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ships, were driven on shore in the ter-deck his ill-state of health wonld like manner, and recovered by the permit. Lieut. Stokes and Mr. army At eight, the tide falling Slesser, acting lieutenants, directed and leaving us in little more water the fire on the lower and main. than we could draw, we were re decks with coolness and precision. luctantly obliged to haul off into It would be the highest injustice if deeper water to keep afloat, and I omitted to mention the intrepid the enemy's vessels that were not on conduct of Mr. Lewis, the master, shore, or too much shattered, were Mr. Nunn and Mr. Webb, pilots, thus able to reach Ostend,--these to whose steadiness, skill, and atten. and the Ostend division have hauled tion, particularly the former, I shall into the bason. I have anchored in ever feel myself indebted, for har. such a position as to keep an eye ing brought the Antelope into ac. on them; and I shall endeavour to tion within the sands, where cer. close with them again if they move tainly the enemy could not expect into deeper water. I have to regret to be met by a ship of her size; and that, from the depth of water in for having allowed her to continue which these vessels move, gun-boats engaged with commodore Verheuil, only can act against them with to the last minute it was possible to effect : four have joined me, and I remain in such shoal-water, with a have sent them in to see what falling tide. It is but justice to say, they can do with the praam that the enemy's commodore pursued a is on shore. I have great satisfac. steady course notwithstanding our tion in bearing testimony to your fire, and returned it with spirit to lordship of the gallant and steady the last. I could not detach open conduct of the captains, comman boats in the enemy's line, to pick ders, officers, seamen, and marines, up those vessels which had struck, under my orders. Captains Han- and were deserted, 'mixed as they cock and Mason bore the brunt of were with those still firing. Capt. the attack, and continued it for six Hancock sent me one schuyt that hours against a great superiority of had hauled out of the line and surfire, particularly from the army on rendered. She had a lieutenant and shore, the howitzer shells annoying 23 soldiers of the 48th regiment, them much, These officers deserve with five Dutch seamen on board. the highest praise I can give them. She is so useful here, I cannot part They speak of the conduct of their with her yet. Inclosed is a list of lieutenants, ofhcers, and crews, in our loss, which, though great, is terms of warm panegyric. Messrs. less than might have been expected, Budd and Dalyell, from the Ante- owing to the enemy's directing their Jope, acted in the absence of two fire at our masts. The Rattler and lieutenants of those ships. Lieute, the Cruizer have of course suffered nants Garrcty and Patful, com most in the latter respecì, but are manding the Favourite and Stag nearly ready for service again. The cutters, did their best with their smoke would not allow us to see the small guns against greater numbers effect of our shot on the enemy ; of greater calibre. Lieut. Hillier, but their loss, considering the num. of the Antelope, gave me all the as. ber of them under our guns for so sistance and support on her quar- long, must be great in proportion.


We see the mast-heads above water patches from Barbadoes of the 2d of three of the schooners and one of of April, I had the honour to rethe schuyts which were sunk. peat to your lordship that the ar

W. Sidney Smith. rangements for proceeding on the Lord Keith, K. B. ,

expedition against Surinam being &c. &c. &c.

nearly completed, I had reason to

expect we should be enabled to sail Return of Killed and Wounded on from Barbadoes in the course of

board his Majesty's Ships and three or four days; and commodore Vessels in Action with the Encmy's IIood having previously signified to Flotilla, May 16, 1804.

me that every thing in the naval deAntelope : 2 seamen and 1 pri- partment was ready, I directed the vate marine, wounded. Penelope: final embarkation of the troops, 3 seamen, killed ; and 4 seamen, stores, &c. on the 6th of the same wounded. Amiable: Mr. Christie, month. The following day the master's-mate, Mr. Johnson, mid. whole fleet weighed anchor and shipman, four seamen, and 1 boy, sailed. On the 25th, his majesty's killed ; lieut. W. Mather, Mr. ship Centaur, having the commoShawell, purser, Mr. Connor, mid- dore's broad pendant, and on board shipman, and 11 seamen, wounded. of which I was embarked, came to Cruizer : 1 seaman killed; Mr. anchor about 10 miles off the mouth George Ellis, clerk, and 3 seamen, of the river Surinam, and during wounded. Total : 2 petty officers, that and the next day the greater 10 scamen, and i boy, killed ; 1 part of the fleet also anchored. On lieut. 1 purser, 4 petty officers, 25 the 26th, a corps, consisting of the seamen, and one private marine, flank çoinpanies of the 16th and wounded.

61th regiments, the rifle company W. Sidney Smith. of the 2d battalion 60th regiment,

made up by detachments from the

battalion companies of the 16th, Account of the success of the British 64th, and 6th West-India regiments,

arms at Surinam, from the dis to about 600 men, and the first bri. patches of M. G. Sir Charles gade of royal artillery, besides armGreen, and received by Eurl ed seamen, was detached in different Camden, June 220, 1804. Dated vessels under convoy of his majesParumaribo, May 13,

ty's ship Hippomenes, captain Ship

ley. This · corps was commanded My Lord,

by brigadier-gen. Maitland, who It is highly gratifying to me to was directed to effect a landing at have the honour of informing your the Warappa Creek, about ten fordship that the colony of Surinam leagues to the eastward of the Surihas surrendered to his majesty's nam river, where the enemy occu, arms; and have the further satis

pied a post. The object of.this faction to acquaint your lordship, operation was

operation was to obtain a water that this valuable acquisition to the communication with the CommeBritish dominions, has been made wyne river, to procure plantation with very

little loss on the part of boats in suflicient number to trans. his majesty's troops. In my dis port the troops down that river to.


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wards its junction with the Surinam, information that an answer would and thereby facilitate our approach be sent next morning. On the 28th, to take a position in the rear of Fort we received the governor's answer, New Amsterdam ; and also with a refusing to capitulate. It was then view to cut off a considerable detach- determined that we should lose no ment of the enemy stationed at Fort time in endeavouring to make some Brandwacht, on the mud creek.- impression on the enemy's posts, On the same day preparations were but I must here beg Icave to observe made for landing a body of troops to your lordship, that the coast of to take possession of Braam's Point, Surinam is of very difficult approach, where there is a battery, of seven shallow and full of banks; that a 18-pounders, which defends the en- landing is only to be attempted at trance of the river Surinam. Briga- the top of the tide, and at particudier-general Hughes undertook to Jar points; the coast is uncleared; superintend this servire; the wind and from wood, and the marshy proving favonrable, his majesty's nature of the soil, it is impossible to ships Emerald, Pandour, (having penctrate into the interior, except the 64th regiment on board), and by the rivers and creeks. The Drake brig of war, got under weigh shores on both sides of the river Su. to attack the battery; when a fire rinam, are equally difficult of access, was opened on the ships, which, for the same causes, until you reach however, was soon silenced by a the battery Frederici, with the exfew broadsides, and the enemy ception of one spot on thč easterni struck their colours. A detach- shore, where a plantation, called ment of troops, under brigadier. Resolution, has been lately estagen. llughes, immediately landed, blished. Our points of attack and took possession of Bram's Point, were therefore confined ; and the making prisoners a captain and 4.1 eneiny, hy means of their forts, men. The entrance being thus le ships of war, and other armed ves. cured, the commodore made signal seis, were completely masters of the for the ships to go into the river as navigation of the river Surinam soon as possible ; in the course of above fort Amsterdam. The dethat and the following day, the most fences of the river, after passing considerable part of the feet an Braam's Point. are Fort Amsterdam, chored in the river. At this period situated on the confluence of the the commodore shifted his pendant rivers Surinam and Commewynne; to the Emerald, and I accompanied upwards of 80 pieces of ordnance him on board that ship. We then are mounted in this fortress. Fort judged it expedient to send a sum. Leyden is armed with twelve heary mons to the governor of Surinam, guns, and situated on the right bank with proposals for the surrender of of the Surinam, where it meets the the colony. Captain Maxwel of Commewynne, is opposite to, and the royal navy, and capt. D:11- commanded by Fort Amsterdam, mond, of the oth regiment (acting at the distance of about two thouas my aid-dle-camp) proceeded up the sand yards. The battery Frederici river with a fiag of truce, and hav- is about 200 yards lower down, ing delivered our sumir ons to the and armed with twelve heavy guns. governor, returned in the night with On the left bank of the river, bear.



ly opposite to Fort Amsterdam is arms, having felling-axes; twenty Fort Purmurent, having ten guns of the artificers' corps provided in mounted, its rear and flanks pro- the same manner; and about thirty tected by impracticable marshes and armed seamen, commanded by capwoods. The fire of all these works tains Maxwell, Ferris, and Richardand batteries intersect in the chan- son, of the royal navy, the whole unnel for ships going up the river. der the command of brigadier-general The town of Paramaribo is defende Hughes, accompanied by lieut.-col. ed towards the water by a battery Shipley, lieut. Arnold, of the royal of about ten guns, mounted in Fort engineers, and Mr. Hobbs, acting Zelandia, a place otherwise of no engineer, whose local knowledge defence. The 28th, the ships of proved extremely useful on this ocwar and other vessels proceeded up casion, landed between the hours the river as fast as the tides would of ten and eleven at night, at Re. admit of. A plan was formed for solution Plantation, and proceeded making an attempt on Fort Purmu. through the woods with negro rent; a detachment of the 6-1th re- guides, A great quantity of rain giment, under captain Burton, ac- having recently fallen, it was found companied by captain Drummond, that the path, at all times difficult, my aid-de-camp, with a body of had become almost impassable; but armed seamen, commanded by capt. no obstacle could damp the enterJervis, embarked at eight o'clock prising spirit of our seamen and solat night for that purpose, but on diers, who, with persevering cou. approaching the fort they found the rage, after a laborious march of five tide was unfavourable for the un- hours, arrived near the rear of dertaking, and returned. On the Frederici battery. The alarm hav. 29th, lieuto-col. Shipley, command. ing been given, a considerable fire ing engineer, went on shore at the of grape shot was made upon the plantation before stated, below the troops before they quitted the wood, enemy's batteries, to endeavour to whilst forming for the attack, and procure intelligence; and on return- of musketry as they approached the ing, reported, that he had every rean battery. The assault of our intreson to believe that there was a pid seamen and troops with fixed practicable way through the woods, bayonets was so animated and vi. by which a body of men might be gorous as to prevent any further conducted to the rear of the Forts resistance. The enemy fled to Fort Leyden and Frederici, Lieutenant Leyden, having set fire to the pow. colonel Shipley was indefatigable in der magazine; by the explosion of ascertaining the accuracy of this in- which a few British officers and men formation, in which he was ably were severely wounded.- Brigadierassisted by lieutenant Arnold, of gen. Hughes used no delay in mov. the royal engineers, and Mr. Hobbs, ing on to the attack of Fort Ley. acting engineer, and the result was den, but being under the necessity such, that a detachment of 140 men of of marching by a narrow road, the 64th regt. under the command of which was enfiladed by four or five the hon. licut. col. Cranstoun, with guns, received a considerable fire major Stirke, of the 6th W. I. regt. of grape shot on his march, and of 10 men of the 6th W. 1. reg. with side. musketry on his ncarer approach ; VOL. XLVI.



which however was soon put a stop fired from time to time from Fort to by a repetition of the same impe- New Amsterdam, by which three tuous attack on our part; and the men at Fort Leyden were wounded, enemy, after some firing, called for but some shells being throw in requarter, which was generously grant. turn from two mortars, which we ed by the conquerors, although in had got on shore at Fort Leyden, the moment they were highly exas the firing on the part of the enemy perated at the conduct of the Bata. ceased. On the same day I receivvian troops in blowing up the pow. ed a report from brigadier-general der magazine at Fort Frederici, Maitland, that a landing had been after it had been in our possession. effe&ted at the Warappa Creek by A captain with some other officers the first division of his corps, under and 120 men were taken at this the command of major Hardyman, post, about 30 having made their of the 1st battalion of the royals, escape across the river Commewyne who took possession of the enemy's to Fort New Amsterdam. By this posts, where there were two guns, brilliant affair a position was secur after a short resistance; and the ed, by which a heavy fire could be brigadier-gen. further stated, that broughton Fort New Amsterdam, he was proceeding to land with the a communication with the river whole of his corps. Under these Commewyne opened, the means of circumstances, no time was lost in forming a junction with brigadier. disembarking at Fort Leyden the gen. Maitland's corps established, rest of the troops, and pushing and the command of the finest part them on by the north bank of the of the colony, abounding with re- Commewyne to nearly opposite sources of all kinds, obtained. Zooland's plantation, where it was Brigadier-general Hughes's exertions intended to cross the river to form upon this occasion were highly me a junction with brigadier-general ritorious, and by his animating ex Maitland's corps on its expected arample contributed much to the rival there. The artillery, stores, success of the day. On the 30th in and provisions were also conveyed the morning, the commodore and in boats by the indefatigable exmyself went on shore at the captur- ertions of the navy into the Comed forts, and directions were given mewyne river, and an armed naval for covering the troops and guns force established therein. On the from the fire of Fort New Amster. 3rd May, brigadier-gen. Maitland dam, to which they were greatly having with great diligence procured exposed, and for pointing the fire a number of plantation boats to of the forts towards the enemy. convey his corps, appeared coming The troops underwent great fatigue down the Commewyne in very good in executing these works, which, order, and landed at a plantation however, they cheerfully submitted on the south side of that river. On to, under the direction of lieuto-col. the same evening part of the 16th Shipley, who as usual was unceasing regiment crossed the Commewyne in his exertions. Brigadier-general to join brigadier-general Maitland, Hughes remained in the command and were followed the next day by there, giving every necessary sup- the remainder of that regiment : port and countenance. The enemy orders were also given for all the


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