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vision as may be necessary for the constitution, our religion, our laws; service of the year. The progres. and independence. To the activity sive improvement of the revenue and valour of my fleets and armies, cannot fail to encourage you to per- to the zeal and unconquerable spirit severe in the system which has been of my faithful subjects, I confide adopted for defraying the expences the honour of my crown, and all of the war, with as little addition those valuable interests which are as possible to the public debt, and involved in the issue of this momen. to the permanent burtheus of the tons contest.-Actuated by these state. I lament the heavy pressure sentiments, and humbly imploring which, under the present circum- the blessing of Divine Providence, stances, must unavoidably be ex I look forward with a firm convicperienced by my people : but I am tion, that if, contrary to all just persuaded that they will meet it with expectation, the enemy
should elude the good sense and fortitude which the vigilance of my numerous fleets so eminently distinguish their cha- and cruizers, and attempt to exeracter, under a conviction of the cute their presumptuous threat of indispensable importance of uphold. invading our coasts, the conseing the dignity, and of providing quence will be to them discomfiture, effectually for the safety of the confusion, and disgrace; and that empire.
ours will not only be the glory of My lords and gentlemen, surmounting the present difficulties, I have concluded a convention and repelling immediate danger, with the king of Sweden, for the but the solid and permanent advan. purpose of adjusting all the differ- tage of fixing the safety and indeences which have arisen on the sub- pendence of the kingdom, on the jećt of the 11th article of the treaty basis of acknowledged strength, the of 1661. · I have directed that a result of its own tried energies and copy of this convention should be resources, laid before you; and you will, I trust, be of opinion that the arrangement, whilst it upholds our Message from his Majesty to the maritimo rights, is founded on those House of Commons, March 26th, principles of reciprocal advantage 1804, on the voluntary Offer of which are best calculated to main the Irish Militia. tain and improve the good under His majesty thinks proper to acstanding which happily subsists be- quaint the house of commons, that tween the two countries. In the the officers, non-commissioned offi. prosecution of the contest in which cers, and privates of the several we are engaged, it shall be, as it has regiments of the militia of Ireland ever been, my first object to execute have made a voluntary tender of as becomes me the great trust com their services, to be employed in mitted to my charge. Embarked Great Britain during the war. His with my brave and loyal people in majesty has received with great saone common cause, it is my fixed tisfaction this striking proof of their determination, if the occasion should affection and attachment towards arise, to share their exertion and his person and government, and of their dangers in the defence of our their patriotic zeal for the general
interests of his united kingdom, and ments of, unseigned joy and reve. conceiving that his being enabled to
The bill which I hold in avail himself of this distinguished my hand completes the supply of the instance of public spirit may be at. present year. These, sire, we have tended with the most important ad. appropriated to the farther support vantages at the present conjuncture, of your majesty's household, and he recommends it to his faithful the honour and dignity of your çommons to adopt such regulations crown, to the military and naval de. as may enable him to accept the fence of the realın, and to the vari. services of such parts of the militia ous services of your extended emforces of Ireland as may voluntarily pire. In providing for these grants, offer themselves to be employed in large in their amount, and commen. Great Britain, for such time and to surate with the extraordinary de. such extent as to the wisdom of par- mands of the times in which we live, liament may seem expedient. we have, nevertheless, steadily per
severed in our former course, by
raising a large proportion of our His Majesty's Message to the House supplies within the year; and we
of Commons on the 7th of July, have now the proud satisfaction to 1804, for a Supply by Ivy of see, that the permanent debt of the Vote of Credit.
nation is rapidly diininishing, at the
same time that the growing prospe“ His majesty, relying on the ex- rity of the country has strengthened perienced zeal and affection of his and multiplied all its resources.faithful commons, and considering Contemplating the war in which we that it may be of the utmost im. are engaged, the character and the portance to provide for such emer means of our enemy, and the posgencies as may arise, is desirous that sible duration of the contest, al. this house will cnable him to take though we are fearless of its issue, all such measures as may be neces we have nevertherless decmed it our sary to disappoint or defeat any en- indispensable duty to deliberate with terprize or design of his enemies, unremitting solicitude upon the best and as the exigencies of affairs may system for our military defence; and require.”
the voluntary spirit of your people, seconding the views of parliament,
has at the same time animated all Address of the Right Hon. the ranks of men with an active desire
Speaker of the House of Com. of attaining to such a state of disci. mons to his Majesty, on the Pro. pline in arms as may enable them rogation of Parliament, July 31, successfully to co-operate with your 1801.
majesty's regular and veteran forces,
Thus formidably armed and powerMost Gracious Sovereign, fully sustained, we trust, that, with We, your majesty's most dutiful the blessing of God, we shall victo. and loyal subjects, the commons of riously maintain your majesty's Great Britain and Ireland in parlia- throne, and transmit, unimpaired, ment assen bled, approach the foot to our descendants, the most perfect of your majesty's throne with senti. form of government which the
world has ever experienced for the which you have given me of your practical happiness of mankind; constant and affectionate attachfirmly persuaded that this empire ment to my person and family, and will long outlast the storms which your regard to the honour and dig. have overwhelmed the continent of nity of my crown, by the liberal Europe; and earnestly hoping that provision which you have made for other nations, now fallen, may wit- the payment of the debt on my ci. ness the destruction of a tyranny vil list revenues, and for furnishing founded on fraud and violence, and me with the additional means of decemented with innocent blood, and fraying the increase which has una. again recover their ancient power voidably taken place in different and independence, as the best gua.. branches of my expenditure. rantees for the future welfare and I must also return you my warmtranquillity of the civilized world. est thanks for the extensive provi.
sion which you have made for the
exigencies of the public service; Speech of his Majesty on the Proro- and especially for the just and prugation of Parliament, July 31, 1804. dent attention which you have
shewn to true economy, and to the My Lords and Gentlemen, permanent credit and welfare of the Before I put an end to the present country, by the great exertions you session of Parliament, I am desirous have made for preventing, as far as of expressing my entire approba- possible, the accumulation of debt, tion of the zeal and assiduity with and for raising so large a proporwhich you have applied yourselves tion of the expences of the war withto the great objects of public con- in the year. cern which have come under your My lords and gentlemen, consideration. You have wisely I have now only to recommend continued to direct your attention to you, to carry into your respecto the encouragement and improve. tive counties the same zeal for the ment of that respectable and power- public interest which has guided all ful force, which the ardour and spi- your proceedings. It will be your rit of my subjects have enabled me particular duty to inculcate, on the to establish to an extent hitherto minds of all classes of my subjects, unexampled. You have at the same that the preservation of all that is time endeavoured to combine an ad- most dear to them requires the conditional establishment for our do- tinuance of their unremitted exermestic defence with the means of tions for the national defence, augmenting our regular army, and The preparations which the ene. of maintaining it on such a scale as my has long been forming for the may be proportioned to the circum, declared purpose of invading this stances of the times, and to the rank kingdom are daily augmented, and which this country ought ever to the attempt appears to have been hold among the powers of Europe. delayed only with the view of pro
Gentlemen of the house of curing additional means for carrying commons,
it into execution. You are entiled to my warmest Relying on the skill, valour, and acknowledgments for the fresh proof discipline of my naval and military
force, aided by the voluntary zeal without molestation to and fro, and native courage of my people, I along the Danish side of the Elbe, look with confidence to the issue of through the Watten, between Ton. this great conflict; and I doubt notningen and Hamburgh. His mathat it will terminate, under the jesty hopes, that this permission blessing of Providence, not only in will be properly attended to, and repelling the danger of the moment, not abused, and that no unfair adbut in establishing, in the eyes of vantages shall be taken of it, by foreign nations, the security of this which his majesty should see him country on a basis never to be self forced to order the blockade to shaken.
be resumed with greater strictness. In addition to this first and great I have the honour to be, &c. object, I entertain the animating
(Signed) Harrowby. hope that the benefits to be derived from our successful exertions will not be confined within ourselves; Circulur Note from Lord Iluwkesbut that, by their example and their bury, principal Secretary of State consequences, they may lead to the
for Foreign Affairs, to the Minis. re-establisment of such a system in ters of Foreign Courts, resident at Europe, as may rescue it from the the Court of London. precarious state to which it is re. duced; and may finally raise an ef. Downing-strect, April 30, 1804. fectual barrier against the unbound Sir, ed schemes of aggrandizement and The experience which all Europe ambition which threaten every inde- has had of the conduct of the pendent nation that yet remains on French Government would have in. the Continent.
duced his Majesty to pass over in silence, and to treat with contempt,
all the accusations which that go. Extract of a Letter from Lord Ilar. vernment might have made against
rowby, his Britannic Majesty's Sc. his majesty's government, if the cretary of State for the Foreign very extraordinary and unauthoDepartment, to P. Colquhoun Graf, rized replies which several of the Esq. relative to the Navigation of ministers of the foreign powers small Craft, between Tonningen have thought proper to make to a and Hamburgh.--- Dated Down- recent communication from the miing-street, July 8, 1804.
nister for foreign affairs at Paris,
had not given to the subject of that That the lighters be permitted to communication a greater importance 'navigate between the rivers Weser than it would otherwise have posand the Elbe. Orders have ac sessed.* His majesty has, in consecordingly been sent to his majesty's quence, directed me to declare, that ships of the blockade, to permit the he hopes he shall not be reduced to passage of lighters, barges, and the necessity of repelling, with me. other small craft, answering the rited scorn and indignation, “the above description, and carrying un atrocious and utterly unfounded ca. exceptionable goods for neutral ac- lumny, that the government of his count, and to suffer the same to pass majesty have been a party to plans
of • Vide the replies complained of in the subsequent pages of the State Papers.
of assassination :"-an accusation mencement of the present war, has already made with equal falsehood constantly kept up communications and calumny by the same authority with the disaffected in the territories against the members of his majesty's of his majesty, particularly in Iregovernment during the last war; an land; and which has assembled, at accusation incompatible with the how this present moment, on the coasts nour of his majesty, and the known of France, a corps of Irish rebels, character of the British nation; and destined to second them in their des 80 completely devoid of any shadow signs against that part of the united of proof, that it may be reasonably kingdom. presumed to have been brought for Under these circumstances, his ward at the present moment for no majesty's government would be unother purpose than that of diverting justifiable if they neglected the right the attention of Europe from the they have to support, as far as is contemplation of the sanguinary compatible with the principles of the deed which has recently been per: law of nations, which civilized gopetrated, by the direct order of the vernments have hitherto acknow, first consul, in France, in violation ledged, the efforts of such of the in. of the right of nations, and in con- habitants of France as are hostile to tempt of the most simple laws of the present government. They ar. humanity and honour.*
dently desire, as well as all Europe, That his majesty's government to see an order of things established should disregard the feelings of such in that country, more compatible of the inhabitants of France as are with its own happiness, and with justly discontented with the existing the security of the surrounding nagovernnient of that country, that tions; but, if that wish cannot be it should refuse to listen to their accomplished, they are fully authodesigns for delivering their country rised by the strictest principles of from the degrading yoke of bon. personal defence, to endeavour to dage under which it groans, or to cripple the exertions, to distract the give them aid and assistance, as far operations, and to confound the as those designs are fair and justifi- plans of a government, whose sys. able, would be to refuse fulfilling tem of warfare, as acknowledged those duties which every wise and by itself, is not only to distress the just government owes to itself, and commerce, to diminish the power, to the world in general, under cir- and to abridge the dominions of its cumstances similar to the present. enemy, but also to carry devastation Belligerent powers have an acknow. and ruin into the very heart of the Jedged right to avail themselves of all British empire. discontents that may exist in coun In the application of these printries with which they may be at ciples, his majesty has commanded war. The exercise of that right me to declare, besides, that his go(even if in any degree doubtlul) vernment have never authorised a would be fully sanctioned in the pre- single act which could not stand the sent case, not only by the present test of the strictest principles of jusstate of the French nation, but by tice and of usages recognised and the conduct of the goverment of practised in all ages. If any mi. that country, which, since the com. nister, accredited by his majesty at
a foreign * The murder of the Duke D'Enghien.