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of Assye, on the right of the British river, charged the fugitives along army: a second line was formed its bank with the greatest effect. nearly at right angles, to the rear At this moment several of the ene. of the enemy's first line, with its my's guns, which had been carried, left towards the village of Assye, but could not be secured on account and its rear to the Juah river, along of the weakness of general Welles. the bank of which it extended in ley's army, were turned against his a westerly direction from Assye. rear by individuals who had been General Wellesley immediately passed by the British line, under attacked, and the British troops the supposition that they were dead, advanced under a heavy fire from and who had availed themselves of the enemy's guns, the execution of this artifice, (of throwing themselves which was terrible. The British upon the ground, often practised artillery had opened upon the ene- by the native troops of India,) my at the distance of 400 yards, to continue, for some time, a very but finding that it produced little or heavy fire; nor could it be stopno effect, and that it could not ad. ped till the commander in chief vance on account of the number of took the 78th regiment and the 7th men and bullocks that were disabled, of native cavalry, to effect this ob. general Wellesley ordered the whole ject. In this operation the general line to move on, leaving the guns had his horse shot under him. The behind : at the same time colonel enemy's cavalry also still contiMaxwell, with the British cavalry, nued unbroken. Just then a part was ordered to cover the right of of the enemy's infantry, which had the infantry as it advanced. By again formed, on a charge of the this prompt and spirited movement, British cavalry,* gave way, and rethe enemy was compelled to fall treated, leaving 1200 men dead on back on the second line, in front of the field of battle, the whole coun. the Juah. In the advancing, the try covered with the wounded, and right of the British first and second in the possession of the victors 98 lines suffered severely from the fire pieces of cannon, their camp equi. of the guns on the left of the ene page, seven standards, a great nummy's position near Assye. The 74th ber of bullocks and camels, and regiment was so thinned by the a quantity of stores and ammu. dreadful cannonade, that a body of nition. the enemy's cavalry was tempted to
The loss to the British army was, sharge it; but was charged in turn, on this occasion, very severe, it by colonel Maxwell, and pushed, amounting to about 600 killed and with great slaughter, into the Juah 1500 wounded. The action conti. river. At length; the steady ad. nued for more than three hours, vance of the British troops com, during which the enemy's infantry pletely over-awing the enemy's line, fought with the most determined it gave way in every direction, courage, and their artillery was serv. and the British cavalry, who had ed with the utmost precision, steadi. crossed to the northward of the Juah ness, and effect. Throughout the
* In which the gallant colonel Maxwell was slain. For the official report of this memorable victory, see our volunue for 1803, P, 556.
whole of this severe and brilliant The confederates, with the reaction, the conduct of general Wel. mains of their broken army, now lesley evinced a degree of ability, moved to the westward, along the prudence, and undaunted bravery, banks of the Taptee, with a view seldom equalled and never surpassed; to take the route towards Poonah ; while the exemplary order, firmness, . in consequence of which, general and alacrity of the troops under his Wellesley determined not to de. command, compelled an enemy of scend the Adjuntee Ghaut, but to more than six times its number, to regulate his movements by those of fly before them, and abandon the the enemy. But colonel Stevenson whole of their guns, stores, and am was directed by him to continue his munition to the conquerors.
route to Boorhampore, and Asseer. Colonel Stevenson with the corps ghur, the latter a hill fort of great under his command, from several strength, and denominated the key unforeseen impediments, did not join of the Deccan. general Wellesley till the evening of While general Wellesley was thus the day of battle; and was immedi. engaged, the most severe blows ately dispatched in pursuit of the were received by the confederate flying enemy:
chieftains, from the successes of the On the 8th of October, general other divisions of the Britislı force, Wellesley received a letter from one in their operations against the proof Scindiah's ministers, requesting vinces of Guzerat on the western, that he would dispatch a British of- and of Cuttack, on the eastern sido ficer to the enemy's camp, to open
of the Indian peninsula. a negociation for peace; with which In conformity to the general plan the British gencral refused to com of the campaign, a proportion of the ply, as the letter bad no direct re. Bombay army had marched to the ference to the authority of either of Guzerat, whence lieut..col. Woodthe confederate chieftains; and be. ington, with a strong detachment, cause the presence of a British offi. consisting of the 96th regiment and cer in the camp of the confederates, a proportion of European artillery would, at that juncture, raise the and native infantry, marched on the spirit of their troops, and prevent 21st of August from Baroda, and their dispersion, as it might be re- arrived before Baroach on the 23d, presented by the enemy to be an of which fort the investment immeattempt of the British government diately took place. A breach was to sue for peace: at the same time reported to be practicable on the he expressed his willingness to re 29th,* and the assault was given at ceive, with every mark of honour three o'clock in the afternoon. The and respect, any person duly em. enemy opposed a vigorous resistanco powered by the direct authority of to the attack of the storming party, Scindiah, or the rajah of Berar, to but were soon compelled to retreat, propose terms of peace to the allied and to abandon the fort, which was powers.
carried with inconsiderable loss ou
The fort of Baroach was stormed and carried on the 29th of August, the day on which general Lake, at the distance of 600 miles, attacked and mpelled M. Perron's forces to quit the field of battle, at Cocl.
the part of the assailants; that of Berar, situated on the coast of the the enemy was nearly 600 in killed bay of that name, and distant about and wounded. Together with the 25 miles from the river Subanrecka, town and fort of Baroach, the cap- which forms in that quarter the tors obtained possession of the dis- barrier between the British territrict of that name, which yields an tories and the province of Cuttack. annual revenue of eleven lacks of Eight hundred and fifty four men rupees.
After this important ser were placed under the command of vice, colonel Woodington proceed. lieut.-col. Ferguson, at Jelasorc, ed to reduce the district of Cham. a town situated on the Euglish side pancer, the only territory remains of the Subanreeka, 20 miles from ing to Scindiah in the province. Lit- the sea ; and was desigued to form tle difficulty ensued in the accom a junction with the force at Bala. plishment of this design, and the sore, when the state of the intermejudgment, spirit, and courage dis- diate country, and the progress of played by the Bombay army in the the main division from - Gánjam, Guzerat, at the same time that it should afford a favourable opporbereft the enemy of the whole of his tụnity; and 1300, of which 800 possessions in that province, reflects were Sepoys, and 500 Bengal naed the highest honour on its state tive volunteers, remained at Midof discipline, and its gallant leader. napore, a military station in the
Nor was the progress of the Bri- British dominions, 45 milos north tish arms in the province of Cut- of Balasore, to supply the troops tack less distinguished by merit or at Balasore and jelasore, and at
The total number of the same time to protect the comtroops destined for the reduction of pany's territories against the incur. this province, amounted to 4916 sions of the rajah of Berar's predamen, of which number 3011 formed tory cavalry. the main body, which was to ad On the 14th of September, the vance from Ganjam, under the com- troops under the command of colomand of lieut.-col. Isarcourt, of the nel llarcourt, took possession of 12th regiment of foot, and who Munick patam, a town in the Bhoonwas appointed to the general com sla's territory, and on the 18th, mand of all the forces employed up- encamped at Jaggernaut, where the on this servicc, (colonel Campbell, Bramins of the celebrated pagoda at for whom it was originally designed, that place, put it under British probeing incapacitated by illness from tection. After leaving Jaggernaut, assuming it.) Five hundred Bengal colonel Ilarcourt received little monative rolunteers were on their way, lestation on his rout, from the encander captain Dick, to reinforcemy's troops, and he took possession colonel Harcourt. A second de- of Cuttack without any opposition. tachment of 521 native volunteers, The detachment under capt. Morgan four field pieces, and a proportion was equally successful at Balasore of artillery-men and stores, were to and Sooring, a post 20 miles to the embark from Calcutta, under cap- southward. of that town, both tain Morgan, on the 13th of Sep- places being taien possession of tember, and to occupy Balasore, a with little or no loss, on the 21st of place belonging to the rajah of September, and the 1st of October.
Colonel Fergusson with his reserve, doininion, an object, the value of moved from Jelasore on the 23d of which we have already stated, but September, reached Balasore on the which was considerably enhanced 4th of October, and on the 10th, by having taken place at such a moproceeded to the southward, to mentous period of the war. By form a junction with colonel llar this conquest, the communication court.
between the supreme government at The storming and capture of the Calcutta, Madras, Bombay, general fort of Barabutice, was the last ex Wellesley, and the residents at Poo. ploit of colonel Harcourt in the nah, and Hydrabad was opened ; Cuttack. This fort is of strength, and the whole line of coast from the and has only one entrance by a nar. mouth of the Ilooghly, to Pondirow bridge, leading over a wet ditch cherry, under the protection of a 20 feet in depth, and varying in British flag, presented a hostile front breadth according to the situation to the fleets of France, with which of the bastions, from 35 to 135 country the war had just been refeet. On the morning of the 14th newed in India. of October, a battery of one 12 Ilaring thus brought into one pounder, 2 howitzers, and 2 six point of view all the transactions pounders, opened its fire upon the connected with the military operafort, about 500 yards from its out tions against the confederated arward gate; by eleven o'clock in mies in the Deccan, and those in the the forenoon, the enemy's guns were provinces of Guzerat, in the western, silenced, and most of their defences and Cuttack on the castern side of on the south face were destroyed, India, it will now be our pleasing where they now promised well for task to revert to the transactions in an assault, and licutenant colonel the northern Ilindostan, and to exClayton was ordered to storm the hibit the result of the operations enfort. The party sent on this ser trusted to the personal direction vice, in passing the bridge, were ex and command of general Lake, the posed to a heavy but ill directed chief in command of the British iire of musketry, and forty min troops in the peninsala. The vari. nutes elapsed before it succeed. ety and importance of the objects ed in blowing open the wicket, to which that great officer's exerti. the remaining part of the gate being ons were to be exclusively directed, strengthened with great masses of both in a military and political point stone; having forced this obstacle, of view, induced the governor-gealthough obliged to enter singls, ncral to invest him with full dis. and experiencing considerable resis. cretionary powers, to conclude upon tance in forcing 2 other gates, the the spot, whatever arrangements British troops were completely vic might appear to be necessary for the torious, and obtained possession of accomplishment of that plan of the fort, which was immediately operations, with the execution of abandoned by the enemy, whose which he was entrusted. loss was considerable.
Vested with this high authority, cess, brought with it the whole pro- the commander in chief moved from vince of Cuttack under the British the station at Cawnpore, on the 7th
of August, 1803, and arrived in the mander in chief, was yet, in its con. neighbourhood of Coel,* with the sequences, eminently beneficial to main body of the Bengal army on the British interests, as M. Perron's the 28th. On his march thither, he military reputation received a shock received advices from the British ple. from the events of that day, which nipotentiary to Scindiah, informing it never recovered, and which was him of the rupture with that chief, eventually, the cause of the loss to by the termination of the negotia. him, of the confidence of his troops ; tion : on this intelligence, general the defection of many of his best Lake considered himself warranted, officers ; and finally, of the disor. as well as from the tenor of the go- ganization and dispersion of the vernor general's instictions, to en. French corps in India : at the same ter the territories of that chieftain, time that the reputation of the on the 29th, in order to attack M. British troops, and of their undoubte Perron's army, then encamped at a ed superiority, increased in the same short distance from the fortress of proportion, in the opinion of the Ally Ghur. This position of the native powers as that of M. Perron enemy, was particularly advantage. and his boasted troops had diminish
His front was completely ed. covered by an extensive swamp,
The commander in chief, in con. which, in some parts is not forda, sequence of the action, being in ble ;-his right was protected by possession of Coel, encamped to the the fort of Ally Ghur, and his left northward, between that town and by some villages, occupied by par- the fort of Ally Ghur, to the reties of his troops. M. Perron's duction of which he immediforce was estimated at about 15,000 ately applied himself. This place, horse, of which fron four to five one of the strongest in India, has thousand were regular cavalry. singular advantages; it has a broad
General Lake having determined and deep ditch, with a fine glacis, on turning the left flank of M. Per- and the country being, for a mile ron's force, the British troops were round, perfectly levelled, is exposed formed into two lines, and advanc. in every direction to its guns. It eil to the attack supported by the has only one entrance, which is very infantry in three and four lines, as intrieate, and over a narrow causethe confined nature of the ground way, under which the enemy had would admit. The excellent front commenced mining ; but fortunatedisplayed by the British cavalry, ly had omitted to construct a draw. and the determined countenance of bridge, and thus the assailants were the whole army, so completely over enabled to pass the ditch awed M. Petron and his troops, causeway, and immediately to attack that they retreated with such rapi. the body of the place. Gencral dity, as to preclude the possibility Lake having made many attempts of charging them with any ctrect. to induce the governor M. Pedron, This precipitate retreat, although at to surrender, but in vain, ordered a the moment, a source of vexation storming party, under the command and disappointment to the com of the honourable colonel Monson,
* A town situated in Scindiah's territory in the Douab.