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ceived powers, immediately directed being decidedly and instantly re.
the British resident with Scindiah, to jected by the resident, a second was
state to that chief, and to the rajah then made,, namely, “ that the day
of Berar, the anxiety with which should be appointed for the march
the British government desired the of the respective armies of the con-
preservation of the relations of federated chieftains from their en-
peace and amity with those powers ; campment to their usual stations,
and demanding, as the only pledge it and that the resident should pledge
would accept of equally amicable the faith of the British government
dispositions on their part, the for the retreat of general Wellesley's
immediate separation and return troops on the same day.” As this
of their armies, from the nizam's proposition was, obviously, incon.
frontier to their respective capitals; sistent with the instructions received
in which case, general Wellesley from general Wellesley, colonel
would also withdraw his forces to Collins, (the resident)
their usual stations : should this compelled to reject it; and it was
proposition, however, be refused, again modified into a third, which
that then the resident should quit agreed, that 66 those chieftains
the camp of Scindiah without delay. would separate their armies, and

After much evasion, on the 31st commence their returns to their reof July, the united chieftains pro. spective territories in Berar and posed to retire from the position lindostan, on the same day that which they occupied, at the same the British force was withdrawn time that general Wellesley should from the station it then occupied.” commence his march to the usual As the rajah of Berar and Scindia stations of the British army ; to this both declared, that unless general proposition, however, they added Wellesley acceded to this last prothe condition, that on the same day position, they could not retire, on which general Wellesley's troops consistently with a due regard to the should arrive at Bombay, Madras, honour of their respective governand Seringapatam, the united ar- ments, colonel Collins consented to mies of Scindia and Bhoonsla would refer it to general Wellesley, proencamp at Boorhanpoor, a city in vided letters to that effect were the territory of the former!' To transmitted to the resident, to be expose the absurdity and inadmissa. forwarded to the commander in bility of this condition, (which, at chief before the noon of the next least, affords no bad specimen of day. It seemed, however, to be the subtilty and wiles which belong very remote from the intentions of to Indian negociation,) it will only the confederates to execute any such be necessary to state, that while agreement, for, on the 1st day of Boorhanpoor is but fifty miles August, they transmitted letters to from the frontier of the nizam, the resident, addressed to general Bombay is situated 321, Seringa- Wellesley, proposing, not to sepapatam 541, and Madras 1049 miles rate their armies, and to commence from Ahmednuggur, nearly the posi. their return to Berar and Hindostan tion of general Wellesley's army

on the day on which the British on the above date.

force should be withdrawn; but, This unreasonable proposition (6 to continue the union of their


armies, and to limit their retreat British government, if at all alive to the neighbouring station of Boor- to its interests in India, or if aware hampure.” Thus capriciously and of the absolute necessity there exists insultingly reverting to the terms of of preserving, undiminished and the first proposition, which had been without a flaw, the lustre of its positively rejected by col. Collins. glory in that part of the globe, and Upon this unprincipled and unquali. its decided superiority over the nafied conduct of the confederate chief- tive powers of India, to avoid the tains, the resident made immediate calamity of war. arrangements for quitting the camp of At this most critical and impor. Scindiah, and commenced his march tant conjuncture, there existed cir. towards Aurungabad, on the second cumstances, independently of those day following.

we have detailed, which if not of From the whole scope and tenor themselves forming a suficientground of this negociation, it was manifest for commencing hostilities, at least that the object of the chieftains was greatly contributed to establish the to endeavour to form such a pacific necessity of the measure. arrangement with general Wellesley, We have already had occasion as should induce him to withdraw repeatedly to advert to the force in his army to its remote stations, in the pay of Scindiah, and commanded which case, the periodical rains by M. Perron. This force, at the would prevent its assembling at the present moment, was augmented to advantageous position it then occu. 48,000 efficient men, with a train pied for a considerable period; whilst of 464 pieces of ordnance ready to they could, from the proximity of take the field, and stationed in a the post to which they agreed to commanding situation near Coel, on retire, have struck, at the most op- the most vulnerable point of the portune period to them, a severe British frontier. This army it had blow against the peishwa and the been for some time the practice of nizam, and thus have subveried the general Perron, gradually and nearBritish interests in the Deccan.- ly totally to oflicer with French Such being the views of the rajah subjects, to the exclusion of British of Berar and of Scindiah, and with adventurers, and even removed many the positive evidence that every of the latter description who had hour produced of their determined held situations in it since its first hostility, it was impossible for the formation.* But formidable as the


The regular corps in Scindiah's service were'first formed by Monsieur de Boigne, a native of Savoy. In his early lite, he had served as a subaliern officer in the scrvice of Russia. We find him, in 1789, an oficer in the body guard of lord Macartney, at Madras. Approbensive that his being a foreigner would impede his promotion, he relinquished his situation in the company's troops; and, having procured letters to Scindiah (the father of the present chief of that name) he procured an appointment in his army. In process of time, M. de Boigne gained the mnost unbounded influence over his master, who bestowed upon him, for his services, an extensive and valuable jughire in the Douab, one of the provinces he had subdued, principally by the aid of de Boigne's brigade. Froin the death of Madhagee, and the accession of Doulut Rao Scindia, J. de Boigne principally resided upon his own jaghiro until 1793, when he returned to Europe with a princely fortune. Vol. XLIV.



connexion between a powerful na- fore, in which this establishment tive state, and an army such as we could be considered, either as the have described, totally under French instrument to Scindiah, in his hostile government and influence, must al. designs on the British power, or as ways have proved to the British in the means by which the vindictive terests, a danger far more urgent ruler of the French nation might arose out of this powerful military hereafter inflict_the most deadly establishment, from its reduction of wound on the British empire in Scindiah’s local authority in Hindos. Asia, it imperiously called for retan. A considerable portion of ter. duction or total suppression. ritory belonging to that chieftain, That M. Perron's views and pracsituated between the Jumna, Gan- tice were connected with, and reges, and the mountains of Cumaon, gulated by those of his native gohad been assigned by him to general vernment, there can be no doubt. Perron, who had formed it into an Well aware of the great superiority independent state, of which his re- of the British power, he knew that gular infantry might be considered it was alone by such an establishthe national army. The natives con ment as he had formed, that France sidered M, Perron as their immedi. could ever regain her footing in the ate sovereign, while the troops con- east. To mature and perfect his sidered him the direct executive projects, it was most necessary to authority from whom they were him to strengthen and complete his to receive orders, subsistence, and army, by the annual supply of pay. Possessed of such means, it French subaltern officers and artilis not to be wondered at, that he lerists. The settlement of Pondi. dictated as a sovereign to the lesser cherry was of the greatest conseprinces on the right bank of the quence to this object. During the Jumna, held in abject submission prevalence of the south-western the Rajah poot states of Jeynagur monsoons, the common coasting. and Judpore, together with the vessels of the country could thence Jants and the Gohud, and extended convey recruits to the coast of Cuthis influence even to Bundelcund, tack, in four days, without excitand the country of the Seiks. ing the suspicion of the British

Here then was a French state ac. cruizers. From Cuttack, belongtually formed, and, which, it must ing to Bhoonsla, the ally of Scinbe recollected, held possession of dia, the transit was safe and secret the person and the nominal autho. to M. Perron's head-quarters in the rity of the mogul, maintained the Douab. These views and circum. most efficient army existing in India, stances were communicated by that with the exception of the English officer to the first consul, about the troops, and exercised considerable period of the ratification of the influence from the Indus to the con- treaty of Amiens. fluence of the Jumna and the Gan. Among the many extraordinary ges. In every point of view, there and novel features which that un


He was succeeded in his command by M. Perron, a Frenchman, who had come out to India a midshipman in M. de Suffrein's feet, and who commanded one of the battalions under de Boigne for many years. The latter now resides in Paris.

fortunate measure presented, was the negociations between the con. that of its totally rejecting the men federate Mahratta chieftains and the tion or recognition of any existing British government. treaties between Great Britain and It was at this period, also, that the other contracting parties. The M. Perron had actually determined fatal consequences of such a renun op obtaining an assignment to ciation, we at the time adverted to France of the districts within the and predicted. Under the provi. boundaries of his command, from sions of a treaty so constituted, not Scindiah, but confirmed and ratified only Pondicherry but every settle. by the Mogul cmperor, then a priment belonging to France and Hol. soner, and held in the most abject land, on the continent of India, State of degradation by that officer*, were unconditionally restored, with But of these combined projects, out the slightest reference to the the profound sagacity of the goverformer treaties between France and nor-general had taught him to be England, which strictly confined aware, and his unwearied vigilance the troops to be sent by the former had satisfied him of the existence. power to her Indian possessions, to On admiral Linois arriving, therea limited number. All preceding fore, before Pondicherry, he found compacts were now, however, done that place so well watched both by away, and Bonaparte was too quick. sea and land, that he found

im sighted not to take immediate ad practicable to forward the recruits vantage of the greatest error exhi- he had carried ont to general Perbited in the whole diplomatic history ron; and, before any effe&ual step of the world, from the earliest pe. could be taken to effect this purpose, riods. An armament was therefore intelligence arrired of the renewal fitted out, consisting of six ships of of the war hetween France and war, and 1400 of the best troops England, and the whole of the of France, destined to Pondicherry, troops landed by him, were consefor the ostensible purpose of garri- quently made prisoners of war. soning that fortress. But, in ad. How the French admiral and his dition to this force, there was like squadron escaped, and the mischiefs wise embarked two hundred young which they eflected to the British gentlemen, regularly formed upon coinmerce and settlements, we have the principles of military science, adverted to and detailed elsewhere. and a numerous staff establishment. Thoroughly acquainted with the

This latter body were destined to facts here stated, which left no join M. Perron's army, in the man. doubt as to the views of France; ner we have already described. This and combining these views with the armament, under the command of state of Perron's army; with the admiral Linois, arrived at Pondi warlike coniederacy between Scin-, cherry during the critical period of dish and the rajal of Berar; with


the * On the conquest of Delhi, Scindialı, the father, compelled the unfortunate Shah Aulum to constitute the prishwa bis vaquel ul mistuluk, or regent, in the em. pire of Hindostan; and his influence at the court of Poonah procured lim the office of deputy to the peishwa in tha: high office. In this he was succeedri by the present Scindiah, wbo, in that capacity, administered the whole affairs of the Moyu! empire.

the equivocation and duplicity of ment in the Douab; and on every these chieftains in their negotia. assailable point of the vast territotions with the British resident;-and ries of Scindia and the Berar rajah with the critical state of health of his in Hindostun ;-on the plains of highness the nizam, on whose suc- Delhi; amidst the mountains of the cession as sovereign of the Deccan, Deccan, on the shores of Cuttack, it was well known these chieftains and in the fertile province of the had the most serious designs ; the Guzzerat, were the banners of. marquis Wellesley found himself England at once to be displayed. obliged, upon every principle of po. To these great and various objects, licy and justice, to demand the se therefore, four armics were held in paration of the armies of the confede- readiness to march. rates, and their retreat from the fron The force under the command of tiers of the British allies; or, should major-general Wellesley, which had this temperate and moderate requi. occupied during the negociation sition be refused, then to consider with the confederated chieftains, an them as unprovoked and dangerous advanced position in the Deccan, enemies to the general tranquillity consisted of 16,8:13 men, and was of India, as well as to the British destined to oppose the combined government in particular, and con. army under the coinınand of Scin. sequently to employ every means diah, posted at Julgong, near the within his power for their chastise. foot of the Adjuntee Pass. This incnt and humiliation.

army was supported by a force at No sooner, therefore, had the de. Moodg!ıl, a town about 1 4 marches parture of colonel Collins from the from Hydrabad, situated between campor Scindiah, ascertained the ter- the rivers Krisna and Tumbudra, mination of the negotiation, than under the command of major-gen. the various measures arranged and Campbell, which consisted of 1,277 combined by the governor general, cavalry, 820 European, and 1,935 (in contemplation of such an event,) native infantry, with its proportion throughout the several parts of the of ordnance; it protected, ellecempire, and in profound secrecy for tually, the dominions of the nizam, the last fonr months, burst forth in as well as the possessions of the Eng. one yeneral blaze, to the dismay and lish within the Peninsula, from the confusion of the enemies of the Bri- insult or spoliation of the southern tish name, and cheering and ani. Mahratta feudatories. mating its subjects and allies to the Colonel Murray, of the 81th re. Contest.

giment, was placed in the command The vast plan of operations, to of the force in the Guzerat, amount. which the several arinies of the Ben. ing in the whole to 7,352 men : gal, Madras, and Bombay Estas part of which was disposed in garbli-bments were to be applied ; was risoning Surat, Brodera, Cambay, . to commence by a general and com- konah, Songhur, Purneerah, and bined attack, as nearly as possible (eventually) Baroach ; one portion at the same time, and before the pe- of the remainder was stationed in riodical return of the rains, on the front of the Guickwar's capital, in united army of the confederates in order to protect his dominion ; and the Deceun; on Perron's establish the other, of 2,091 men, touk a


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