a simi. which took place with respect to his


highness the duke of Enghuien, at the annexed printed papers, and to Ettenheim, in the territory of the state to hin that the originals, in Mr. elector of Baden, but with this dif- Drake's own hand-writing, are now ference, that the second seizure will before him! His electoral highness, not be effected by a body of troops, penetrated with grief at the discobut by men secretly sent to Munich, very that his capital has been the and its neighbourhood, by different central point of a correspondence, roads. With respect to the moment which is so inconsistent with the and particulars of the execution, I mission which his excellency Mr. have no detailed accounts; and I Drake was invested at this court; own to your excellency, that the and he owes it to his dignity and to difficulties of the enterprise appear- the welfare of his subjects, to deed to me from the first too great, clare, that from this moment it is the project itself too extravagant, impossible for him to have any comand at the same time too dreadful, munication with Mr. Drake, or to re. to be fully convinced of its exista ceive him at his court. Already two ence : on the other hand, it cannot of his electoral highness's subjects, be concealed, that the example of who are compromised in Mr. events which have very recently oc

Drake's correspondence, are arrestcurred, as it were, under our eyes, ed at Munich, because they have are little calculated to inspire confi- acted in a manner inconsistent with dence. However this may be, and the law of nations. The undersignlittle as this notice has affected me

ed is likewise charged to declare, personally, yet it appears to me, that his electoral highness knows that I should be transgressing the too well the noble and magnanimous duties which my post, as a public sentiments of his Britannic majesty minister, requires, if I neglected in. and the English nation, to suppose forming your excellency thereof that their conduct on this occasion forth with, that you may be enabled can be liable to the smallest reproach. to take in time such measures as the They will hasten to declare them. case may requirc, and to avert, by selves directly to his majesty, and to proper acts of precaution, the un. deposit in his bosom the profound pleasant result which might arise, grief they feel, while they withdraw even from the attempt to execute a

their confidence from the minister, design of this nature.

who was appointed to represent his excellency to accept the assurance, majesty at this court. The elector &c.

is perfectly convinced that his Bri. tannic majesty will, on this occa.

sion, necessarily so painful to him, Note from the Baron de Montgelas,

sec a new proof of the high esteem Minister of the Elector of Bu- he entertains for his majesty, and of varia, to Mr. Druke, the English that good will of which he has given Minister to Bavariu. Dated Mu so many proofs to the electoral

house. nich, March 31, 1804.

I beg your

The undersigned, &c. has the express command of his electoral high. Note presented to the French Minisness, to communicate to Mr. Drake ter of Foreign Affairs, by the Vol. XLVI.



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