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and found the enemy's troops in that seven battalions of the enemy's considerable force, encamped on regular infantry, with some ord. the other side, under the command nance, were encamped on the outof Shumshere Bahadur, who though side of the fort, and occupied the in fact an officer of the peishwa, town and the principal mosque of had, from the weakness of the court Agra, as well as some ravines which of Poonah, succeeded in making led through broken ground, from himself nearly independent in Bun. the British camp to the ditch, on delcund: After some petty successes, the south side of the fort, and to col. Powell crossed the Cane on the the Delhi gateway. These 'ravines 12th, and having succeeded in forc- general Lake determined to seize, ing the enemy to a general engage and to dislodge the enemy from the ment, entirely defeated them after town, before he procecded further a short though sharp contest. In against the fortress. Accordingly, consequence of this event the whole after a long and severe contest on province was freed from the armies the morning of the 10th of October, of Shumshere Bahadur, and the nu- both these objects were attained, merous inhabitants of that valuable although with considerable loss in district became the warm friends men and officers. The enemy were and supporters of the British cause.' entirely defcated, having six hun

On the 2nd of October general dred men killed, and losing twentyLake reached the city of Mathura six guns with scveral tumbrils of (or Muttra), where he joined col. ammunition. The remainder of Vandeleur, who had occupied it their battalions, to the number of with his detachment.* To the latter, 2,500, agreed to surrender to gene. some few days before, M. Doder. ral Lake; and marched into the naigue and two other French oficers British camp, prisoners of war on (who had been detached by Scindiah the following morning. After some at the head of some regular batta- insidious attempts of the garrison lions, to reinforce M. Perron in in the fort to protract the period of July), surrendered themselves pri- negociation, and its treacherously

At Mathura also colonel firing upon the British force, while it Vandeleur had possessed himself of was actually depending,general Lake 'one of M. Perron's principal foun. determined upon taking the place deries for casting cannon.

by storin : accordingly the breaching In two days, the whole army batteries were opened on the mornreached Agra, which was immedi- ing of the 17th, and considerable ately summoned to surrender, but impression being made on the walls no answer was returned, owing, as in the course of the day, the fort it afterwards appeared, to the dis- capitulated in the evening. At noon trust which the garrison had con. on the day following the garrison, ceived of their European oflicers, consisting of 5000 men, marched whom they had put into close con. out, and the place was immediately finement. On a nearer view of the occupied by the British troops.defences of the place, it was found An immense quantity of ammuni

* Composed of the 8th and 29th regiments of dragoons, the 1st and 4th of native cavalry, three battalions and five companies of native infantry. 3

; tion


tion and stores, and many guns this intelligence, the pursuit became were found in the fortress, together now much more eager, and gene. with tumbrils containing treasure, to ral Lake determined to push on the the value of twenty-four lacks of ru whole of the cavalry, in the hope pees.* By this important conquest, of delaying the enemy by a light that of Delhi, and of Mathura, one engagement, until the British inof the great proposed objects of ge- fantry should come up; and also to neral Lake's operations was com take advantage of any 'confusion pletely obtained, namely, of securing which might arise in the attack up. the navigation of the river Jumna, on the enemy's guns and baggage. by a line of posts along its banks, With these views, the commander and the co-operation and alliance in chief, with the cavalry, proceeded of the independent chieftains in that in the pursuit at 12 o'clock the same quarter.

night, and having marched a distance The attentiou of the commander of 25 miles in little more than six in chief was now directed towards hours, came up with the enemy the pursuit of a force of the enemy, about seven o'clock the following composed of 15 of M. Perron's re- morning, whose force amounted to gular battalions, (those which form- about nine thousand regular infan. ed the detachment under M. Doder-try, seventy-two guns, and from naigue) and of two which had es. four to five thousand horse. Pre. caped from the battle of Delhi, with viously to this extraordinary march, a numerous and well-appointed train the infantry were ordered to follow of artillery. This powerful body, at three o'clock in the morning. during the siege of Agra, occupied When the British troops reached a position about 30 miles in the rear the enemy, the latter appeared to be of the British army, and it was now retreating in such confusion, that supposed that its object was to ate general Lake was induced to try the tempt the recovery of the important effect of an attack with cavalry post of Delhi. To frustrate this alone. The enemy, however, whose design, and to destroy so formidable operations were concealed by the a force, general Lake moved from clouds of dust, raised by the moveAgra on the 27th of October, and ment of so large a body of horse, on the 29th,'took up his ground on succeeded in preventing for a period the north-west of Futtypore Sikree. its rapid advance, by cutting through On the 30th, the army made a march a large reservoir of water, and thus of twenty miles, leaving their guns rendering the road nearly impassaand baggage behind, properly pro. ble. In consequence of which detected, in order to gain upon the lay, they were enabled to take up a enemy. On the next day, another most advantageous position, having march of 20 miles was made, and the their right in front of the village of commander in chief encamped near. Laswaree, and thrown back upon a ly on the ground which the enemy rivulet, whose banks were steep and had quitted in the morning. Ani. difficult of access; their left upon the mated to the greatest exertion by village of Mohaulpore, and their

About 280,0001, the well-earned reward of the activity and courage of the army



whole front concealed by high grass, guns on certain conditions. Anx,
and protected by a powerful line of ious to prevent the effusion of blood,
artillery. Unaware of this change general Lake directed a reply to be
in the enemy's disposition, General written, in which he acquiesced to
Lake, therefore, proceeded in his the proposition, but limited them to
original intention, and directed the one hour to execute its terms. In
advanced guard, and the 1st brigade the mean while the following dispo.
of cavalry, to move upon the point sition of the whole force was made
where the enemy had been observed for a general attack, should the ene-
in motion, but which proved to be my allow the prescribed time to
the left of their new position. The elapsé.
remainder of the cavalry was order The British infantry was formed
ed to attack in succession, as soon into two columns on the left; the
as they could form after passing the first, composed of the right wing,

under major-general Ware, was desIn consequence of this order, tined to assault the village of Mo. colonel Vandeleur, and major Grif- haulpore, and to turn the enemy's fiths, at the head of their corps, right flank, which, since the mornmade a charge with the utmost ing had been thrown back, leaving gallantry and effect. The enemy's a considerable space between it and line was forced, and the cavalry pe. the rivulet. The second, under ma, netrated into the village, and cap- jor-general St. John, was ordered tured several gans; the successive to support the first column. The attacks of the other brigades of ca third brigade of cavalry, under co. valry, were conducted with the same lonel Macan, was directed to supspirit and equal success. But, the port the infantry ; lieutenant-colofire from the enemy's remaining ar nel Vaudeleur, with the second, tillery was so galling, that it was was detached to the right of the Brifound prudent to withdraw the ca. tish army, to watch the enemy's valry out of its reach ; which was left, to avail himself of any confu. effected with perfect order and sion in their line, and to attack them steadiness, some of the enemy's ord. should they retreat. The first bri, mance still remaining in its posses. gade of cavalry, under lieutenantsion. The death of colonel Vande- colonel Gordon, composed the reJeur, upon this occasion, was very serve, and was formed between the justly deplored, as that of a most second and third brigades. As mabrave, accomplished, and merito. ny of the field-pieces as could be rious officer.

brought up, and the galloper guns, About noon on this cver-memo. formed fonr different batteries to rable day, the British infantry ar- support the attack. It must here rived (after a dreadfully fatigning be observed, that since the morning march of twenty-five miles) on the the enemy had formed their infantry banks of the rivulet. As rest and into two lines, with their right pefreshment was absolutely neces- thrown back, the first line to the sary, during the time that they halt. eastward, and covering Mohauled for this purpose, the enemy sent poor, and the second to the westà message to the commander-in. ward of that village. chief, offering to surrender their

At the expiration of the time


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which general Lake had allowed which was executed with the ut. the enemy, no reply having been most gallantry and success, by the received, the British infantrý ad. 29th regiment of dragoons, under vanced to the attack, moving along the command of captain Wade, mathe bank of the rivulet, through jor Griflith being at that instant unhigh grass and broken ground, fortunately killed by a cannon shot. which afforded some cover. As soon The remainder of the infantry ar as it became exposed to the enemy's rived in time to join in the attack of guns, the four British batteries the enemy's reserve, which was commenced their fire, and conti- formed in the rear of their first line. nued to advance, notwithstanding About this time general Ware the vast superiority of the enemy's fell dead, by a cannon-shot; which artillery. The cannonade on both eyent, from the courage and skill sides was extremely severe, and which always distinguished that gal. maintained with the greatest vigour lant officer, may well be regarded and spirit. The artillery of the as a public loss. The command of enemy was extremely well served, his column devolved upon colonel and they threw grape from large Macdonald, who, though wounded, mortars, as well as from guns of a executed its important duties, at very heavy calibre.

this trying moment, in the most ex. When the 76th regiment, which emplary manner. headed the attack, had arrived The enemy opposed a vigorous within one hundred and fifty paces resistance to the last, and did not of the enemy, it was so much ex abandon their position, until they posed, and men fell so fast, that had lost all their guns. Even then the commander-in-chief judged it their left wing endeavoured to repreferable to proceed to the ato treat in good order, but they were tack with that regiment, and as broken in upon by lieutenant-colo. many of the native infantry as had Del Vandeleur's division of cavalry, closed to the front, rather than wait which cut several of them to pieces, till the remainder of the column, and drove the rest in prisoners, with which had been much impeded in the whole of the enemy's baggage. its advance, should be able to form. The loss sustained by the British As soon as this small body of brave troops, in the achievement of this men arrived within reach of the ene- complete victory,

severe, my's cannister-shot, a most tre- amounting to nearly two hundred mendous fire opened upon them. killed, in which number were in. The loss sustained was severe, and, cluded several valuable officers) and under such a cannonade, it was im- nearly seven hundred wounded. possible to make a regular advance. Of the enemy, two thousand were The enemy's cavalry now attempted made prisoners, and by far the to charge, but was repulsed by the greater number of the remainder fire of this gallant body of British were destroyed upon the field of infantry ; it rallied, however, at a battle! short distance, and assumed so me, There remained in the possession nacing an aspect, that the comman of the British troops, after the bat. der-in-chief ordered it to be charged tle, the whole of the enemy's bagin its turn, by the British horse, gage and camp equipage; all their ele.




phants, camels, and bullocks; 72 wounded on the field ! A more affect. pieces of cannon, serviceable, and in ing scene, can hardly be presented excellent order; and a vast quan- to the imagination. Our readers tity of ammunition. Three tum. will rejoice, that, at the close of brils laden with treasure, were the battle, the most agonizing likewise the fruits of the viétory, suspense was terminated, by the and 5,000 stand of arms, which had general finding his son still alive, been thrown down by the enemy, and his wound not likely to prove were found in the field of battle.

dangerous. Thus terminated, at four o'clock The operations of the British in the evening of the 1st of Norem. arms, thus gloriously concluded, on ber, 1803, the battle of Laswaree, the north-western frontier of Onde, in which British valour and steadi. we shall now revert to the camness were so eminently conspicuous, paign in the Deccan, where we and which completely subverted left general Wellesley eagerly fol. Scindiah's hostile power, and formi- lowing up his splendid victory, at dable resources in Hindostan, and Assye. It will be remembered, that those of the French force in that colonel Stevenson had been detacha quarter. Great part of the army had ed in the begining of October, tobeen under arms for "16 hours, and wards Boorhanpoor, and Asseer had marched, in the course of two Ghur, for the purpose of reducing days and nights, a distance of those places. The former was taken more than 65 miles ! This great possession of without resistance, on victory must, however, principally the 16th, and the following day, he be attributed to the admirable skill, proceeded to Asseer Ghur, whence judgment, heroic valour, and activi- the enemy's infantry precipitately ty of general Lake, who thus, at retired his approach, and once consummated his triumphs, which place, after some ineffectual and terminated his campaign. Dno attempts on the part of the garriring the heat of the action, he was son to gain time by the usual artifices exposed to one of the most severe of Indian negociation, consented to trials, to which 'providence has ever surrender on terms indeed highly put human fortitude. On his advantageous to the besieged, but horse falling under him, pierced not less so to the victors, if it be consi. by several shot; his son, (a most dered, that this fortress was deemed by promising young officer, who con. the enemy impregnable, and that its stantly attended his father's per- fall was of the utmost importance to son,) dismounted, and offered his a speedy termination of the contest. horse to the general, who at first Whilst colonel Stevenson was refused, but on his repeated solici. thus sucoessfully employed, the untations, mounted, and major Lake ceasing activity of general Wellesmounted a horse from one of the ley was productive of fresh tritroops of cavalry : in a moment, a umphs to the British arms, and of shot struck the son, and wounded apprehension and dismay to the him severely. At this instant, the enemy. On the 25th of October, the commander in chief, found it neces. division of the British army, com. sary to head the infantry in the ad manded by him, re-ascended the Ad. vance, and to leave major Lako juntcc Ghaut, and marched to the



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