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agents of corruption, the mission. was conducted in the greatest order, aries of revolt against all establish- and executed with the greatest proed governments, are the enemies of priety. It is reported that general all states, and of all governments. de Caulincourt and Levat have The law of nations does not exist themselves returned to Otienbourg. for them. I have fulfilled my duty, During the whole of the morning of citizen first consul, in exposing to yesterday the passage of the Rhine your view, the facts, which prove, was shut. Nobody was permitted that Drake and Spencer Smith ex to cross the river, even with pass. ercise upon the continent the same ports. About mid-day the column mission with which Wickham was of Offenbourg again entered our caarged during the last war. Your city by the citadel, after having supreme wisdom will do the rest.* committed to the commandant their
prisoners, the number of whom
amounted to about fifteen. They Account of the Arrest of the Duke are provisionally detained. Among
D'Enghuien, from the French them are the baron de Reich, and Official Paper, the Moniteur.- the abbé d'Eymar. On the same Strasburgh, March 16, 1804. night another column of our troops,
composed of infantry, of cavalry, On the evening of the 14th in- of artillery and gend’armes, crossed stant, general de Caulincourt, aid. also the Rhine at Rhenau, about six de-camp of the first consul, lately leagues distance from this upon the arrived here, caused the gate leading road to Brisack. We are assured, into Germany to be opened, and that their object was to reconnoitre passed through it with general Le- the city of Ettenheim, and to arrest vat, of the fifth military division, tu. such conspirators as might be found wards the right bank of the Rhine. there. Besides, by the consent of A little before this a body of infan, the court of Baden, a counsellor of try, and a strong division of the re- Baden arrived here the day before giment of cavalry lying in garrison yesterday; and during the two last at this city, besides a division of the days, several couriers had been disnational guard, had been stationed patched to Carlsrhue, and had rem on the banks of the Rhine. They turned. Kehl is already evacuated crossed this river in the night, and by our troops, and the communicadirected their march through Kehl tion has been again established since to Offenbourg, which was immedi- yesterday. Yesterday morning were ately perceived by our troops. arrested here about ten persons, who Their commandant ordered to be are said to be implicated in the conspipointed out to him the habitations racy. Among them are the ci-deof the emigrants who resided there, vant count of Toulouse Lautree, mawhom they wished to seize. They dame de Klengling, sister-in-law of were immediately put under arrest. the general of that name, the curé Some of this description were arrest. of Erobheim, and others, mostly ed also at Kehl. This expedition emigrants who had returned. There
* Here follows, in the original, the proofs referred to, but which, from their great
length, we cannot insert.
was also arrested here about mid. law, met according to appointment. day, general Desnoyes, who had pre- By the orders of the general in sided three years ago in the council chief, governor of Paris, the comof war, which acquitted the accom- mission was opened at the castle of plices of Pichegru. Madame La Vincennes, in the house of the com. jolais, the brother of the ex-general mander of the place, for the prirpose Lajolais, Demongés and his wife, of proceeding in the trial of Louis have been conducted to Paris under Antoine Henry de Bourbon, duke the escort of the gendarmerie. The d'Enghuien, born at Chantilly the most conspicuous person arrested on 2d day of August, 1772; of light this occasion is the duke d'Enghuien, hair and eye-brows, black eyes, son of the duke of Bourbon, and small mouth, aqueline nose, and of grandson of the prince of Condé. a handsome figure. The accusa
tions against him included six
charges; which six charges were as Official Report of the Trial of the follows:-He was accused, First:
Duke d'Enghuien, at l'incennes, of having carried arms against the Paris, March 21, 1805.
French republic. Second: of hav.
ing offered his services to the EngSpecial military commission con lish government, the enemy of the stituted in the first military division, French people. Third: of receis. in virtue of a decree of the govern- ing and having, with accredited ment, dated the 29th Ventôse (20th agents of that government, proof March) in the year twelve of cured means of obtaining intelli. the republic, one and indivisible.. gence in France, and conspiring
Judgment. In the name of the against the internal and external seFrench republic, this 30th Ventôsecurity of the state. Foarth : that he (March 21) in the 12th year of the was at the head of a body of French republic.—The military and special and other emigrants, paid by Eng, commission formed in the first mili- Jand, formed on the frontiers of tary division, in virtue of a decree of France, in the districts of Fribourg the governmont, dated the 29th and Baden. Fifth : of having at. Ventôse (March 20), composed, tempted to foment intrigues at Stras. agreeably to the law of the 19th burgh, with a view of producing a Fructidor, (Sept. 6), in the year rising in the adjacent departments, five, of seven members, consisting of for the purpose of operating a di. citizens Hulen, gen. of brigade, version favourable to England. Guiton, col. com., Bazancourt, col. Sixth : that he was one of those com., Ravier, col. com., Barrois, concerned in the conspiracy planned col. com., Rabbe, col. com., d’Au- by the English for the assassination tancourt, capt. Major, Molin, capt. of the first consul, and intending, in
- The whole of these were named case of the success of that plot, to by Murat, the general in chief, go- return to Franco. The commission vernor of Paris, and commander of being opened, the president ordered the first military division. The said the officer appointed to conduct the president, members reporting, capt. accusation, to read all the papers and register, neither being relations which went either to the crimina. nor persons connected within the tion or the acquittal of the prisoner. degrecs of aflinity prohibited by the After the reading of these papers
was finished, the accused was intro. the republic, and of conspiracy duced by the guard, free and unfet. against the external and internal setered, before the commission. He curity of the republic. This sen. was interrogated as to his name, tence is pronounced in conformity surname, age, place of birth, and to the second article, title four, of bode. In
answer, he stated, the military code of offences and that his name was Louis Antoine punishments passed on the 11th of Henry de Bourbon, duke d'EngJanuary, in the year 5, and the sehuien, aged 32 years ; that he was cond section of the first title of the born at Chantilly, near Paris, and ordinary penal code, established on that he had left France in the year the 6th of October, 1791, described 1789.–After the president had in the following terms:-Art, II, finished his interrogatories respect. (11th Jan. year 5). Every indivi. ing all the points contained in the dual, whatever be his state, quality, accusation, and after the accused or profession, convicted of acting as had urged all that he could alledge a spy for the enemy, shall be sen. in his defence, the members were tenced to the punishment of death. next asked if they had any observa. Art. I. Every one engaged in a plot tions to offer on the subject? They or conspiracy against the republic, all replied in the negative, and the shall, on conviction, be punished accused was ordered to be taken with death.—Art. II. (6th Octo. out of court, and conducted back ber, 1791). Every one connected to the prison. The officer con- with a plot or conspiracy tending to ducting the prosecution, and the re- disturb the tranquillity of the state, gister, as well as the auditors, were by civil war, by arming one class of then ordered to withdraw by the citizens against the other, or against president. The court deliberated the exercise of legitimate authority, for some time, with closed doors, on shall be punished with death.–Or. the respective charges as already ders were given to the officer who stated. The question was put by conducted the accusation, to read the president on each of the charges the above sentence to the prisoner, separately. Each of the members in presence of the guard drawn up in succession delivered his opinion. under arms. It was at the same The president was the last in deli. time ordered, that a copy of the sen. vering his judgment. The result tence should, as soon as was consis. was, that the court unanimously tent with the forms of law, be transfound the prisoner guilty of all the mitted, signed by the president and six charges. The next question the accuser, to the minister at war, put was to the punishment to to the grand judge, minister of jus. be inflicted. The question was tice, and the general in chief, goverhere again put in the same way as nor of Paris.—Signed and sealed the before, and the following was the same day, month, and year, aforea sentence of condemnation :-The said, special military commission con Guiton, Bazancourt, Ravier, demns unanimously to death Louis Barrois, Rabbe, d'AntanAntoine Henry de Bourbon, duke court, Captain Reporter; d'Enghuicn, on the ground of his Molin, Captain Register ; þeing guilty of acting as a spy, of and Ilulen, President. correspondence with the enemies of
Copy of the Requisition transmitted law of nations. It is general Cau
by the French Minister for Fo. lincourt who is charged with the reign Affairs to Baron Edelsheim, erecution of those orders of the Minister of the Elector of Buden, first con illa and who there is no for the Purpose of arresting the doubt will mploy every care and Duke D'Enghuien.-Signed, C. attention in fulfilling the same, M. Tulleyrand, and dated at Pa- which his electoral highness can ris, March 10, 1804.
wish. lie will have the honour to
deliver your excellency the letter I Sir,
have been directed to write you. I had formerly sent you a note, Accept, sir, the assurance of my the purport of which was to request high consideration. the arrest of the French emigrants which met at Offenbourg, as the first consul, from the successive arrests Circular Letter of the French Mi. of the banditti which the English nister of Foreign Affairs to the government has sent to France, and
Foreign Ministars resident at Pafrom the result of the trials which ris.--Signed C. M. Tullcyrand, and have been here instituted, has ob dated at Paris, March 24, 1804. tained a complete knowledge of the extensive part which the English The first consul has ordered me agents at Oitenbourg have bad in to address to your excellency, a those horrible plots which have bee'n copy of the report presented to him devised against his own person and by the grand judge on the incidental against the salety of France. le conspiracy planned in France, by has at the same time learned that Mr. Drake, minister of his Britan. the duke d’Enghuien and general nic majesty at the court of Munich, Dumouriez were at Ettenheim. As' and which, as to its object and date, it is impossible that they should be was connected with the infamous in that city without the permission plot that is now before the tribunals. of his electoral highness, the first The printed copy of the letters and consul, therefore, could not see, authentic papers of Mr. Drake, is without the deepest concern, that a annexed to the report. The origi. prince whom he had distinguished nals will be immediately sent, by by every mark of friendship, should order of the first consul, to his segive an asylum to the most deter- rene highness the clector of Bava. mined enemies of France, and per- ria.-Such a prostitution of the mit them so tranquilly to project such most honourable trust which could unprecedented conspiracies. From be confided in man, was unexainthese extraordinary occurrences the pled in the history of civilized nafirst consul has found it necessary tions. It will astonish and afilict to order two small detachments Europe as an unheard of crime, of troops to repair to Offenbourg and which, until the present mo. and Ettenheim, to seize there the ment, the most perverse governauthors of a crime, the nature of ment had not dared to attempt. which was such as to place those The first consul is too well acquaint. who are proved to have had a share ed with the sentiments and good in it out of the protection of the qualities which distinguish the mem.
bers of the diplomatic body, accre- satisfaction, thint his agents to the dited by him, not to be convinced French government participate in that they will behold, with profound the justice which the first consul. sorrow, the profanation of the sa does to the diplomatic body accrecred character of ambassador, so dited to him, and that their care to basely metamorphosed into an agen- observe, on all occasions, the most cy of plots, stratagems, and cor- rigorous principles of the rights of ruption.
nations, are honourably appreci.
ated by the chief of the goternAnswer of the Imperial Minister. ment. (Signed) Pierre d'Oubril. Citizen Minister,
Paris, March 25, 1804. I return many thanks to your excellency for the communication Answer of the Prussian Minister. which you have been pleased Citizen Minister, to make me of the report of the I took the earliest opportunity grand judge, of which you have of transmitting to my court the let. sent me a copy, and which I shall ter your excellency did me the ho. immediately transmit to Vienna, nour of writing to me on the 4th for the information of my court. instant, and the copy of the report The opinion manifested by the first of the grand judge on the inciden. consul of the sentiments and good tal couspiracy fortunately discoverqualities of the diplomatic body, ed by the vigilance of the police.which has the honour of be. You know, citizen minister, the ing accredited to him, proves the lively interest with which the king, justice he does to all the members my master, is inspired for the preof whom it consists; and unques- servation of the life of the first tionably, he is not deceived in consul, and for the maintenance of thinking that there is not one among order and tranquillity in the state us who does not decidedly condemn of which he is the worthy head. everything which a, diplomatic You may therefore anticipate the agent and his government undertake effect which this communication will contrary to the laws of nations, and have on the mind of his Prussian the rules of right and good faith ge- ' majesty, whoever may have been nerally adopted among civilised na. the authors and agents of this contions. (Signed) Count Cobenzel. spiracy; and your excellency will Paris, March 25, 1804.
easily foresee all the satisfaction
which his majesty will feel at the en. Answer of the Russian Chargé d'Af- tire cessation of so many subjects fairs.
of alarm for the friends of France. Sir,
For in discharging the commission I have the honour of acknow entrusted to me, I have considered Jedging the receipt of the letter it my duty to assure his majesty of which you addressed io me by order the perfect union existing between of the first consul, and of the re the august chief of the republic and port which was presented by order all the servants of the state, beof the grand judge, and I have has. tween the whole nation, and its re. tened to transmit it to my court. presentatives or defenders. It is by His imperial majesty will see with such a conduct that I shall endea.