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thereon, excepting those lands which agreed the Maharajah shall continue it is hereafter agreed that the Ma- to hold in Enaum the lands of Dhool. harajah is to retain.-IV. 'The Ma- poor, Barce, and rajah Kerrah, harajah likewise cedes to the hon. and that Balah Baye Sahel, and East India company and their allies, Munsoor Sahel Moonsha Ravel all the ter ries which belonged to Nyne, Boogagee Jamdah Amragie, him previous to the breaking out of Jadhoo, and Wurda Charie, shali the war, which are situated to the continue to hold their lands in Ja. sonth ward of the Adjuntee hills, ghir, under the protection of the including the fort and districts of company; and farther, in order Jalnapoor, the town and district that no individuals may incur loss, of Ganda poor, and all other dis. or even sutier distress in conse. trićts between that range of hills quence of these arrangements,

it is and the river Godavery.–V. The agreed that the honourable East InMaharajah Ali Jah Dowlut Rao dia company shall either pay penScindia, for himself, his heirs and sions or grant lands in Jaghir, acsuccessors, hereby renounces all cording to the plan laid down by claims to the forts, territories, rights, the British government, for certain and interests ceded by the foregoing other sirbans and others to be nam. articles, and all claims of erery de- ed by Maharajah, provided that the scription upon the British govern. total amount of the sums paid, and ment and their allies, the soubah Jaghirs granted, does not exceed of the Dekan, the peishwa and seventeen lacks of rupees per ann. Anand Row Guick war.-VI. The '--VIII. That the following lands, fort of Asser Ghur, the city of Ber- villages, &c. in the territories of hampore, the forts of Powanghur Rao Pundit Pundham, in Enaum, and Dohud, and the territories in lately taken possession of by the Candeish and the Guzerat, depend. British government, be restored to ing on these forts, shall be restored the Maharajah, provided that no to Maharajah Ali Jah Dowlut Rao troops are introduced there on the Scindia.--VII: Whereas the Maha pretence of collecting revenues, or rajah Ali Jah Dowlut Rao Scindia any other pretence whatsoever, viz. has represented that his family have Choomargondy Purguunah, Jamlong held an Enaum as a gift from gaun, Ranjengaun, half of Sienthe king of Hindostan, the districts gaun Purgunnah, six villages in of Dhoolpoor, Baree, and rajah Umbir Purgunnah, five villages in Kerrah, which are situated to the Pytan Purgunnah, five villages in northward of the countries of the Newag Purguonah, five villages in rajahs of Jeypoor and Joodepoor, Kurloh Purgunnah, six villages in and of the rajah of Gohud, and that Poona Purgunnah, two villages in lands in Hindostan, ceded by the Wahy Purgunnah, six villages in articles in this treaty to the hon. Palwood Purgunnah, five villages East India company and their allies, in Pandy Peergaum Purg'unnah, are held in Jacquin by the family five villages in Pagoon Purgunnal, of the late Mahadgie Scindia, and two villages in Parncna Purgunnah. others, who would suffer much dis -IX. Whereas certain treaties tress if deprived of the advantages with feudatories of Malın rajah have they enjoy in that country : iť is been made by the British govern

ment, it is agreed that the same bound to Spain. Dated at the be confirmed. Maharajah hereby Court at the Queen's Palace, the 19/h renounces all claims on the persons of Dec. 1801. Present the King's with whom such treaties have been most excellent Majesty in Council. made, and proclaims them to be independent of his Government. Whereas information has been X. No person whatever is to be received that an embargo has been molested on account of the part ordered to be laid upon all British which he may have taken in the ships in the ports of the kingdom of present war.–XI. It is agreed that Spain : it is this day ordered by his the rights of his highness, the peish. majesty, by and with the advice of wa, to cultivate certain lands in his privy council, that no ships or Meluah and elsewhere, shall be vessels belonging to any of his maestablished as heretofore.—-XII. jesty's subjects be permitted to enThe Maharajah hereby renounces ter and clear out for any of the all claims upon Shah Allum, and ports of Spain, until further orders: engages not to interfere any further and his majesty is further pleased in the affairs of his majesty.- to order that a general embargo or XIII. The Maharajah agrees never stop be made of all ships and vessels to engage in his service any French- whatsoever, now within, or which man, or other European, or nations hereafter shall come into any of the at war with Great Britain.-XIV. ports, harbours, or roads, within For the better carrying into execule the united kingdom of Great Bri. tion this treaty of peace and amity, tain and Ireland, together with all it is agreed that accredited ministers persons and cfects on board the reside at each court from each of said ships and vessels ; but that the the contracting powers.-XV. This utmost care be taken for the pretreaty of peace and amity to be ra. servation of all and every part of tified by the Maharajah Ali Jab the cargoes on board any of the said Dowlut Rao Scindia, within eight ships, so that no damage or embez. days from the present time, and the clement whatever be sustained. ratification is to be delivered to ma

(Signed) jor-gen. Wellesley, at which time

S. Cottrell. the orders for the cession of the cecled territories are to be delivered over, and the troops are to withdraw. Erpose of the State of the French --XVI. Major-gen. Wellesley en Republic, laid before the Legisgages that the treaty shall be rati

lative Body on the 25th Nivese, fied on the part of the hon. com 121h Tear (161h Jan. 1804). pany, by his excellency the most noble the governor-general in cour The republic has been forced to cil, and that the said ratification change its attitude, but it has not shall be delivered two months from changed its situation; it continues to this date.

preserve in the consciousness of its strength the pledge of its prosperity.

Every thing was calm in the interior Orılers of Council relatire to the De- of France, wher), at the commencetention of Spanish Ships, and Ships ment of the last year, we still en.


tertained the hope of a durable moderation of the laws, and the peace. Every thing has remained administration of them has recone calmer since a jealous power has ciled every heart. Surrounded every rekindled the torches of war; but where by the public force, over. in this last epoch, the union of in- taken every where by the tribunals, terests and sentiments has shewn , these dreadful men will in future itself more full and entire ; the neither be able to make rebels, nor public mind has developed itself to re-organize with impunity their with more energy. In the new de. hordes of brigands and assassins.partments which the first consul It is but now that a miserable athas traversed, he has heard, as well tempt has been made in La Vendée; as in the old, the accents of a truly the conscription was made the preFrench indignation ; he recognized text for it; but citizens, priests, in their hatred against a government soldiers, all classes exerted themhostile to our prosperity, even more selves for the common defence; than in the bursts of public joy and those who in other times were the personal affection, their attachment movers of disturbances, came to to the country, and their devotion offer their aid to the public authoto his destiny. In all the depart. rity, and to give their persons and ments, the ministers of worship have their familics, as pledges of their exerted the influence of religion to fidelity and devotion. Finaily, what consecrate this spontaneous move. characterizes, above all things, the ment of the minds of individuals. security of the citizens, the return of Depôts of arms, which fugitive re social atlections, is that, beneficence bels had committed to the earth, in displays itself every day more and order to take them up again at a

On every side donations are future opportunity, which a cul- offered to the unfortunate, and pable foresight suggested to them, foundations are made for useful have been disclosed at the first establishments. The war has not signal of the danger, and delivered interrupted the intentions of the to the magistrates for the purpose peace ; and the government has of arming our defenders. The pursued with constancy every thing British government will attempt to that tends to establish the constituthrow, and perhaps has already tion in the manners and disposition thrown, on our coasts some of these of the citizens, every thing likely monsters whom it nourished in its to attach all interests and all hopes bosom during the peace, in order to its duration. Thus, the senate to tear in pieces the land which has been placed in that elevation to gave them birth; but they will no which its institution called it; an longer find in it those impious bands endowment such as the constitution which were the instruments of their had fixed, encircles it with an imformer crimes; terror has dissolved posing grandeur. The legislative them, or justice has purged our body will no longer appear, exterritory of them; they will find nei- cept surrounded with the majesty ther that credulity which they abus- which its functions demand; it will ed, nor that animosity the poniards no longer be looked for in vain, of which they whetted. Experience except in its sitting. An annual bas enlightened every mind; the president will be the centre of its Yol. XLVI.




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motion and the organ of its thoughts institutions by their principles and
and its wishes, in its relations with their virtues. A single prytaneum,
the government. This body will the prytaneum of St. Cyr, receives
have at length that dignity which the children of those citizens who
could not exist with forms change- died for their country. Education
able and undetermined. The elec- already breathes forth there a mili.
toral colleges have conducted them. tary enthusiasm. At Fontainbleau,
selves every where with that calm- the special military school numbers
ness and wisdom which secures many hundreds of soldiers who are
happy elections. The legion of rendered pliant to discipline, and
honour exists in the bigher parts of inured to fatigue, and who acquire
its organization, and in a part of with the habits of the profession
the elements which are to compose the knowledge of the art. The
it. These elements, still equal, school of Compiegne presents the
await from a final choice, their aspect of a vast manufactory, where
functions, and their places. How five hundred young persons pass
many honourable traits have been from their studies to the workshops,
displayed by the ambition of being and from the workshops to their
admitted into it. What treasures studies. After a few months they
will the republic have in this insti. execute with the precision of skill,
tution to encourage and recompense works which could not have been
service and virtues. In the council obtained from them after years of
of state, another institution pro- a common apprenticeship ; and in
poses for the choice of the govern. a short time commerce and industry
ment men for all the superior will enjoy the benefit of their la-
branches of administration : audi. bour, and of the cares of the go-
tors are formed there in the labora- vernment. The engineers and the
tories of regulations and laws; they artillery have now but one school,
perpetuate themselves there with and one common iostitution. Me-
the maxims and principles of pub. dicine is every where submitted to
lic order. Always surrounded with the new regime, which the law pre-
'witnesses and judges, often under scribed to it. By a salutary reform,
the eyes of the government, often means have been found to simplify
on important missions, they will the expence and to add to the in-
arrive at the public functions with struction. The exercise, of phar-
the maturity of experience, and with macy has been put under the care
the security which is given by a of skill and probity. A regulation
character, a conduct, and a skill has placed between master and
proved by repeated trials. Lyceums workman judges who terminate their
and secondary schools are erecting differences with the rapidity which
on every side, and are not yet their interests and their wants re-
erected with sufficient rapidity to quire; and at the same time with
satisfy the impatience of the citizens. the impartiality which justice de-
Common regulations, a

mands. The civil code is approach. discipline, the same system of in- ing to completion ; and in the struction, are forming in the gene. course of this session the last prorations which will support the glory jects of laws which are to complete of France by their talents, and its it altogether, will be in a state to



be submitted to the deliberations of tax for the support of the pubthe legislative body. The judicial lic roads has received a new in. code, called for by every wish, is crease, under a better system of at this moment undergoing the dise adjudication. Farmers, from year cussions which are to conduct it to to year, were without emulation; its maturity. The criminal code is farmers of too small portions were in a state of advancement; and that without fortune, and without secu. part of it which circumstances ap rity. Triennial adjudications, and pear to call for most imperiously, adjudications of a number of barare in a condition to receive the riers together, have invited a greater seal of the law in the next session. number of bidders, richer and more New chefs d'ouvre are come to enterprising. The tolls on the highembellish our museums; and, whilst way have produced fifteen millions the rest of Europe envies our trea. in the year eleven: ten millions sures, our young artists continue more have been appropriated within still to go into the bosom of Italy the same year to the repairs and to kindle the fire of their genius, completion of the roads. The old with the view of its great monui. roads have been kept up and re: ments, and to respire the enthusin paired : some of the roads have asm which produced them, In the been connected with others by new department of Marengo, under the roads.

roads. From this year forth carwalls of that Alexandria, which riages can pass the Simplon and will be one of the strongest bul. Mount Cenis. Three broken arches warks of France, the first camp of have been rebuilt in the bridge at our veterans is formed. There they Tours. New bridges are erecting will keep up the recollection of at Cabeil, Boanne, Nemours, and their exploits, and the pride of their on the rivers Isere, Roubion, Du. victories. They will inspire their rance, and Rhine. A communinew fellow-citizens wit: love and cation is to be opened between respect for that country which they Avignon and Villeneuve, by a bridge have extended, and which has re. undertaken by a private company. warded them. They will leave in Three bridges were begun at Paris their children heirs of their courage, with funds contributed by some of and new defenders of that country the citizens; two have been in part whose benefits they will enjoy. In completed with the public money ; the ancient territory of the repub. and the tolls to be collected thereon lic, in Belgium, old fortifications, afford a security for the payment which were

no longer any thing of the interest and principal of the but useless monuments of the mis- sum advanced in a certain number fortunes of our forefathers, or of of years. The third, the most in. the progressive growth of France, teresting of all (that of the botanic will be demolished. The lands which garden), is in progress, and will had been sacrificed to their defence, scon be completed. It will relieve will be restored to culture and com- the interior of Paris from a fatigning merce; and with the funds arising circuitous communication, and will from these demolitions, and these lead to a splendid space or square, lands, new fortresses will be con a long time ordered for sale, which structed on our new frontiers. The is to be ornamented with planta



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